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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821521/effectiveness-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-patients-with-diabetes-protocol-for-a-nested-case-control-study
#1
Ludovic Casanova, Sébastien Cortaredona, Jean Gaudart, Odile Launay, Philippe Vanhems, Patrick Villani, Pierre Verger
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal influenza vaccination (SIV) is recommended for people with diabetes, but its effectiveness has not been demonstrated. All of the available studies are observational and marred with the healthy vaccine bias, that is, bias resulting from the generally better health behaviours practised by people who choose to be vaccinated against influenza, compared with those who do not. This protocol is intended to study the effectiveness of SIV in people with treated diabetes and simultaneously to control for bias...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821421/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-with-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-patients
#2
Lynden Lindsay Crowshoe, Rita I Henderson, Michael E Green, Kristen M Jacklin, Leah M Walker, Betty Calam
OBJECTIVES: The perspectives of physicians caring for Indigenous patients with diabetes offer important insights into the provision of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to describe Canadian physicians' perspectives on diabetes care of Indigenous patients, a preliminary step in developing a continuing medical education intervention described elsewhere. METHODS: Through in-depth semistructured interviews, Canadian family physicians and specialists with sizeable proportions of Indigenous clientele shared their experiences of working with Indigenous patients who have type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819911/neighborhood-family-and-peer-factors-associated-with-early-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use
#3
Christopher Cambron, Rick Kosterman, Richard F Catalano, Katarina Guttmannova, J David Hawkins
There is broad agreement that neighborhood contexts are important for adolescent development, but there is less consensus about their association with adolescent smoking and alcohol use. Few studies have examined associations between neighborhood socioeconomic contexts and smoking and alcohol use while also accounting for differences in family and peer risk factors for substance use. Data drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project (N = 808), a gender-balanced (female = 49%), multiethnic, theory-driven longitudinal study originating in Seattle, WA, were used to estimate trajectories of smoking and alcohol use from 5th to 9th grade...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819540/use-of-global-initiative-for-asthma-gina-guidelines-in-asthma-management-among-paediatric-residents-in-a-sub-saharan-african-country-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#4
Adaeze Chikaodinaka Ayuk, Agozie Ubesie, Chioma Laura Odimegwu, Kenechukwu Iloh
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. Despite abundance of asthma guidelines, prevalence has continued to increase globally. There is need to assess how the contents of asthma guidelines are put to clinical use by doctors in the management of children with asthma. This study aims at evaluating the clinical practice of paediatric residents in applying GINA guidelines...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819263/children-chimpanzees-and-bonobos-adjust-the-visibility-of-their-actions-for-cooperators-and-competitors
#5
Sebastian Grueneisen, Shona Duguid, Heiko Saur, Michael Tomasello
Chimpanzees and bonobos are highly capable of tracking other's mental states. It has been proposed, however, that in contrast to humans, chimpanzees are only able to do this in competitive interactions but this has rarely been directly tested. Here, pairs of chimpanzees or bonobos (Study 1) and 4-year-old children (Study 2) were presented with two almost identical tasks differing only regarding the social context. In the cooperation condition, players' interests were matched: they had to make corresponding choices to be mutually rewarded...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819117/neuronal-encoding-of-self-and-others-head-rotation-in-the-macaque-dorsal-prefrontal-cortex
#6
M Lanzilotto, M Gerbella, V Perciavalle, C Lucchetti
Following gaze is a crucial skill, in primates, for understanding where and at what others are looking, and often requires head rotation. The neural basis underlying head rotation are deemed to overlap with the parieto-frontal attention/gaze-shift network. Here, we show that a set of neurons in monkey's Brodmann area 9/46dr (BA 9/46dr), which is involved in orienting processes and joint attention, becomes active during self head rotation and that the activity of these neurons cannot be accounted for by saccade-related activity (head-rotation neurons)...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818821/patient-participation-at-health-care-conferences-engaged-patients-increase-information-flow-expand-propagation-and-deepen-engagement-in-the-conversation-of-tweets-compared-to-physicians-or-researchers
#7
Audun Utengen, Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Francisco Jose Grajales Iii, Nisha Pradhan, Alicia C Staley, Liza Bernstein, Sean D Young, Kevin A Clauson, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Health care conferences present a unique opportunity to network, spark innovation, and disseminate novel information to a large audience, but the dissemination of information typically stays within very specific networks. Social network analysis can be adopted to understand the flow of information between virtual social communities and the role of patients within the network. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact engaged patients bring to health care conference social media information flow and how they expand dissemination and distribution of tweets compared to other health care conference stakeholders such as physicians and researchers...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818787/socializing-girls-whose-bodies-may-not-align-with-contemporary-ideals-of-thinness-an-interpretive-study-of-us-mothers-accounts
