Read by QxMD icon Read


Ting Dong, Annesley Copeland, Matthew Gangidine, Deanna Schreiber-Gregory, E Matthew Ritter, Steven J Durning
PURPOSE: We conducted an in-depth empirical investigation to achieve a better understanding of the surgery clerkship from multiple perspectives, including the influence of clerkship sequence on performance, the relationship between self-logged work hours and performance, as well as the association between surgery clerkship performance with subsequent USMLE Step exams' scores. METHOD: The study cohort consisted of medical students graduating between 2015 and 2018 (n = 687)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Marlene P Ballejos, Scott Oglesbee, Jennifer Hettema, Robert Sapien
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews to applicants and little is known about the impact of this interview modality on the admissions process. This study investigated the impact of overall acceptance rates using videoconference interviews and face-to-face interviews in the medical school selection process using an equivalence trial design...
February 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Seungjun Kim, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pass/fail preclinical grading is associated with improved student well-being. Studies do not demonstrate differences in United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores after adopting pass/fail grading, but were conducted at unrepresentative, highly selective institutions, and average scores increased overall during the study periods. We investigated the effect of preclinical grading on USMLE scores across 96 US medical schools. METHODS: Preclinical grading systems were identified with the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Admissions Requirements...
February 2018: Family Medicine
Jacqueline L Gauer, J Brooks Jackson
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the associations of the demographic variables of gender, state of legal residency, student age, and undergraduate major with scores on the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) and the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) Step 1 and Step 2 Clinical Knowledge. Methods: The researchers collected and analyzed exam scores and demographic student data from participants of five graduating classes of students at the University of Minnesota Medical School (N = 1,067)...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Ming Lee, Michelle Vermillion
BACKGROUND: Multiple undergraduate achievements have been used for graduate admission consideration. Their relative values in the prediction of residency performance are not clear. This study compared the contributions of major undergraduate assessments to the prediction of internship performance. METHODS: Internship performance ratings of the graduates of a medical school were collected from 2012 to 2015. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to examine the predictive values of undergraduate measures assessing basic and clinical sciences knowledge and clinical performances, after controlling for differences in the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)...
February 1, 2018: Medical Teacher
Farshad Agahi, Mark R Speicher, Grace Cisek
Context: Medical schools use a variety of preadmission indices to select potential students. These indices generally include undergraduate grade point average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, and preadmission interviews. Objective: To investigate whether the admission indices used by Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine are associated with the academic and clinical performance of their students. Methods: Associations between the prematriculation variables of undergraduate science GPA, undergraduate total GPA, MCAT component scores, and interview scores and the academic and clinical variables of the first- and second-year medical school GPA, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation (CE) total and discipline scores, scores in clinical rotations for osteopathic competencies, COMLEX-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation passage, and match status were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Cory M Pfeifer
The practice of medicine has changed greatly over the past 100 years, yet the structure of undergraduate medical education has evolved very little. Many schools have modified their curricula to incorporate problem-based learning and organ systems-based curricula, but few schools have adequately addressed rising tuition costs. Undergraduate medical education has become cost-prohibitive for students interested in primary care. In the meanwhile, the concept of a separate dedicated intern year is outdated and mired in waste despite remaining a requirement for several hospital-based and surgical specialties...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Stephen D Schneid, April Apperson, Nora Laiken, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly, Katharina Brandl
Medical schools with a diverse student body face the challenge of ensuring that all students succeed academically. Many medical schools have implemented prematriculation programs to prepare students from diverse backgrounds; however, evidence on their impact is largely lacking. In this study, we analyzed participants' demographics as well as the impact of the prematriculation program on Year 1 performance. Predictive validity of the program was assessed and compared to other traditional predictors, including grade point average (GPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores and subscores...
January 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Bryan Johnson, Matthew Flemer, Sadik Khuder, Nitin Puri
The effectiveness of Special Master's Programs (SMPs) in benefiting a potential medical student's career beyond admission into an MD-program is largely unknown. This study aims to evaluate the role of SMPs, if any, in affecting the performance and outcomes of students during their medical school career. This study analyzed anonymous surveys of students and residents from the University of Toledo. The data analysis is used to evaluate a student's academic performance before, during and after medical school. Measured metrics included: MCAT Scores, undergraduate GPA, USMLE STEP 1 scores, participation in research, number of research publications, and residency placement...
2017: PloS One
Xin Liao, Chao Huang, Dongyun Zhang, Jingjing Wang, Jingxia Li, Honglei Jin, Chuanshu Huang
It's well documented that over-production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causes detrimental damages to cells. While a low level of ROS, such as H2O2, functions as signaling transducer and motivates cell proliferation in both cancer and non-transformed stem cells. As a double-edged sword, the direct evidence for demonstrating the function of H2O2 in the cause of tumor is barely characterized in intact cells. In our current study, we found that targeted expression of mitochondrial catalase (mCAT), but not catalase, could significantly reduce the accumulation of H2O2 in mouse epithelial JB6 Cl41 cells, consequently led to the cell malignant transformation and anchorage-independent cell growth...
