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ACS-NSQIP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903931/comparison-of-perioperative-outcomes-in-endovascular-versus-open-repair-for-juxtarenal-and-pararenal-aortic-aneurysms-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#1
Nathan T Orr, Daniel L Davenport, David J Minion, Eleftherios S Xenos
OBJECTIVE: Endoluminal aortic aneurysm repair is suitable within certain anatomic specifications. This study aims to compare 30-day outcomes of endovascular versus open repairs for juxtarenal and pararenal aortic aneurysms (JAA/PAAs). METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried from 2012 to 2015 for JAA/PAA repairs. Procedures characterized as emergent were included in the study; however, failed prior repairs and ruptured aneurysms were excluded. The preoperative and perioperative patient characteristics, operative techniques, and outcome variables were compared between the open aortic repair and the endovascular aortic repair groups...
November 30, 2016: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896677/results-of-database-studies-in-spine-surgery-can-be-influenced-by-missing-data
#2
Bryce A Basques, Ryan P McLynn, Michael P Fice, Andre M Samuel, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Daniel D Bohl, Junyoung Ahn, Kern Singh, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: National databases are increasingly being used for research in spine surgery; however, one limitation of such databases that has received sparse mention is the frequency of missing data. Studies using these databases often do not emphasize the percentage of missing data for each variable used and do not specify how patients with missing data are incorporated into analyses. This study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database to examine whether different treatments of missing data can influence the results of spine studies...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896654/bowel-preparation-is-associated-with-reduced-morbidity-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-elective-colectomy
#3
Scott C Dolejs, Michael J Guzman, Alyssa D Fajardo, Bruce W Robb, Bryan K Holcomb, Ben L Zarzaur, Joshua A Waters
BACKGROUND: Bowel preparation in elderly patients is associated with physiologic derangements that may result in postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of bowel preparation on postoperative outcomes in elderly patients. METHODS: Patients age 75 years and older who underwent elective colectomy were identified from the 2012-2014 American College of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP database). Patients were grouped into no bowel preparation, mechanical bowel preparation (MBP), oral antibiotic preparation (OABP), or combined MBP + OABP...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890331/the-safety-of-same-day-breast-reconstructive-surgery-an-analysis-of-short-term-outcomes
#4
Erin Cordeiro, Toni Zhong, Timothy Jackson, Tulin Cil
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the safety of same-day breast reconstructive (BR) surgery. METHODS: An analysis of the American College of Surgeons, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) files was performed. Patients undergoing BR for breast cancer were examined, excluding those with high-risk co-morbidities or concurrent surgery. A propensity score was calculated and a multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the difference in 30-day complications between those undergoing SDS versus longer hospital stay...
November 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889092/current-quality-measurement-tools-are-insufficient-to-assess-complications-in-orthopedic-surgery
#5
Arjun S Sebastian, Stephanie F Polites, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann, Robert R Cima, Sanjeev Kakar
PURPOSE: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) is a clinically-derived, validated tool to track outcomes in surgery. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators (AHRQ-PSI) are a set of computer algorithms run on administrative data to identify adverse events. The purpose of this study is to compare complications following orthopedic surgery identified by ACS-NSQIP and AHRQ-PSI. METHODS: Patients between 2010 and 2012 who underwent orthopedic procedures (arthroplasty, spine, trauma, foot and ankle, hand, and upper extremity) at our tertiary-care, academic institution were identified (n = 3,374)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884453/a-call-for-a-standardized-definition-of-perforated-appendicitis
#6
Andrew P Rogers, Tiffany J Zens, Charles M Leys, Peter F Nichol, Daniel J Ostlie
BACKGROUND: Abscess rates have been reported to be as low as 1% and as high as 50% following perforated appendicitis (PA). This range may be because of lack of universal definition for PA. An evidence-based definition (EBD) is crucial for accurate wound classification, risk-stratification, and subsequent process optimization. ACS NSQIP-Pediatric guidelines do not specify a definition of PA. We hypothesize that reported postoperative abscess rates underrepresent true incidence, as they may include low-risk cases in final calculations...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879953/elective-laminectomy-and-excision-of-the-thoracic-spine-neoplasm-an-evaluation-of-early-outcomes
#7
Pavan S Upadhyayula, John K Yue, Erik I Curtis, Joseph D Ciacci
