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Sarah B Bateni, Frederick J Meyers, Richard J Bold, Robert J Canter
BACKGROUND: The impact of surgery on end of life care for patients with disseminated malignancy (DMa) is incompletely characterized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate postoperative outcomes impacting quality of care among DMa patients, specifically prolonged length of hospital stay, readmission, and disposition. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried for years 2011-2012. DMa patients were matched to non-DMa patients with comparable clinical characteristics and operation types...
2016: PloS One
Cigdem Benlice, Erman Aytac, Meagan Costedio, Hermann Kessler, Maher A Abbas, Feza H Remzi, Emre Gorgun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing robotic, laparoscopic, and open colectomy using a procedure-targeted database. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients undergoing elective colectomy in 2013 was conducted using the procedure-targeted database of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP). Robotic, laparoscopic, and open groups were matched (1:1:1) based on age, gender, body mass index, surgical procedure, diagnosis and ASA classification...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Rachel S Bronheim, Eric K Oermann, Samuel K Cho, John M Caridi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between abnormal coagulation profile and postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing posterior lumbar fusion (PLF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The literature suggests that abnormal coagulation profile is associated with postoperative complications, notably the need for blood transfusion. However, there is little research that directly addresses the influence of coagulation profile on postoperative complications following PLF...
October 17, 2016: Spine
John C Kubasiak, Mackenzie Landin, Scott Schimpke, Jennifer Poirier, Jonathan A Myers, Keith W Millikan, Minh B Luu
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking is a known risk factor for complications after major surgical procedures. The full effect of tobacco use on these complications has not been studied over large populations for ventral hernia repairs. This effect is more important as the preoperative conditioning, and optimization of patients is adopted. We sought to use the prospectively collected ACS-NSQIP dataset to evaluate respiratory and infectious complications for patients undergoing both laparoscopic and open ventral hernia repairs...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Jay A Harolds
Mainly due to the positive effect on quality and safety from the Veterans Health Administration National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP), a National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) for private hospitals was begun, which is now under the auspices of the American College of Surgeons (ACS). More than 600 hospitals now participate in the ACS-NSQIP. The information gained by the institutions is typically utilized to initiate quality improvement activities. The ACS-NSQIP also shares information on how to get better results, has national meetings, and provides other support...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Alvin C Kwok, Jayant P Agarwal
PURPOSE: We sought to use the NSQIP database to determine the national rate and predictors of free flap failure based upon flap sites and flap types. METHODS: Free flaps were identified using the 2005-2010 NSQIP database. We examined overall flap failure rates as well as failure rates based upon flap sites (head and neck, extremities, trunk, and breast) and flap types (muscle, fascial, skin, bone, and bowel flaps). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine predictors of flap failure...
October 7, 2016: Microsurgery
Elliot G Arsoniadis, Yen-Yi Ho, Genevieve B Melton, Robert D Madoff, Chap Le, Mary R Kwaan
BACKGROUND: Previous reports on racial disparities in the treatment of Crohn's Disease (CD) in African American (AA) patients have shown differences in both medical and surgical treatments in this population. No study thus far has examined the effect of AA race on outcomes after surgery for CD. METHODS: Utilizing the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Participant User File (PUF) for years 2005-2013, we examined the effect of AA race on post-operative complications in patients with CD undergoing intestinal surgery...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Seokchun Lim, Louanne M Carabini, Robert D Kim, Ryan Khanna, Nader S Dahdaleh, Zachary A Smith
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Higher ASA classification is a known predictor of postoperative complication in diverse surgical settings. However, its predictive value is not established in single-level elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (SLE-ACDF). PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive value of American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification system on 30-day morbidity following SLE-ACDF STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Patients who underwent SLE-ACDF between 2011-2013 were selected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
September 23, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Kari Kraemer, Mark E Cohen, Yaoming Liu, Douglas C Barnhart, Shawn J Rangel, Jacqueline M Saito, Karl Y Bilimoria, Clifford Y Ko, Bruce L Hall
BACKGROUND: There is an increased desire of patients and families to be involved in the surgical decision making process. A surgeon's ability to provide patients and families with patient-specific estimates of postoperative complications is critical for shared decision making and informed consent. Surgeons can also use patient-specific risk estimates to decide whether or not to operate and what options to give to patients. Our objective was to develop and evaluate a publicly available risk estimation tool that would cover many common pediatric surgical procedures across all specialties...
August 24, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
P J Chung, J S Lee, S Tam, A Schwartzman, M O Bernstein, L Dresner, A Alfonso, G Sugiyama
PURPOSE: Anterior abdominal wall hernias are among the most commonly encountered surgical disease. We sought to identify risk factors that are associated with 30-day postoperative mortality following emergent abdominal wall hernia repair using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the ACS NSQIP from 2005 to 2010 was performed. Patients were selected using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Disease 9 Clinical Modification (ICD9) codes for the repair of inguinal, femoral, umbilical, epigastric, ventral, or incisional hernias that were incarcerated, obstructed, strangulated, or gangrenous...
