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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023138/measurement-of-expressive-vocabulary-in-school-age-children-development-and-application-of-the-kilifi-naming-test-knt
#1
Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Penny A Holding, Jane D Kvalsvig, Katherine J Alcock, H Gerry Taylor
The dearth of locally developed measures of language makes it difficult to detect language and communication problems among school-age children in sub-Saharan African settings. We sought to describe variability in vocabulary acquisition as an important element of global cognitive functioning. Our primary aims were to establish the psychometric properties of an expressive vocabulary measure, examine sources of variability, and investigate the measure's associations with non-verbal reasoning and educational achievement...
October 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016465/information-reception-and-expectations-among-hospitalized-elderly-patients-in-taiwan-a-pilot-study
#2
Kai-Li Chen, Chia-Ming Chang, Ching-Huey Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
BACKGROUND: Communicating with patients, especially geriatric patients, is a challenge for medical professionals. Medical message receiving and expectations among hospitalized elderly patients have not been studied. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore medical message receiving and expectations concerning medical information among hospitalized elderly patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A descriptive study design was used. Convenience sampling was applied, and the research was conducted in a geriatric ward in a medical center in southern Taiwan...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992229/meta-analysis-of-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-following-kidney-transplantation
#3
Paras Joshee, Amanda G Wood, Eleri R Wood, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
Background: There is mixed evidence regarding the nature of cognitive function in patients who have undergone renal transplantation. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine which cognitive domains are impacted following kidney transplantation and how performance compares with non-transplanted patients or healthy controls/normative data. Method: A systematic search was conducted using keywords within three databases (Embase, MEDLINE and PsychINFO), yielding 458 unique studies, 10 of which met the inclusion criteria...
September 7, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988412/cognitive-outcomes-among-latino-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-lymphoma-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study-using-culturally-competent-performance-based-assessment
#4
Laura Bava, Alexis Johns, Kimberly Kayser, David R Freyer
BACKGROUND: This study sought to characterize cognitive outcomes among Latino survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL). PROCEDURE: In this cross-sectional cohort study, Latino survivors of ALL (n = 57) and LL (n = 5) aged 6-16 years were pooled and evaluated using validated measures of cognitive, academic, and behavioral function and English language proficiency. Performance was compared with norms using single-sample t-tests...
October 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979217/perceived-severity-of-cyberbullying-differences-and-similarities-across-four-countries
#5
Benedetta E Palladino, Ersilia Menesini, Annalaura Nocentini, Piret Luik, Karin Naruskov, Zehra Ucanok, Aysun Dogan, Anja Schultze-Krumbholz, Markus Hess, Herbert Scheithauer
Cyberbullying is a ubiquitous topic when considering young people and internet and communication technologies (ICTs). For interventional purposes, it is essential to take into account the perspective of adolescents. This is the reason why our main focus is (1) investigating the role of different criteria in the perceived severity of cyberbullying incidents, and (2) examining the differences between countries in the perceived severity of cyberbullying. The sample consisted of 1,964 adolescents (48.2% girls) from middle and high schools of four different countries, i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969933/neuropsychological-functioning-and-jumping-to-conclusions-in-recent-onset-psychosis-patients
#6
Lucas Elio González, Raquel López-Carrilero, Maria Luisa Barrigón, Eva Grasa, Ana Barajas, Esther Pousa, Fermín González-Higueras, Isabel Ruiz-Delgado, Jordi Cid, Esther Lorente-Rovira, Trinidad Pélaez, Susana Ochoa
BACKGROUND: The reasoning bias of jumping to conclusions (JTC) consists of a tendency to make assumptions having little information. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the differences in neuropsychological functioning between recent onset psychotic patients who jump to conclusions and those who do not jump to conclusions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two patients with a recent onset of a psychotic disorder were assessed with three JTC tasks and a neuropsychological battery exploring verbal learning, memory, attention, psychomotor speed, visuoperceptual abilities, working memory, problem solving, executive functioning...
