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intestinal obstruction

Harissou Adamou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Oumarou Habou, Ousseini Adakal, Kabirou Ganiou, Magagi Amadou
Background: To describe the aetiological and prognostic aspects of acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) in children at Zinder National Hospital (Niger). Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on a period to January 2013-June 2015. The database included all children under 15 years of age with a surgical diagnosis of mechanical intestinal obstruction. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for analysis. Results: AMIOs represent 21...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Kosuke Okuwaki, Hiroshi Yamauchi, Mitsuhiro Kida, Hiroshi Imaizumi, Tomohisa Iwai, Takaaki Matsumoto, Yusuke Kawaguchi, Kazuho Uehara, Seigo Nakatani, Wasaburo Koizumi
BACKGROUND: Long-term studies evaluating self-expandable metal stents in patients who have unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction (UMHBO) after surgical reconstruction of the intestine remain inadequate. We developed a side-by-side (SBS) technique using a two-channel endoscope to place self-expandable metal stents in patients with UMHBO occurring after Billroth II reconstruction. AIMS: We validated the long-term outcomes obtained with this technique. METHODS: The study group comprised seven patients with UMHBO in whom we attempted to place metal stents by the SBS technique using a two-channel scope...
March 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jennifer Rickard, Christian Ngarambe, Leonard Ndayizeye, Blair Smart, Robert Riviello, Jean Paul Majyambere
BACKGROUND: Management of critically ill patients is challenging in a low-resource setting. In Rwanda, peritonitis is a common surgical condition where patients often present late, with advanced disease. We aim to describe critical care management of patients with peritonitis in Rwanda. METHODS: Data were collected at a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda on patients undergoing operation for peritonitis over a 6-month period. Data included epidemiology, hospital course and outcomes...
March 19, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Se Eun Ha, Lai Wei, Brian G Jorgensen, Moon Young Lee, Paul J Park, Sandra M Poudrier, Seungil Ro
Intestinal obstructions, that impede or block peristaltic movement, can be caused by abdominal adhesions and most gastrointestinal (GI) diseases including tumorous growths. However, the cellular remodeling mechanisms involved in, and caused by, intestinal obstructions are poorly understood. Several animal models of intestinal obstructions have been developed, but the mouse model is the most cost/time effective. The mouse model uses the surgical implantation of an intestinal partial obstruction (PO) that has a high mortality rate if it is not performed correctly...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Hanish Kataria, Abhinav Seth, Ashok Kumar Attri, Raj Pal Singh Punia
Amebiasis is common in tropical and developing countries with variable symptoms. Ameboma of the colon occurs rarely due to the annular growth of granulation tissue and can present as mass lesion simulating colonic carcinoma in elderly individuals. Due to diagnostic dilemma or in case of complications, for example, acute intestinal obstruction, perforation, or bleeding per rectum, the patient requires urgent surgical exploration and final diagnosis is made on histopathological examination.
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Yongrui Liu
Objective : To investigate the clinical effect of fast track surgery (FTS) in perioperative nursing of colorectal cancer surgery. Background : In recent years, many complicated surgery began to develop in the direction of low invasion and short hospital time, which provides an unprecedented opportunity for the development of fast track surgery (FTS). Methods : According to different nursing measures, 156 cases of colorectal cancer patients treated in our hospital were divided into FTS nursing group (86 cases) and traditional nursing group (70 cases)...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Claudia Schadow, Hanna Schmidt, Alexander Schorcht, Frank Meyer
MEDICAL HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS:  A 43-year old male patient was admitted because of diffuse abdominal discomfort for two days, which had started in the upper abdomen; medical history, no previous surgical interventions at the abdomen. INVESTIGATIONS:  Gastroscopy and abdominal ultrasound revealed only a mild gastritis. Laboratory parameters: showed only a slight leucocytosis (10 610/µL). On the 1st day of the hospital stay, the patient developed a worsening of the abdominal symptoms with distended abdomen, sounding bowel movements and recurrent vomiting, which were interpreted as acute abdomen by the surgeon on call leading to the indication of a surgical intervention...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Andrea D Olivas, Jerome Taxy, Rebecca Wolsky, Tatjana Antic
Phyllodes tumor of the prostate is a rare mesenchymal tumor conventionally regarded as a stromal tumor of undetermined malignant potential. While the initial presentation is that of urinary obstruction and/or hematuria, the subsequent clinical behavior is thought to be a function of stromal cellularity and cytologic changes of malignancy. Of histologic interest, the epithelial component of this tumor varies, including intestinal metaplasia, as seen in the present case.
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Hiroshi Tamura, Tatsuo Kanda, Tadasu Chida, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ukihide Tateishi, Toshifumi Wakai, Makoto Naito
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease characterized by multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall and is associated with various comorbidities. We report herein a case of intractable paralytic ileus caused by primary PCI. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man visited out hospital complaining of abdominal pain and vomiting. He had been hospitalized twice for intestinal obstruction in the past 2 months. Based on his history of appendectomy, mechanical bowel obstruction caused by adhesion was diagnosed, and the patient underwent surgery...
March 14, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
Marjorie M Walker, Michael Potter, Nicholas J Talley
Under normal physiological conditions, eosinophils are present throughout the gastrointestinal tract distal to the squamous oesophagus. Increases in their numbers signify primary and secondary eosinophilic conditions. The rare primary eosinophilic diseases eosinophilic gastroenteritis and eosinophilic colitis affect fewer than ten in 100 000 people, and are characterised by numerous mucosal eosinophils, distributed in sheets and sometimes extending from the mucosa into the submucosa. Pathogenesis of these diseases is poorly understood, but food allergies and intestinal dysbiosis have been implicated...
