Read by QxMD icon Read


Laurence Britton, Lesley-Anne Jaskowski, Kim Bridle, Eriza Secondes, Daniel Wallace, Nishreen Santrampurwala, Janske Reiling, Gregory Miller, Salvatore Mangiafico, Sofianos Andrikopoulos, V Nathan Subramaniam, Darrell Crawford
Background & Aims: Iron has an increasingly recognized role in the regulation of adipose tissue function, including the expression of adipokines involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The cellular iron exporter, ferroportin, has been proposed as being a key determinant of adipocyte iron homeostasis. Methods: We studied an adipocyte-specific ferroportin ( Fpn1 ) knockout mouse model, using an Adipoq -Cre recombinase driven Fpn1 deletion and fed mice according to the fast food diet model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis...
March 2018: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Sanjay Tewari, George Renney, John Brewin, Kate Gardner, Fenella Kirkham, Baba Inusa, James E Barrett, Stephan Menzel, Swee Lay Thein, Malcolm Ward, David C Rees
Silent cerebral infarction is the commonest neurological abnormality in children with sickle cell anemia, affecting 30-40% 14 year olds. There are no known biomarkers to identify children with silent cerebral infarcts and the pathological basis is also unknown. We used an unbiased proteomic discovery approach to identify plasma proteins differing in concentration between children with and without silent cerebral infarcts. Clinical parameters and plasma samples were analysed from 51 children (mean age 11.8 years, range 6-18) with sickle cell anemia (HbSS)...
March 15, 2018: Haematologica
Rehan M Hussain, Ninel Z Gregori, Thomas A Ciulla, Byron L Lam
Pharmacotherapy with visual cycle modulators (VCMs) is under investigation for retinitis pigmentosa (RP), Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), Stargardt macular dystrophy (SMD) and nonexudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), all blinding diseases that lack effective treatment options. Areas covered: The authors review investigational VCMs, including oral retinoids, 9-cis-retinyl-acetate (zuretinol) and 9-cis-β-carotene, which restore 11-cis-retinal levels in RP and LCA caused by LRAT and RPE65 gene mutations, and may improve visual acuity and visual fields...
March 15, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Miwa Isshiki, Satoshi Hirayama, Tsuyoshi Ueno, Masayuki Ito, Ayaka Furuta, Kouji Yano, Kotoko Yamatani, Masami Sugihara, Mayumi Idei, Takashi Miida
BACKGROUND: Rapid turnover proteins (RTPs), such as transthyretin (TTR), retinol binding protein (RBP), and transferrin (Tf), provide an accurate assessment of nutritional status but are susceptible to inflammation. Lipid-related markers, which have short half-lives in serum, may be better suited for nutritional assessment. We sought to identify sensitive nutritional markers unaffected by inflammation. METHODS: Fasting serum samples were collected from 30 malnourished inpatients and 25 healthy volunteers...
March 11, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
X Ma, P H Li, M X Zhu, L C He, S P Sui, S Gao, G S Su, N S Ding, Y Huang, Z Q Lu, X G Huang, R H Huang
Litter size has a great impact on the profit of swine producers. Uterine development is an important determinant of reproduction efficiency and could hence affect litter size. Chinese Erhualian pig is one of the most prolific breeds in the world, even though large phenotypic variation in litter size was observed within Erhualian sows. To dissect the genetic basis of the phenotypic variation, we herein conducted genome-wide association studies for total number born and number born alive (NBA) of Erhualian sows...
March 14, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Melissa Ventura Marra, Sowmyanarayanan V Thuppal, Elizabeth J Johnson, Regan L Bailey
Proactive nutrition screening is an effective public health strategy for identifying and targeting individuals who could benefit from making dietary improvements for primary and secondary prevention of disease. The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) was developed and validated to assess nutritional risk among rural older adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility and validity of the DST to identify nutritional risk in middle-aged adults. This cross-sectional study in middle-aged adults (45-64 year olds, n = 87) who reside in Appalachia, examined nutritional status using an online health survey, biochemical measures, anthropometry, and three representative 24-h dietary recalls...
