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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323288/impacts-of-simulated-erosion-and-soil-amendments-on-greenhouse-gas-fluxes-and-maize-yield-in-miamian-soil-of-central-ohio
#1
Yanru Liang, Rattan Lal, Shengli Guo, Ruiqiang Liu, Yaxian Hu
Erosion-induced topsoil loss is a threat to sustainable productivity. Topsoil removal from, or added to, the existing surface is an efficient technique to simulate on-site soil erosion and deposition. A 15-year simulated erosion was conducted at Waterman Farm of Ohio State University to assess impacts of topsoil depth on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and maize yield. Three topsoil treatments were investigated: 20 cm topsoil removal, 20 cm topsoil addition, and undisturbed control. Results show that the average global warming potential (GWP) (Mg CO2 Eq ha-1 growing season-1) from the topsoil removal plot (18...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284362/a-retrospective-review-of-fall-risk-factors-in-the-bone-marrow-transplant-inpatient-service
#2
Cory M Vela, Lisa M Grate, Ali McBride, Steven Devine, Leslie A Andritsos
Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare medications and potential risk factors between patients who experienced a fall during hospitalization compared to those who did not fall while admitted to the Blood and Marrow Transplant inpatient setting at The James Cancer Hospital. Secondary objectives included evaluation of transplant-related disease states and medications in the post-transplant setting that may lead to an increased risk of falls, post-fall variables, and number of tests ordered after a fall...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273613/implementation-of-a-prioritized-scoring-tool-to-improve-time-to-pharmacist-intervention
#3
Andre Harvin, John J J Mellett, Daren Knoell, Jay Mirtallo, Ryan W Naseman, Nicole Brown, Crystal R Tubbs
PURPOSE: The implementation of a prioritized scoring tool to improve time to pharmacist intervention is described. SUMMARY: At the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, pharmacists are accepted providers of therapeutic drug monitoring of vancomycin and aminoglycosides. At the onset of this initiative and despite the implementation of an integrated electronic medical record (EMR), management of pharmacokinetically monitored medications was conducted using a paper monitoring form...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248078/a-naloxone-and-harm-reduction-educational-program-across-four-years-of-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-program
#4
Michelle A Maguire, Rose N Pavlakos, Bella H Mehta, Kelsey K Schmuhl, Stuart J Beatty
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Naloxone distribution is an increasing service provided by pharmacists as more states enact laws enabling pharmacists to dispense naloxone without a prescription or per protocol to individuals in the wake of an opioid overdose epidemic. Education and training programs are necessary to ensure students and practicing pharmacists are able to effectively provide the service. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: All first, second, and third year students in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program at The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy (OSUCOP) participated in a pilot naloxone and harm reduction educational program...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#5
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181084/clinical-pharmacogenomics-patient-perspectives-of-pharmacogenomic-testing-and-the-incidence-of-actionable-test-results-in-a-chronic-disease-cohort
#6
Chandrama Mukherjee, Kevin M Sweet, Jasmine A Luzum, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Michael F Christman, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Aim: This study aimed to examine pharmacogenomic test results and patient perspectives at an academic cardiovascular medicine clinic. Patients & methods: Test results for three common cardiovascular drug-gene tests (warfarin-CYP2C9-VKORC1, clopidogrel-CYP2C19 and simvastatin-SLCO1B1) of 208 patients in the Ohio State University-Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative were examined to determine the incidence of potentially actionable test results. A post-hoc, anonymous, patient survey was also conducted...
September 2017: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152156/revisiting-the-linkage-between-ethnomedical-use-and-development-of-new-medicines-a-novel-plant-collection-strategy-towards-the-discovery-of-anticancer-agents
#7
Joshua M Henkin, Kongmany Sydara, Mouachanh Xayvue, Onevilay Souliya, A Douglas Kinghorn, Joanna E Burdette, Wei-Lun Chen, Bethany G Elkington, Djaja D Soejarto
The Vietnam-Laos International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) based at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) catalyzed a country-wide network of medicinal plant preserves (MPP) and medicinal biodiversity preserves (MBP) now established in ten provinces of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), which are relied upon as protected sources of ethnomedicines for local villagers and traditional healers. In collaboration with the Lao PDR's Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM), our ongoing P01 Program Project (Ohio State University) examined the anticancer bioprospecting potential for two of the most exhaustively inventoried of these sites: the Bolikhamxay MPP and the Xiengkhouang MBP...