BACKGROUND: Laminectomy plus excision of spinal neoplasms is commonly performed. The current study examines risk profiles associated with elective laminectomies of benign, malignant primary, and secondary/metastatic neoplasms of the thoracic spine. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing elective thoracic laminectomy and excision of spinal neoplasm were abstracted from ACS-NSQIP years 2011-2014. Patients were classified into three cohorts: benign primary, malignant primary, secondary/metastatic...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879952/allograft-versus-autograft-in-cervical-and-lumbar-spinal-fusions-an-examination-of-operative-time-length-of-stay-surgical-site-infection-and-blood-transfusions
#8
Meghan E Murphy, Brandon A McCutcheon, Jennifer Grauberger, Daniel Shepherd, Patrick R Maloney, Lorenzo Rinaldo, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Jeremy L Fogelson, Ahmad Nassr, Mohamad Bydon
BACKGROUND: Autograft harvesting for spine arthrodesis has been associated with longer operative times and increased blood loss. Allograft compared to autograft in spinal fusions has not been studied in a multicenter cohort. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the ACS-NSQIP registry between 2012 and 2013 who underwent cervical or lumbar spinal fusion with either allograft or autograft through a separate incision were included for analysis. The primary outcomes of interest were operative time, length of stay, blood transfusion, and surgical site infection (SSI)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870741/relationship-between-preoperative-anemia-and-in-hospital-mortality-in-children-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery
#9
David Faraoni, James A DiNardo, Susan M Goobie
BACKGROUND: The relationship between preoperative anemia and in-hospital mortality has not been investigated in the pediatric surgical population. We hypothesized that children with preoperative anemia undergoing noncardiac surgery may have an increased risk of in-hospital mortality. METHODS: We identified all children between 1 and 18 years of age with a recorded preoperative hematocrit (HCT) in the 2012, 2013, and 2014 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) pediatric databases...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853659/incidence-predictors-and-postoperative-complications-of-blood-transfusion-in-thoracic-and-lumbar-fusion-surgery-an-analysis-of-13-695-patients-from-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#10
Ahmed Aoude, Anas Nooh, Maryse Fortin, Sultan Aldebeyan, Peter Jarzem, Jean Ouellet, Michael H Weber
Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Objective To identify predictive factors for blood transfusion and associated complications in lumbar and thoracic fusion surgeries. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was used to identify patients who underwent lumbar or thoracic fusion from 2010 to 2013. Multivariate analysis was used to determine predictive factors and postoperative complications associated with transfusion. Results Out of 13,695 patients, 13,170 had lumbar fusion and 525 had thoracic fusion...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848054/incidence-and-predictive-risk-factors-of-postoperative-sepsis-in-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#11
Nikita Lakomkin, Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Brandon Wick, Michelle S Shen, A Alex Jahangir, Hassan Mir, William T Obremskey, Ashley C Dodd, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sepsis is associated with high mortality and the national costs of septicemia exceed those of any other diagnosis. While numerous studies in the basic orthopedic science literature suggest that traumatic injuries facilitate the development of sepsis, it is currently unclear whether orthopedic trauma patients are at increased risk. The purpose of this study was thus to assess the incidence of sepsis and determine the risk factors that significantly predicted septicemia following orthopedic trauma surgery...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834012/postoperative-complications-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-a-comparison-to-the-acs-nsqip-risk-calculator-and-the-tokyo-guidelines
#12
Roxanne L Massoumi, Colleen M Trevino, Travis P Webb
BACKGROUND: We compared observed postoperative outcomes from laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed for acute cholecystitis (AC) to outcomes predicted by the ACS-NSQIP risk calculator.We also noted and compared any differences in observed outcomes across the different Tokyo Guidelines (TG) levels of AC severity.We hypothesized that ACS-NSQIP would accurately predict complications and length of stay (LOS) and that increased TG severity levels would correlate with more complications, increased conversion to open surgery, and longer LOS...
November 10, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826085/short-term-adverse-outcomes-following-deep-brain-stimulation-treatment-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#13
Kejia Hu, Ziev B Moses, Matthew Hutter, Ziv Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing progress in our understanding of long-term outcomes following neuromodulation procedures, acute adverse outcomes shortly after deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment have remained remarkably limited. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with acute 30-day outcomes following DBS treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. METHODS: We evaluated patients who underwent DBS treatment for PD from 2005 to 2014 through the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database...
