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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103632/global-health-and-emergency-care-defining-clinical-research-priorities
#2
Bhakti Hansoti, Adam R Aluisio, Meagan A Barry, Kevin Davey, Brian A Lentz, Payal Modi, Jennifer A Newberry, Melissa H Patel, Tricia A Smith, Alexandra M Vinograd, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent strides in the development of Global Emergency Medicine (EM), the field continues to lag in applying a scientific approach to identifying critical knowledge gaps and advancing evidence-based solutions to clinical and public health problems seen in emergency departments worldwide. Here, progress on the Global EM research agenda created at the 2013 Academic Emergency Medicine Global Health and Emergency Care Consensus Conference is evaluated and critical areas for future development in emergency care research internationally are identified...
January 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103626/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-the-next-frontier-in-the-epidemic
#3
REVIEW
Iliana Doycheva, Kymberly D Watt, Naim Alkhouri
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a significant health burden in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with substantial rise in prevalence over the last decades. This parallels high rates of obesity and metabolic syndrome in this age group, with unhealthy lifestyle also playing an independent role. Genetic factors, gender, and ethnicity should be considered in a risk stratification model. NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in AYAs often go unrecognized and if untreated, can progress eventually to cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation before the age of 40...
January 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103619/pregnant-women-in-sport-climbing-is-there-a-higher-risk-for-preterm-birth
#4
Jan Drastig, David Hillebrandt, Werner Rath, Thomas Küpper
Sport climbing is a popular recreational sport with an increasing proportion of female athletes. International recommendations emphasize the physical and mental benefits of regular sport activity during any uncomplicated pregnancy. In this context, sport climbing is associated with a high risk potential.The aim of this study was to examine if there is a higher risk for preterm birth in active climbing athletes.Original manuscript.A retrospective self-report online survey in the German language collected data between September 2012 and November 2013...
January 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103552/extending-the-utility-of-the-parabolic-approximation-in-medical-ultrasound-using-wide-angle-diffraction-modeling
#5
Joshua E Soneson
Wide-angle parabolic models are commonly used in geophysics and underwater acoustics but have seen little application in medical ultrasound. Here a wide-angle model for continuous-wave high-intensity ultrasound beams is derived which approximates the diffraction process more accurately than the commonly-used Khokhlov-Zabolotskaya-Kuznetsov (KZK) equation without increasing implementation complexity or computing time. A method for preventing the high spatial frequencies often present in source boundary conditions from corrupting the solution is presented...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103496/toddlers-action-prediction-statistical-learning-of-continuous-action-sequences
#6
Claire D Monroy, Sarah A Gerson, Sabine Hunnius
The current eye-tracking study investigated whether toddlers use statistical information to make anticipatory eye movements while observing continuous action sequences. In two conditions, 19-month-old participants watched either a person performing an action sequence (Agent condition) or a self-propelled visual event sequence (Ghost condition). Both sequences featured a statistical structure in which certain action pairs occurred with deterministic transitional probabilities. Toddlers learned the transitional probabilities between the action steps of the deterministic action pairs and made predictive fixations to the location of the next action in the Agent condition but not in the Ghost condition...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103469/transitions-of-postural-coordination-as-a-function-of-frequency-of-the-moving-support-platform
#7
Aviroop Dutt-Mazumder, Karl Newell
This study was set-up to investigate the multi-segmental organization of human postural control in a dynamic balance task. The focus was on the coupling between the center of mass (CoM) and center of pressure (CoP) as a candidate collective variable that supports maintaining balance on a sinusoidal oscillating platform in the medial-lateral (ML) plane and was continuously scaled up and then down across a frequency range from 0.2Hz to 1.2Hz. The CoM-CoP coordination changed from in-phase to anti-phase and anti-phase to in-phase at a critical frequency (∼0...
January 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103408/functional-planning-units-for-the-management-of-an-endangered-brazilian-titi-monkey
#8
Sidney F Gouveia, João Pedro Souza-Alves, Bruno B de Souza, Raone Beltrão-Mendes, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Stephen F Ferrari
Conservation practices in the tropics often rely on the data available for a few, better-known species and the adoption of an appropriate spatial scale. By defining a set of landscape units that account for critical aspects of the focal species, the information available on these conservation targets can support regional conservation policies. Here, we define and classify adjacent landscapes, termed planning units, to orientate management decisions within and among these landscapes, which are occupied by an endangered flagship primate species (Coimbra-Filho's titi monkey, Callicebus coimbrai) from eastern Brazil...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103317/genetically-thermo-stabilised-immunogenic-poliovirus-empty-capsids-a-strategy-for-non-replicating-vaccines
#9
Helen Fox, Sarah Knowlson, Philip D Minor, Andrew J Macadam
While wild type polio has been nearly eradicated there will be a need to continue immunisation programmes for some time because of the possibility of re-emergence and the existence of long term excreters of poliovirus. All vaccines in current use depend on growth of virus and most of the non-replicating (inactivated) vaccines involve wild type viruses known to cause poliomyelitis. The attenuated vaccine strains involved in the eradication programme have been used to develop new inactivated vaccines as production is thought safer...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103243/the-socioeconomic-benefit-to-individuals-of-achieving-the-2020-targets-for-five-preventive-chemotherapy-neglected-tropical-diseases
#10
William K Redekop, Edeltraud J Lenk, Marianne Luyendijk, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Louis Niessen, Wilma A Stolk, Fabrizio Tediosi, Adriana J Rijnsburger, Roel Bakker, Jan A C Hontelez, Jan H Richardus, Julie Jacobson, Sake J de Vlas, Johan L Severens
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF), onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and trachoma represent the five most prevalent neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). They can be controlled or eliminated by means of safe and cost-effective interventions delivered through programs of Mass Drug Administration (MDA)-also named Preventive Chemotherapy (PCT). The WHO defined targets for NTD control/elimination by 2020, reinforced by the 2012 London Declaration, which, if achieved, would result in dramatic health gains...
