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Splenic thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774182/spleen-and-splenic-vascular-involvement-in-acute-pancreatitis-an-mri-study
#1
Chao-Lian Xie, Mao Zhang, Yong Chen, Ran Hu, Meng-Yue Tang, Tian-Wu Chen, Hua-Dan Xue, Zheng-Yu Jin, Xiao-Ming Zhang
Background: To investigate the spleen and splenic vascular involvement in acute pancreatitis (AP) and their correlations with the severity of AP using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: MRI of 239 patients with AP was retrospectively reviewed to assess splenic and splenic vascular complications, and the severity of AP. The severity of AP was graded by the MRI severity index (MRSI) and the New Revised Classification of AP 2012. The intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters (D, D*, and f) of spleen were measured...
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751198/price-to-pay-portal-vein-arterialization-for-hepatic-artery-thrombosis-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#2
Worakitti Lapisatepun, Anon Chotirosniramit, Trichak Sandhu, Kanya Udomsin, Wasana Ko-Iam, Phuriphong Chanthima, Warangkana Lapisatepun, Settapong Boonsri, Suraphong Lorsomradee, Quanhathai Kaewpoowat, Sunhawit Junrungsee
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is one of the most serious complications of liver transplantation that can potentially lead to loss of the allograft. Retransplantation is the only option when revascularization can't be performed but the donor may be not available in the short period of time. We report the technique of using portal vein arterialization (PVA) for bridging before retransplantation. There are few reports in living donor setting. CASE DESCRIPTION: The recipient of the liver was a 59 year old male who received an extended right lobe graft from his son...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720864/role-of-thrombophilia-in-splanchnic-venous-thrombosis-in-acute-pancreatitis
#3
Sobur Uddin Ahmed, Surinder S Rana, Jasmina Ahluwalia, Neelam Varma, Ravi Sharma, Rajesh Gupta, Mandeep Kang
Background: Splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT) is a common vascular complication of acute pancreatitis (AP). We conducted this study to prospectively investigate the frequency, risk factors, and extent of SVT in patients with AP and to evaluate the role of thrombophilia in its causation. Methods: Patients with AP presenting between January 2015 and June 2016 were prospectively evaluated with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) for the presence of SVT. These patients underwent a detailed analysis of coagulation parameters...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709406/massive-organ-embolization-from-primary-aortic-thrombosis
#4
Catarina Patrício, Mariana Marques Silva, Pedro Eduardo Silva, João Oliveira, Luís Bagulho
A 49-year-old woman was hospitalized for acute left foot arterial ischemia. Arterial Doppler revealed occlusion of the dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries. A computed tomography angiography performed to assess abdominal pain showed hepatic, splenic, renal and pancreatic infarctions. A splenic artery embolism and a small aortic wall thrombus at the celiac trunk were identified. No radiological signs of aortic atherosclerosis were found. No predisposing conditions for secondary aortic thrombosis or intracardiac embolic sources were detected...
April 27, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697677/-endovascular-procedures-in-pancreatic-surgery
#5
A Sh Revishvili, A G Kriger, D S Gorin, A B Varava, A A Goev, S V Berelavichus, A V Smirnov, E A Akhtanin
AIM: To evaluate an effectiveness of endovascular techniques in pancreatic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the period 1995-2017 at Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery endovascular treatment (EVT) was applied in 51 patients with chronic pancreatitis complicated by false aneurysms (FA) and postoperative hemorrhage after pancreatectomy. Various methods of embolization and stenting were used in 24 and 11 cases respectively in order to exclude FA of celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery from blood flow...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594198/hepatic-infarction-and-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Archana Kulkarni, Hamza Arif, Manik Veer, Kateyln Ziggas, Amit Kaura, Meera Sareen
Hepatic infarction is rare due to the unique dual hepatic blood supply from the hepatic artery and the portal vein. Herein, we report a case of hepatic infarction that occurred as a complication of acute pancreatitis. The patient was a 58-year-old male with past medical history of chronic alcoholism, who presented with epigastric abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Hepatic infarction was diagnosed with computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis without contrast, which revealed suspicion of splenic vein thrombosis and peripancreatic fat stranding along with a wedge-shaped, peripheral hypo density in the right hepatic lobe with typical morphology for hepatic infarction...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588282/brucellosis-accompanied-by-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-and-multiple-splenic-abscesses-in-a-patient-with-depression
#7
Fatehi E Elzein, Nisreen Al Sherbini, Mohammed M Alotaibi, Wassiem M Al-Hassan
A 39-year-old woman was being treated for depression in our clinic. She subsequently developed a fever and was diagnosed with pancytopenia and moderate splenomegaly. Laboratory and bone marrow results, including markedly increased serum ferritin levels, suggested haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. CT showed multiple splenic abscesses and ovarian vein thrombosis. All laboratory values returned to normal after treatment for culture-positive brucellosis.
