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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356436/health-insurance-and-use-of-recommended-routine-care-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Susan S Li, Don Hayes, Joseph D Tobias, Wayne J Morgan, Dmitry Tumin
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status is correlated with worse outcomes in patients with cystic fibrosis. Whether insurance status impacts adherence to care in this population is unknown. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years old in the CF Foundation Patient Registry (2005-2013) were grouped based on reported annual insurance as private, public (Medicaid, Medicare, or state medical assistance program), other, or no insurance. Random effects logistic regression evaluated association between change in insurance status and annual use of recommended routine care...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356411/silicon-based-anodes-for-lithium-ion-batteries-from-fundamentals-to-practical-applications
#2
REVIEW
Kun Feng, Matthew Li, Wenwen Liu, Ali Ghorbani Kashkooli, Xingcheng Xiao, Mei Cai, Zhongwei Chen
Silicon has been intensively studied as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIB) because of its exceptionally high specific capacity. However, silicon-based anode materials usually suffer from large volume change during the charge and discharge process, leading to subsequent pulverization of silicon, loss of electric contact, and continuous side reactions. These transformations cause poor cycle life and hinder the wide commercialization of silicon for LIBs. The lithiation and delithiation behaviors, and the interphase reaction mechanisms, are progressively studied and understood...
January 22, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356404/utility-of-perioperative-skin-perfusion-pressure-measurement-for-treatment-of-ulcers-caused-by-arteriovenous-access-ischaemic-steal
#3
Daisuke Atomura, Junko Aihara, Makoto Omori, Hiroto Terashi
Arteriovenous access ischaemic steal is a serious complication following arteriovenous fistula (AVF) construction. The aim of treatment is to improve distal circulation without impairing the function of the fistula. Therefore, any repair should be performed with intraoperative monitoring. We report 2 cases of this disorder treated using perioperative measurement of skin perfusion pressure (SPP) for preoperative surgical planning and intraoperative guidance. A 73-year-old woman with a left cubital AVF developed gangrene of the tip of the left little finger...
January 22, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356397/ingestive-mastication-in-horses-resembles-rumination-but-not-ingestive-mastication-in-cattle-and-camels
#4
Marie T Dittmann, Michael Kreuzer, Ullrich Runge, Marcus Clauss
Horses achieve a higher degree of particle size reduction through ingestive mastication than functional ruminants. We characterized mastication using chew-monitoring halters (RumiWatch) in six domestic horses, cattle, and Bactrian camels each. All animals were offered grass hay of the same batch for 15 min. In cattle and camels, measurements were continued after eating until rumination was observed. Except for one horse, 96% of the horses' ingestive mastication data were identified as "rumination" by the proprietary RumiWatch algorithm, whereas ingestion and rumination by cattle and camels were mostly classified correctly...
February 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356353/effect-of-the-prevent-alcohol-and-risk-related-trauma-in-youth-p-a-r-t-y-program-among-senior-school-students
#5
Anna Gunn, Janet McLeod, Rebecca Chapman, Hayley Ball, Mark Fitzgerald, Teresa Howard, Peter Cameron, Biswadev Mitra
OBJECTIVE: The Prevent Alcohol and Risk-Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) Program at The Alfred uses vivid clinical reality to build resilience and prevent injury by following a trauma patient's journey through hospital. The present study aims to analyse the effect of P.A.R.T.Y. on safety perceptions of driving after alcohol, seat belt use and risk-taking activities. METHODS: Pre-programme, immediately post-programme and 3-5 months post-programme surveys with questions focused on the programme aims were distributed to all consented participants...
January 21, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356347/measuring-exclusive-breastfeeding-social-support-scale-development-and-validation-in-uganda
#6
Godfred O Boateng, Stephanie L Martin, Shalean M Collins, Barnabas K Natamba, Sera L Young
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months and continued breastfeeding for at least 2 years. Social support has been widely recognized to influence breastfeeding practices. However, existing scales do not measure exclusive breastfeeding social support (EBFSS), rather they assess social support for any breastfeeding. Further, they are tailored towards high-income settings. Therefore, our objectives were to develop and validate a tool to measure EBFSS in low-income settings...
January 22, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356305/monitoring-dissociation-kinetics-during-electrophoretic-focusing-enables-high-specificity-nucleic-acid-detection
#7
Tal Zeidman Kalman, Rebecca Khalandovsky, Elena Tenenbaum Gonikman, Moran Bercovici
A wide range of medical conditions can be diagnosed through sequence-specific analysis of nucleic acids. However, a major challenge remains in detecting a specific target in samples containing a high concentration of mismatching sequences. We present a single-step kinetic homogenous (free solution) assay, in which free sequence-specific probes are continuously separated from probe-target hybrids during electrophoretic sample focusing, allowing monitoring of dissociation kinetics. We show that under these conditions, the different kinetics of targets vs...
