keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

role of glutamine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701145/an-in-vitro-technique-to-identify-the-rna-binding-site-sequences-for-rna-binding-proteins
#1
SunKyung Choi, Chungoo Park, Kyoon Eon Kim, Kee K Kim
RNA-protein interactions play a major role in gene regulation. Although many techniques to analyze RNA-protein interactions have been developed, noteworthy challenges such as determining the RNA sequences that bind RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) remain unsolved. Here, we describe a novel technique using a 4-thio-uridine-incorporated RNA pool to identify the RBP-binding consensus sequences for RBPs produced by in vitro transcription and translation. To confirm the fidelity of this approach, we determined the consensus RBP-binding sequence for RBFOX2, UGC(A/U)(A/U)NU, which is very similar to the known RBFOX2-binding sequence, UGCAUG...
July 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698568/an-allelic-variant-of-the-pmrb-sensor-kinase-responsible-for-colistin-resistance-in-an-escherichia-coli-strain-of-clinical-origin
#2
Antonio Cannatelli, Tommaso Giani, Noemi Aiezza, Vincenzo Di Pilato, Luigi Principe, Francesco Luzzaro, Cesira L Galeotti, Gian Maria Rossolini
We investigated the colistin resistance mechanism in an Escherichia coli strain (LC711/14) isolated in Italy in 2014, from an urinary tract infection, which was previously shown to express a colistin resistance mechanism different from mcr-1. LC711/14 was found to carry a novel mutation in the pmrB gene, resulting in a leucine to proline amino acid substitution at position 10 of the PmrB sensor kinase component of the PmrAB signal transduction system. The role of this substitution in colistin resistance was documented by expression of the wild-type and mutated alleles in a pmrB deletion derivative of the E...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692044/pyruvate-dehydrogenase-kinase-4-exhibits-a-novel-role-in-the-activation-of-mutant-kras-regulating-cell-growth-in-lung-and-colorectal-tumour-cells
#3
A G Trinidad, N Whalley, R Rowlinson, O Delpuech, P Dudley, C Rooney, S E Critchlow
RAS signalling is involved in the control of several metabolic pathways including glycolysis, mitochondrial respiration and glutamine metabolism. Importantly, we have found here that loss of PDHK4, a key regulator of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, caused a profound cell growth inhibition in tumour cells harbouring KRAS mutations. Using isogenic cells and a panel of colorectal and lung cell lines we demonstrated that KRAS mutant cells showed a dependency on PDHK4 whereas KRAS wild-type cells were significantly resistant to PDHK4 knockdown...
July 10, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687604/calpain-inhibition-is-protective-in-machado-joseph-disease-zebrafish-due-to-induction-of-autophagy
#4
Maxinne Watchon, Kristy C Yuan, Nick Mackovski, Adam J Svahn, Nicholas J Cole, Claire Goldsbury, Silke Rinkwitz, Thomas S Becker, Garth A Nicholson, Angela S Laird
The neurodegenerative disease Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxin-3, affects neurons of the brain and spinal cord, disrupting control of the movement of muscles. We have successfully established the first transgenic zebrafish (Danio rerio) model of MJD, which express human ataxin-3 protein containing either 23 glutamines (23Q, wild-type) or 84Q (MJD-causing), within neurons. Phenotypic characterization of the zebrafish (male and female) revealed that the ataxin-3-84Q zebrafish have decreased survival compared to ataxin-3-23Q and develop ataxin-3 neuropathology, ataxin-3 cleavage fragments and motor impairment...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676444/the-expression-of-transglutaminase-2-tg-2-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-its-clinical-significance
#5
Elva Lim, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Sin-Hua Moi, Man-Tin Lui, Cheng-Hong Yang, Cheng-Chieh Yang
BACKGROUND: Glutamine has a very important role in the human body, including pH balance in an acidic environment, as well as supporting the TCA cycle in cancer cell growth. However, the expression of transglutaminase-2 (TG-2) in oral cancer growth related to renal function is unknown. Here we examined TG-2 and its expression as a prognostic tool. METHODS: Fifty-six oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues were collected with the inclusion of tumor in any region of oral area, and patients with creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) results...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676225/identification-of-cytidine-5-triphosphate-synthase1-selective-inhibitory-peptide-from-random-peptide-library-displayed-on-t7-phage
#6
Kotaro Sakamoto, Yoshihiro Ishibashi, Ryutaro Adachi, Shin-Ichi Matsumoto, Hideyuki Oki, Yusuke Kamada, Satoshi Sogabe, Yumi Zama, Jun-Ichi Sakamoto, Akiyoshi Tani
Cytidine triphosphate synthase 1 (CTPS1) is an enzyme expressed in activated lymphocytes that catalyzes the conversion of uridine triphosphate (UTP) to cytidine triphosphate (CTP) with ATP-dependent amination, using either L-glutamine or ammonia as the nitrogen source. Since CTP plays an important role in DNA/RNA synthesis, phospholipid synthesis, and protein sialyation, CTPS1-inhibition is expected to control lymphocyte proliferation and size expansion in inflammatory diseases. In contrast, CTPS2, an isozyme of CTPS1 possessing 74% amino acid sequence homology, is expressed in normal lymphocytes...
