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evidence-based dentistry, evidence based dentistry, evidence based medicine, evidence-based medicine

Daniel Buser, Lars Sennerby, Hugo De Bruyn
In the 1960s and 1970s, implant-supported prostheses based on subperiosteal or blade implants had a poor reputation because of questionable clinical outcomes and lack of scientific documentation. The change to a scientifically sound discipline was initiated by the two scientific pioneers of modern implant dentistry, Professor P. I. Brånemark from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden and Professor André Schroeder from the University of Bern in Switzerland. Together with their teams, and independently of each other, they laid the foundation for the most significant development and paradigm shift in dental medicine...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
Anca Ionel, Ondine Lucaciu, Cosmina Bondor, Minodora Moga, Aranka Ilea, Claudia Feurdean, Dan Buhăţel, Lucia Hurubeanu, Radu Septimiu Câmpian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by the loss of connective tissue and alveolar bone. There is an increasing evidence that periodontitis is associated with a number of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between periodontitis and certain systemic diseases by identifying their risk factors in a population from North-West Romania. METHODS: A questionnaire-based study was conducted on participants ≥45 years of age in 4 dentistry or family medicine practices from the Cluj and Bihor counties, Romania, over a time frame spanning two months...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Marilyn H Oermann, Jamie L Conklin, Leslie H Nicoll, Peggy L Chinn, Kathleen S Ashton, Alison H Edie, Sathya Amarasekara, Susan C Budinger
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify predatory journals in nursing, describe their characteristics and editorial standards, and document experiences of authors, peer reviewers, and editors affiliated with these journals. DESIGN: Using two sources that list predatory journals, the research team created a list of nursing journals. In Phase One, the team collected data on characteristics of predatory nursing journals such as types of articles published, article processing charge, and peer review process...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Brandon G Coleman, Thomas M Johnson, Kenneth J Erley, Richard Topolski, Michael Rethman, Douglas D Lancaster
In recent years, evidence-based dentistry has become the ideal for research, academia, and clinical practice. However, barriers to implementation are many, including the complexity of interpreting conflicting evidence as well as difficulties in accessing it. Furthermore, many proponents of evidence-based care seem to assume that good evidence consistently exists and that clinicians can and will objectively evaluate data so as to apply the best evidence to individual patients' needs. The authors argue that these shortcomings may mislead many clinicians and that students should be adequately prepared to cope with some of the more complex issues surrounding evidence-based practice...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Jens Christoph Türp, Heinz Spranger
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancers, and diabetes mellitus, are responsible for most deaths worldwide. In view of the rising prevalence and the long-term consequences of NCDs, their prevention is a public health priority. Dentistry plays an important role in this endeavor. Since oral and general diseases share common risk factors (e.g., poor oral hygiene, unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, tobacco consumption, distress), preventive measures may target both oral diseases (e...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
Zsuzsa Horvath, Sarah E Albani, Christine Wankiiri-Hale
The anticipated shortage of dental faculty presents a challenge for dental education as it will greatly impact the training of the next generation of practicing dentists. One way to alleviate shortages is to identify students who are interested in an academic career at the predoctoral level and provide them with training in teaching, research, and leadership. Based on available evidence, formal programs offer the best way to introduce students to academia as a viable career path. A well-designed program can also equip interested students with the necessary skills and basic knowledge to facilitate starting an academic career...
May 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Ezra E W Cohen, Samuel J LaMonte, Nicole L Erb, Kerry L Beckman, Nader Sadeghi, Katherine A Hutcheson, Michael D Stubblefield, Dennis M Abbott, Penelope S Fisher, Kevin D Stein, Gary H Lyman, Mandi L Pratt-Chapman
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The American Cancer Society Head and Neck Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline was developed to assist primary care clinicians and other health practitioners with the care of head and neck cancer survivors, including monitoring for recurrence, screening for second primary cancers, assessment and management of long-term and late effects, health promotion, and care coordination. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed through April 2015, and a multidisciplinary expert workgroup with expertise in primary care, dentistry, surgical oncology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, clinical psychology, speech-language pathology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, the patient perspective, and nursing was assembled...
May 2016: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
A S Grigoryan
Evidence based medicine is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Maureen P McEvoy, Mike Crilly, Taryn Young, Jane Farrelly, Lucy Kate Lewis
UNLABELLED: PHENONENON: In many developed countries, accreditation documents, which reflect the practice standards of health professions, form the basis for evaluation of education programs for meeting the requirements for registration. The 2005 Sicily statement proposed a 5-step model of training in evidence-based practice (ask, access, appraise, apply, and assess). A key recommendation was that evidence-based practice should be incorporated into entry-level health professional training and registration...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Lotte M G Steuten
Health technology assessment (HTA) is a crucial science that influences the responsible and evidence-based transition of new discoveries from laboratory to applications in the clinic and society. HTA has recently moved "upstream" so as to assess technologies from their onset at their discovery, design, or planning phase. Biomarker research is relatively recent in oral health, but growing rapidly with investments made to advance dentistry and oral health and importantly, to build effective bridges between oral health and systems medicine since what happens in oral health affects systems pathophysiology, and vice versa...
