keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social accountability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053404/positive-body-image-is-positively-associated-with-hedonic-emotional-and-eudaimonic-psychological-and-social-well-being-in-british-adults
#1
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Studies examining associations between positive body image and well-being have used a limited array of measures of each construct. To rectify this, we asked an online sample of 1148 UK adults to complete a range of measures of positive body image (body appreciation, body image flexibility, body pride, body acceptance from others) and a multi-dimensional measure of well-being (emotional, psychological, and social). Results showed that, once the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) had been accounted for, body appreciation significantly predicted all dimensions of well-being...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052287/i-m-not-sure-i-m-a-nurse-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-of-nursing-home-nurses-work-identity
#2
Juliana Thompson, Glenda Cook, Robbie Duschinsky
AIMS: To explore nursing home nurses' experiences and views of work identity. BACKGROUND: Nursing home nurses are in a unique position as they work at the interface of health and social care. Little is known about nursing home nurses' perceptions and experiences of working within this context. Evidence suggests that using the concept of work identity can support understanding of how workers make sense of their work. DESIGN: Hermeneutic phenomenological study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052265/new-mothers-feelings-of-disappointment-and-failure-after-cesarean-delivery
#3
Kristen H Kjerulff, Laura H Brubaker
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is an important life event and how women feel in retrospect about their first childbirth may have long-term effects on the mother, child, and family. In this study, we investigated the association between mode of delivery at first childbirth and birth experience, using a new scale developed specifically to measure women's affective response. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 3006 women who were interviewed during pregnancy and 1-month postpartum...
October 20, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051741/prediction-of-quality-of-life-in-asian-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#4
Carol C Choo, Peter K H Chew, Cyrus S Ho, Roger C Ho
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift in mental health services from an emphasis on treatment focused on reducing symptoms to a more holistic approach involving quality of life (QOL) and overall well-being. Many psychosocial variables are associated with QOL but a parsimonious framework is needed to deepen our understanding about the contribution of psychosocial factors in influencing the QOL of Asian patients with schizophrenia in Singapore. The study aimed to address the current gap in literature by analysis of QOL using available predictors in Asian patients with schizophrenia in Singapore...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051546/energy-efficient-waveform-for-electrical-stimulation-of-the-cochlear-nerve
#5
Marcus Yip, Peter Bowers, Victor Noel, Anantha Chandrakasan, Konstantina M Stankovic
The cochlear implant (CI) is the most successful neural prosthesis, restoring the sensation of sound in people with severe-to-profound hearing loss by electrically stimulating the cochlear nerve. Existing CIs have an external, visible unit, and an internal, surgically-placed unit. There are significant challenges associated with the external unit, as it has limited utility and CI users often report a social stigma associated with prosthesis visibility. A fully-implantable CI (FICI) would address these issues...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049906/interaction-between-compound-genetic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-high-birth-weight-contributes-to-social-anhedonia-and-schizophrenia-in-women
#6
Johanna Liuhanen, Jaana Suvisaari, Eero Kajantie, Jouko Miettunen, Antti-Pekka Sarin, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Jouko Lönnqvist, Juha Veijola, Tiina Paunio
Schizophrenia is a highly heritable disease, but despite extensive study, its genetic background remains unresolved. The lack of environmental measures in genetic studies may offer some explanation. In recent Finnish studies, high birth weight was found to increase the risk for familial schizophrenia. We examined the interaction between a polygenic risk score for schizophrenia and high birth weight on social anhedonia and schizophrenia in a general population birth cohort. The study sample included 4223 participants from the 1966 Northern Finland Birth Cohort...
October 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049490/association-of-rhinoplasty-with-perceived-attractiveness-success-and-overall-health
#7
Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii, Kristin L Bater, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: To date, the impact of rhinoplasty surgery on social perceptions has not been quantified. Objective: To measure the association of rhinoplasty with observer-graded perceived attractiveness, success, and overall health. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a web-based survey, blinded casual observers viewed independent images of 13 unique patient faces before or after rhinoplasty. Delphi method was used to select standardized patient images, confirming appropriate patient candidacy and overall surgical effect...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048496/short-run-and-long-run-effects-of-unemployment-on-suicides-does-welfare-regime-matter
#8
Pawel Gajewski, Kateryna Zhukovska
Background: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This study suggests a diverse impact of short- and long-run unemployment on suicides in liberal and social-democratic countries. Methods: We take a macro-level perspective and simultaneously estimate the short- and long-run relationships between unemployment and suicide, along with the speed of convergence towards the long-run relationship after a shock, in a panel of 10 high-income countries...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046650/alcohol-binge-drinking-and-executive-functioning-during-adolescent-brain-development
#9
Soledad Gil-Hernandez, Patricia Mateos, Claudia Porras, Raquel Garcia-Gomez, Enrique Navarro, Luis M Garcia-Moreno
Alcohol consumption in adolescents causes negative effects on familiar, social, academic life, as well as neurocognitive alterations. The binge drinking (BD) pattern of alcohol is characterized by the alternation of episodes of heavy drinking in a short interval of time, and periods of abstinence, a practice that can result in important brain alterations; even more than regular alcohol consumption. The prefrontal cortex, which acts as neural support for the executive processes, is particularly affected by alcohol; however, not all studies are in agreement about how BD alcohol consumption affects executive functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046267/identifying-sentiment-of-hookah-related-posts-on-twitter
#10
Jon-Patrick Allem, Jagannathan Ramanujam, Kristina Lerman, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of hookah (or waterpipe) use in the United States and elsewhere has consequences for public health because it has similar health risks to that of combustible cigarettes. While hookah use rapidly increases in popularity, social media data (Twitter, Instagram) can be used to capture and describe the social and environmental contexts in which individuals use, perceive, discuss, and are marketed this tobacco product. These data may allow people to organically report on their sentiment toward tobacco products like hookah unprimed by a researcher, without instrument bias, and at low costs...