July 1, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670341/integrated-analysis-of-transcriptome-and-metabolites-reveals-an-essential-role-of-metabolic-flux-in-starch-accumulation-under-nitrogen-starvation-in-duckweed
#7
Changjiang Yu, Xiaowen Zhao, Guang Qi, Zetao Bai, Yu Wang, Shumin Wang, Yubin Ma, Qian Liu, Ruibo Hu, Gongke Zhou
BACKGROUND: Duckweed is considered a promising source of energy due to its high starch content and rapid growth rate. Starch accumulation in duckweed involves complex processes that depend on the balanced expression of genes controlled by various environmental and endogenous factors. Previous studies showed that nitrogen starvation induces a global stress response and results in the accumulation of starch in duckweed. However, relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying the regulation of starch accumulation under conditions of nitrogen starvation...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659379/glutamine-fuels-proliferation-but-not-migration-of-endothelial-cells
#8
Boa Kim, Jia Li, Cholsoon Jang, Zoltan Arany
Endothelial metabolism is a key regulator of angiogenesis. Glutamine metabolism in endothelial cells (ECs) has been poorly studied. We used genetic modifications and (13)C tracing approaches to define glutamine metabolism in these cells. Glutamine supplies the majority of carbons in the tricyclic acid (TCA) cycle of ECs and contributes to lipid biosynthesis via reductive carboxylation. EC-specific deletion in mice of glutaminase, the initial enzyme in glutamine catabolism, markedly blunts angiogenesis. In cell culture, glutamine deprivation or inhibition of glutaminase prevents EC proliferation, but does not prevent cell migration, which relies instead on aerobic glycolysis...
June 28, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659375/role-of-glutamine-and-interlinked-asparagine-metabolism-in-vessel-formation
#9
Hongling Huang, Saar Vandekeere, Joanna Kalucka, Laura Bierhansl, Annalisa Zecchin, Ulrike Brüning, Asjad Visnagri, Nadira Yuldasheva, Jermaine Goveia, Bert Cruys, Katleen Brepoels, Sabine Wyns, Stephen Rayport, Bart Ghesquière, Stefan Vinckier, Luc Schoonjans, Richard Cubbon, Mieke Dewerchin, Guy Eelen, Peter Carmeliet
Endothelial cell (EC) metabolism is emerging as a regulator of angiogenesis, but the precise role of glutamine metabolism in ECs is unknown. Here, we show that depriving ECs of glutamine or inhibiting glutaminase 1 (GLS1) caused vessel sprouting defects due to impaired proliferation and migration, and reduced pathological ocular angiogenesis. Inhibition of glutamine metabolism in ECs did not cause energy distress, but impaired tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle anaplerosis, macromolecule production, and redox homeostasis...