October 31, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Mark C Henderson, Carolyn J Kelly, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Anthony Jerant, Ellena M Peterson, Julie A Rainwater, Francis J Sousa, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: To examine applicant characteristics associated with multi mini-interview (MMI) or traditional interview (TI) performance at five California public medical schools. METHOD: Of the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) consortium schools, three used TIs and two used MMIs. Schools provided the following retrospective data on all 2011-2013 admissions cycle interviewees: age, gender, race/ethnicity (under-represented in medicine [UIM] or not), self-identified disadvantaged (DA) status, undergraduate GPA, Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) score, and interview score (standardized as z-score, mean = 0, SD = 1)...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Judith M Brenner, Jeffrey B Bird, Joanne M Willey
PURPOSE: The Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine (HNSOM) uses an essay-based assessment system. Recognizing the emphasis graduate medical education places on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step exams, the authors developed a method to predict students at risk for lower performance on USMLE Step 1. METHOD: Beginning with the inaugural class (2015), HNSOM administered National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Customized Assessment Service (CAS) examinations as formative assessment at the end of each integrated course in the first two years of medical school...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Ravinder Kaur, Jareth Wischmeyer, Matthew Morris, Michael E Pichichero
OBJECTIVE: We compared the recovery of potential respiratory bacterial pathogens and normal flora from nasopharyngeal specimens collected from children during health and at the onset of acute otitis media (AOM) by selective direct-plating and overnight broth-enrichment. METHODS: Overall, 3442 nasal wash (NW) samples collected from young children were analysed from a 10-year prospective study. NWs were cultured by (1) direct-plating to TSAII/5 % sheep blood agar and chocolate agar plates and (2) overnight broth-enrichment in BacT/ALERT SA-broth followed by plating...
November 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Jacqueline L Gauer, J Brooks Jackson
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools worldwide are faced with the challenge of selecting from among many qualified applicants. One factor that might help admissions committees identify future exceptional medical students is scores on standardized entrance exams. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between scores on the most commonly used standardized medical school entrance exam in the USA, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and election to the US medical honors society, Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA)...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Cassandra Barber, Robert Hammond, Lorne Gula, Gary Tithecott, Saad Chahine
PURPOSE: To determine which admissions variables and curricular outcomes are predictive of being at risk of failing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 1 (MCCQE1), how quickly student risk of failure can be predicted, and to what extent predictive modeling is possible and accurate in estimating future student risk. METHOD: Data from five graduating cohorts (2011-2015), Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, were collected and analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Anton Sculean, Raluca Cosgarea, Christos Katsaros, Nicole Birgit Arweiler, Richard John Miron, Herbert Deppe
OBJECTIVE: To clinically evaluate the outcomes following surgical coverage of single and multiple Miller Class I and III gingival recessions at crown-restored teeth in the esthetic area by means of the modified coronally advanced tunnel (MCAT). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Eight systemically healthy patients (5 females) with a total of 23 single or multiple maxillary Miller Class I or III gingival recessions were consecutively treated with MCAT in conjunction with a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG)...
September 22, 2017: Quintessence International
Séverine Vincent-Bugnas, Gwenaël Borie, Yves Charbit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment of maxillary Miller Class I and II multiple adjacent gingival recessions using the modified coronally advanced tunnel technique (MCAT) combined with a new porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients exhibiting at least six adjacent maxillary Miller Class I and II gingival recessions were consecutively treated by means of MCAT and a PADM. Recession depth (RD), recession width (RW), probing pocket depth (PD), keratinized tissue height (KT), clinical attachment level (CAL), mean root coverage (RC), and complete root coverage (CRC) were recorded...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Emilie Simon, Nadine Thézé, Sandrine Fédou, Pierre Thiébaud, Corinne Faucheux
Drosophila Vestigial is the founding member of a protein family containing a highly conserved domain, called Tondu, which mediates their interaction with members of the TEAD family of transcription factors (Scalloped in Drosophila). In Drosophila, the Vestigial/Scalloped complex controls wing development by regulating the expression of target genes through binding to MCAT sequences. In vertebrates, there are four Vestigial-like genes, the functions of which are still not well understood. Here, we describe the regulation and function of vestigial-like 3 (vgll3) during Xenopus early development...
October 15, 2017: Biology Open
Mitsumasa Saito, Yasuhiko Nikaido, Masahiro Matsumoto, Midori Ogawa, Sharon Y A M Villanueva
Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp. The severity of leptospirosis vary from mild, flu-like disease to a more severe form, Weil's disease causing jaundice, hemorrhage, renal failure, and even death. Every year, 300,000‒500,000 cases of severe leptospirosis are reported around the world, with the case fatality rate being 10‒30%. The usual diagnostic tools for leptospirosis are 1) direct observation of leptospires in blood and urine under dark-field microscope, 2) isolation of leptospires from blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or urine samples by culture, 3) microscopic agglutination test (MAT) to detect anti- Leptospira antibodies in serum, and 4) PCR to detect Leptospira DNA...
August 15, 2017: JARMAM: Journal of the Association for Rapid Method and Automation in Microbiology
James H Baños, Mark E Pepin, Nicholas Van Wagoner
PURPOSE: The authors examined the usefulness of a commercially available Step 1 question bank as a formative academic support tool throughout organ-based modules in an integrated preclinical medical curriculum. The authors also determined the extent to which correlation between question bank utilization and academic metrics varied with Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores. METHOD: In 2015, a cohort of 185 first-year medical students at University of Alabama School of Medicine were provided with 18-month full access to a commercially available Step 1 question bank of over 2,100 items throughout organ-based modules, although there were no requirements for use...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"