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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811987/early-complications-and-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-an-nsqip-study-based-on-5803-patients
#1
Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Kevin Phan, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Dante M Leven, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for short-term postoperative complications following elective adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to query the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811986/elderly-age-as-a-risk-factor-for-30-day-postoperative-outcomes-following-elective-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#2
John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is one of the most commonly performed spinal procedures. Considering the high success and low complications rate of ACDF and high prevalence of age-related degeneration of the cervical spine, the rates of ACDF are expected to continually rise. The objective is to identify the association between patient age and 30-day postoperative outcomes following elective ACDF...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806283/expanding-the-scope-of-quality-measurement-in-surgery-to-include-non-operative-care-results-from-the-acs-nsqip-emergency-general-surgery-pilot
#3
Michael W Wandling, Clifford Y Ko, Paul E Bankey, Chris Cribari, H Gill Cryer, Jose J Diaz, Therese M Duane, S Morad Hameed, Matthew M Hutter, Michael H Metzler, Justin L Regner, Patrick M Reilly, H David Reines, Jason L Sperry, Kristan L Staudenmayer, Garth H Utter, Marie L Crandall, Karl Y Bilimoria, Avery B Nathens
BACKGROUND: Patients managed non-operatively have been excluded from risk-adjusted benchmarking programs, including the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). Consequently, optimal performance evaluation is not possible for specialties like emergency general surgery (EGS) where non-operative management is common. We developed a multi-institutional EGS clinical data registry within ACS NSQIP that includes patients managed non-operatively to evaluate variability in non-operative care across hospitals and identify gaps in performance assessment that occur when only operative cases are considered...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795214/derivation-validation-and-application-of-a-pragmatic-risk-prediction-index-for-benchmarking-of-surgical-outcomes
#4
Richard T Spence, David C Chang, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Eugenio Panieri, Geoffrey A Anderson, Matthew M Hutter
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of multiple validated risk assessment and quality benchmarking tools in surgery, their utility outside of high-income countries is limited. We sought to derive, validate and apply a scoring system that is both (1) feasible, and (2) reliably predicts mortality in a middle-income country (MIC) context. METHODS: A 5-step methodology was used: (1) development of a de novo surgical outcomes database modeled around the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) in South Africa (SA dataset), (2) use of the resultant data to identify all predictors of in-hospital death with more than 90% capture indicating feasibility of collection, (3) use these predictors to derive and validate an integer-based score that reliably predicts in-hospital death in the 2012 ACS-NSQIP, (4) apply the score in the original SA dataset and demonstrate its performance, (5) identify threshold cutoffs of the score to prompt action and drive quality improvement...
August 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781973/comparison-of-30-day-morbidity-and-mortality-after-arthroscopic-bankart-open-bankart-and-latarjet-bristow-procedures-a-review-of-2864-cases
#5
Steven L Bokshan, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention for anterior shoulder instability is commonly performed and is highly successful in reducing instances of recurrent instability. PURPOSE: To determine and compare the incidence of 30-day complications and patient and surgical risk factors for complications for arthroscopic Bankart, open Bankart, and Latarjet-Bristow procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: All arthroscopic Bankart, open Bankart, and Latarjet-Bristow procedures from 2005 to 2014 from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) prospective database were analyzed...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780622/outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery-according-to-large-databases-a-systematic-review
#6
Andrea Balla, Gabriela Batista Rodríguez, Santiago Corradetti, Carmen Balagué, Sonia Fernández-Ananín, Eduard M Targarona
PURPOSE: The rapid development of technological tools to record data allows storage of enormous datasets, often termed "big data". In the USA, three large databases have been developed to store data regarding surgical outcomes: the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP), the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP)...
August 5, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772171/factors-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-perioperative-cardiac-arrest-in-emergent-and-elective-craniotomy-and-spine-surgery
#7
Timothy D Quinn, Ethan Y Brovman, Linda S Aglio, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest following neurosurgery is a devastating complication associated with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality. There are no published studies that have used a large and robust multicenter database to specifically examine demographic and surgical risk factors associated with cardiac arrests following craniotomy and spine surgeries, respectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database for the period between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2013, focusing on cardiac arrest associated with craniotomy and spine surgery from the intraoperative period to 30days after surgery...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760630/predictors-and-implications-of-unplanned-conversion-during-minimally-invasive-hepatectomy-an-analysis-of-the-acs-nsqip-database
#8
Zachary E Stiles, Stephen W Behrman, Evan S Glazer, Jeremiah L Deneve, Lei Dong, Jim Y Wan, Paxton V Dickson
BACKGROUND: Minimally-invasive hepatectomy (MIH) is increasingly utilized; however, predictors and outcomes for patients requiring conversion to an open procedure have not been adequately studied. METHODS: The 2014-15 ACS-NSQIP database was analyzed. Unplanned conversion was compared to successful MIH and elective open hepatectomy. RESULTS: Among 6918 hepatectomies, 1062 (15.4%) underwent attempted MIH: 989 laparoscopic, 73 robotic. Conversion occurred in 203 (19...
