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evidence-based dentistry, evidence based dentistry, evidence based medicine, evidence-based medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722183/near-infrared-low-level-laser-therapy-and-cell-proliferation-the-emerging-role-of-redox-sensitive-signal-transduction-pathways
#1
REVIEW
Mario Migliario, Maurizio Sabbatini, Carmen Mortellaro, Filippo Renò
Lasers devices are widely used in various medical fields (e.g. surgery, dermatology, dentistry, rehabilitative medicine, etc) for different applications, ranging from surgical ablation of tissues to biostimulation and pain relief. Laser is an electromagnetic radiation which effects on biological tissues strongly depends on a number of physical parameters. Laser wavelength, energy output, irradiation time and modality, temperature and tissue penetration properties have to be set up according to the clinical target tissue and the desired effect...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678045/approach-towards-an-evidence-oriented-knowledge-and-data-acquisition-for-the-optimization-of-interdisciplinary-care-in-dentistry-and-general-medicine
#2
Max W Seitz, Christian Haux, Petra Knaup, Ingrid Schubert, Stefan Listl
Associations between dental and chronic-systemic diseases were observed frequently in medical research, however the findings of this research have so far found little relevance in everyday clinical treatment. Major problems are the assessment of evidence for correlations between such diseases and how to integrate current medical knowledge into the intersectoral care of dentists and general practitioners. On the example of dental and chronic-systemic diseases, the Dent@Prevent project develops an interdisciplinary decision support system (DSS), which provides the specialists with information relevant for the treatment of such cases...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549021/prevalence-nature-and-management-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-with-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-findings-from-an-irish-cohort
#3
Órla Gilheaney, Leo Fa Stassen, Margaret Walshe
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are caused by changes in the structure and/or function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and/or osseous components. TMDs can result in oral stage dysphagia (OD) with potential effects on function and patient well-being. Little is known about the prevalence, nature, and management of TMD-related OD. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence and nature of OD in adult TMD patients and to identify the common management techniques used to manage the signs and symptoms of TMD-related OD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396591/clinical-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Panxi Yu, Zhen Zhai, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been applied in the clinical field for more than a decade, but largely in oral surgery and implant dentistry. Its utilization in plastic and reconstructive surgery is limited and lacking a comprehensive review. Hence, this article focuses on the various clinical applications of PRF pertaining to the plastic and reconstructive field through a systematic review. METHODS: In this review, articles describing the clinical application of PRF in plastic and reconstructive surgery were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288920/diagnostic-potential-and-future-directions-of-biomarkers-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-saliva-of-periodontal-diseases-review-of-the-current-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Noha Ayman Ghallab
OBJECTIVES: The holy grail of biomarker research in periodontology is to develop a high impact diagnostics which have a significant impact on clinical decision-making, patient outcomes and healthcare providers. In the field of periodontal diagnostics, oral fluid-based biomarkers have been studied mainly in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the Cochrane library and PubMed databases from 2000 to January 2017...
March 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#6
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097795/cochrane-and-the-comet-initiative-developing-the-evidence-base-in-oral-medicine
#7
J Taylor, T Walsh, H Worthington, P Brocklehurst, M N Pemberton, A M Glenny
All clinicians in medicine and dentistry aim to deliver evidence-based practice; however, it is widely recognised that the current evidence base for interventions in oral medicine, as with many other specialties, is of a low quality. The highest level of evidence is considered to be the systematic review and meta-analysis. The Cochrane Collaboration and the Cochrane Oral Health group produce high quality systematic reviews, however, despite the large number of trials carried out for treatments in oral medicine, the results are often not able to be utilised to guide clinical care due to the various methodological limitations of the trials including the heterogeneity of outcome measures used...
November 3, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077195/developing-a-caries-risk-registry-to-support-caries-risk-assessment-and-management-for-children-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#8
Jesley C Ruff, Jill Boylston Herndon, Roger A Horton, Julie Lynch, Dawn C Mathwig, Audra Leonard, Krishna Aravamudhan
OBJECTIVES: Health registries are commonly used in medicine to support public health activities and are increasingly used in quality improvement (QI) initiatives. Illustrations of dental registries and their QI applications are lacking. Within dentistry, caries risk assessment implementation and documentation are vital to optimal patient care. The purpose of this article is to describe the processes used to develop a caries risk assessment registry as a QI initiative to support clinical caries risk assessment, caries prevention, and disease management for children...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073653/the-state-of-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-teaching-in-health-professional-education-in-new-zealand
#9
Gillian Robb, Iwona Stolarek, Susan Wells, Gillian Bohm
AIM: To investigate how quality and patient safety domains are being taught in the pre-registration curricula of health profession education programmes in New Zealand. METHODS: All tertiary institutions providing training for medicine, nursing, midwifery, dentistry, pharmacy, physiotherapy, dietetics and 11 other allied health professions in New Zealand were contacted and a person with relevant curriculum knowledge was invited to participate. Interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide to explore nine quality and safety domains; improvement science, patient safety, quality and safety culture, evidence-based practice, patient-centred care, teamwork and communication, leadership for change, systems thinking and use of information technology (IT)...
