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Fusobacterium and pharyngitis

Qusai Aljarrah, Yara Khazaleh, Mooath Al-Jarrah, Jordan W Oldbury, Ahmad K Abou-Foul
INTRODUCTION: Lemierre's syndrome (LS) is a rare and life-threatening condition characterized by suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV), and a history of head and neck (H&N) sepsis. LS is usually caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum, which is part of the normal flora in the oro-pharynx, and the digestive and urogenital tracts. We here report the first case of LS following perianal sepsis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old man with a painful left neck swelling, dysphagia and worsening sepsis was referred from a peripheral unit where he had an incision and drainage of a perianal abscess a week earlier...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Man-Yee Man, Hoi-Ping Shum, Wing-Wa Yan, Susanna K P Lau
We report a 21-year-old young male with Lemierre's syndrome presented as tonsillitis and Fusobacterium septicemia with respiratory failure and required intensive care. Lemierre's syndrome is the septic embolic complication of recent pharyngeal illness. Fusobacterium spp. accounts for the majority of cases. High index of suspicion is needed and prolonged antibiotic is advised. It is seldom seen in intensive care but should never be forgotten.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Saloni P Sheth, Paul Ilkanich, Blaise Congeni
Fusobacterium infections and Lemierre Syndrome are traditionally associated with pharyngitis. We report three cases of Fusobacterium sinusitis that resulted in Pott Puffy Tumor. One of these cases also had Lemierre Syndrome. We encourage expansion of the clinical spectrum of Lemierre Syndrome to include complicated Fusobacterium sinusitis.
January 31, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
T Prescott Atkinson, Robert M Centor, Li Xiao, Fuchenchu Wang, Xiangqin Cui, William Van Der Pol, Casey D Morrow, Amy E Ratliff, Donna M Crabb, Arthur H Totten, Carlos A Estrada, Michael B Faircloth, Ken B Waites
Fusobacterium necrophorum (Fn), a gram-negative anaerobe, is increasingly implicated as an etiologic agent in older adolescents and young adults with sore throat. Inadequately treated Fn pharyngitis may result in suppurative complications such as peritonsillar abscess and Lemierre's syndrome. Data from the literature suggest that the incidence of life-threating complications in these age groups from Fn pharyngitis (Lemierre's syndrome) in the United States exceeds those associated with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis (acute rheumatic fever)...
2018: PloS One
John Rae, Katie Misselbrook
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare complication of acute pharyngitis characterised by septicaemia with infective thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, most commonly due to Fusobacterium necrophorum . It characteristically affects healthy young adults causing persistent pyrexia and systemic sepsis presenting several days after an initial pharyngitis. Septic emboli seed via the bloodstream to distant sites including the lung, joints, skin, liver, spleen and brain. Prolonged antimicrobial therapy is required and admission to intensive care common...
November 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Melissa R Held, Hannah Kotler, Hannah Sneller, Catherine B Sullivan
Lemierre's syndrome is more common in young adults and the majority of patients present with pharyngitis. Multifocal pyomyositis is very rare in this setting and in young children. We present here a case of multifocal pyomyositis caused by Fusobacterium sp. in a young child. Fusobacterium should be considered in the differential diagnosis of multifocal pyomyositis of unclear etiology.
September 5, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Rafael García Carretero, Marta Lopez-Lomba, Oscar Vazquez-Gomez, Belen Rodriguez-Maya
Fusobacterium necrophorum is the oropharyngeal pathogen usually associated with Lemierre's syndrome, a pharyngeal infection which evolves to sepsis, septic emboli and thrombophlebitis of the adjacent neck vessels. It is an uncommon causative bacteria of a liver abscess, and an extensive workup should, therefore, be performed in order to rule out potential sources of the infection. This case report describes the workup that led to the diagnosis of a colorectal carcinoma, which was deemed to be the source of the Fusobacterium bacteraemia...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Hongli Gong, Boyan Wang, Yi Shi, Yong Shi, Xiyan Xiao, Pengyu Cao, Lei Tao, Yuezhu Wang, Liang Zhou
The pharynx is an important site of microbiota colonization, but the bacterial populations at this site have been relatively unexplored by culture-independent approaches. The aim of this study was to characterize the microbiota structure of the pharynx. Pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene libraries was used to characterize the pharyngeal microbiota using swab samples from 68 subjects with laryngeal cancer and 28 subjects with vocal cord polyps. Overall, the major phylum was Firmicutes, with Streptococcus as the predominant genus in the pharyngeal communities...
August 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Joshua Osowicki, Sarah Kapur, Linny Kimly Phuong, Simon Dobson
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare and feared complication of pharyngitis, occurring most commonly in adolescents and young adults. It is typically defined by the constellation of septic internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis, pulmonary and other septic emboli, and sterilesite infection by Fusobacterium necrophorum. The rarity and severity of Lemierre's syndrome has made it an attractive subject for case reports but there is a paucity of evidence to inform areas of persistent uncertainty. In recent years, heightened attention and controversy has focused upon speculation that a purported rise in the incidence of Lemierre's syndrome is due to reduced antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections, that F...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
Christian Marchello, Mark H Ebell
PURPOSE: The prevalence of Group C beta-hemolytic streptococcus and Fusobacterium necrophorum among patients with sore throat in the outpatient setting has not been previously summarized. We set out to derive prevalence information from the existing literature. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of MEDLINE for studies reporting the prevalence of F necrophorum or Group C streptococcus or both in prospective, consecutive series of outpatients with sore throat, as well as laboratory-based studies of throat cultures submitted from primary care...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Tejs Ehlers Klug
PTA is a collection of pus located between the tonsillar capsule and the pharyngeal constrictor muscle. It is considered a complication of acute tonsillitis and is the most prevalent deep neck infection (approximately 2000 cases annually in Denmark) and cause of acute admission to Danish ENT departments. Teenagers and young adults are most commonly affected and males may predominate over females. However, no studies of age- and gender-stratified incidence rates have previously been published. Furthermore, smoking may be associated with increased risk of peritonsillar abscess (PTA) development, although the magnitude of the association has not been estimated...
