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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694713/older-and-wiser-changes-in-unprofessional-content-on-urologists-social-media-from-residency-to-practice
#1
Kevin Koo, Max S Bowman, Zita Ficko, E Ann Gormley
OBJECTIVE: To characterize changes in the frequency and nature of unprofessional content on urologists' Facebook accounts during the transition from residency to practice. METHODS: Facebook was queried with the names of all 2015 U.S. urology graduates one year after completion of residency. We identified unprofessional and potentially-objectionable content on the public Facebook accounts using a rubric based on professionalism guidelines by the American Urological Association, American Medical Association, and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education...
April 25, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694396/i-ll-emulate-you%C3%A2-only-if-you-want-me-to-the-impact-of-ingroup-norms-and-status-on-the-identification-assimilation-relationship
#2
Vincenzo Iacoviello, Fabio Lorenzi-Cioldi, Clara Kulich
High identifiers are generally more willing to affiliate to their group and, as a result, perceive themselves and behave as prototypical members of their group. But is this always the case? The present research investigates the when and the why of the positive relationship between ingroup identification and assimilation by focusing on the role of the content of the injunctive ingroup norm (collectivistic vs. individualistic) and the ingroup status. Two experiments showed a positive identification-assimilation relationship in the low-status group when the ingroup norm was collectivistic, but not when the norm was individualistic...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694317/psychophysiological-response-to-social-stressors-relevance-of-sex-and-age
#3
Matias M Pulopulos, Vanesa Hidalgo, Sara Puig-Pérez, Alicia Salvador
BACKGROUND: Understanding the factors involved in the psychophysiological response of people in acute stressful situations is crucial to the prevention and treatment of stress-related health problems. We aim to integrate the results of studies investigating the role of sex and age in the inter-individual variability in several biomarkers of the stress response. METHODS: We summarize the main findings of our research group and other laboratories regarding sex and age-related differences in the psychophysiological response to psychosocial stress...
May 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693968/determinants-of-breast-cancer-screening-by-mammography-in-women-referred-to-health-centers-of-urmia-iran
#4
Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Sakineh Vahdati, Shahriar Khanahmadi, Samira Barjasteh
Background: In women, breast cancer accounts for 30 percent of all cancers and it is the second leading cause of mortality. Mammography is considered an effective procedure to detect early breast cancer recommended by World Health Organization. This study was aimed to evaluate breast cancer screening determinants in women referred to health centers of Urmia for mammography in 2017. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytic cross-sectional study, 348 women referred to health centers of Urmia were selected using multistage sampling...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693496/opqrst-u-integrating-substance-use-disorders-or-use-into-the-medical-history
#5
Joshua Eloge, T Celeste Napier, Bezalel Dantz
Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) are pervasive in the United States, with 20.1 million cases in 2016, of which only 19% receive treatment. SUDs permeate all medical specialties and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every chief complaint. Acknowledging the salience of SUDs provides a unique opportunity for early identification and intervention. Thus, SUDs should be reflected prominently in the History of the Present Illness rather than in the Social History. To this effect, we propose the inclusion of Use (U) in the History of Present Illness, and incorporating "U" into the pedagogical mnemonic of OPQRST that is commonly used in medical training...
April 25, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693215/how-socioemotional-setting-modulates-late-stage-conflict-resolution-processes-in-the-lateral-prefrontal-cortex
#6
Marie Luise Schreiter, Witold X Chmielewski, Christian Beste
The goal-directed control of behaviour critically depends on emotional regulation and constitutes the basis of mental well-being and social interactions. Within a socioemotional setting, it is necessary to prioritize effectively the relevant emotional information over interfering irrelevant emotional information to orchestrate cognitive resources and achieve appropriate behavior. Currently, it is elusive whether and how different socioemotional stimulus dimensions modulate cognitive control and conflict resolution...
