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abdomen tb

Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Tsolmon Begzjav, Ganbold Lundeg, Martin W Dünser
CONTEXT: The epidemiology and outcome of critical illness in Mongolia remain undefined. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology and outcome of critical illness in Mongolia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study including 19 Mongolian centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and outcome data of patients >15 years admitted to the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) were collected during a 6-month period...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
James Benjamin Gleason, Basheer Tashtoush, Jinesh Mehta, Edward Savage, Felipe Martinez, Atul C Mehta
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis refers to Mycobacterium tuberculosis involving organs other than the lungs (eg, pleura, lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, abdomen, skin, joints and bones, or meninges). In non-HIV-endemic areas, where reactivation is the predominant mechanism of tuberculosis, pleural involvement occurs in 4% of cases. We present an extremely rare case of a 62-year-old immunocompetent patient with pleural tuberculosis confirmed by surgical pleural biopsies, who presented with a large mediastinal mass and evidence of pulmonary artery invasion on CT scanning and endobronchial ultrasonography imaging, highlighting a unique and malignant-like character of the disease...
October 2016: Chest
Simona Gurzu, Calin Molnar, Anca Otilia Contac, Annamaria Fetyko, Ioan Jung
Intestinal tuberculosis (TB) is an uncommon lesion for which differential diagnosis can be difficult. We present a case of a 53-year-old male and a systematic review of the literature, from clinical symptoms to differential diagnosis, unusual complications and therapy. The patient was admitted to the hospital with signs of acute abdomen as a result of a perforated terminal ileitis. Based on the skip lesions of the terminal ileum and cecum, Crohn's disease (CD) was clinically suspected. An emergency laparotomy and right colectomy with terminal ileum resection was performed and systematic antibiotherapy was prescribed...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
D Kienzl-Palma, H Prosch
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Besides the lungs, tuberculosis (TB) can affect any organ system. In most cases, extrathoracic TB occurs in immunosuppressed patients as part of a severe illness via hematogenous spread. Extrathoracic involvement most commonly involves abdominal organs, especially the urogenital tract and less commonly the central nervous system (CNS) and the musculoskeletal system. Most frequently, computed tomography (CT) is used for detecting extrathoracic TB manifestations, except for CNS and musculoskeletal manifestations, where contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
Erica C Dun, Serena Wong, Nisha A Lakhi, Ceana H Nehzat
OBJECTIVE: To report the medical and surgical management of a rare case of recurrent moss-like endometriosis and associated hemorrhagic ascites. DESIGN: Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, discussion of the histology, and review of endometriosis-associated ascites. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old nulliparous woman of Nigerian heritage with recurrent hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis...
August 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Salil Mehta
PURPOSE: To report the clinical, investigational and PET/CT scan findings of patients with presumed ocular tuberculosis and suggest a hypotheses for the pathogenesis. METHODS: Retrospective case review. Included were 10 males and 17 females with an age range: 23-71 years. RESULTS: Clinical findings include granulomatous or non-granulomatous anterior uveitis, intermediate uveitis, panuveitis, vasculitis, and multifocal serpiginous-like choroidopathy...
July 20, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Nabila Talat, Muhammad Afzal, Sarfraz Ahmad, Naima Rasool, Arsalan Raza Wasti, Muhammad Saleem
BACKGROUND: Chronic abdominal Pain in children is a very common cause of hospital admission. Many of them are discharged without a diagnosis even after battery of investigations. Laparoscopy plays a significant role in diagnosis and management of many causes of acute and chronic abdominal pain. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of laparoscopy as an efficient diagnostic and management tool in children with chronic abdominal pain. METHODS: A descriptive, prospective case series was collected in the department of Paediatric surgery Mayo's Hospital Lahore, over the period of 5 years between Jan 2007-Dec 2013...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Sai-Feng Lin, Lei Zheng, Lei Zhou
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains one of the most prevalent and fatal infectious diseases in spite of considerable improvements in medical science. Tuberculosis is an important health problem in developing countries. There are few cases of solitary splenic tuberculosis reported in the literature internationally. Solitary splenic tuberculosis is extremely rare and is mostly seen in individuals with immunosuppression. Patients susceptible to acquiring splenic tuberculosis usually have some risk factors such as immunosuppression, pyogenic infections, splenic abnormalities, spleen trauma, sickle cell disease, and so on (Basa JV, Singh L, Jaoude WA, Sugiyama G, Int J Surg 8C:117-119,2015)...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Mukesh Nasa, Arvind Kumar, Aniruddha Phadke, Prabha Sawant
A 25-year-old male presented with hematemesis, epigastric pain, and melena. He had dyspepsia with significant weight loss for 3 months period. On clinical examination, he was pale with no organomegaly or lymphadenopathy. The X-ray chest was normal, and ultrasound abdomen was normal. Upper GI endoscopy revealed nodularity and ulceration along proximal part of lesser curvature of the stomach. CT scan abdomen showed thickening of lesser curvature just below gastro-esophageal junction. The biopsies were negative for malignancy...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