March 27, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569060/predictors-of-portal-and-splenic-vein-thrombosis-after-laparoscopic-splenectomy-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-single-center-experience
#8
Tamotsu Kuroki, Amane Kitasato, Takayuki Tokunaga, Hiroaki Takeshita, Ken Taniguchi, Shigeto Maeda, Hikaru Fujioka
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become the standard operative approach for splenectomy. Portal or splenic vein thrombosis (PSVT) is a serious and common complication after LS, and lethal complications of PSVT can occur when the portal vein is completely occluded by portal vein thrombosis (PVT). We aimed to clarify the predictors of PSVT after LS and to determine which of them were also predictors of PVT. METHODS: A total of 56 consecutive patients who underwent elective LS were enrolled in this study...
March 22, 2018: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552341/irreversible-electroporation-of-locally-advanced-solid-pseudopapillary-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-a-case-report
#9
Luciano Tarantino, Aurelio Nasto, Giuseppina Busto, Vincenzo Iovino, Raffaele Fristachi, Sara Bortone
Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary Carcinoma (SPC) is a rare pancreatic Tumor with variable, usually low, malignancy potential. Howewer, several SPC are associated with aggressive behavior, local vascular infiltration, organ invasion, distant metastasis, and can be unresectable. Irreversible Electroporation (IRE) is an emerging non-thermal ablation technique for the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma. We report the results of four year disease-free follow-up in a case of locally advanced unresectable SPC treated with IRE...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521675/splenectomy-in-gaucher-disease-a-call-for-minimally-invasive-surgery
#10
Michael R Freund, Petachia Reissman, Ari Zimran, Joseph Alberton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to demonstrate that Gaucher disease (GD) patients with refractory hypersplenism and massive splenomegaly may successfully undergo hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy (HALS). METHODS: This was a retrospective audit conducted at the Gaucher clinic at a national referral center over a 10-year period. PATIENT POPULATION: This study included 8 GD patients who underwent hand-assisted or conventional laparoscopic splenectomy for massive or complicated splenomegaly between the years 2007 and 2017...
April 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506845/transplantation-of-genetically-modified-hepatocytes-after-liver-preconditioning-in-watanabe-heritable-hyperlipidemic-rabbit
#11
Hadrien Tranchart, Martin Gaillard, Papa Saloum Diop, Sylvie Goulinet, Panagiotis Lainas, Ibrahim Dagher
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte transplantation is a potentially less invasive alternative to liver transplantation for treating inherited metabolic liver diseases. We developed an autotransplantation protocol of ex vivo genetically modified hepatocytes combining lentiviral transduction and transplantation after liver preconditioning by partial portal vein embolization. We investigated the metabolic efficiency of this approach in Watanabe rabbits, animal model of familial hypercholesterolemia...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497978/repeated-clostridium-difficile-infection-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#12
Kyohei Abe, Hiroaki Shiba, Kenei Furukawa, Taro Sakamoto, Yuichi Ishida, Katsuhiko Yanaga
Liver transplant recipients are considered to be at high risk for Clostridium difficile infection, with an incidence of 2.7-8.0%, which is three times higher than that among other patients. A case of a patient who suffered from pseudomembranous colitis five times after living donor liver transplantation is reported. A 60-year-old woman underwent splenectomy and living donor liver transplantation using the left lobe of her spouse for primary biliary cirrhosis. The patient made a satisfactory recovery, except for splenic vein thrombosis...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477452/incidence-management-and-implications-of-visceral-thrombosis-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#13
Angel Mier-Hicks, Michael Raj, Richard Kinh Do, Kenneth H Yu, Maeve A Lowery, Anna Varghese, Eileen M O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Visceral or splanchnic thrombosis is defined as thrombi within the hepatoportal venous system, including portal (PV), mesenteric (MV), and splenic vein (SV), as well as thrombi in renal or gonadal veins. There are limited data to evaluate the prognostic significance, incidence, and clinical management of visceral thromboses in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an analysis of 95 patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center with PDAC who had a visceral thrombosis...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438854/thrombosis-of-the-spleno-mesentiric-portal-axis-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-rare-case-report
#14
Saleh Alshreadah, Rasees Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Aldabaeab, Ibrahim Alhafid