April 24, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692287/measuring-disorganized-speech-in-schizophrenia-automated-analysis-explains-variance-in-cognitive-deficits-beyond-clinician-rated-scales
#7
K S Minor, J A Willits, M P Marggraf, M N Jones, P H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Conveying information cohesively is an essential element of communication that is disrupted in schizophrenia. These disruptions are typically expressed through disorganized symptoms, which have been linked to neurocognitive, social cognitive, and metacognitive deficits. Automated analysis can objectively assess disorganization within sentences, between sentences, and across paragraphs by comparing explicit communication to a large text corpus. METHOD: Little work in schizophrenia has tested: (1) links between disorganized symptoms measured via automated analysis and neurocognition, social cognition, or metacognition; and (2) if automated analysis explains incremental variance in cognitive processes beyond clinician-rated scales...
April 25, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#8
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690544/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-workstyle-short-form-among-nursing-assistants-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms
#9
Kin Cheung, Shirley S Y Ching, Ka Yan Ma, Grace Szeto
The Workstyle Short Form (24 items) (WSF-24) has been tested for its psychometric properties on work-related upper-extremity musculoskeletal symptoms (WRUEMSs) among office workers. However, the impact of workstyle should not only be limited to WRUEMSs and the sedentary workforce. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the modified 24-item Chinese WSF (C-WSF-24) to identify work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WRMSs) in various body parts among nursing assistants (NAs) working in nursing homes...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689066/understanding-dietary-and-staple-food-transitions-in-china-from-multiple-scales
#10
Xiao Chang, Ruth S DeFries, Liming Liu, Kyle Davis
China is facing both non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and micronutrient deficiency, which have been largely related to transitions within Chinese diets, for example, the overconsumption of vegetable oils and animal-source products and decreasing consumption of coarse staple foods. In this study, we use three metrics-dietary diversity score (DDS), staple diversity score (SDS) and the proportion of coarse staple consumption (PoCS)- to investigate overall dietary transitions as well as trends in staple food consumption for nine provinces in China from 1997 to 2009...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688647/-position-statement-for-intermittent-catheterization-of-urinary-bladder
#11
Michael Vainrib, Kobi Stav, Ilan Gruenwald, Gabriel Gilon, Shahar Aharony, Miki Gross, Vadim Bluvshtein, Yakova Kauffman
A position paper presents the standpoint of the Israeli Urological Association on clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) for all physicians and nurses. The position paper is based on international guidelines and professional literature and is adapted to medical activities in Israel. CIC is indicated for the treatment of temporary/permanent disability in the emptying of the bladder, which is expressed by large post-voided urine/urine retention and related complications. There are a few contra-indications for CIC (low bladder volume or compliance, pressure sores/external infection of the urethra, anatomical, functional or cognitive disorder that does not allow to perform CIC, recurrent macrohematuria or urethrorrhagia, urethral pain that does not allow frequent catheterization, patient unwillingness to perform CIC by himself or by another person)...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688290/gestational-age-is-dimensionally-associated-with-structural-brain-network-abnormalities-across-development
#12
Rula Nassar, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Cedric Huchuan Xia, Aristeidis Sotiras, Marieta Pehlivanova, Tyler M Moore, Angel Garcia de La Garza, David R Roalf, Adon F G Rosen, Scott A Lorch, Kosha Ruparel, Russell T Shinohara, Christos Davatzikos, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Theodore D Satterthwaite
Prematurity is associated with diverse developmental abnormalities, yet few studies relate cognitive and neurostructural deficits to a dimensional measure of prematurity. Leveraging a large sample of children, adolescents, and young adults (age 8-22 years) studied as part of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, we examined how variation in gestational age impacted cognition and brain structure later in development. Participants included 72 preterm youth born before 37 weeks' gestation and 206 youth who were born at term (37 weeks or later)...
April 21, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688135/umhlalaphansi-and-inkwari-teenage-men-s-accounts-on-becoming-fathers
#13
Nozipho Mvune, Deevia Bhana, Emmanuel Mayeza
This paper explores how some South African teenage fathers in rural KwaZulu-Natal engage in heterosexual relationships. Drawing on findings from a qualitative based study with twenty teenage fathers aged between seventeen and nineteen years old, we examine how they talk about two highly sexualised gatherings - umhlalaphansi (an overnight Zulu dance ceremony) and inkwari (a weekend-long rave-like party). We find that these social and cultural gatherings provide opportunities to express gender and sexuality whilst simultaneously increasing the risk for early childbearing...
