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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328233/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-neonates-with-hypernatremic-dehydration
#1
Hassan Boskabadi, Javad Akhondian, Maliheh Afarideh, Gholamali Maamouri, Sepideh Bagheri, Seyyed Mostafa Parizadeh, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan, Shabnam Mohammadi, Gordon A A Frens
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration (NHD) is a dangerous condition that can lead to severe weight loss, renal impairment, and central nervous system complications. We aimed to evaluate the consequences of NHD in infants in their second year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study in Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Sixty-five healthy breastfed neonates (serum sodium concentration <150 mmol/L) and 65 hypernatremic (serum sodium concentration ≥150 mmol/L) neonates were followed up from 2008 to 2011...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326800/safety-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-bilateral-synchronous-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-bilateral-stone-disease-evidence-from-a-systematic-review
#2
Patrick Jones, Blessing Dhliwayo, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Moeketsi Mokete, Ramachandran Amitharaj, Omar M Aboumarzouk, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: With the evolution of endourologic technology, bilateral synchronous percutaneous nephrolithotomy (BS-PCNL) has emerged as a potentially practical intervention for patients with bilateral lithiasis. Although tradition has favored a staged approach, an increasing number of original studies have reported their experiences with the synchronous approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Cochrane style search was performed after development of a sensitive and predefined search strategy...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324108/hypoparathyroidism-less-severe-hypocalcemia-with-treatment-with-vitamin-d2-compared-to-calcitriol
#3
Elizabeth A Streeten, Yasaman Mohtasebi, Manige Konig, Lisa Davidoff, Kathleen Ryan
Context: Options for chronic treatment of hypoparathyroidism include calcitriol, recombinant human parathyroid hormone and high dose vitamin D (D2). D2 is used in a minority because of fear of prolonged hypercalcemia and renal toxicity. There is a paucity of recent data about D2 use in hypoparathyroidism. Objective: Compare renal function, hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia in patients with hypoparathyroidism treated chronically with either D2 or calcitriol. Design, setting, patients: A retrospective study of patients with hypoparathyroidism treated at University of Maryland Hospital...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322903/urological-management-and-complications-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-a-40-to-50-year-follow-up-study
#4
Yunliang Gao, Teresa Danforth, David Ginsberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess the management and types of urological complications in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients and to explore the risk factors for these complications. METHODS: 43 SCI patients with a median follow-up of 45 (range 40 to 50) years were included in this retrospective study. All medical charts were reviewed for demographics, urological complications and bladder management. RESULTS: Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) was noted in all patients, with an average incidence of 6...
March 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321250/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-under-ultrasound-guidance-in-patients-with-renal-calculi-and-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-report-of-11-cases
#5
Xiao Wang, Xuecheng Yang, Xiulong Zhong, Zhenlin Wang, Senyao Xue, Weifeng Yu, Zhen Dong
Nephrolithiasis accelerates the renal failure in the patients with ADPKD. In order to evaluate the role of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in management of calculus in these patients, 11 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and renal stones were included in the study. Two patients had bilateral renal stones. All patients were treated by percutaneous nephrolithotomy under ultrasound guidance. 13 percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures were performed in 1 stage by the urology team under ultrasound guidance...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318298/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-increased-fluid-intake-and-urine-volume-following-dietary-counseling-in-first-time-kidney-stone-patients
#6
Aziz Khambati, Richard S Matulewicz, Kent T Perry, Robert B Nadler
OBJECTIVE: Increasing fluid intake to achieve a urine volume (UV) of >2.5 L/day decreases stone events. We assessed compliance rates and demographic and clinical variables associated with increased fluid intake and UV in patients with urolithiasis following dietary counseling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, patients with a low baseline UV (<2.5 L/day) on an initial 24-hour urine collection during metabolic stone evaluation were identified between 2010 and 2015...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303631/surgical-outcomes-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-in-3-402-patients-and-results-of-stone-analysis-in-1-559-patients-from-a-single-centre-in-pakistan
#7
S A H Rizvi, M Hussain, S H Askari, M Lal, M N Zafar
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience of a series of PCNL from a single centre over the last 18 years in terms of patients and stone characteristics, indications, stone clearance and complications and chemical analysis of stones in a subgroup. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the outcomes of PCNL in 3,402 adult patients who underwent the procedure between 1997 and 2014 from a prospectively maintained database. Data analysis included patients' age, sex, laboratory investigations, imaging, punctured calyx, duration of operation, volume of irrigation fluid, radiation exposure time, blood transfusion, complications and stone free status at one-month follow-up...