June 28, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650156/discovery-of-a-glutamine-kinase-required-for-the-biosynthesis-of-the-o-methyl-phosphoramidate-modifications-found-in-the-capsular-polysaccharides-of-campylobacter-jejuni
#10
Zane W Taylor, Haley A Brown, Tamari Narindoshvili, Cory Q Wenzel, Christine M Szymanski, Hazel M Holden, Frank M Raushel
Bacterial capsular polysaccharides (CPS) are complex carbohydrate structures that play a role in the overall fitness of the organism. Campylobacter jejuni, known for being a major cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, produces a CPS with a unique O-methyl phosphoramidate (MeOPN) modification on specific sugar residues. The formation of P-N bonds in nature is relatively rare, and the pathway for the assembly of the phosphoramidate moiety in the CPS of C. jejuni is unknown. In this investigation we discovered that the initial transformation in the biosynthetic pathway for the MeOPN modification of the CPS involves the direct phosphorylation of the amide nitrogen of l-glutamine with ATP by the catalytic activity of Cj1418...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644842/investigation-of-discriminant-metabolites-in-tamoxifen-resistant-and-choline-kinase-alpha-downregulated-breast-cancer-cells-using-1h-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#11
Hoe Suk Kim, Lianji Tian, Hyeonjin Kim, Woo Kyung Moon
Metabolites linked to changes in choline kinase-α (CK-α) expression and drug resistance, which contribute to survival and autophagy mechanisms, are attractive targets for breast cancer therapies. We previously reported that autophagy played a causative role in driving tamoxifen (TAM) resistance of breast cancer cells (BCCs) and was also promoted by CK-α knockdown, resulting in the survival of TAM-resistant BCCs. There is no comparative study yet about the metabolites resulting from BCCs with TAM-resistance and CK-α knockdown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642844/role-of-bacterioferritin-ferritin-in-m-tuberculosis-pathogenesis-and-drug-resistance-a-future-perspective-by-interactomic-approach
#12
Divakar Sharma, Deepa Bisht
Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one of the most successful and deadliest human pathogen. Aminoglycosides resistance leads to emergence of extremely drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis. Iron is crucial for the biological functions of the cells. Iron assimilation, storage and their utilization is not only involved in pathogenesis but also in emergence of drug resistance strains. We previously reported that iron storing proteins (bacterioferritin and ferritin) were found to be overexpressed in aminoglycosides resistant isolates...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638888/modulation-of-key-biochemical-markers-relevant-to-stroke-by-antiaris-africana-leaf-extract-following-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#13
Omotayo B Ilesanmi, Afolabi C Akinmoladun, Olanrewaju Sam Olayeriju, Ibrahim Olabayode Saliu, M Tolulope Olaleye, Afolabi A Akindahunsi
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays a significant role in stroke pathogenesis. Hence, plants rich in antioxidant phytochemicals have been suggested as effective remedies for prevention and treatment of stroke and other neurological diseases. Antiaris africana Engl. (Moraceae) is traditionally used for the management of brain-related problems but there is paucity of data on its anti-stroke potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ischemia/reperfusion injury was induced by a 30 min bilateral common carotid artery occlusion/ 2 h reperfusion (BCCAO/R) in the brain of male Wistar rats...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637353/hallmarks-of-pulmonary-hypertension-mesenchymal-and-inflammatory-cell-metabolic-reprogramming
#14
Angelo D'Alessandro, Karim El Kasmi, Lydie Plecita-Hlavata, Petr Jezek, Min Li, Hui Zhang, Sachin A Gupte, Kurt Randall Stenmark
The molecular events that promote the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) are complex and incompletely understood. The complex interplay between the pulmonary vasculature and its immediate microenvironment involving cells of immune system (i.e. macrophages) promotes a persistent inflammatory state, pathological angiogenesis and fibrosis that is driven by metabolic reprogramming of mesenchymal and immune cells. Consistent with previous findings in the field of cancer metabolism, increased glycolytic rates, incomplete glucose and glutamine oxidation to support anabolism and anaplerosis, altered lipid synthesis/oxidation ratios, increased one-carbon metabolism and activation of the pentose phosphate pathway to support nucleoside synthesis are but some of the key metabolic signatures of vascular cells in PH...