March 12, 2018: Nutrients
Tatsuo Shimura, Masahiko Shibata, Yasuhide Kofunato, Ryo Okada, Teruhide Ishigame, Takashi Kimura, Akira Kenjo, Shigeru Marubashi
BACKGROUND: Although serum albumin has been reported to be useful as a prognostic biomarker for various malignancies, it is not suitable for prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to impaired liver function. We aimed to determine whether serum transthyretin (TTR) level can be used as a novel prognostic biomarker. METHODS: Serum levels of TTR, as well as other nutritional and inflammatory parameters including angiogenic factors, were examined in 25 patients with HCC...
March 13, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
João R Gomes, Inês Cabrito, Hugo R Soares, Susete Costelha, Anabela Teixeira, Angela Wittelsberger, Catelijne Stortelers, Peter Vanlandschoot, Maria J Saraiva
Transthyretin (TTR) is a transport protein of retinol and thyroxine in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is mainly secreted in liver and choroid plexus, and in smaller amounts in other cells throughout the body. The exact role of TTR and its specific expression in Central Nervous System (CNS) remains understudied. We investigated TTR expression and metabolism in CNS, through the intranasal and intracerebroventricular delivery of a specific anti-TTR Nanobody to the brain, unveiling Nanobody pharmacokinetics to the CNS...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
M A Stout, D M Benoist, M A Drake
Concentrations of retinol, α-tocopherol, and major carotenoids in dairy products are often determined simultaneously by liquid chromatography. These compounds have different polarity and solubility; thus, extracting them simultaneously can be difficult and inefficient. In milks with low carotenoid concentrations, the xanthophylls lutein and zeaxanthin may not be completely resolved using common extraction techniques. A simplified method was developed to optimize extraction efficiency and the limit of detection and limit of quantification (LoQ) of lutein and zeaxanthin in bovine milk without decreasing sensitivity to other vitamins or carotenoids...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
M Majerczyk, P Kocełak, P Choręza, H Arabzada, A J Owczarek, M Bożentowicz-Wikarek, A Brzozowska, A Szybalska, M Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, T Grodzicki, A Więcek, M Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, J Chudek
PURPOSE: Elevated plasma concentration of retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) has recently emerged as a potential risk factor as a component of developing metabolic syndrome (MS). Therefore, this study aimed to analyse the relationship between components of MS and concentrations of plasma RBP4 in a population of subjects 65 years and older. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 3038 (1591 male) participants of the PolSenior study, aged 65 years and older. Serum lipid profile, concentrations of RBP4, glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein, IL-6, and activity of aminotransferases were measured...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Stephanie E Bonn, Matt J Barnett, Mark Thornquist, Gary Goodman, Marian L Neuhouser
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between BMI (kg/m) and prostate cancer risk. BMI is a modifiable lifestyle factor and may provide a unique opportunity for primary prevention of prostate cancer if a causal association exists. Data from 11 886 men from the Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET, 1985-1996 with active follow-up through 2005) comprising current and former heavy smokers were analyzed. CARET was a multicenter randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled chemoprevention trial testing daily supplementation of 30 mg β-carotene+25 000 IU retinyl palmitate for primary prevention of lung cancer...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
Dorota Różańska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
Anthocyanins are food compounds which belong to polyphenols and can mainly be found in dark fruits (e.g., blueberries, black currants, cranberries) and vegetables (e.g., red cabbage, radish, eggplant). The results of large research have shown that these compounds play an important role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In rodent studies and in studies with isolated omental adipocytes, it was observed that anthocyanins regulated the carbohydrate metabolism in the body due to the upregulation of GLUT4 (insulinregulated glucose transporter) translocation, increased activation of PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ) in adipose tissue and skeletal muscles as well as increased secretion of adiponectin and leptin...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Deniz Ortaç, Mustafa Cemek, Turan Karaca, Mehmet E Büyükokuroğlu, Zafer Ö Özdemir, Ayşe Tuba Kocaman, Sadık Göneş
CONTEXT: Okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) (Malvaceae), is a medicinal plant widely used in Turkish traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as ulcers and gastritis. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we evaluated the gastroprotective effect of okra against ethanol-induced acute gastric mucosal injury in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were treated with 500, 250 or 100 mg/kg okra; 20 mg/kg famotidine (Fam); and 75 mg/kg quercetin (Que)...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Z Cao, B Meng, R Fan, M Liu, M Gao, Z Xing, X Luan
To explore the key regulatory genes and their translated products involved in Huoyan goose egg laying, we first applied the iTRAQ technology integrated with LC-MS/MS analysis to identify differentially abundant proteins in the ovarian tissue of Huoyan geese between the pre-laying and laying periods. Then, Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses of the proteins were conducted. As observed, 403 proteins, which included 255 up-regulated and 148 down-regulated proteins, were identified...