April 24, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685866/using-social-media-to-generate-and-collect-primary-data-the-showsworkplacecompassion-twitter-research-campaign
#14
Wendy Clyne, Sally Pezaro, Karen Deeny, Rosie Kneafsey
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core value embedded in the concept of quality in healthcare. The need for compassion toward healthcare staff in the workplace, for their own health and well-being and also to enable staff to deliver compassionate care for patients, is increasingly understood. However, we do not currently know how healthcare staff understand and characterize compassion toward themselves as opposed to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use social media for the generation and collection of primary data to gain understanding of the concept of workplace compassion...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685703/injury-among-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
David White, Lyn McPherson, Nicholas Lennox, Robert S Ware
INTRODUCTION: Injury is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in adolescents worldwide, and injury rates have been shown to be higher among youth with intellectual disability. Despite this, injury among adolescents with intellectual disability remains poorly investigated. This study aimed to identify characteristics associated with injury among adolescents with intellectual disability living in the community. METHODS: A cohort of adolescents with intellectual disability living in southern Queensland, Australia was investigated prospectively between January 2006 and June 2010...
April 12, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684696/the-norm-of-assertion-empirical-data
#16
Markus Kneer
Assertions are speech acts by means of which we express beliefs. As such they are at the heart of our linguistic and social practices. Recent research has focused extensively on the question whether the speech act of assertion is governed by norms, and if so, under what conditions it is acceptable to make an assertion. Standard theories propose, for instance, that one should only assert that p if one knows that p (the knowledge account), or that one should only assert that p if p is true (the truth account)...
April 20, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683686/nonsocially-housed-rats-ratus-norvegicus-seek-social-interactions-and-social-novelty-more-than-socially-housed-counterparts
#17
Victoria L Templer, Taylor B Wise, Katrina Isabel T Dayaw, Judith Nicole T Dayaw
Sociability is the act or quality of social interaction and can be quantified by determining the number and duration of interactions with conspecifics. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which sustained social contact, as achieved by constant social living conditions, influenced social behavior. Beginning in juvenility, 19 male Long-Evans rats were housed in enriched environments, with half living socially in a large group and half living individually. After several months in these housing conditions, rats were tested on a sociality test and a social novelty preference test...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#18
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682755/only-reappraisers-profit-from-reappraisal-instructions-effects-of-instructed-and-habitual-reappraisal-on-stress-responses-during-interpersonal-conflicts
#19
Heidi Mauersberger, Annekatrin Hoppe, Gudrun Brockmann, Ursula Hess
Conflicts are an undesirable yet common aspect of daily interactions with wide-ranging negative consequences. The present research aimed to examine the buffering effect of experimentally instructed reappraisal on self-reported, physiological and behavioral stress indices during interpersonal conflicts, taking into account habitual emotion regulation strategies. For this, 145 participants experienced a standardized laboratory conflict with the instruction to either reappraise (n = 48), to suppress (n = 50), or with no instruction (n = 47) while cardiovascular and neuroendocrine measures were taken...
April 22, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682132/creating-a-foundation-for-implementing-an-electronic-health-records-ehr-integrated-social-knowledge-networking-skn-system-on-medication-reconciliation
#20
P Rangachari, K C Dellsperger, D Fallaw, I Davis, M Sumner, W Ray, S Fiedler, T Nguyen, R Rethemeyer
Background: In fall 2016, Augusta University received a two-year grant from AHRQ, to implement a Social Knowledge Networking (SKN) system for enabling its health system, AU-Health, to progress from "limited use" of EHR Medication Reconciliation (MedRec) Technology, to "meaningful use." Phase 1 sought to identify a comprehensive set of issues related to EHR MedRec encountered by practitioners at AU-Health. These efforts helped develop a Reporting Tool , which, along with a Discussion Tool , was incorporated into the AU-Health EHR, at the end of Phase 1...
April 2018: Journal of Hospital Administration
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