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Hong-Mei Qu, Li-Ping Qu, Xiao-Yan Li, Xian-Zhen Pan
Introduction: Inadequate trophoblast invasion and placentation are widely believed to contribute to preeclampsia, and multiple lines of evidence indicate the involvement of hypoxia in preeclampsia. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the association of placental hypoxia with preeclampsia are not clear. Material and methods: The present study focused on the role in preeclampsia of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), which is an inducible isoform of HO in response to hypoxia, via examining the expression of HO-1 and the expression and phosphorylation (Tyr705) of Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 in preeclamptic placentas via the immunohistochemical method, western blotting assay and RT-qPCR method...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Feng-Cheng Liu, Jeng-Wei Lu, Chiao-Yun Chien, Hsu-Shan Huang, Chia-Chung Lee, Shiu-Bii Lien, Leou-Chyr Lin, Liv Weichien Chen, Yi-Jung Ho, Min-Chung Shen, Ling-Jun Ho, Jenn-Haung Lai
In this study, we synthesized hundreds of analogues based on the structure of small-molecule inhibitors (SMIs) that were previously identified in our laboratory with the aim of identifying potent yet safe compounds for arthritis therapeutics. One of the analogues was shown to share structural similarity with quercetin, a potent anti-inflammatory flavonoid present in many different fruits and vegetables. We investigated the immunomodulatory effects of this compound, namely 6-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2 H -benzo[ e ][1,3]oxazine-2,4(3 H )-dione (Cf-02), in a side-by-side comparison with quercetin...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ahmed M Kabel, Abdulaziz A Alzahrani, Nawaf M Bawazir, Rayan O Khawtani, Hany H Arab
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline antibiotic that is used frequently for treatment of various types of malignancies. Hepatotoxicity is one of the serious complications of DOX. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of different doses of irbesartan on doxorubicin-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Sixty male BALB/c mice were divided into six equal groups as follows: Control group; DOX group; Irbesartan (Small dose) group; Irbesartan (Large dose) group; DOX + Irbesartan (Small dose) group and DOX + Irbesartan (Large dose) group...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Zhilin Qi, Tuo Tang, Lili Sheng, Yunfei Ma, Yinhua Liu, Liang Yan, Shimei Qi, Liefeng Ling, Yao Zhang
Salidroside, an active ingredient extracted from the Rhodiola rosea plant, has potential anti‑tumor effects. However, the effects of salidroside on gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration remain unclear. In the present study, the inhibitory effects of salidroside on gastric cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion and the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects were investigated. The human gastric cancer cell line, BGC‑823, was treated with different concentrations of salidroside (200, 400 and 600 µg/ml)...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Chongyao Bi, Baofei Jiang
The morbidity of colorectal cancer (CRC) increases annualy, which accounts to higher mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is important to study the pathogenesis of colon cancer. Ribophorin II (RPN2), part of the N-oligosaccharyltransferase complex, is highly expressed in CRC. In the present study, we investigated whether RPN2 can regulate apoptosis, migration and invasion by RNA interference in CRC and sought to clarify the molecular mechanism involved. Based on previous research, an abnormal high expression of RPN2 was observed in CRC tissues and cell lines by real-time (RT)-PCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot analysis...
May 10, 2018: Oncology Reports
Ghasem Ghalamfarsa, Ali Rastegari, Fatemeh Atyabi, Hadi Hassannia, Mohammad Hojjat-Farsangi, Amir Ghanbari, Enayat Anvari, Jamshid Mohammadi, Gholamreza Azizi, Ali Masjedi, Mehdi Yousefi, Bahman Yousefi, Jamshid Hadjati, Farhad Jadidi-Niaragh
CD73 facilitates tumor growth by upregulation of the adenosine (immunosuppressive factor) in the tumor microenvironment, however, its precise molecular mechanisms is not precisely understood. Regarding the importance of angiogenesis in tumor development and spreading, we decided to assign the anti-angiogenic effects of CD73 suppression. We used chitosan lactate (ChLa) nanoparticles (NPs) to deliver CD73-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) into cancer cells. Our results showed that treatment of the 4T1 cells with CD73-specific siRNA-loaded NPs led to potent inhibition of cancer cell proliferation and cell cycle arrest, in vitro...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Huazhang Guo, Pin Liu, Huaming Li, Chong Cheng, Yong Gao
Amphiphilic supramolecular graft copolymers which can stabilize oil-in-water (o/w) emulsions and enable responsive demulsification were demonstrated in this study. Linear poly[( N, N-dimethylacrylmide)- stat-(3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid)] (PDMA- stat-PAPBA) copolymers with phenylboronic acid (PBA) groups and linear polystyrene homopolymers with cis-diol terminals (PS(OH)2 ) were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. By the homogenization of the biphasic mixtures of an alkaline water solution of PDMA- stat-PAPBA copolymer and a toluene solution of PS(OH)2 homopolymer, stable o/w emulsions could be generated, although neither PDMA- stat-PAPBA nor PS(OH)2 alone was able to stabilize the emulsion...