July 28, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752477/addition-of-biomarker-panel-improves-prediction-performance-of-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-acs-nsqip-calculator-for-cardiac-risk-assessment-of-elderly-patients-preparing-for-major-non-cardiac-surgery-a-pilot-study
#9
Danica Z Marković, Tatjana Jevtović-Stoimenov, Vladan Ćosić, Biljana Stošić, Bojana Marković Živković, Radmilo J Janković
BACKGROUND: Number of elderly patients subjected to extensive surgical procedures in the presence of cardiovascular morbidities is increasing every year. Therefore, there is a need to make preoperative diagnostics more accurate. AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) calculator as a predictive tool in preoperative assessment of cardiovascular risk in elderly patients. METHODS: This prospective pilot study included 78 patients who were being prepared for extensive non-cardiac surgeries under general anaesthesia...
July 27, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751060/should-classification-as-an-acs-nsqip-high-outlier-be-used-to-direct-hospital-quality-improvement-efforts
#10
Elise H Lawson, Patricia L Roberts, Todd D Francone, Peter W Marcello, Thomas E Read, Rocco Ricciardi
BACKGROUND: ACS-NSQIP classifies hospitals as "high outliers" if their performance is significantly worse than expected. We determined how often hospitals return to as-expected performance after being newly identified as outliers. METHODS: Outlier status was identified in ACS-NSQIP semi-annual reports (SARs) 2008-2011 for 13 postoperative adverse events. Pearson correlation and R(2) measured the relationship between frequency of changes in outlier status, frequency of outlier identification, and adverse event rate...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747700/association-of-pre-operative-estimated-gfr-on-post-operative-pulmonary-complications-in-laparoscopic-surgeries
#11
Akihiro Shimomura, Yoshitsugu Obi, Reza Fazl Alizadeh, Shiri Li, Ninh T Nguyen, Michael J Stamos, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Hirohito Ichii
Despite a large body of evidence showing the pandemic of chronic kidney disease, the impact of pre-operative kidney function on the risk of post-operative pulmonary complications (PPCs) is not well known. We used multivariable logistic regression analyses with 3-level hierarchical adjustments to identify the association of pre-operative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with PPCs in laparoscopic surgeries. Among 452,213 patients between 2005 and 2013 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) Database, a total of 3,727 patients (0...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747265/pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-effects-of-neoadjuvant-therapy-on-post-pancreatectomy-outcomes-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-targeted-variable-review
#12
Nicholas M Czosnyka, Andrew J Borgert, Travis J Smith
BACKGROUND: As the incidence of pancreatic adenocarcinoma increases, so has the utilization of neoadjuvant therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes in patients undergoing neoadjuvant therapy or surgery first for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP 2014-2015 targeted pancreatectomy variables were queried for patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent resection. Outcomes of those receiving neoadjuvant therapy were compared to surgery first using a multivariate, logistic regression model...