January 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103237/adult-tea-green-leafhoppers-empoasca-onukii-matsuda-change-behaviors-under-varying-light-conditions
#11
Longqing Shi, Liette Vasseur, Huoshui Huang, Zhaohua Zeng, Guiping Hu, Xin Liu, Minsheng You
Insect behaviors are often influenced by light conditions including photoperiod, light intensity, and wavelength. Understanding pest insect responses to changing light conditions may help with developing alternative strategies for pest control. Little is known about the behavioral responses of leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) to light conditions. The behavior of the tea green leafhopper, Empoasca onukii Matsuda, was examined when exposed to different light photoperiods or wavelengths. Observations included the frequency of locomotion and cleaning activities, and the duration of time spent searching...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103209/west-nile-virus-and-other-nationally-notifiable-arboviral-diseases-united-states-2015
#12
Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. The leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States is West Nile virus (WNV) (1). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, St. Louis encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Powassan, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, also cause sporadic cases and outbreaks. This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC in 2015 for nationally notifiable arboviruses...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103194/optical-stabilization-of-a-microwave-oscillator-for-fountain-clock-interrogation
#13
Burghard Lipphardt, Vladislav Gerginov, Stefan Weyers
We describe an optical frequency stabilization scheme of a microwave oscillator that is used for the interrogation of primary caesium fountain clocks. Because of its superior phase noise properties, this scheme, which is based on an ultrastable laser and a femtosecond laser frequency comb, overcomes the frequency instability limitations of fountain clocks given by the previously utilized quartz-oscillator-based frequency synthesis. The presented scheme combines the transfer of the short-term frequency instability of an optical cavity and the long-term frequency instability of a hydrogen maser to the microwave oscillator and is designed to provide continuous long-term operation for extended measurement periods of several weeks...
January 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103181/positive-schemas-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-pediatric-cancer-a-pilot-study
#14
Brae Anne McArthur, Douglas Strother, Fiona Schulte
PURPOSE: Research in the area of pediatric oncology has shown that although some children and youth diagnosed with this disease cope adaptively after their diagnosis, others continue to have long-term psychosocial difficulties. The potential mechanisms that may protect against the experience of psychopathology and poor quality of life within this population are not well known. The purpose of this pilot study was to utilize a new comprehensive measure of positive schemas to better understand the relationship between positive schemas, quality of life, and psychopathology, for children on active treatment for cancer...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103113/micronuclei-as-a-marker-for-medical-screening-of-subjects-continuously-occupationally-exposed-to-low-doses-of-ionizing-radiation
#15
Smj Mortazavi, Sar Mortazavi, Maryam Paknahad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103111/oxidative-stress-and-carcinogenesis-potential-of-phytochemicals-in-breast-cancer-therapy
#16
Gilead Ebiegberi Forcados, Dorcas Bolanle James, Abdullahi Balarabe Sallau, Aliyu Muhammad, Peace Mabeta
Breast cancer remains a burden in both developed and developing countries, with higher mortality in developing countries. Attempts to eradicate cancer have not been successful despite the progress made in the development of more novel chemotherapeutic drugs. Reactive-oxygen-species-mediated oxidative stress is known to play a role in breast cancer pathogenesis via genetic and epigenetic modifications, resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation. Phytochemicals could provide leads for the development of alternative therapeutic agents due to their antioxidant activity, as well as their ability to induce apoptosis in cancer cells...
January 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103094/case-study-continuous-monitoring-of-patient-vital-signs-to-reduce-failure-to-rescue-events
#17
Phyllis J Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103062/academic-public-health-and-the-firearm-crisis-an-agenda-for-action
#18
Charles C Branas, Andrew Flescher, Margaret K Formica, Sandro Galea, Nils Hennig, Karen D Liller, Hala N Madanat, Andrew Park, John E Rosenthal, Jun Ying
Firearms have been a prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States since about the turn of the 20th century. Firearm deaths, including homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings, generally increased from 1900 until the mid-1930s, dipped through the mid-1960s, and rose through the 1990s, reaching a plateau beginning in approximately 2000 that continues to the present. Motor vehicle deaths once far exceeded firearm deaths. However, thanks to investments in research and vehicle and roadway design, motor vehicle deaths have declined substantially and firearm deaths now stand to surpass them...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103000/fertility-counseling-and-treatment-for-certain-veterans-and-spouses-interim-final-rule
#19
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) amends its regulation regarding fertility counseling and treatment available to certain veterans and spouses. VA currently provides certain infertility services other than in vitro fertilization (IVF) to veterans as part of the medical benefits package. IVF is the process of fertilization by manually fertilizing an egg, and then transferring the embryo to the uterus. This interim final rulemaking adds a new section authorizing IVF for a veteran with a service-connected disability that results in the inability of the veteran to procreate without the use of fertility treatment...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102996/revisions-to-rules-regarding-the-evaluation-of-medical-evidence-final-rules
#20
(no author information available yet)
We are revising our medical evidence rules. The revisions include redefining several key terms related to evidence, revising our rules about acceptable medical sources (AMS), revising how we consider and articulate our consideration of medical opinions and prior administrative medical findings, revising our rules about medical consultants (MC) and psychological consultants (PC), revising our rules about treating sources, and reorganizing our evidence regulations for ease of use. These revisions conform our rules to the requirements of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (BBA), reflect changes in the national healthcare workforce and in the manner that individuals receive medical care, and emphasize the need for objective medical evidence in disability and blindness claims...
18, 2017: Federal Register
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