keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

d lactate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728405/effect-of-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-to-gestation-diet-on-reproductive-rerformance-blood-profiles-and-milk-composition-of-sows
#1
Hyunbong Choi, Song Shan Jin, Sung Woong Jung, Jae Cheol Jang, Jin Su Hong, Jae Hark Jeong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation levels of rapeseed meal (RSM) in gestation diets on reproductive performance, blood profiles and milk composition of sows and performance of their progeny. Methods: A total of 55 mixed-parity sows (Yorkshire × Landrace; average parity = 3.82) with an initial body weight (BW) of 193.0 kg were used in this experiment. Sows were allotted to one of 5 treatments at breeding based on BW and backfat thickness in a completely randomized design...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728400/studies-on-meat-color-myoglobin-content-enzyme-activities-and-genes-associated-with-oxidative-potential-of-pigs-slaughtered-at-different-growth-stages
#2
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Juan Xiao, Fan Wu, Xiao Jun He, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zuo
Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate meat color, myoglobin (Mb) content, enzyme activities, and expression of genes associated with oxidative potential of pigs slaughtered at different growth stages. Methods: Sixty 4-week-old Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire pigs were assigned to 6 replicate groups, each containing 10 pigs. One pig from each group was sacrificed at day 35, 63, 98, and 161 to isolate longissimus dorsi and triceps muscles. Results: Meat color scores were higher in pigs at 35 d than those at 63 d and 98 d (P < 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728398/effects-of-dietary-energy-levels-on-physiological-parameters-and-reproductive-performance-in-gestating-sows-over-three-consecutive-parities
#3
S S Jin, Y H Jin, J C Jang, J S Hong, S W Jung, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effects of the dietary energy levels on the physiological parameters and reproductive performance during gestation over three parities in sows. Methods: A total of 52 F1 gilts (Yorkshire×Landrace) were allotted to one of four dietary treatments using a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments contained 3,100, 3,200, 3,300 or 3,400 kcal of ME/kg diet but feed was provided at 2.0, 2.2 and 2.4kg/day in the first, second and third parity, respectively...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728359/influence-of-supplemental-canola-or-soybean-oil-on-milk-yield-fatty-acid-profile-and-postpartum-weight-changes-in-grazing-dairy-goats
#4
Israel Lerma-Reyes, G D Mendoza-Martínez, Rolando Rojo-Rubio, Mario Mejia, Juan Carlos Garcia-Lopez, Hector Aaron Lee-Rangel
Objective: This experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of supplementation with soybean or canola oil on milk production and the composition of long chain fatty acids as well as weight changes in the goats and their kids. Methods: Thirty nine mulitparous crossed Alpine x Nubian goats (initial BW 43.5 ± 1.7 kg) from the day of parturition were assigned to the treatments: grazing control (n=15); grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental soybean oil (n=12); and grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental canola oil (n=12)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727610/the-metabolopathy-of-tissue-injury-hemorrhagic-shock-and-resuscitation-in-a-rat-model
#5
Anne L Slaughter, Geoffrey R Nunns, Angelo D'Alessandro, Anirban Banerjee, Kirk C Hansen, E E Moore, Christopher C Silliman, Travis Nemkov, Hunter B Moore, Miguel Fragoso, Kiara Leasia, Erik D Peltz
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic consequences of trauma induce significant clinical pathology. In this study we evaluate the independent, metabolic contributions of tissue injury (TI) and combined tissue injury and hemorrhagic shock (TI / HS) using MS-metabolomics in a controlled animal model of critical injury. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 14) underwent TI alone or TI / HS, followed by resuscitation with normal saline and shed blood. Plasma was collected (baseline, post-laparotomy, post-HS, post-resuscitation) for Ultra High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC) MS-metabolomics...