October 18, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044885/heritability-and-social-brood-effects-on-personality-in-juvenile-and-adult-life-history-stages-in-a-wild-passerine
#11
Isabel S Winney, Julia Schroeder, Shinichi Nakagawa, Yu-Hsun Hsu, Mirre Jp Simons, Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar, Maria-Elena Mannarelli, Terry Burke
How has evolution led to the variation in behavioural phenotypes (personalities) in a population? Knowledge of whether personality is heritable, and to what degree it is influenced by the social environment, is crucial to understanding its evolutionary significance, yet few estimates are available from natural populations. We tracked three behavioural traits during different life-history stages in a pedigreed population of wild house sparrows. Using a quantitative genetic approach, we demonstrated heritability in adult exploration, and in nestling activity after accounting for fixed effects, but not in adult boldness...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044796/social-traits-social-networks-and-evolutionary-biology
#12
David N Fisher, Andrew G McAdam
The social environment is both an important agent of selection for most organisms, and an emergent property of their interactions. As an aggregation of interactions among members of a population, the social environment is a product of many sets of relationships, and so can be represented as a network or matrix. Social network analysis in animals has focused on why these networks possess the structure they do, and whether individuals' network traits, representing some aspect of their social phenotype, relate to their fitness...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042370/mandated-reporters-experiences-with-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#13
Jill R McTavish, Melissa Kimber, Karen Devries, Manuela Colombini, Jennifer C D MacGregor, C Nadine Wathen, Arnav Agarwal, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: To systematically search for research about the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of child maltreatment and to synthesise qualitative research that explores mandated reporters' (MRs) experiences with reporting. DESIGN: As no studies assessing the effectiveness of mandatory reporting were retrieved from our systematic search, we conducted a meta-synthesis of retrieved qualitative research. Searches in Medline (Ovid), Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Sociological Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, Criminal Justice Abstracts and Cochrane Library yielded over 6000 citations, which were deduplicated and then screened by two independent reviewers...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040950/green-spaces-are-not-all-the-same-for-the-provision-of-air-purification-and-climate-regulation-services-the-case-of-urban-parks
#14
Joana Vieira, Paula Matos, Teresa Mexia, Patrícia Silva, Nuno Lopes, Catarina Freitas, Otília Correia, Margarida Santos-Reis, Cristina Branquinho, Pedro Pinho
The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas. While the mere presence of urban green spaces is pointed as an overarching solution, the relative importance of specific vegetation structure, composition and management to improve the ecosystem services of air purification and climate regulation are overlooked...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#15
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#16
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040378/plastic-surgery-related-hashtag-utilization-on-instagram-implications-for-education-and-marketing
#17
Robert G Dorfman, Elbert E Vaca, Eitezaz Mahmood, Neil A Fine, Clark F Schierle
Background: Recent data suggest patients are seeking aesthetic surgery to improve their appearance on Instagram and other social media. Despite the rising influence of Instagram in plastic surgery, few academic publications address Instagram, let alone evaluate its utilization in plastic surgery. Objectives: We set out to answer the following three questions: 1) what plastic surgery-related content is being posted to Instagram; 2) who is posting this content; and 3) what specific hashtags are they using? Methods: Our study queried 21 Instagram plastic surgery-related hashtags...
August 30, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039293/conflict-and-cooperation-in-paranoia-a-large-scale-behavioural-experiment
#18
N J Raihani, V Bell
BACKGROUND: Paranoia involves thoughts and beliefs about the harmful intent of others but the social consequences have been much less studied. We investigated whether paranoia predicts maladaptive social behaviour in terms of cooperative and punitive behaviour using experimental game theory paradigms, and examined whether reduced cooperation is best explained in terms of distrust as previous studies have claimed. METHODS: We recruited a large population sample (N = 2132) online...
October 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039264/-football-is-a-boys-game-children-s-perceptions-about-barriers-for-physical-activity-during-recess-time
#19
Maria Martínez-Andrés, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Maria Jesus Pardo-Guijarro, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
The aim of the study was to know the factors that influence boys and girls' perceptions for performing physical activity during playground recess from their own perspective. Ninety-eight schoolchildren aged 8-11 years from five schools from Cuenca (Spain) participated in 22 focus groups and carried out 98 drawings following the socioecological model as a theoretical framework. A content analysis of the transcripts from the focus groups and drawings was carried out by three researchers. Results showed that, in spite of boys and girls identified same barriers, there were gender differences in their perceptions...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038931/brief-report-body-image-in-autism-evidence-from-body-size-estimation
#20
Kosuke Asada, Yoshikuni Tojo, Koichiro Hakarino, Atsuko Saito, Toshikazu Hasegawa, Shinichiro Kumagaya
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties with social interaction and communication. First-hand accounts written by individuals with ASD have shown the existence of other atypical characteristics such as difficulties with body awareness. However, few studies have examined whether such atypicalities are found more generally among individuals with ASD. We examined body image (i.e., self-body awareness) by asking individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals to estimate their own body size (shoulder width)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
keyword
keyword
40588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"