September 29, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961154/general-ability-or-distinct-scholastic-aptitudes-a-multidimensional-validity-analysis-of-a-psychometric-higher-education-entrance-test
#7
Dvir Kleper, Noa Saka
The present study explored the construct validity of the Psychometric Entrance Test (PET) for higher education in Israel, as represented by the factorial structure of the scholastic aptitudes it measures, and focused on whether the test presents a single measure of overall ability or a measure of the fields of knowledge that are being tested. In Study 1, we used Exploratory Factor Analysis to generate hypotheses regarding the factorial structure of the test. In Study 2, Confirmatory Factor Analysis was carried out to compare competing models that were constructed based on theoretical considerations and the results of Study 1...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960500/online-assessment-of-risk-factors-for-dementia-and-cognitive-function-in-healthy-adults
#8
J Huntley, A Corbett, K Wesnes, H Brooker, R Stenton, A Hampshire, C Ballard
OBJECTIVE: Several potentially modifiable risk factors for cognitive decline and dementia have been identified, including low educational attainment, smoking, diabetes, physical inactivity, hypertension, midlife obesity, depression, and perceived social isolation. Managing these risk factors in late midlife and older age may help reduce the risk of dementia; however, it is unclear whether these factors also relate to cognitive performance in older individuals without dementia. METHOD: Data from 14 201 non-demented individuals aged >50 years who enrolled in the online PROTECT study were used to examine the relationship between cognitive function and known modifiable risk factors for dementia...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958777/incidence-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-in-community-based-cohort-in-china
#9
Yan Ge, Ding Ding, Qing Zhang, Bin Yang, Taiping Wang, Beixu Li, Jie Wang, Jianfeng Luo, Patrick Kwan, Wenzhi Wang, Zhen Hong, Josemir W Sander
OBJECTIVE: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is associated with the high premature mortality observed among people with epilepsy. It is, however, considered a rare event in China, probably because of lack of awareness and limitation of studies in the country. We aimed to provide some initial estimation of the burden of SUDEP in China. METHODS: We established a large Chinese community-based cohort of people with epilepsy between January 2010 and December 2011...
September 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958607/evidenced-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-updated-review-of-the-literature-from-2007-2016
#10
REVIEW
Y Goverover, N D Chiaravalloti, A O'Brien, J DeLuca
OBJECTIVE: To update the clinical recommendations for cognitive rehabilitation of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), based on a systematic review of the literature from 2007 through 2016. DATA SOURCES: Searches of Medline, PsychInfo, and CINAHL with a combinations of the following terms: attention, awareness, cognition, cognitive, communication, executive, executive function, language, learning, memory, perception, problem solving, reasoning, rehabilitation, remediation, training, processing speed, and working memory, were conducted...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953566/in-search-of-black-swans-identifying-students-at-risk-of-failing-licensing-examinations
#11
Cassandra Barber, Robert Hammond, Lorne Gula, Gary Tithecott, Saad Chahine
PURPOSE: To determine which admissions variables and curricular outcomes are predictive of being at risk of failing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 1 (MCCQE1), how quickly student risk of failure can be predicted, and to what extent predictive modeling is possible and accurate in estimating future student risk. METHOD: Data from five graduating cohorts (2011-2015), Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, were collected and analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948838/cognitive-profile-of-intellectually-gifted-adults-analyzing-the-wechsler-adult-intelligence-scale
#12
Margherita Lang, Michael Matta, Laura Parolin, Cristina Morrone, Lina Pezzuti
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) has been used extensively to study intellectual abilities of special groups. Here, we report the results of an intellectually gifted group on the WAIS-IV. Gifted individuals are people who obtained scores equal to or greater than 2 standard deviations above the mean on an intelligence test. Hence, the current study aims first, to examine mean group performance data of gifted individuals on the WAIS-IV; second, to revalidate the pattern of performance identified in this special group in previous studies (i...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947237/neuropsychological-effects-of-occupational-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls
#13
B Fimm, W Sturm, A Esser, T Schettgen, K Willmes, J Lang, P M Gaum, T Kraus
In the context of a health surveillance program for former PCB-exposed workers of a transformer and capacitor recycling company in Germany, their family members, employees of surrounding companies and area residents a broad range of cognitive functions covering attention, executive processing, reasoning, memory and motor performance was examined. The study aimed at identifying potential adverse effects of PCB load on cognitive functions. Detailed analysis of PCB burden of the participants revealed rather high correlations of lower and higher chlorinated as well as dioxin-like PCBs...