January 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356294/catalytic-gas-phase-production-of-lactide-from-renewable-alkyl-lactates
#8
Rik De Clercq, Michiel Dusselier, Ekaterina Makshina, Bert F Sels
A new route to lactide, key building block of the bioplastic polylactic acid, is proposed via a continuous catalytic gas-phase transesterification of renewable alkyl lactates in a scalable fixed-bed setup. Supported TiO2/SiO2 catalysts are highly selective to lactide, with only minimal lactide racemization. The solvent-free process allows for easy product separation and recycling of unconverted alkyl lactates and recyclable lactyl intermediates. The catalytic activity of TiO2/SiO2 catalysts was strongly correlated to their optical properties by DR UV-VIS spectroscopy...
January 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356277/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-a-new-complex-antisensitive-skin-cream
#9
Yinjuan Wang, Céline Viennet, Adeline Jeudy, Ferial Fanian, Li He, Philippe Humbert
BACKGROUND: Sensitive skin is frequently complaint in dermatology consultation with cutaneous manifestations such as stinging, redness, dryness, and burning sensation that affect the quality of life. Its pathogenesis is mainly related to dysfunction of neurosensory, skin barrier, and also immune activity. The treatment is generally based on continuous and topical therapy by nonirritating complex. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antisensitive function of a new complex cream composed by Yunnan Portulaca oleracea extract, Prinsepia utilis oil, beta-glucan, and sodium hyaluronate extracted from mushroom...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356276/influence-of-breathing-patterns-and-orthostatic-stress-on-postural-control-in-older-adults
#10
Gabriel D Rodrigues, Jonas L Gurgel, Thiago R Gonçalves, Flávia Porto, Pedro Paulo da S Soares
AIM: To investigate the influence of breathing patterns and blood pressure behavior postural control in older adults. METHODS: A total of 20 older adults carried out spontaneous, controlled (15 cycles/min) and deep (6 cycles/min) breathing trials, in random order. In this session, the heart rate was recorded continuously and blood pressure measured every 3 min. In addition, the challenge from sitting to an active standing position was carried out with eyes closed during 6 min on a baropodometer plate with electromyography recording...
January 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356243/major-limitations-to-achieving-4-per-1000%C3%A2-increases-in-soil-organic-carbon-stock-in-temperate-regions-evidence-from-long-term-experiments-at-rothamsted-research-uk
#11
Paul Poulton, Johnny Johnston, Andy MacDonald, Rodger White, David Powlson
We evaluated the "4 per 1000″ initiative for increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) by analysing rates of SOC increase in treatments in 16 long-term experiments in south-east UK. The initiative sets a goal for SOC stock to increase by 4‰ yr-1 in the 0-40 cm soil depth, continued over 20 years. Our experiments, on 3 soil types, provided 114 treatment comparisons over 7-157 years. Treatments included organic additions (incorporated by inversion ploughing), N fertilizers, introducing pasture leys into continuous arable systems, and converting arable land to woodland...
January 21, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356234/recent-development-of-thermoelectric-polymers-and-composites
#12
REVIEW
Hongyan Yao, Zeng Fan, Hanlin Cheng, Xin Guan, Chen Wang, Kuan Sun, Jianyong Ouyang
Thermoelectric materials can be used as the active materials in thermoelectric generators and as Peltier coolers for direct energy conversion between heat and electricity. Apart from inorganic thermoelectric materials, thermoelectric polymers have been receiving great attention due to their unique advantages including low cost, high mechanical flexibility, light weight, low or no toxicity, and intrinsically low thermal conductivity. The power factor of thermoelectric polymers has been continuously rising, and the highest ZT value is more than 0...
January 22, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356227/efficacy-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-neonates-presenting-with-hyperammonaemia-due-to-urea-cycle-defects-and-organic-acidaemia
#13
Muhittin Celik, Osman Akdeniz, Nezir Ozgun
AIM: Newborns with inborn errors of metabolism can present with hyperammonaemic coma. In this study, we evaluated the effect of peritoneal dialysis on plasma ammonium levels and on the short-term outcome in neonatal patients with urea cycle defects and organic acidaemia. METHODS: Data from infants with hyperammonaemia due to urea cycle defects or organic acidaemia treated with dialysis were collected and retrospectively analysed. The results of patient groups (group I, survived; and group II, died) were compared...