November 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815699/post-operative-morbidity-but-not-mortality-is-worsened-by-operative-delay-in-septic-diverticulitis
#14
Anthony B Mozer, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Megan E Sippey, Adam Celio, Mark L Manwaring, Kevin R Kasten
PURPOSE: Optimal timing of surgery for acute diverticulitis remains unclear. A non-operative approach followed by elective surgery 6-week post-resolution is favored. However, a subset of patients fail on the non-operative management during index admission. Here, we examine patients requiring emergent operation to evaluate the effect of surgical delay on patient outcomes. METHODS: Patients undergoing emergent operative intervention for acute diverticulitis were queried using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database from 2005 to 2012...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813101/gender-as-a-risk-factor-for-adverse-intraoperative-and-postoperative-outcomes-of-elective-pancreatectomy
#15
Aditya Mazmudar, Dominic Vitello, Mackenzie Chapman, James S Tomlinson, David J Bentrem
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient selection remains paramount when developing and adopting quality-based assessment and reimbursement models, and enhanced recovery protocols. Gender is a patient characteristic known before surgery which can inform risk stratification. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of gender on intraoperative blood transfusions, operative time, length of hospital stay, estimated blood loss (EBL) as well as postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), and mortality...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813095/the-effects-of-neoadjuvant-therapy-on-morbidity-and-mortality-of-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-acs-nsqip-2005-2012
#16
Michel J Sabra, Carmen Smotherman, Dale F Kraemer, Michael S Nussbaum, Joseph J Tepas, Ziad T Awad
OBJECTIVE: This study used a multi-center database to evaluate the impact of neoadjuvant therapy on the 30-day morbidity and mortality following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: The NSQIP database was queried for 2005-2012 for patients, who had esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Patients were divided into two groups: neoadjuvant therapy and esophagectomy only. RESULTS: The neoadjuvant group had a lower rates of sepsis (8% vs...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807846/borderline-operability-in-hepatectomy-patients-is-associated-with-higher-rates-of-failure-to-rescue-after-severe-complications
#17
Bradford J Kim, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Amanda B Cooper, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of age and comorbidities, this study analyzed the incidence and risk factors for post-hepatectomy morbidity/mortality in patients with "borderline" (BL) operability, defined by the preoperative factors: age ≥75 years, dependent function, lung disease, ascites/varices, myocardial infarction, stroke, steroids, weight loss >10%, and/or sepsis. METHODS: All elective hepatectomies were identified in the 2005-2013 ACS-NSQIP database...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805961/intraoperative-adverse-events-in-abdominal-surgery-what-happens-in-the-operating-room-does-not-stay-in-the-operating-room
#18
Jordan D Bohnen, Michael N Mavros, Elie P Ramly, Yuchiao Chang, D Dante Yeh, Jarone Lee, Marc de Moya, David R King, Peter J Fagenholz, Kathryn Butler, George C Velmahos, Haytham M A Kaafarani
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the impact of intraoperative adverse events (iAEs) on 30-day postoperative mortality, 30-day postoperative morbidity, and postoperative length of stay (LOS) among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that iAEs would be associated with significant increases in each outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The relationship between iAEs and postoperative clinical outcomes remains largely unknown. METHODS: The 2007 to 2012 institutional ACS-NSQIP and administrative databases for abdominal surgeries were matched then screened for iAEs using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's 15 Patient Safety Indicator, "Accidental Puncture/Laceration"...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794173/vesicovaginal-fistulas-in-the-developed-world-an-analysis-of-disease-characteristics-treatments-and-complications-of-surgical-repair-using-the-acs-nsqip-database
#19
Marissa C Theofanides, Wilson Sui, Elisabeth M Sebesta, Ifeanyi Onyeji, Justin T Matulay, Doreen E Chung
AIMS: To analyze patient characteristics, complications, and surgical trends in vesicovaginal fistulas (VVF) from a national database. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology was used to identify patients undergoing VVF repair from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database. Characteristics and treatments were identified. Logistic regression was used to identify characteristics associated with complications. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2013, 200 patients underwent VVF repair...
October 29, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793973/examining-the-validity-of-the-acs-nsqip-risk-calculator-in-plastic-surgery-lack-of-input-specificity-outcome-variability-and-imprecise-risk-calculations
#20
Cassandra Johnson, Insiyah Campwala, Subhas Gupta
American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) created the Surgical Risk Calculator, to allow physicians to offer patients a risk-adjusted 30-day surgical outcome prediction. This tool has not yet been validated in plastic surgery. A retrospective analysis of all plastic surgery-specific complications from a quality assurance database from September 2013 through July 2015 was performed. Patient preoperative risk factors were entered into the ACS Surgical Risk Calculator, and predicted outcomes were compared with actual morbidities...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
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