October 2017: Journal of Medicinal Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118279/measuring-the-impact-of-cultural-competence-training-for-dental-hygiene-students
#8
Heather N Daugherty, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the change in levels of knowledge of providing culturally competent care and self-assessed cultural competence of senior level dental hygiene students after the implementation of an online cultural competence training module.Methods: Twenty-eight members of the senior class of 31 dental hygiene students (N=28) volunteered to participate in this IRB approved study at the Ohio State University School of Dentistry. The students took the online Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence- Student Version (IAPCC-SV), to assess their self-perceived cultural competence...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030328/studying-acute-coronary-syndrome-through-the-world-wide-web-experiences-and-lessons
#9
Angelo A Alonzo
This study details my viewpoint on the experiences, lessons, and assessments of conducting a national study on care-seeking behavior for heart attack in the United States utilizing the World Wide Web. The Yale Heart Study (YHS) was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grounded on two prior studies, the YHS combined a Web-based interview survey instrument; ads placed on the Internet; flyers and posters in public libraries, senior centers, and rehabilitation centers; information on chat rooms; a viral marketing strategy; and print ads to attract potential participants to share their heart attack experiences...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980490/the-prevalence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-comorbid-anxiety-and-other-psychiatric-disorders-in-an-outpatient-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#10
Michelle Albicini, Matthew Eggleston, Audrey McKinlay
BACKGROUND: A history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is prevalent in children and adolescents within the health system, which may be accompanied with higher rates of poor mental health outcomes including anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. AIMS: To explore rates of TBI and associated anxiety and other psychiatric diagnoses in children and adolescents aged 5-18 years within the mental health system. METHODS: Participants were recruited from an outpatient mental health service in Canterbury, New Zealand...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966184/dental-hygiene-students-self-assessment-of-ergonomics-utilizing-photography
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Brian B Partido
Due to postural demands, dental professionals are at high risk for developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). Dental clinicians' lack of ergonomic awareness may impede the clinical application of recommendations to improve their posture. The aim of this study was to determine whether feedback involving photography and self-assessment would improve dental hygiene students' ergonomic scores and accuracy of their ergonomic self-assessments. The study involved a randomized control design and used a convenience sample of all 32 junior-year dental hygiene students enrolled in the autumn 2016 term in The Ohio State University baccalaureate dental hygiene program...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892190/parasitemia-due-to-sarcocystis-neurona-like-infection-in-a-clinically-ill-domestic-cat
#12
Nina C Zitzer, Antoinette E Marsh, Mary Jo Burkhard, M Judith Radin, Maxey L Wellman, Maria Jugan, Valerie Parker
An 8-year-old, 6-kg, male neutered Domestic Shorthair cat was presented to The Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center (OSU-VMC) for difficulty breathing. Physical examination and thoracic radiographs indicated pneumonia, a soft-tissue mass in the left caudal lung lobe, and diffuse pleural effusion. The effusion was classified as modified transudate. Rare extracellular elongated (~5-7 μm × 1-2 μm) zoites with a central round to oval-shaped purple to deep purple vesicular nucleus with coarsely stippled chromatin and light blue cytoplasm were seen on a peripheral blood smear...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888663/impact-of-air-manganese-on-child-neurodevelopment-in-east-liverpool-ohio
#13
Erin N Haynes, Heidi Sucharew, Timothy J Hilbert, Pierce Kuhnell, Alonzo Spencer, Nicholas C Newman, Roxanne Burns, Robert Wright, Patrick J Parsons, Kim N Dietrich
BACKGROUND: East Liverpool, Ohio, the site of a hazardous waste incinerator and a manganese (Mn) processor, has had air Mn concentrations exceeding United States Environmental Protection Agency reference levels for over a decade. Save Our County, Inc., a community organization, was formed to address community environmental health concerns related to local industry. Researchers from the University of Cincinnati partnered with Save Our County to determine if air Mn had an impact on the neurocognitive function of children in the community...