July 19, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727122/effect-of-increasing-dietary-canola-meal-inclusion-on-lactation-performance-milk-composition-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-lactating-sows
#6
D E Velayudhan, C M Nyachoti
The aim was to determine the effects of increasing dietary canola meal in substitution for soybean meal in lactation sow diets. Forty-five sows with an average parity of 1.8 (SD = 0.83) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ( = 15) consisting of a corn-based control diet and 2 diets with 15% and 30% canola meal formulated by replacing soybean meal with canola meal. Diets were formulated to be similar in standardized ileal digestible AA content and NE value and to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations for lactating sows...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727114/rapid-communication-ranking-dairy-cows-for-methane-emissions-measured-using-respiration-chamber-or-greenfeed-techniques-during-early-peak-and-late-lactation
#7
J Rischewski, A Bielak, G Nürnberg, M Derno, B Kuhla
Our objective was to compare the ranking of dairy cows according to their methane (CH) emissions as measured by a respiration chamber (RC) technique and the GreenFeed (GF) technique during 3 periods in second lactation. Two-day CH measurements in a RC performed in wk 3, 14, and 42 of lactation were flanked by GF measurements for 20 (period 1 [P1]), 35 (period 2 [P2]), and 35 (period 3 [P3]) days, respectively, before and after RC measurement. This gave the total duration of CH measurements using the GF system of 40, 70, and 70 d for P1, P2, and P3, respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727101/the-effect-of-frequency-of-supplementing-rumen-protected-unsaturated-fatty-acids-on-blood-serum-fatty-acid-profiles-in-beef-heifers-and-lactating-cows
#8
E K Cook, M E Garcia-Ascolani, R E Ricks, S K Duckett, G C Lamb, N DiLorenzo, N M Long
The objective of this study was to determine if supplementation frequency of rumen-protected fat (RPF) influences circulating serum concentrations of fatty acids (FA), NEFA, and urea nitrogen in beef heifers and lactating cows. In Exp. 1, 12 early gestation beef heifers were supplemented 0.5 kg of corn gluten feed (CGF) daily during a 2-wk adaptation period. During the last 3 d of adaptation, blood samples were collected immediately before supplementation and then 8 and 16 h postsupplementation daily. Each heifer was then randomly assigned to 1 of 3 supplementation frequency treatments of RPF (3, 5, or 7 d/wk) for 3 wk in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with 3 periods (4 heifers per treatment per period), with each treatment receiving the same amount of RPF and CGF per wk (1...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727087/effects-of-zilpaterol-hydrochloride-on-methane-production-total-body-oxygen-consumption-and-blood-metabolites-in-finishing-beef-steers
#9
K E Hales, A P Foote, D W Brake, T M Brown-Brandl, V M Artegoitia, H C Freetly
An indirect calorimetry experiment was conducted to determine the effects of feeding zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) for 20 d on total body oxygen consumption, respiratory quotient, methane production, and blood metabolites in finishing beef steers. Sixteen Angus steers (initial BW = 555 ± 12.7 kg) were individually fed at ad libitum intake and used in a completely randomized design. The model included the fixed effects of dietary treatment, day, and treatment × day. Dry matter intake did not differ between the treatments ( = 0...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727059/dynamics-of-nitrogen-retention-at-two-feeding-levels-in-gestating-parity-2-and-3-sows
#10
E G Miller, C L Levesque, N L Trottier, C F M de Lange
Parity-2 ( = 39) and -3 ( = 28; same sows from parity-2 sows) Yorkshire sows were used to measure whole body protein deposition (Pd) during gestation (maternal and pregnancy-associated) at 2 feeding levels to test the hypothesis that the pattern of whole body and maternal Pd during gestation does not differ when feeding either 15% above or 15% below estimated ME requirements, both exceeding AA requirements. Initial BW and backfat (BF) at d 26 ± 0.3 of gestation were 195.4 ± 5.2 kg and 15.1 ± 0.5 mm, and 223...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727047/a-diet-supplemented-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-influences-the-metabomscic-and-endocrine-response-of-rabbit-does-and-their-offspring
#11
M Rodríguez, R M García-García, M Arias-Álvarez, N Formoso-Rafferty, P Millán, J López-Tello, P L Lorenzo, A González-Bulnes, P G Rebollar