May 8, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Pooja Dhupkar, Nancy Gordon, John Stewart, Eugenie S Kleinerman
Osteosarcoma (OS) pulmonary metastasis translates into poor patient survival. The implication of PD-1-PD-L1 pathway in the context of NK cells and/or macrophages in OS is unknown. We investigated the effect of anti-PD-1 in OS lung metastasis and the role of NK cells and/or macrophages in anti-PD-1 responses. A human LM7 OS mouse model was used. Immunohistochemistry for tissues (PD-L1, caspase-3, Ki-67, NK cells, macrophages), and Western blotting for OS lung tumors (p-Stat3, p-Erk1/2) was performed. NK and macrophages were assessed using flow cytometry...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Lulu Fan, Bingchen Zhang, Aixiao Xu, Zhichun Shen, Yan Guo, Ruirui Zhao, Huilu Yao, Jing-Wei Shao
Ursolic acid (UA) is a food-plant derived natural product which has good anticancer activities and low toxicity. However, the poor water solubility of UA limits its application in clinic. To address this issue, we developed a carrier-free nanodrug by self-assembly of UA. Here, we showed that UA NPs was near-spherical shape with the size of ~150 nm diameter. UA NPs exhibited higher antiproliferative activity, significantly caused apoptosis, decreased the expression of COX-2/VEGFR2/VEGFA and increased the immunostimulatory activity of TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-β and decrease the activity of STAT-3 in A549 cells in vitro...
May 4, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Shan Lu, Hong-Wu Fan, Kai Li, Xiao-Di Fan
Renal fibrosis and inflammation are common underlying processes of progressive kidney diseases. Elongator protein 2 (Elp2), identical to signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3)-interacting protein-1 (Stip1), is a component of the Elongator complex that regulates RNA polymerase II. Elp2 regulates STAT-3 activation to control various cellular processes. The mechanisms of Elp2 prevention in renal interstitial fibrosis and inflammation remain unknown. In the study, Elp2 transgenic knockout (KO) and wild type (WT) mice were employed to investigate the effects of Elp2 on renal fibrosis and inflammation development after unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) surgery...
April 30, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Elena De Mattia, Erika Cecchin, Marcella Montico, Adrien Labriet, Chantal Guillemette, Eva Dreussi, Rossana Roncato, Alessia Bignucolo, Angela Buonadonna, Mario D'Andrea, Luigi Coppola, Sara Lonardi, Eric Lévesque, Derek Jonker, Félix Couture, Giuseppe Toffoli
Pharmacogenomics has largely been applied to the personalization of irinotecan-based treatment, focusing mainly on the study of genetic variants in adsorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) genes. The transcriptional control of ADME gene expression is mediated by a set of nuclear factors responding to cancer-related inflammation, which could have pharmacological implications. The aim of the present study was to uncover novel genetic predictors of neutropenia and gastrointestinal toxicity risk among 246 haplotype-tagging polymorphisms in 22 genes encoding inflammation-related cytokines and transcriptional regulators of ADME genes...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Junichi Matsumoto, Shinya Dohgu, Fuyuko Takata, Takashi Machida, Funda F Bölükbaşi Hatip, Izzettin Hatip-Al-Khatib, Atsushi Yamauchi, Yasufumi Kataoka
Interleukin (IL)-6 is an important mediator of neurovascular dysfunction, neurodegeneration and/or neuroinflammation. We previously reported that brain pericytes released higher levels of IL-6 than did glial cells (astrocytes and microglia) in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Moreover, pericytes stimulated with TNF-α enhanced activation of BV-2 microglia. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of TNF-α mediated induction of IL-6 release from brain pericytes and astrocytes and whether pericyte-derived IL-6 would facilitate activation of BV-2 microglia...
April 24, 2018: Brain Research
S Ram Kumar, Nigel Scott, Winfield J Wells, Vaughn A Starnes
BACKGROUND: Delayed sternal closure (DSC) is often employed to optimize hemodynamics following pediatric cardiac surgery. Prior reports have suggested that DSC may be associated with increased morbidity. We sought to analyze the impact of a liberal policy of DSC on surgical outcomes at our center. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical course of 1,000 consecutive patients between July 2005 and June 2015 whose sternum was electively left open following pediatric cardiac surgery...