October 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988780/clinical-studies-in-restorative-dentistry-design-conduct-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Falk Schwendicke, Niek Opdam
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies should be one main aspect underlying dentists' decision-making towards dental materials. Study design, conduct, analysis and reporting impact on the usefulness of studies. We discuss problems with current studies and highlight areas where improvement might be possible. METHODS: Based on systematically and non-systematically collected data, we demonstrate where and why current studies in clinical dentistry deliver less-than-optimal results...
January 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986205/-conception-and-implementation-of-a-novel-e-learning-module-with-ebm-learning-contents-in-operative-dentistry
#11
Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Stefanie Dreher, Stefan Rüttermann, Tobias Weberschock
PURPOSE: Computer-assisted learning (CAL) programs are becoming more widely used in medical and dental training. However, the combination of CAL programs and evidence-based education in dentistry has not been described previously. The aim was to determine the acceptance and user-friendliness of a CAL program combined with evidence-based training. METHODS: The didactic concept of the module includes the case-oriented, problem-based embedding of a total of 32 EbM learning assignments, which can be completed interactively and self-determinedly in an interdisciplinary context using focus patients with different diseases...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#12
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864811/the-impact-of-research-on-the-future-of-dental-education-how-research-and-innovation-shape-dental-education-and-the-dental-profession
#13
Harold C Slavkin
Scientific inquiry and discovery are the fuel for education, research, technology, and health care in all the health professions: dentistry, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and allied health sciences. The progression of discoveries from basic or fundamental to clinical research is followed by the progression from clinical to implementation and improved health outcomes and processes. Generally, implementation science is the scientific study of methods to promote the systematic uptake of research findings (e.g., basic, translational, behavioral, socioeconomic, and clinical) as well as other related evidence-based practices into standards of care, thereby improving the quality, effectiveness, and cost benefits of health care services...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836365/use-of-antidepressants-in-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
P A Lino, C C Martins, Gfpc Miranda, M E de Souza E Silva, Mhng de Abreu
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has suggested that antidepressants can be used in oral health care. The aim of this systematic review was to search for scientific evidence of the efficacy of the use of antidepressants in dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical question was as follows (PICO question): dentistry patients (Patients); antidepressants (Intervention); no use or placebo or other drug (Comparison); and efficacy in oral health problems (Outcome). An electronic search was conducted in seven databases, as well as a manual search without restriction regarding language and date of publication...
August 24, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815253/-a-survey-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-evidence-based-dentistry-among-dental-students
#15
Zhong-Fu Chang, Ce Zhu, Dan-Ying Tao, Xi-Ping Feng, Hai-Xia Lu
PURPOSE: To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice related to evidence-based dentistry among dental students, and to provide a reference for targeted evidence-based dentistry teaching and practice evidence-based dentistry in dental students. METHODS: Dental students who attended the internship in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital and Pudong People's Hospital were invited to attend this survey. Information on knowledge, attitude and practices related evidence-based dentistry was collected through questionnaires...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765456/trends-in-basic-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1999-2016
#16
Marilyn S Lantz, Charles F Shuler
The purpose of this study was to examine data published over the past two decades to identify trends in the basic sciences curriculum in dental education, provide an analysis of those trends, and compare them with trends in the basic sciences curriculum in medical education. Data published from the American Dental Association (ADA) Surveys of Dental Education, American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Surveys of Dental School Seniors, and two additional surveys were examined. In large part, survey data collected focused on the structure, content, and instructional strategies used in dental education: what was taught and how...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738710/use-of-traditional-herbal-medicine-as-an-alternative-in-dental-treatment-in-mexican-dentistry-a-review
#17
Cindy Cruz Martínez, Martha Diaz Gómez, Myung Sook Oh
CONTEXT: Herbal therapies are used worldwide to treat health conditions. In Mexico, generations have used them to treat gingivitis, periodontitis, mouth infections, and discoloured teeth. However, few studies have collected scientific evidence on their effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at searching and compiling scientific evidence of alternative oral and dental treatments using medicinal herbs from Mexico. METHODS: We collected various Mexican medicinal plants used in the dental treatment from the database of the Institute of Biology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729806/evidence-provided-for-the-use-of-oscillating-instruments-in-restorative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Panagiotis Ntovas, Spyridon Doukoudakis, John Tzoutzas, Panagiotis Lagouvardos
Oscillating diamond instruments are considered gentle sources for the removal of demineralized tooth hard tissues and the preparation of cavity angles and margins needed in minimally invasive dentistry. However, there is a question if literature provides enough evidence for their efficacy in restorative dentistry procedures. A literature search until May 2016 was conducted, using PubMed, Scopus, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. The quality of the studies was assessed using the recommendation of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-provoking-debate
#19
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, "clinically relevant." The concept of "clinical anatomy" has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focused on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the disease-based model of medicine and dentistry. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
October 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#20
COMMENT
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
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