September 6, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887894/interobserver-variation-in-the-diagnosis-of-neurologic-abnormalities-in-the-horse
#14
W J A Saville, S M Reed, J P Dubey, D E Granstrom, P S Morley, K W Hinchcliff, C W Kohn, T E Wittum, J D Workman
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) relies heavily on the clinical examination. The accurate identification of neurologic signs during a clinical examination is critical to the interpretation of laboratory results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of agreement between board-certified veterinary internists when performing neurologic examinations in horses. ANIMALS: Ninety-seven horses admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at The Ohio State University from December 1997 to June 1998...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887813/progression-of-care-among-women-who-use-a-midwife-for-prenatal-care-who-remains-in-midwife-care
#15
Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Maria F Gallo, Mark A Klebanoff, Abigail B Shoben, Alison H Norris
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care provided by midwives provides a safe and cost-effective alternative to care provided by physicians. However, no studies have evaluated the frequency of women who leave midwifery care, in a hospital setting. Our study objectives were to measure the frequency of transfers of care to physicians, to describe the sociodemographic and pregnancy-related characteristics of women who transferred to the care of a physician during prenatal care and at delivery, and to assess correlates of these transfers...
September 9, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859050/overdose-deaths-related-to-fentanyl-and-its-analogs-ohio-january-february-2017
#16
Raminta Daniulaityte, Matthew P Juhascik, Kraig E Strayer, Ioana E Sizemore, Kent E Harshbarger, Heather M Antonides, Robert R Carlson
Ohio is experiencing unprecedented loss of life caused by unintentional drug overdoses (1), with illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) emerging as a significant threat to public health (2,3). IMF is structurally similar to pharmaceutical fentanyl, but is produced in clandestine laboratories and includes fentanyl analogs that display wide variability in potency (2); variations in chemical composition of these drugs make detection more difficult. During 2010-2015, unintentional drug overdose deaths in Ohio increased 98%, from 1,544 to 3,050...
September 1, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846124/self-efficacy-of-osteopathic-medical-students-in-a-rural-urban-underserved-pathway-program
#17
Sharon L Casapulla
Context: Self-efficacy has been shown to play a role in medical students' choice of practice location. More physicians are needed in rural and urban underserved communities. Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine has a co-curricular training program in rural and urban underserved practice to address this shortage. Objective: To assess whether participation in the co-curricular program in rural and urban underserved practice affects self-efficacy related to rural and underserved urban practice...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840365/radiology-and-enterprise-medical-imaging-extensions-remix
#18
Barbaros S Erdal, Luciano M Prevedello, Songyue Qian, Mutlu Demirer, Kevin Little, John Ryu, Thomas O'Donnell, Richard D White
Radiology and Enterprise Medical Imaging Extensions (REMIX) is a platform originally designed to both support the medical imaging-driven clinical and clinical research operational needs of Department of Radiology of The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. REMIX accommodates the storage and handling of "big imaging data," as needed for large multi-disciplinary cancer-focused programs. The evolving REMIX platform contains an array of integrated tools/software packages for the following: (1) server and storage management; (2) image reconstruction; (3) digital pathology; (4) de-identification; (5) business intelligence; (6) texture analysis; and (7) artificial intelligence...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834286/american-association-of-diabetes-educators-2017
#19
Ann M Carracher, Payal H Marathe, Kelly L Close
Ann M. Carracher, Payal H. Marathe, and Kelly L. Close are of Close Concerns (http://www.closeconcerns.com), a healthcare information company focused exclusively on diabetes and obesity care. Close Concerns publishes Closer Look, a periodical that brings together news and insights in these areas. Each month, the Journal of Diabetes includes this News feature, in which Carracher, Marathe, and Close review the latest developments relevant to researchers and clinicians.
August 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794663/physician-perspectives-on-education-training-and-implementation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#20
Sejal J Patel, Kathi J Kemper, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Over recent decades, the demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has continued to rise in the US. Like the practice of traditional Western medicine, CAM is associated with not only significant health benefits but also significant risks. Unlike traditional Western medicine, however, much of CAM use is less regulated and often occurs unbeknownst to a patient's medical doctor. The use of herbals, dietary supplements, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can result in adverse effects, and many significant interactions can occur when their use is combined with allopathic medications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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