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the productive, endocrine, and metabomscic responses as well as oxidative stress of rabbit does and their offspring when fed a diet supplemented with -3 PUFA during their first productive cycle. To this aim, a total of 105 rabbit does were fed ad mscibitum from d 60 to 172 of age 2 isoenergetic and isoproteic diets differing in fatty acid composition. The control diet ( = 52 does) contained 45.9 g/kg of -3 of the total fatty acids and the enriched diet ( = 53 does) contained 149...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727031/mammary-nutrient-uptake-in-multiparous-sows-fed-supplementary-arginine-during-gestation-and-lactation
#12
U Krogh, N Oksbjerg, A C Storm, T Feyera, P K Theil
Arginine is the precursor for the synthesis of nitric oxide and may increase mammary plasma flow (MPF), which may in turn increase mammary nutrient uptake. Quantifying mammary nutrient uptake improves our understanding of mammary nutrient metabolism and may potentially allow identification of limiting nutrients for colostrum and milk production. Thus, the objectives of the present study were 1) to study the impact of 25 g/d of crystalline Arg (ARG) on MPF and uptake of nutrients by the mammary glands compared with an isonitrogenous supply of Ala (51 g/d; control [CON]) fed to a total of 8 sows from d 30 of gestation until weaning on d 28 of lactation and 2) to quantify mammary nutrient uptake in late gestation and in early and at peak lactation...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727025/effect-of-handling-intensity-at-the-time-of-transport-for-slaughter-on-physiological-response-and-carcass-characteristics-in-beef-cattle-fed-ractopamine-hydrochloride
#13
J A Hagenmaier, C D Reinhardt, S J Bartle, J N Henningson, M J Ritter, M S Calvo-Lorenzo, G J Vogel, C A Guthrie, M G Siemens, D U Thomson
The effects of handling intensity on the physiological response and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle fed ractopamine hydrochloride were evaluated at the time of transport to slaughter. Eighty steers (BW = 668 ± 36 kg) representing 10 lots of similar breed, frame size, and degree of finish were blocked by lot, stratified by weight, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 handling intensities (HI) over a 1,600 m dirt alley course: 1) low-stress handling (LSH) or 2) high-stress handling (HSH). For the LSH treatment, 4 penmates were kept at a walk with the use of a lead rider...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727024/factors-affecting-ewe-performance-in-a-crossbred-dairy-sheep-research-flock-in-the-united-states
#14
T W Murphy, Y M Berger, P W Holman, M Baldin, R L Burgett, D L Thomas
The Spooner Agricultural Research Station operated the only dairy sheep research flock in North America through 2016. The original nondairy ewe flock was "bred up" to a crossbred dairy flock through the use of rams and semen of the East Friesian (EF) and Lacaune (LA) dairy breeds. The objective of this study was to determine the environmental and nonadditive genetic effects that influence performance of dairy ewes. The traits analyzed were 180 d adjusted milk (180d MY), fat (180d FY), and protein (180d PY) yields, percentage fat (%F) and protein (%P) in milk, lactation average somatic cell score (LSCS), and number of lambs born per ewe lambing (NLB)...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727018/evaluation-of-electrical-broad-bandwidth-impedance-spectroscopy-as-a-tool-for-body-composition-measurement-in-cows-in-comparison-with-body-measurements-and-the-deuterium-oxide-dilution-method
#15
C T Schäff, U Pliquett, A Tuchscherer, R Pfuhl, S Görs, C C Metges, H M Hammon, C Kröger-Koch
Body fatness and degree of body fat mobilization in cows vary enormously during their reproduction cycle and influence energy partitioning and metabolic adaptation. The objective of the study was to test bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) as a method for predicting fat depot mass (FDM), in living cows. The FDM is defined as the sum of subcutaneous, omental, mesenteric, retroperitoneal, and carcass fat mass. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy is compared with the prediction of FDM from the deuterium oxide (DO) dilution method and from body conformation measurements...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727011/effects-of-supplementing-sow-diets-with-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-refermented-sorghum-dried-distiller-s-grains-with-solubles-from-late-gestation-to-weaning-on-the-performance-of-sows-and-progeny
#16
D Song, X Li, Y Cheng, G Wu, X Xiao, F Wang, Y Wang, Z Lu