March 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303335/treatment-selection-for-urolithiasis-percutaneous-nephrolithomy-ureteroscopy-shock-wave-lithotripsy-and-active-monitoring
#8
Mahesh Desai, Yinghao Sun, Noor Buchholz, Andrew Fuller, Tadashi Matsuda, Brian Matlaga, Nicole Miller, Damien Bolton, Mohammad Alomar, Arvind Ganpule
Urolithiasis is a significant worldwide source of morbidity, constituting a common urological disease that affects between 10 and 15% of the world population. Recent technological and surgical advances have replaced the need for open surgery with less invasive procedures. The factors which determine the indications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy include stone factors (stone size, stone composition, and stone location), patient factors (habitus and renal anomalies), and failure of other treatment modalities (ESWL and flexible ureteroscopy)...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302239/hyperoxaluria-after-renal-transplantation
#9
Waqar Ahmed, Abad Ur Rehman, Sumit Acharya
Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterised by precipitation of insoluble oxalate crystals in the joints, kidneys, heart, eyes, skin, nerves, and bone marrow. The patients of primary oxaluria usually present with renal stone/nephrocalcinosis, and isolated kidney transplantation should not be done in these patients. We present a case report of 31-year lady with acute graft dysfunction due to oxaluria with no history of nephrolithiasis/nephrocalcinosis prior to renal transplantation...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299761/comparison-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-treating-20-40-mm-renal-stones
#10
Gokhan Atis, Meftun Culpan, Eyup Sabri Pelit, Cengiz Canakci, Ismail Ulus, Bilal Gunaydin, Asif Yildirim, Turhan Caskurlu
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treating renal stones between 20 and 40 mm in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 146 patients, who were treated with RIRS and 146 patients, who were treated with PCNL for renal stones between 20 and 40 mm in diameter were compared retrospectively using a matched-pair analysis. The operative and post-operative outcomes of both groups were analyzed retrospectively...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299446/do-renal-stones-that-fail-lithotripsy-require-treatment
#11
Ben Pullar, Catherine Lunter, Jane Collie, Syed Shah, Nimish Shah, Sami Hayek, Oliver J Wiseman
The rates of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) appear stable in the UK. However, there is little evidence on the natural history of these calculi if SWL fails. We set to look at the effectiveness of SWL in patients with a single, previously untreated renal stone and the natural history of those stones that failed treatment. We retrospectively reviewed all data from our prospectively collected database of patients undergoing a first treatment for a single renal stone between October 2010 and November 2013...
March 15, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292209/risks-and-benefits-of-postoperative-double-j-stent-placement-after-ureteroscopy-urs-results-from-the-clinical-research-office-of-endourological-society-urs-global-study
#12
Ahmet Yaser Muslumanoglu, Sven Fuglsig, Antonio Frattini, Gaston Labate, Robert B Nadler, Alexey Martov, Carson Wong, Jean J M C H de la Rosette
PURPOSE: Double-J stent placement following stone removal by URS is common and recommended in many cases but debatable in others. In this study the risks and benefits of postoperative double-J stent placement in URS stone treatment procedures undertaken in current clinical practice, are examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CROES URS is a prospective, observational, international, multicentre study in which patients who were candidates for URS as primary treatment or after failure of prior treatment for ureteral stones and renal stones...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292198/prospective-analysis-of-a-complete-retrograde-ureteroscopic-technique-with-holmium-laser-stent-cutting-for-management-of-encrusted-ureteral-stents
#13
Alexandre Thomas, Jonathan Cloutier, Luca Villa, Julien Letendre, Achilles Ploumidis, Olivier Traxer
PURPOSE: To propose and evaluate a new endoscopic technique using only a retrograde ureteroscopic approach for the removal of heavily encrusted ureteral stents. METHODS: Data from 51 consecutive patients with encrusted and retained ureteral stents were prospectively collected. Description of the successive steps of surgery is detailed. The Holmium-YAG laser properties offer the opportunity for fragmentation of stent-attached encrustation and the ability to cut the stent itself...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289943/intra-patient-comparison-of-reduced-dose-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-with-standard-dose-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-in-the-ct-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-urolithiasis
#14
Sean Tenant, Chun Lap Pang, Prageeth Dissanayake, Varut Vardhanabhuti, Colin Stuckey, Catherine Gutteridge, Christopher Hyde, Carl Roobottom
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of reduced-dose CT scans reconstructed using a new generation of model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) in the imaging of urinary tract stone disease, compared with a standard-dose CT using 30% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction. METHODS: This single-institution prospective study recruited 125 patients presenting either with acute renal colic or for follow-up of known urinary tract stones. They underwent two immediately consecutive scans, one at standard dose settings and one at the lowest dose (highest noise index) the scanner would allow...