April 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Wolfgang Miehsler, Clemens Dejaco, Hans-Peter Gröchenig, Harry Fuchssteiner, Christoph Högenauer, Lili Kazemi-Shirazi, Harald Maier, Andreas Mayer, Alexander Moschen, Walter Reinisch, Wolfgang Petritsch, Reingard Platzer, Pius Steiner, Herbert Tilg, Harald Vogelsang, Heimo Wenzl, Gottfried Novacek
Anti-TNFα-antibodies have revolutionized the therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Due to the increasing application of these substances, the Working Group of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of the Austrian Association of Gastroenterology and Hepatology intended to update their consensus report on the safe use of Infliximab (published in 2010) and to enlarge its scope to cover all anti-TNFα-antibodies. The present consensus report summarizes the current evidence on the safe use of anti-TNFα-antibodies and covers the following topics: general risk of infection, bacterial infections (i...
March 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
V Ortiz, M García-Campos, E Sáez-González, P delPozo, V Garrigues
Opioids have become the most widely prescribed analgesics in Western countries. Opioid-induced bowel dysfunction is a widely known adverse effect, with constipation the most common manifestation. Most of the opioid-related effects occur in the stomach, small intestine, and colon and have been widely studied. However, the effects related to esophageal motility are less known. Recently published retrospective studies have suggested that long-term use of opioids can cause esophageal motility dysfunction, reflecting symptoms similar to motility disorders, such as achalasia and functional esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction...
February 23, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Pedro José Gil Vázquez, Francisco Gutierrez García, Vicente Olivares Ripoll, David Ferreras Martinez, Sergio J Cánovas López
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Cirugía Española
Chien-Hua Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Long-Bin Jeng
PURPOSE: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) can cause fat or bile acid malabsorption due to exocrine insufficiency. Fat or bile acid malabsorption has been reported to increase the risk of urolithiasis through increased intestinal oxalate absorption. However, no studies have reported an association between CP and urolithiasis. METHODS: We identified 15,848 patients (age: ≥20 years) diagnosed as having CP between 2000 and 2010 from the National Health Insurance Research Database as the study cohort...
2018: PloS One
Xiaoke Li, Shuo Qi, Yuntao Jiao, Jing Gao, Hongbo Du
RATIONALE: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) with initial manifestations of constipation and intestinal obstruction (IO) is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old Chinese male patient was admitted to the gastroenterology department due to constipation and abdominal distention for 8 days. He had experienced intermittent back pain for 3 years prior to admission. Based on abdominal radiography, he was initially diagnosed with IO and treated with meal restriction and enemas...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eishin Nakamura, Kouki Samejima, Natsuko Takayanagi, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Tomonori Nagai, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
AIM: Umbilical cord ulceration (UCU) is a disease in which an ulcer forms in the umbilical cord in the pregnant uterus and is accompanied by hemorrhaging from the same site. UCU occurs in fetuses with congenital upper-intestinal atresia (CUIA); however, its onset mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report our investigation of cases of UCU in our hospital. METHODS: Among the 9825 deliveries performed between 2007 and 2016 at this hospital, 20 fetuses were diagnosed with CUIA, 4 (20%) of which had UCU...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Xin-Bo Ai, Zhen-Jiang Wang, Qi-Chao Dong, Xu Lin, Yu-Ping Chen, Fei-Yue Gong, Hui Liang
Gastrointestinal histoplasmosis (GIH) without pulmonary and bone marrow involvement is very rare worldwide. It can be misdiagnosed as intestinal tuberculosis or Crohn's disease. There are just few case reports of GIH in patients with a positive HIV antibody test. Here, we report a patient who presented to our hospital with repeated intestinal obstruction. The suspicious diagnosis was intestinal tuberculosis or Crohn's disease due to unspecific clinical manifestations and radiologic images. Our patient's HIV antibody test was negative...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Anna Lubecka, Jacek Szmeja
A patient had intestinal obstruction due to a rare cause. The patient presented unusual signs and symptoms. Although we performed a thorough diagnostic workup (CT, ultrasound, radiography, endoscopy), only laparotomy revealed that a bezoar caused the intestinal obstruction. The bezoar consisted of a herbal preparation, which was mentioned by the patient twice as a possible cause of his symptoms. All in all, the patient was right.
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
S Elkholy, S Mogawer, A Farag
Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) is a rare benign condition that is characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of the lymphoid follicles of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). During endoscopy, NLH appears as multiple or occasionally innumerable nodules measuring a few millimeters in diameter. NLH occurs mainly in the small intestine, less commonly in the large intestine and rarely involves the stomach. There are multiple associated diseases such as immunoglobulin deficiency syndromes, giardiasis, Helicobacter pylori (H...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Ashish Joshi, Sushil Falodia, Naveen Kumar, R L Solanki
Strictures of the small intestine have been attributed many causes of Crohn's disease, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, neoplastic, post-surgical, and corrosive ingestion. Opium as a cause of small intestine strictures has not been described. Six cases of opium addicts diagnosed with small intestine strictures were selected after excluding the possible etiology of strictures. Investigations like upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy (in patients with small intestinal obstruction), barium meal follow-through, and histopathology of strictures were done in all patients...
March 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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