We performed 2 experiments to study the effects of supplementing sow diets with refermented sorghum dried distiller's grains with solubles (SSDDGS) from late gestation to weaning on the performance of sows and their progeny. In Exp. 1, 24 sows at 85 d of gestation were allocated to the following 3 dietary treatments: 1) sows fed a basal diet from late gestation to weaning ( = 8), 2) sows fed a diet with 2% SSDDGS ( = 8), and 3) sows fed a diet with 4% SSDDGS ( = 8). The 4% SSDDGS treatment significantly improved the sows' ADFI, the litter weaning alive rate, and the individual piglet weaning weights and significantly reduced the litter stillbirth rate and the levels of urea N and somatic cell counts (SCC) in the milk...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727010/effect-of-experimentally-increased-protein-supply-to-postpartum-dairy-cows-on-plasma-protein-synthesis-rumen-tissue-proliferation-and-immune-homeostasis
#17
M Larsen, C M Røntved, P K Theil, M Khatun, C Lauridsen, N B Kristensen
The effect of experimentally increasing the postpartum protein supply on plasma protein synthesis, rumen tissue proliferation, and immune homeostasis was studied using 8 periparturient Holstein cows in a complete randomized design. At calving, cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water (CTRL) or casein (CAS) in addition to a lactation diet. Casein infusion was gradually decreased from 696 ± 1 g/d at +2 d relative to calving (DRTC) to 212 ± 10 g/d at +29 DRTC to avoid excessive supply. Synthesis rate of plasma proteins was measured at -14, +4, +15, and +29 DRTC by measuring [C]Phe isotopic enrichment in arterial plasma free Phe, total plasma proteins, and albumin after 3, 5, and 7 h of jugular ring[C]Phe infusion...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726982/effects-of-ractopamine-hydrochloride-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-response-to-different-handling-techniques
#18
J A Hagenmaier, C D Reinhardt, M J Ritter, M S Calvo-Lorenzo, G J Vogel, C A Guthrie, M G Siemens, K F Lechtenberg, D J Rezac, D U Thomson
Feedlot cattle ( = 128; BW = 549 ± 60 kg) were used to evaluate the effects of ractopamine hydrochloride (RAC) on growth performance, physiological response to handling, and mobility during shipment for slaughter in a study utilizing a split-plot design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments: 1) diet (CON [no β-adrenergic agonist] vs. RAC [400 mg·animal·d ractopamine hydrochloride for 28 d]) and 2) handling intensity (HI; low-stress handling [LSH; cattle moved at a walking pace with no electric prod use] vs...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725115/maternal-and-fetal-arterial-blood-gas-data-in-normotensive-singleton-isoflurane-anesthetized-sheep-at-124-126-days-of-gestation
#19
Claire M Loughran, Matthew W Kemp, Gabrielle C Musk
The aim of this case series was to describe the differences between maternal and fetal blood-gas results during anesthesia. Sixteen singleton adult merino ewes weighing 60.1 ± 5.1 kg at 125.7 d (124 to 126 d) gestation were anesthetized. Maternal (radial) and fetal (umbilical) arterial blood gas samples were collected 79 ± 6 min after the start of anesthesia if maternal mean arterial pressure (MAP) was stable and > 65 mmHg. Fetal pH, partial arterial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), glucose, arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2), sodium, and chloride were significantly lower and fetal partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), lactate, hematocrit, total hemoglobin, potassium, and calcium were significantly higher than maternal blood-gas values...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724802/partially-exhausted-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-predict-response-to-combination-immunotherapy
#20
Kimberly Loo, Katy K Tsai, Kelly Mahuron, Jacqueline Liu, Mariela L Pauli, Priscila M Sandoval, Adi Nosrati, James Lee, Lawrence Chen, Jimmy Hwang, Lauren S Levine, Matthew F Krummel, Alain P Algazi, Michael D Alvarado, Michael D Rosenblum, Adil I Daud
BACKGROUND: Programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibition activates partially exhausted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (peCTLs) and induces tumor regression. We previously showed that the peCTL fraction predicts response to anti-PD-1 monotherapy. Here, we sought to correlate peCTL and regulatory T lymphocyte (Treg) levels with response to combination immunotherapy, and with demographic/disease characteristics, in metastatic melanoma patients. METHODS: Pretreatment melanoma samples underwent multiparameter flow cytometric analysis...
July 20, 2017: JCI Insight
keyword
keyword
40642
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"