September 22, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931164/impact-of-patient-education-on-influenza-vaccine-uptake-among-community-dwelling-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ka Chun Leung, Carlo Mui, Wing Yan Chiu, Yuk Yiu Ng, Matthew H Y Chen, Pui Hung Ho, Chun Pong Kwok, Suki S M Lam, Chun Yip Wong, Kit Yee Wong, Herbert H Pang
This randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effectiveness of brief face-to-face patient education in increasing influenza vaccination rate among elderly in the community. Recruitment and intervention were conducted at two general outpatient clinics in Hong Kong. 529 eligible patients were randomly assigned to intervention or control group with 1:1 allocation ratio. Patients in the intervention group received 3-min one-on-one verbal education by medical students and a pamphlet regarding influenza vaccination...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928440/gender-differences-measured-by-the-matrics-consensus-cognitive-battery-in-chronic-schizophrenia-patients
#15
Baohua Zhang, Mei Han, Shuping Tan, Fu De Yang, Yunlong Tan, Shurong Jiang, Xiangyang Zhang, Xu-Feng Huang
Using Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), previous study showed significant gender differences for cognitive deficits in immediate and delayed memory in schizophrenia patients. However, RBANS does not include reasoning and problem solving, and social cognition. These cognitive functions can significantly affect the outcomes and daily life in patients. This study examined the gender differences of cognition using the measurement and treatment research to improve cognition in schizophrenia (MATRICS) consensus cognitive battery (MCCB), especially focusing on reasoning and problem solving, and social cognition in schizophrenia patients...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924184/genetic-contributions-to-trail-making-test-performance-in-uk-biobank
#16
S P Hagenaars, S R Cox, W D Hill, G Davies, D C M Liewald, S E Harris, A M McIntosh, C R Gale, I J Deary
The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a widely used test of executive function and has been thought to be strongly associated with general cognitive function. We examined the genetic architecture of the TMT and its shared genetic aetiology with other tests of cognitive function in 23 821 participants from UK Biobank. The single-nucleotide polymorphism-based heritability estimates for trail-making measures were 7.9% (part A), 22.4% (part B) and 17.6% (part B-part A). Significant genetic correlations were identified between trail-making measures and verbal-numerical reasoning (rg>0...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922067/conceptual-elaboration-versus-direct-lexical-access-in-wais-similarities-differential-effects-of-white-matter-lesions-and-gray-matter-volumes
#17
Sven-Erik Fernaeus, Åke Hellström
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) subscale Similarities have been classified as a test of either verbal comprehension or of inductive reasoning. The reason may be that items divide into two categories. We tested the hypothesis of heterogeneity of items in WAIS-Similarities. Consecutive patients at a memory clinic and healthy controls participated in the study. White-matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and normalized temporal lobe volumes were measured based on Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI), and tests of verbal memory and attention were used in addition to WAIS-Similarities to collect behavioural data...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915299/home-and-community-language-proficiency-in-spanish-english-early-bilingual-university-students
#18
Jens Schmidtke
Purpose: This study assessed home and community language proficiency in Spanish-English bilingual university students to investigate whether the vocabulary gap reported in studies of bilingual children persists into adulthood. Method: Sixty-five early bilinguals (mean age = 21 years) were assessed in English and Spanish vocabulary and verbal reasoning ability using subtests of the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey-Revised (Schrank & Woodcock, 2009). Their English scores were compared to 74 monolinguals matched in age and level of education...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914469/morphology-and-spelling-in-french-a-comparison-of-at-risk-readers-and-typically-developing-children
#19
Poh Wee Koh, Sharry Shakory, Xi Chen, S Hélène Deacon
We present two studies that examine the role of morphology in French spelling. In Study 1, we examined the concurrent and longitudinal relationships between inflectional awareness and derivational awareness and spelling within a sample of 77 children in a French immersion programme in Canada. Children completed a non-verbal reasoning measure and French measures of phonological awareness, word reading, vocabulary, morphological awareness, and spelling. Results showed that inflectional morphological awareness in Grade 3 was a predictor of spelling in the same grade...
September 15, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905355/revealing-hidden-talents-the-development-use-and-benefit-of-vesparch
#20
Julia R Badger, Jane Mellanby
BACKGROUND: School attainment tests and Cognitive Abilities Tests are used in the United Kingdom to set targets for educational outcome. Whilst these are good predictors, they depend not only on basic ability but also on learnt knowledge and skills, such as reading. METHOD AND AIMS: VESPARCH is an online group test of verbal and spatial reasoning, which we propose gives a measure that more closely approximates to basic ability - fluid intelligence. The verbal test contains highly familiar words, does not require the child to read them, is untimed, and provides detailed feedback on five practice questions for each part of the test...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
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