September 16, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Ivy N Haskins, James W Fleshman, Richard L Amdur, Samir Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The routine use of preoperative bowel preparation (BP) is heavily debated in the colorectal surgery literature. To date, no study has investigated the effect preoperative BP has on patients with an established anastomotic leak. We therefore seek to compare the severity of patient morbidity and mortality in patients with a known anastomotic leak based on type of preoperative BP using the Targeted Colectomy American College of Surgeons National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Jelena Slump, Peter C Ferguson, Jay S Wunder, Anthony Griffin, Harald J Hoekstra, Shaghayegh Bagher, Toni Zhong, Stefan O P Hofer, Anne C O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: The ACS-NSQIP surgical risk calculator is an open-access on-line tool that estimates the risk of adverse post-operative outcomes for a wide range of surgical procedures. Wide surgical resection of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) often requires complex reconstructive procedures that can be associated with relatively high rates of complications. This study evaluates the ability of this calculator to identify patients with STS at risk for post-operative complications following flap reconstruction...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ivy N Haskins, Mary Baginsky, Richard L Amdur, Samir Agarwal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The National Veterans' Affairs Surgical Risk Study identified preoperative hypoalbuminemia as an independent risk factor for postoperative morbidity and mortality. Since that time, few studies have investigated the use of preoperative markers as tools to risk stratify colon cancer patients. The purpose of our study is to determine if there is an association between preoperative hypoalbuminemia and 30-day patient morbidity and mortality in colon cancer patients using the Targeted-Colectomy American College of Surgeons National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sjors Klompmaker, Desley van Zoggel, Ammara A Watkins, Mariam F Eskander, Jennifer F Tseng, Marc G Besselink, A James Moser
OBJECTIVE: To assess current nationwide case selection factors for minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) and identify actual risk factors for adverse outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP). BACKGROUND: Patient selection criteria that predict outcomes after MIDP remain unknown. As a result, widespread adoption of this surgical technique may have been delayed and its potential benefits possibly under-exploited. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of elective ODP and MIDP performed at 106 centers in 2014, using the pancreas-targeted American College of Surgeons' National Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
September 6, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Nicholas Jackson, Adam Dugan, Daniel Davenport, Michael Daily, Malay Shah, Jonathan Berger, Roberto Gedaly
BACKGROUND: This project aimed to study resource utilization and surgical outcomes after hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) for biliary injuries utilizing data from ACS NSQIP. METHODS: Data from the Participant Use Data File containing surgical patients submitted to the ACS NSQIP during the period of 1/1/2005-12/31/2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period, 320 patients underwent HJ. Mean age was 50 years, and 109 (34%) were male. Forty-four percent of patients met criteria for ASA class III-V...
September 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Elie P Ramly, Bassem Y Safadi, Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Rami Kantar, Aurelie Mailhac, Ramzi S Alami
BACKGROUND: Conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LGB) to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an established procedure. However, multiple reports have indicated higher morbidity and mortality rates associated with this operation, especially when performed as a single-staged procedure. PURPOSE: We sought to compare mortality and morbidity of LRYGB vs. LRYGB with concomitant gastric band removal (LRYGB/LGBR). METHODS: Data from the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was obtained for the time period of 2008 to 2014 using CPT codes for LRYGB and LGBR...
September 3, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Dante M Leven, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jeremy Steinberger, Javier Guzman, Branko Skovrlj, John I Shin, John M Caridi, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the modified frailty index (mFI) could be used to predict postoperative complications in patients undergoing surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgery for patients with ASD is associated with high complication rates and significant concerns present during risk stratification with older patients. The mFI is an evaluation tool to describe the frailness of an individual and how their preoperative status may impact postoperative survival and outcomes...
August 31, 2016: Spine
Elizabeth M Gleeson, Mohammad F Shaikh, Patricia A Shewokis, John R Clarke, William C Meyers, Henry A Pitt, Wilbur B Bowne
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy needs simple, validated risk models to better identify 30-day mortality. The goal of this study is to develop a simple risk score to predict 30-day mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: We reviewed cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy from 2005-2012 in the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program databases. Logistic regression was used to identify preoperative risk factors for morbidity and mortality from a development cohort...
August 17, 2016: Surgery
Robert W Westermann, Chris A Anthony, Kyle R Duchman, Andrew J Pugely, Yubo Gao, Carolyn M Hettrich
BACKGROUND: The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Service has identified several quality metrics, including unplanned readmission within 30 days of surgery, to assess and compare surgeons and hospitals. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence, causes and risk factors for unplanned 30-day readmission after total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: We identified patients undergoing primary elective shoulder arthroplasty performed at American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) participating hospitals in 2013...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Collin Creange, Monica Sethi, George Fielding, Christine Ren-Fielding
AIMS: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a commonly performed bariatric procedure. Although bariatric surgery is becoming increasingly recognized as a treatment option for diabetes, there remain concerns about the operative risks faced by diabetic patients. This study's objective was to determine the safety of bariatric surgery in diabetic patients, specifically the type 2 diabetic (T2DM) population. METHODS: Patients over 18 years of age with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m(2) who underwent LSG in 2012 in the ACS-NSQIP database were identified...
August 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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