March 2017: Danish Medical Journal
Tam T Van, Laura M Cox, Mike E Cox, Jennifer Dien Bard
Fusobacterium necrophorum , an obligate anaerobic bacterium, was recently reported to be an important cause of bacterial pharyngitis with a prevalence as high as that of group A Streptococcus (GAS) in adolescents and young adults. Importantly, F. necrophorum is the primary causative agent of the life-threatening Lemierre's syndrome, and screening of pharyngeal samples may be warranted for its early detection and prevention. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalences of F. necrophorum and groups A and C/G streptococci as agents of bacterial pharyngitis in children...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Stefano Cappanera, Beatrice Tiri, Lavinia M Saraca, Daniela Francisci
Lemierre's syndrome is a dangerous potential sequela of pharyngitis that results in septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. A high index of suspicion is needed to consider this diagnosis in the workup of pharyngitis and should be aggressively treated once. Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, mainly Fusobacterium necrophorum are implicated. Before the antibiotic era, Lemierre's syndrome was common and often fatal. But with the introduction of penicillin in the 1940s, the incidence of the syndrome dropped, and it eventually became known as the "forgotten disease"...
September 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Gerhard Kernbach-Wighton, Rainer Amberg, Marijo Parchina, Cornelius Hess, Burkhard Madea
Fusobacteria belong to the normal population of the pharyngeal mucosa as well as the mucosa of the upper airways and the gastrointestinal tract. Infections are comparatively rare. The most common causative organism is Fusobacterium necrophorum. A well-known infection caused by this germ is Lemierre's syndrome. In the presented case, a 19-year-old man (123 kg body weight, 186 cm body length) was found dead in his bed in the morning after having complained of muscular fatigue and vomiting the previous day. Autopsy was carried out only two days after death...
May 2016: Archiv Für Kriminologie
J Tschopp, C Chuard
Pharyngitis is a common cause of consultation in ambulatory medicine. Although it is benign in most cases, serious complications may happen and must be recognized quickly. Lemierre's syndrome is one of them. It consists in the association of thrombosis of the internal jugular vein and septic emboli that generally involve the lungs and is classically associated with Fusobacterium necrophorum. It is usually found in young and healthy adults and has an estimated mortality of 5%. Diagnosis relies essentially on the characteristic presentation of the disease...
October 7, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Philip M Sinatra, Dirk H Alander
BACKGROUND: Lemierre disease is a rare postanginal sepsis caused by the anaerobe Fusobacterium necrophorum. It is associated with a pharyngitis that progresses quickly to thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and metastatic abscesses to pulmonary, soft tissue, articular, and organ systems. It is rarely associated with spinal epidural abscesses. Because of the increasing antibiotic resistance, its incidence is on the rise. METHODS: A single-patient case report of an adolescent male who initially presented to our institution for bacteremia and febrile episodes...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Suthar Pokhraj Prakashchandra, Ankit Kumar B Patel, Kimmyben Patel, Raj Kumar P Doshi, Narottam A Patel
Fusobacterium necrophorum is the causative agent in the pharyngitis. After invasion of the oropharyngeal mucosa by the organism leads to the development of the grave complications like superficial thrombophlebitis of internal jugular vein, septic emboli in the lung and coagulopathy. A 23-year-old male presented with chief complaints of sore throat, headache and high grade fever with past history of upper respiratory tract infection one month ago. On examination, he had high grade fever, tachycardia, hypotension and tender cervical lymph nodes...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rajiv Sonti, Christine Fleury
Fusobacterium necrophorum causes Lemierre's syndrome - a dramatic and distinct condition beginning with pharyngitis before proceeding to internal jugular vein septic thrombophlebitis and respiratory tract infection in otherwise healthy individuals. It is rare, but by far the most common pathway to parenchymal lung disease with this organism. Here we describe we a 34 year old healthy lady who was nontoxic without any antecedent illness who presented with lung nodules due to fusobacterium necrophorum as the sole manifestation of disease...
2015: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
P Habert, R Tazi-Mezalek, J Guinde, S Martinez, S Laroumagne, P Astoul, H Dutau
INTRODUCTION: Infection by Fusobacterium necrophorum, a Gram negative anaerobic bacteria, can lead to the development of Lemierre's syndrome, an uncommon but potentially fatal infection of the internal jugular vein. Since the introduction of antibiotics, the morbidity and mortality associated with this syndrome have been dramatically reduced. This syndrome is characterized by a pharyngeal infection, which leads to the development of septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein with septic emboli, which usually spread into the lung...
January 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Maryam Nejat, Anja Werno
This is a case report of Lemierre's syndrome, a septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) usually preceded by pharyngitis and bacteraemia with an anaerobic organism. Fusobacterium necrophorum is ananaerobic Gram-negative bacillus and is the most common organism reported to cause Lemierre's syndrome which usually occurs one to three weeks post pharyngitis or oropharyngeal surgery. A 21-year-old patient presented with signs of sepsis and a history of sore throat, fever, and tender cervical lymph nodes...
May 15, 2015: New Zealand Medical Journal
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