July 23, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744744/the-effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-on-anastomotic-leak-and-additional-30-day-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#13
Ivy N Haskins, Matthew D Kroh, Richard L Amdur, Jeffrey L Ponksy, John H Rodriguez, Khashayar Vaziri
INTRODUCTION: In addition to increased perioperative morbidity, anastomotic leak following gastric resection for gastric cancer can have detrimental effects on overall and disease-free survival. The risk of anastomotic leak following neoadjuvant therapy remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy with postoperative anastomotic leak and additional 30-day morbidity and mortality outcomes following total gastrectomy with reconstruction for gastric cancer using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742701/postoperative-delirium-as-a-target-for-surgical-quality-improvement
#14
Julia R Berian, Lynn Zhou, Marcia M Russell, Melissa A Hornor, Mark E Cohen, Emily Finlayson, Clifford Y Ko, Ronnie A Rosenthal, Thomas N Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To explore hospital-level variation in postoperative delirium using a multi-institutional data source. BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium is closely related to serious morbidity, disability, and death in older adults. Yet, surgeons and hospitals rarely measure delirium rates, which limits quality improvement efforts. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) Geriatric Surgery Pilot (2014 to 2015) collects geriatric-specific variables, including postoperative delirium using a standardized definition...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739453/modified-frailty-index-can-be-used-to-predict-adverse-outcomes-and-mortality-after-lower-extremity-bypass-surgery
#15
Tarik Ali, Erik Lehman, Faisal Aziz
OBJECTIVES: Frailty has been increasingly used as a prognostic indicator for various surgical operations. Patients with peripheral arterial disease represent a cohort of population with advanced medical comorbidities. The aim of this study is to correlate the postoperative outcomes after lower extremity bypass surgery with pre operative modified frailty index. METHODS: Using 2010 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database, patients undergoing infrainguinal arterial bypass surgery were identified...
July 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738944/predicting-postoperative-complications-for-acute-care-surgery-patients-using-the-acs-nsqip-surgical-risk-calculator
#16
Jessica R Burgess, Benjamin Smith, Rebecca Britt, Leonard Weireter, Travis Polk
The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) risk calculator has been used to assist surgeons in predicting the risk of postoperative complications. This study aims to determine if the risk calculator accurately predicts complications in acute care surgical patients undergoing laparotomy. A retrospective review was performed on all patients on the acute care surgery service at a tertiary hospital who underwent laparotomy between 2011 and 2012. The preoperative risk factors were used to calculate the estimated risks of postoperative complications in both the original ACS NSQIP calculator and updated calculator (June 2016)...
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735715/thirty-day-morbidity-of-abdominal-sacrocolpopexy-is-influenced-by-additional-surgical-treatment-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#17
William R Boysen, Melanie A Adamsky, Andrew J Cohen, Joseph Rodriguez, Sarah F Faris, Gregory T Bales
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of concurrent anti-incontinence procedure (AIP) at time of abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) on 30-day complications, readmission, and reoperation. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database from 2006-2013 was queried to identify patients undergoing ASC with or without AIP. We assessed baseline characteristics and 30-day perioperative outcomes including complications, readmission, and reoperation...
July 20, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735364/umbilical-hernia-repair-in-pregnant-patients-review-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#18
I N Haskins, M J Rosen, A S Prabhu, R L Amdur, S Rosenblatt, F Brody, D M Krpata
BACKGROUND: Umbilical hernias present commonly during pregnancy secondary to increased intra-abdominal pressure. As a result, umbilical hernia incarceration or strangulation may affect pregnant females. The purpose of this study is to detail the operative management and 30-day outcomes of umbilical hernias in pregnant patients using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP). METHODS: All female patients undergoing umbilical hernia repair during pregnancy were identified within the ACS-NSQIP...
July 22, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735123/surgery-for-cerebellar-hemorrhage-a-nsqip-database-analysis-of-patient-outcomes-and-factors-associated-with-30-day-mortality-and-prolonged-ventilation
#19
Gregory D Arnone, Darian R Esfahani, Matt Wonais, Prateek Kumar, Justin K Scheer, Ali Alaraj, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Fady T Charbel, Ankit I Mehta
OBJECTIVE: Primary cerebellar hemorrhage accounts for 10% of all intracranial hemorrhages. Given the confined space of the posterior fossa, cerebellar hemorrhage management sometimes necessitates suboccipital decompression and hematoma evacuation. In this study, we examine outcomes following surgery for primary cerebellar hemorrhage, and identify risk factors associated with adverse outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of the 2005-2014 ACS-NSQIP database was performed, with CPT Code 61315 (suboccipital craniectomy or craniotomy for evacuation of cerebellar hemorrhage) queried between 2005 and 2014...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731952/open-colectomies-of-shorter-operative-time-do-not-result-in-improved-outcomes-compared-with-prolonged-laparoscopic-operations
#20
Sara L Zettervall, Ivy N Haskins, Sarah E Deery, Richard L Amdur, Paul P Lin, Khashayar Vaziri
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colectomies are associated with reduced perioperative morbidity and mortality compared with open surgery. Nevertheless, many surgeons continue to utilize an open surgical approach due to the perceived benefits of shorter operative times. This study aims to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic versus open colectomies of equal or shorter operative duration. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective laparoscopic or open colectomy in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) were identified from the years 2005 through 2012...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
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