January 22, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356165/period-prevalence-and-reporting-rate-of-medication-errors-among-nurses-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Behzad Karami Matin, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Bijan Nouri, Shahab Rezaeian, Masoud Mohammadi, Satar Rezaei
AIMS: To estimate the 1-year period prevalence of medication errors and the reporting rate to nurse managers among nurses working in hospitals in Iran. BACKGROUND: Medication errors are one of the main factors affecting the quality of hospital services and reducing patient safety in health care systems. METHOD: A literature search from Iranian and international scientific databases was developed to find relevant studies. Meta-regression was used to identify which characteristics may have a confounding effect on the pooled prevalence estimates...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356129/large-area-direct-laser-shock-imprinting-of-a-3d-biomimic-hierarchical-metal-surface-for-triboelectric-nanogenerators
#15
Shengyu Jin, Yixiu Wang, Maithilee Motlag, Shengjie Gao, Jin Xu, Qiong Nian, Wenzhuo Wu, Gary J Cheng
Ongoing efforts in triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) focus on enhancing power generation, but obstacles concerning the economical and cost-effective production of TENGs continue to prevail. Micro-/nanostructure engineering of polymer surfaces has been dominantly utilized for boosting the contact triboelectrification, with deposited metal electrodes for collecting the scavenged energy. Nevertheless, this state-of-the-art approach is limited by the vague potential for producing 3D hierarchical surface structures with conformable coverage of high-quality metal...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356125/recent-advances-in-the-synthesis-of-peptoid-macrocycles
#16
Alexandra M Webster, Steven Lorimer Cobb
Over the past two decades, developing medical applications for peptides has, and continues to be a highly active area of research. At present there are over 60 peptide-based drugs on the market and more than 140 in various stages of clinical trials. The interest in peptide-based therapeutics arises from their biocompatibility and their ability to form defined secondary and tertiary structures, resulting in a high selectivity for complex targets. However, there are significant challenges associated with the development of peptide-based therapeutics, namely peptides are readily metabolised in vivo...
January 22, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356072/flash-forward-a-review-of-flash-glucose-monitoring
#17
REVIEW
L Leelarathna, G Wilmot
The FreeStyle Libre flash glucose monitor became available on prescription (subject to local health authority approval) in all four nations of the UK from November 2017, a watershed moment in the history of diabetes care. Calibration free, the FreeStyle Libre is a disc worn on the arm for 14 days which is designed largely to replace the recommended 4-10 painful finger-stick blood glucose tests required each day for the self-management of diabetes. This review discusses clinical data from randomized and observational studies, considers device accuracy metrics and deliberates its popularity and the potential challenges that this new device brings to diabetes care in the UK...
January 22, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356061/cohort-study-from-11-european-countries-highlighted-differences-in-the-use-and-efficacy-of-hypothermia-prevention-strategies-after-very-preterm-birth
#18
Emilija Wilson, Jennifer Zeitlin, Aurélie Piedvache, Bjoern Misselwitz, Kyllike Christensson, Rolf F Maier, Mikael Norman, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy
AIM: This study investigated the different strategies used in 11 European countries to prevent hypothermia, which continues to affect a large proportion of preterm births in the region. METHODS: We examined the association between the reported use of hypothermia prevention strategies in delivery rooms and body temperatures on admission to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 5,861 infants born at 22+0 - 31+6 weeks of gestation. The use of plastic bags, wraps, caps, exothermic heat and mattresses was investigated...
January 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356045/death-and-the-self
#19
Shaun Nichols, Nina Strohminger, Arun Rai, Jay Garfield
It is an old philosophical idea that if the future self is literally different from the current self, one should be less concerned with the death of the future self (Parfit, ). This paper examines the relation between attitudes about death and the self among Hindus, Westerners, and three Buddhist populations (Lay Tibetan, Lay Bhutanese, and monastic Tibetans). Compared with other groups, monastic Tibetans gave particularly strong denials of the continuity of self, across several measures. We predicted that the denial of self would be associated with a lower fear of death and greater generosity toward others...
January 22, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356032/non-invasive-quantitative-assessment-of-liver-fat-by-mri-pdff-as-an-endpoint-in-nash-trials
#20
REVIEW
Cyrielle Caussy, Scott B Reeder, Claude B Sirlin, Rohit Loomba
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide, and the progressive form of this condition, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), has become one of the leading indications for liver transplant. Despite intensive investigations, there are currently no FDA approved therapies for treating NASH. A major barrier for drug development in NASH is that treatment response assessment continues to require liver biopsy, which is invasive and interpreted subjectively...
January 21, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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