INTRODUCTION: Mesenteric, splenic and portal veins thrombosis (MSPVT) is uncommon complication after sleeve gastrectomy. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old female underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for the treatment of morbid obesity, presented 4weeks later with epigastric pain. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed superior mesenteric, splenic and the portal veins thrombosis. CONCLUSION: MSPVT is a rare presentation after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, which requires early diagnosis and management and it should be included in the differential diagnosis for unexplained abdominal symptoms after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410393/intentional-modulation-of-portal-venous-pressure-by-splenectomy-saves-the-patient-with-liver-failure-and-portal-hypertension-after-major-hepatectomy-is-delayed-splenectomy-an-acceptable-therapeutic-option-for-secondary-portal-hypertension
#15
Yuichi Takamatsu, Tomohide Hori, Takafumi Machimoto, Toshiyuki Hata, Yoshio Kadokawa, Tatsuo Ito, Shigeru Kato, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Yusuke Kimura, Taku Kitano, Tsunehiro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND Major or aggressively-extended hepatectomy (MAEH) may cause secondary portal hypertension (PH), and postoperative liver failure (POLF) and is often fatal. Challenges to prevent secondary PH and subsequent POLF, such as shunt creation and splenic arterial ligation, have been reported. However, these procedures have been performed simultaneously only during the initial MAEH. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old female with chronic hepatitis C developed a solitary hepatic cellular carcinoma with portal tumor thrombosis...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407339/emergency-kidney-transplantation-in-recipients-with-iliocaval-thrombosis-using-splenic-vessel-anastomosis-after-splenectomy-a-case-series
#16
M Spaggiari, C Di Bella, P Di Cocco, S Furno, E Benedetti, I Tzvetanov
BACKGROUND: The external iliac vein is the standard site used for venous anastomosis in kidney transplantation. When a pre-transplantation diagnosis of iliocaval thrombosis is established, a different and suitable venous drainage for the renal outflow must be identified for successful transplant. METHODS: We report 4 cases of kidney transplantation, performed from 2004 to 2016, in recipients presenting with thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and iliac system needing, because of the lack of access for dialysis, urgent kidney transplantations...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381977/bleeding-from-isolated-gastric-varices-as-complication-of-a-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-a-case-report
#17
Corina Lupascu-Ursulescu, Ana-Maria Trofin, Mihai Zabara, Alexandra Vornicu, Ramona Cadar, Oana Apopei, Gabriela Stefanescu, Cristian Lupascu
INTRODUCTION: Bleeding from isolated gastric varices, though uncommon, may be life threatening and may occur as a consequence of splenic vein thrombosis by tumoral compression and subsequent left-sided portal hypertension. CASE OVERVIEW: We report the case of a 37-year old woman, previously diagnosed with a benign pancreatic cyst, who presented with severe gastric variceal bleeding. DIAGNOSIS, THERAPEUTICS INTERVENTIONS, AND OUTCOMES: Abdominal ultrasound (US) and computed-tomography (CT) revealed enlargement and changed morphology of the cystic tumor located on the body of the pancreas...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306522/visceral-thromboses-in-pancreas-adenocarcinoma-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Angel Mier Hicks, Antonio DeRosa, Micheal Raj, Richard Do, Kenneth H Yu, Maeve A Lowery, Anna Varghese, Eileen M O'Reilly
Within gastrointestinal malignancies, primary hepatocellular carcinoma and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are frequently associated with visceral thromboses (VT). Thrombus formation in the portal (PVT), mesenteric (MVT), or splenic vein (SVT) system leads to portal hypertension and intestinal ischemia. VT in PDAC may convey a risk of increased distal thrombosis and poses therapeutic uncertainty regarding the role of anticoagulation. An increasing number of reports describe VT associated with PDAC. It is possible that early diagnosis of these events may help reduce morbidity and speculatively improve oncologic outcomes...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279232/portal-splenic-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-klinefelter-syndrome
#19
Macarena Larraín, Edgar Castillo-Regalado, Carlos Puig-Jove, Margarita Sala, Helena Masnou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234547/testicular-cancer-presenting-as-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage
#20
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, David Hernández-Barajas, Edio Llerena-Hernández, José Luis González-Vela, María Inés Contreras-Salcido, Adriana González-Gutiérrez, Omar David Borjas-Almaguer, Luis Alberto Pérez-Arredondo, Blanca Otilia Wimer-Castillo
Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy affecting males between the ages of 15 and 35. The symptomatology caused by this tumor varies according to the site of metastasis. We present the case of a 26-year-old male who arrived to the emergency department with hematemesis. He had no previous medical history. On arrival, we noted enlargement of the left scrotal sac. There was also a mass in the left scrotum which provoked displacement of the penis and right testis. The serum alpha-fetoprotein level was 17,090 ng/mL, lactate dehydrogenase was 1480 U/L, and human chorionic gonadotropin was 287...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
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