April 23, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
R Z L Lim, L Li, E L Yong, N Chew
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. MSCs derived from osteoporotic subjects demonstrate significant impairment in proliferation, adhesion and chemotaxis, and osteogenic differentiation, leading to reduced functional bone-forming osteoblasts and ultimately nett bone loss and osteoporosis. Epimedium herbs and its active compound Icaritin (ICT) have been used in Chinese ethnopharmacology for the treatment of metabolic bone diseases. Using an in-vitro cell culture model, we investigated the benefits of ICT treatment in enhancing MSC proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation, and provide novel data to describe its mechanism of action...
April 18, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Xinyu Li, Yan Wang, Kun Wang, Yonggui Wu
Paeoniflorin is the main bioactive components of the root of P.lactiflora Pall., and has been widely used as an anti-inflammation and immunomodulatory agent. However, the effect and mechanisms of Paeoniflorin in diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains to be elucidated. In the present study, streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mice model was used to investigate the protective effect of Paeoniflorin and the role of the Janus kinase (JAK) 2/signal transducer (STAT) 3 signaling pathway on DN. After treatment with Paeoniflorin at a dose of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg once a day for 12 weeks, both the functional and histological damage to diabetic mice kidney had been attenuated significantly...
April 19, 2018: Bioscience Trends
Li-Qiao Liu, Mingyue Shen, Shao-Ping Nie, Jie-Lun Hu, Qiang Yu, Deming Gong, Ming-Yong Xie
The interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3 signaling pathway regulates survival and proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells, and has profound impact on the tumorigenesis of colitis-associated cancer (CAC). Tea polysaccharides (TPS) is the major nutraceutical component isolated from tea-leaves and is known to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumor bi-oactivities. Here, we investigated the antitumor activities of TPS on CAC using the azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium (AOM/DSS) mouse model and IL-6-induced colorectal cancer cell line (CT26), and determined whether TPS exerted its antitumor effects through the IL-6/STAT3 pathway...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Shi-Mei Qi, Qiang Li, Qi Jiang, Zhi-Lin Qi, Yao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of chrysin in regulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in RAW264.7 cells. METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were treated with different concentrations (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 150, and 200 µg/mL) of chrysin for 24 h, and the cell viability was measured using CCK-8. RAW264.7 cells were pre-treated with 10, 30, or 60 µg/mL chrysin for 2 h before stimulation with LPS for different times. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 were detected by ELISA, and Western blotting was used to detect the phosphorylation of JAK- 1, JAK-2, STAT-1 and STAT-3...
March 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Z Zhou, Y Jing, Y Ran, J Zhao, L Zhou, B M Wang
Objective: To evaluate the changes of macrophages and expression of Rac1 in the inflammatory site of Crohn's disease, and to investigate the effects of 6-thioguanine (6-TG) and peptidoglycan on apoptosis of human peripheral blood monocyte-macrophage by regulating Rac1 signaling pathway. Methods: Ten patients with Crohn's disease and eight healthy controls diagnosed were enrolled at Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2013 to January 2014. The number of macrophages, apoptosis and expression of Rac1 in the inflammation sites and non-inflammation sites of intestinal mucosa were detected in both patients and controls...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Qianqian Wang, Haiou Xu, Xiaofeng Zhao
BACKGROUND Like other human cancers, the malignancy of cervical cancer is also characterized by abilities of proliferation, migration, and invasion. Protein kinase C-zeta (PKCζ) has been highly correlated with several human cancers. Baicalin was proven to regulate PKC. This study aimed to investigate the anti-cancer effect and involved molecular mechanisms of baicalin on human cervical cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Baicalin at various concentrations was used to treat 2 human cervical cancer cell lines HeLa and SiHa...
April 3, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Vanessa Prieto-Vicente, Ana I Sánchez-Garrido, Víctor Blanco-Gozalo, Miguel Arévalo, Enrique M García-Sánchez, Daniel López-Montañés, Yaremi Quirós, Francisco J López-Hernández, Antonio Rodríguez-Pérez, José M López-Novoa
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) holds potent anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective and anti-apoptotic effects in the liver, kidneys and heart. In this study the role of endogenous CT-1 and the effect of exogenous CT-1 were evaluated in experimental ulcerative colitis. Colitis was induced in CT-1 knock-out and wild type mice by administration of dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) in the drinking water during 7 days. CT-1 knock-out mice showed higher colon damage and disease severity than wild type mice. In addition, CT-1 (200 µg/kg/day, iv) or vehicle (as control) were administered during 3 days to wild type, colitic mice, starting on day 4 after initiation of DSS...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
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