P C González-Ferrer, Z R Romero-Amaro, M V Rivas-Castillo, P A Reyes-Duran, G J Arismendi-Morillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
R K M D C D Ranaweera, S M K Gamage, D H B Ubayawansa, M M J Kumara
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is invagination of a proximal segment of bowel into the distal segment in telescopic manner. Although intussusception is common among children, intussusception secondary to terminal ileal endometriosis in an adult is a very rare encounter. We present such a case of intussusception in a Sri Lankan female. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43 year old Sri Lankan female presented to the surgical casualty unit with features of a subacute intestinal obstruction...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Milan Kumar Taye, Syed Abul Fazal, David Pegu, Dayanada Saikia
INTRODUCTION: Safe placement of the Verres needle or the primary trocar for establishment of pneumoperitoneum is the most critical step in laparoscopic procedure as it is associated with bowel, bladder and life threatening vascular injuries and embolism. In the last few decades many techniques and guidelines have been introduced to eliminate complications in creation of pneumoperitoneum. Classical closed technique (Verres needle) and the open classic technique (Hasson) are the most commonly used techniques for creation of pneumoperitoneum...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ramon A Tamayo-Isla, Mauro Cuba de la Cruz, Ikechi G Okpechi
South Africa has one of the highest incidences of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide due to the ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. There are, however, no reports on peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in South Africa. The aim of this study is to discuss our experience of tuberculous peritonitis in CAPD patients from a rural endemic area of South Africa. This is a retrospective descriptive study of CAPD patients diagnosed with mycobacterium peritonitis infection from January 2008 to August 2014 at the Limpopo Kidney and Dialysis Centre (LKDC) in South Africa...
March 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Keivan Sabooni, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Hossein Pirmohammad, Shahla Afrasiabian, Niloofar Moghbel, Ehsan Shahverdi, Mohammad Amin Konjedi, Ashkan Shahverdi
This case report introduces a 26-year-old male IV drug abuser with fever, abdominal pain and distension referred to the emergency ward. According to these findings, abdominal tenderness and involuntary guarding, an explorative laparotomy was performed. Multiple biopsies of omentum, peritoneum and liver were taken. Pathologic assessment of multiple biopsies confirmed intra-abdominal TB infection.
June 2015: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Scott D Fitzgerald, Charlotte Hollinger, Thomas P Mullaney, Colleen S Bruning-Fann, John Tilden, Rick Smith, James Averill, John B Kaneene
An outbreak of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in a Michigan dairy herd resulted in quarantine, depopulation, pathology, and epidemiologic investigations. This herd, compared to other TB-infected herds in Michigan, was unusual in the long-term feeding of waste milk to its replacement calves. The herd had 80 cattle with positive results on caudal fold test or gamma interferon testing, which were reclassified as suspects because the herd had never been known to be tuberculous previously. Autopsy revealed striking variation in the anatomic distribution of gross anatomic lesions, microscopic lesions, and culture-positive lymph nodes between the adult cattle, the calves, and the domestic cats present on the farm...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Qingxuan Wang, Endong Chen, Yefeng Cai, Xiangjian Zhang, Quan Li, Xiaohua Zhang
F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography--an established modality for evaluating malignancies--exhibits increased uptake under inflammatory conditions. A 21-year-old man came to our hospital with persistent pain in his right lower quadrant of abdomen for more than 1 month, but had no diarrhea, fever, chills, weight loss, or other constitutional symptoms. Colonoscopy analysis showed no organic diseases in his colorectum. Ultrasound results revealed multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the bilateral neck, axilla, and groin...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Vijay Bodh, Narendra S Choudhary, Rajesh Puri, Naveen Kumar, Rahul Rai, Mukesh Nasa, Rajiv Ranjan Singh, Haimanti Sarin, Mridula Guleria, Randhir Sud
AIM: Tuberculosis is a common disease in India with significant morbidity and mortality. Limited data is available on the description of tubercular lymphadenopathy on endoscopic ultrasound. METHODS: Retrospective data of 116 lymph nodes in 113 patients was evaluated at a tertiary care center. Lymphadenopathy in the mediastinum and abdomen were included. The study was aimed at identifying the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) features of tubercular lymphadenopathy and comparing them with reactive lymphadenopathy in patients with pyrexia of unknown origin...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Sze Li Siow, Hon Leong Sha, Chee Ming Wong
BACKGROUND: Abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is an uncommon affliction in adolescence. It is usually associated with pulmonary tuberculosis. The disease is caused by lymphohaematogenous spread after primary infection in the lung or ingestion of infected sputum and has a typically protean and nonspecific presentation. The occurrence of TB in an urachal remnant is probably from the contiguous spread of an abdominal focus or mesenteric lymph node. Urachal TB is a rare entity, with only two reported cases in the literature...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Parin P Rimtepathip, Alex Erickson, Harold Katner, Younes Bakri
A 39-year-old female patient was presented with acute abdominal pain. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed extensive granulomas throughout the abdomen. Disseminated TB was suspected, but the biopsies were negative. Due to a high degree of suspicion, a urine antigen test was performed and was strongly positive for histoplasmosis.
January 2016: Clinical Case Reports
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