June 22, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627692/the-role-of-intestinal-endotoxemia-in-a-rat-model-of-aluminum-neurotoxicity
#15
Feng Wang, Rui-Xia Guo, Wen-Xing Li, Bao-Feng Yu, Bai Han, Li-Xin Liu, De-Wu Han
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of intestinal endotoxemia (IETM) in a rat model of aluminum neurotoxicity established by D-galactose and aluminum trichloride (AlCl3). Adult Wistar rats were administered D‑galactose and AlCl3 to create the aluminum neurotoxicity model. The learning and memory abilities of the rats were subsequently observed using a Morris water maze test and the serum levels of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α, interleukin (IL)‑1, diamine oxidase (DAO), glutamine (Gln) and glutaminase were measured...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621566/glutamate-dehydrogenase-is-essential-to-sustain-neuronal-oxidative-energy-metabolism-during-stimulation
#16
Michaela C Hohnholt, Vibe H Andersen, Jens V Andersen, Sofie K Christensen, Melis Karaca, Pierre Maechler, Helle S Waagepetersen
The enzyme glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH; Glud1) catalyzes the (reversible) oxidative deamination of glutamate to α-ketoglutarate accompanied by a reduction of NAD(+) to NADH. GDH connects amino acid, carbohydrate, neurotransmitter and oxidative energy metabolism. Glutamine is a neurotransmitter precursor used by neurons to sustain the pool of glutamate, but glutamine is also vividly oxidized for support of energy metabolism. This study investigates the role of GDH in neuronal metabolism by employing the Cns- Glud1(-/-) mouse, lacking GDH in the brain (GDH KO) and metabolic mapping using (13)C-labelled glutamine and glucose...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614987/role-of-amino-acid-supplementation-in-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-neonates-a-review-of-current-evidences
#17
Bhawan Deep Garg, Nandkishor S Kabra
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common acute and fatal gastrointestinal emergency in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm neonates with mortality range from 15-30%. NEC is likely due to multifactorial process such as oxidative injury, ischemic necrosis and over reactive inflammatory response to intestinal microbes. AIMS: To evaluate the role of amino acid supplementation for reduction of neonatal NEC in preterm neonates. METHOD: The literature search was done for various randomized control trial (RCT) by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) and other data base...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614770/transcription-factor-gata3-expression-is-induced-by-gls2-overexpression-in-a-glioblastoma-cell-line-but-is-gls2-independent-in-patient-derived-glioblastoma
#18
E Majewska, R Rola, M Barczewska, J Marquez, J Albrecht, M Szeliga
Phosphate-activated glutaminase (GA), a ubiquitous glutamine-metabolizing enzyme, is encoded by two genes, GLS and GLS2. In mammalian cancers, GLS isoforms are perceived as molecules promoting cell proliferation and invasion, whereas the role of GLS2 isoforms seems to be more complex and cell type-specific. Previous studies have shown abundance of GLS and lack of GLS2 transcripts in T98G human glioblastoma (GBM) cell line and patient-derived GBM. Transfection with GAB sequence, the whole GLS2 cDNA transcript, suppressed malignant phenotype of T98G cells...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611214/interplay-between-tolerance-mechanisms-to-copper-and-acid-stress-in-escherichia-coli
#19
Karrera Y Djoko, Minh-Duy Phan, Kate M Peters, Mark J Walker, Mark A Schembri, Alastair G McEwan
Copper (Cu) is a key antibacterial component of the host innate immune system and almost all bacterial species possess systems that defend against the toxic effects of excess Cu. The Cu tolerance system in Gram-negative bacteria is composed minimally of a Cu sensor (CueR) and a Cu export pump (CopA). The cueR and copA genes are encoded on the chromosome typically as a divergent but contiguous operon. In Escherichia coli, cueR and copA are separated by two additional genes, ybaS and ybaT, which confer glutamine (Gln)-dependent acid tolerance and contribute to the glutamate (Glu)-dependent acid resistance system in this organism...
June 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607053/trigger-loop-of-rna-polymerase-is-a-positional-not-acid-base-catalyst-for-both-transcription-and-proofreading
#20
Tatiana V Mishanina, Michael Z Palo, Dhananjaya Nayak, Rachel A Mooney, Robert Landick
The active site of multisubunit RNA polymerases (RNAPs) is highly conserved from humans to bacteria. This single site catalyzes both nucleotide addition required for RNA transcript synthesis and excision of incorrect nucleotides after misincorporation as a proofreading mechanism. Phosphoryl transfer and proofreading hydrolysis are controlled in part by a dynamic RNAP component called the trigger loop (TL), which cycles between an unfolded loop and an α-helical hairpin [trigger helices (TH)] required for rapid nucleotide addition...
June 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
40618
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"