March 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289002/unusual-cause-of-renal-stone-following-robotic-pyeloplasty
#15
Siddharth Yadav, Prabhjot Singh, Brusabhanu Nayak, Prem Nath Dogra
Non-absorbable Hem-o-Lok clips are commonly used for vascular pedicle control or suture stabilisation during laparoscopic or robotic reconstructive procedures. As they are placed close to suture line and with tension, these clips have a propensity to migrate. We report a case of a 22-year-old man with history of bilateral robotic pyeloplasty presenting with left inferior calyceal stone. He underwent left mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy which revealed an encrusted migrated Hem-o-Lok clip that was used to close the mesenteric window formed during transmesocolic pyeloplasty...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286933/the-effect-of-nephrostomy-tract-infiltration-of-ketamine-on-postoperative-pain-and-peak-expiratory-flow-rate-in-patients-undergoing-tubeless-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Seyed Reza Hosseini, Farsad Imani, Golnar Shayanpour, Mohammad Reza Khajavi
Ketamine, as a systemic and local analgesic, has been used to reduce postoperative pain in many studies. The present study was designed to assess the analgesic efficacy of nephrostomy tract infiltration of ketamine in postoperative pain after tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Sixty-six patients with renal stone who were candidates for PCNL were randomized to two groups with 33 patients in each group. In group K, 20 mL saline solution containing 1.5 mg/kg ketamine was infiltrated into the nephrostomy tract and in group C, 20 mL saline solution was infiltrated into the nephrostomy tract at the end of surgery...
March 12, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286070/the-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-with-urolithiasis-and-its-urological-treatments-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Giovanni Gambaro, Emanuele Croppi, David Bushinsky, Philippe Jaeger, Adamasco Cupisti, Andrea Ticinesi, Sandro Mazzaferro, Alessandro D'Addessi, Pietro Manuel Ferraro
PURPOSE: Urolithiasis can impair kidney function. This literature review focuses on the risk of kidney impairment in stone formers, the specific conditions associated with this risk and the impact of urological surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed and Embase databases were searched for publications on urolithiasis, its treatment, and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and nephrectomy in stone formers. RESULTS: In general, renal stone formers carry twice the risk of CKD or ESRD, and for female and overweight stone formers the risk is even higher...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281312/feasibility-of-single-session-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery-for-ipsilateral-large-renal-stones-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-contralateral-renal-stones-initial-experience
#18
Ohseong Kwon, Juhyun Park, Min Chul Cho, Hwancheol Son, Hyeon Jeong, Sung Yong Cho
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the feasibility of carrying out endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery with supine miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy and retrograde intrarenal surgery for patients with bilateral stones in a single session. METHODS: The records of consecutive patients presenting with bilateral kidney stones who underwent endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery with miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (15-Fr miniaturized nephroscope) and retrograde intrarenal surgery on one side, and retrograde intrarenal surgery on the contralateral side were prospectively collected and analyzed...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275517/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-complete-supine-flank-free-position-in-comparison-to-prone-position-a-single-centre-experience
#19
Nadeem Sohail, Amjad Albodour, Khalid Mohammed Abdelrahman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcomes of performing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in a modified supine position, more feasible for surgeons, anaesthetists, and operating theatre staff, as well as for the patient himself, and evaluating it in comparison to the standard prone position. PATIENT AND METHODS: A retrospective, case-control study was conducted between January 2011 and December 2015. In all, 197 patient's records were reviewed. The initial 101 patients were operated upon in prone position...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275514/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-alarming-variables-for-postoperative-bleeding
#20
Shakhawan H A Said, Mohammed A Al Kadum Hassan, Rawa H G Ali, Ismaeel Aghaways, Fahmi H Kakamad, Khalid Q Mohammad
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate factors contributing to bleeding after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and ways of managing this complication, as bleeding is a serious sequela that requires prompt management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The demographic and procedural data of 200 patients, who underwent unilateral PCNL during a 20-month period, were prospectively collected. Preoperative, operative, and postoperative details were recorded. The preoperative variables analysed included: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, serum creatinine, degree of hydronephrosis, previous ipsilateral open renal surgery, stone size and complexity...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
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