March 1, 2018: Poultry Science
Akif E Parlak, Yusuf Karagozoglu, Naci Ö Alayunt, Semra Turkoglu, Mustafa Karatepe, Metin Koparir
Thiadiazole derivatives and its metal compounds have antibacterial, antifungal, antitumoral, antiproliferative and antioxidant properties. In the study, the effects caused by thiadiazole ligand and its metal complexes upon the fatty acids and lipophilic vitamins in livers of rats were examined. The fatty acids in liver were specified by GC while the lipophilic vitamins were specified by HPLC. It was observed that the amounts of oleic acids (18:1, n-9) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) notably increased in the Mn complex group while the amounts of arachidonic acid (20:4, n-6) notably increased in the ligand group, compared to control group...
February 28, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Kari A Weber, Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We previously explored associations between nutrients including folate and other macro and micronutrients and risks of anophthalmia or microphthalmia in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. In the current study, we expand those previous results with larger sample sizes and conduct analyses with an additional diet quality index using more recent data. METHODS: The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is a population-based, multicenter case-control study of over 30 major birth defects, with estimated due dates from October 1997 to December 2011...
March 5, 2018: Birth Defects Research
Wen-Qi Yang, Shan Mou, Li Xu, Feng-Hua Li, Hong-Li Li
The goal of the study described here was to evaluate the degree of tubulointerstitial injury in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) using a more accurate model that combines renal sonographic parameters and laboratory biomarkers. A total of 308 patients were enrolled. The study protocol included conventional ultrasound, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and renal biopsy. CKD patients were divided into normal and mild (≤25%), moderate (26%-50%) and severe (>50%) tubulointerstitial injury groups. We created a model comprising peak intensity, time to peak, urinary retinol-binding protein and β2 -microglobulin that could discriminate severe (>50%) tubulointerstitial injury...
March 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Lipeng Jing, Mianli Xiao, Hongli Dong, Jiesheng Lin, Gengdong Chen, Wenhua Ling, Yuming Chen
(1) Background: Carotenoids may be inversely associated with inflammatory markers (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β). However, data are scarce on retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) in humans. We examined the associations among serum carotenoids, RBP4 and several inflammatory markers in a Chinese population. (2) Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study included 3031 participants (68% males) aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. Serum concentrations of carotenoids, RBP4, and inflammatory markers were measured...
February 25, 2018: Nutrients
O Djellouli, E Rozet, B Dahmani, Ph Hubert
It is common practice nowadays to associate the measurement uncertainty to the measurand, in order to judge the quality of a result related to the measurement process. However, the improvement of this parameter as well as the adaptation of its estimation modes always remain an analytical challenge, especially in chemical testing. In this paper, we outline a measurement uncertainty estimation mode based on the one-point linear calibration equation to fully establish a "bottom-up" approach for estimating the measurement uncertainty of a multi-point calibration-based HPLC-UV quantitative method...
February 28, 2018: Analyst
Angela Rosenbohm, Gabriele Nagel, Raphael S Peter, Torben Brehme, Wolfgang Koenig, Luc Dupuis, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Albert C Ludolph
Importance: Knowledge about the metabolic states of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may provide a therapeutic approach. Objective: To investigate the association between the onset and prognosis of ALS and serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) concentration as a biomarker for insulin resistance and vitamin A metabolism. Design, Setting, and Participants: Case-control design for risk factors of ALS; cohort design for prognostic factors within ALS cases...
February 26, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"