January 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Sebastian Berthold Maximilian Patzelt, Benedikt C Spies, Ralf J Kohal
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarize the available literature related to CAD/CAM-fabricated implant-supported restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the Cochrane Library and the US Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health databases (Pubmed). Several search runs with specific search terms were performed and combined. All published papers available on the databases up to January 15, 2015 were considered with primarily no restrictions...
September 2015: Clinical Oral Implants Research
R S Conley
With so many disciplines of both medicine and dentistry involved in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), several forms of therapy are available. The orthodontist is rarely considered when the diagnosis of chronic obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is delivered. However, the scope of orthodontic care today is much broader than the mere alignment of teeth. While the current gold standard for OSA care remains continuous positive air pressure (CPAP), the patient may be given a prescription for an intra-oral sleep appliance...
April 2015: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Eiji Tanaka, Shingo Kuroda, Shinya Horiuchi, Akira Tabata, Tarek El-Bialy
Oral and maxillofacial diseases affect millions of people worldwide and hence tissue engineering can be considered an interesting and clinically relevant approach to regenerate orofacial tissues after being affected by different diseases. Among several innovations for tissue regeneration, low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been used extensively in medicine as a therapeutic, operative, and diagnostic tool. LIPUS is accepted to promote bone fracture repair and regeneration. Furthermore, the effect of LIPUS on soft tissues regeneration has been paid much attention, and many studies have performed to evaluate the potential use of LIPUS to tissue engineering soft tissues...
April 2015: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Andre Barkhordarian, Gary Demerjian, Allison Jan, Nateli Sama, Mia Nguyen, Angela Du, Francesco Chiappelli
Modern health care in the field of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing is grounded in fundamental philosophy and epistemology of translational science. Recently in the U.S major national initiatives have been implemented in the hope of closing the gaps that sometimes exist between the two fundamental components of translational science, the translational research and translational effectiveness. Subsequent to these initiatives, many improvements have been made; however, important bioethical issues and limitations do still exist that need to be addressed...
2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
Juliana Kiriakou, Nikolaos Pandis, Phoebus Madianos, Argy Polychronopoulou
Decision-making based on reliable evidence is more likely to lead to effective and efficient treatments. Evidence-based dentistry was developed, similarly to evidence-based medicine, to help clinicians apply current and valid research findings into their own clinical practice. Interpreting and appraising the literature is fundamental and involves the development of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) skills. Systematic reviews (SRs) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered to be evidence of the highest level in evaluating the effectiveness of interventions...
2014: Progress in Orthodontics
S A Azer, D Azer
INTRODUCTION: This review aimed at identifying studies on group interaction in problem-based learning (PBL) and elucidate methods used, factors affecting group interaction and the relationship between interaction and student's learning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and HighWire were searched (January 1999 to June 2013) using a combination of pre-specified search terms. The search words were also used in searching nine journals in dental and medical education...
November 2015: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Alan B Carr
Prosthodontics has a rich history related to the principles embedded in evidence-based health care. This paper reviews the evidence-based prosthodontics activity over the past 3 decades. It also discusses the impact of health care reform on evidence-based medicine as it relates to broader context of care outcomes. Finally, the value associated with an Evidence Stewardship emphasis in prosthodontics is presented. This emphasis suggests that combining evidence from clinical trials with evidence from clinical practice environments best equips clinicians for the management of patients in the future...
January 2015: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Jonathan Koffel, Shannon Reidt
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a core skill of health professionals and one that is regularly taught in health sciences programs. This report covers the design and results of an interprofessional EBP workshop at a large university aimed at improving faculty's confidence in practicing and teaching EBP. The two-day workshop was designed by the University's Health Sciences Libraries and emphasized small-group work, with the first day focused on critical appraisal and searching and the second on effective teaching strategies...
2015: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Journal of the California Dental Association
Evangelos G Kontakiotis, Christos G Filippatos, Anastasia Agrafioti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to assign levels of evidence (LOEs) to existing clinical articles related to the outcome of regenerative endodontic therapy and to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of this treatment modality. METHODS: Electronic search was executed in PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases by using appropriate Medical Subject Headings terms covering the period from January 1993 to December 2013. Additional publications from hand-searching and reference section of each relevant article enriched the article list...
August 2014: Journal of Endodontics
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