#8
Jennifer Paff Ogle, Kelly Reddy-Best, Juyeon Park
We sought to understand how mothers of young adolescent girls who are perceived as overweight or at risk for becoming so and whose body mass indices are at the 70th percentile or higher socialize their daughters about body, weight, eating, and health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 US mothers, and data were analyzed using constant comparison processes. Findings revealed that mothers adopted a variety of strategies - including teaching, modeling, managing, avoiding, and comforting - to achieve varied socialization goals for their daughters...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818055/patterns-of-hiv-testing-practices-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-in-scotland-a-qualitative-study
#9
Nicola Boydell, Katie Buston, Lisa Margaret McDaid
BACKGROUND: Increasing overall rates, and frequency, of HIV testing in populations at risk is a key public health objective and a critical dimension of HIV prevention efforts. In the UK, men who have sex with men (MSM) remain one of the communities most at risk of HIV and, within this, young gay men are a key risk group. Understanding HIV testing practices is important in the development of interventions to promote testing among young gay and bisexual men. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with thirty young gay and bisexual men (aged 18-29) in Scotland...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817951/cessation-related-information-motivation-and-behavioral-skills-in-smokers-living-with-hiv
#10
Daniel Shirley, Laura Thibodeau, Sheryl L Catz, Katryna McCoy, Douglas E Jorenby, Nasia Safdar, James M Sosman
There is a need for new, targeted smoking cessation interventions for smokers living with HIV. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model has been applied effectively to HIV-related health behaviors and was used in this qualitative study to elicit factors that could lead to the development of innovative and successful cessation interventions for this population. Twenty individuals who smoked from two clinics providing care to people living with HIV participated in open-ended interviews, responding to questions covering the domains of the IMB model, as applied to smokers living with HIV...
August 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817865/utilization-of-community-resources
#11
Stephan D Schroeder
This article will highlight and provide selected examples of existing community services. It will attempt to serve as a reminder and reference for providers to help them improve efforts at utilizing available resources and perhaps institute new services. Coordinating care across all aspects of delivery can help achieve improved control of population health and chronic disease. Community resources can assist the efforts of providers in delivering more complete and continuous care. Those in health care are aided when a collaborative effort is used to help improve care...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816103/assessment-of-work-related-accidents-associated-with-waste-handling-in-belo-horizonte-brazil
#12
Marcos Pg Mol, Amanda F Pereira, Dirceu B Greco, Sandy Cairncross, Leo Heller
As more urban solid waste is generated, managing it becomes ever more challenging and the potential impacts on the environment and human health also become greater. Handling waste - including collection, treatment and final disposal - entails risks of work accidents. This article assesses the perception of waste management workers regarding work-related accidents in domestic and health service contexts in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. These perceptions are compared with national data from the Ministry of Social Security on accidents involving workers in solid waste management...
August 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#13
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814936/development-and-validation-of-a-coping-scale-for-caregivers-in-malaysia
#14
Norhayati Ibrahim, Hui Chien Ong, Suzaily Wahab
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers often experience stressful situations while in the midst of the caregiving process. Thus, various methods of coping have been widely applied and studied in previous researches. The aim of this study was to develop a novel questionnaire to assess the coping strategies employed by those who provide care to patients, and to further validate it among caregivers of schizophrenia patients in Malaysia. METHODS: This study, which involved the caregivers of schizophrenia patients from a hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, was comprised of three parts, namely in-depth interviews, a pilot study, and the validation of the developed questionnaire, known as Caregiver Cope (CgCope(TM))...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814896/development-of-a-profile-scoring-system-for-assessing-the-psychosocial-situation-of-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#15
Takuya Nikaido, Shingo Fukuma, Takafumi Wakita, Miho Sekiguchi, Shoji Yabuki, Yoshihiro Onishi, Shunichi Fukuhara, Shin-Ichi Konno
Chronic pain is a manifestation of interactions among physical, psychological, and social conditions, but the latter two, that is, the nonphysical correlates of chronic pain, are only rarely measured. This study aimed to develop a profile scoring system for assessing the psychosocial situation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. An expert panel chose social and psychological domains considered to be relevant to patients with chronic pain and wrote questions asking about each of those domains. The questionnaire was completed by 252 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813970/modelling-engagement-in-dementia-through-behaviour-contribution-for-socially-interactive-robotics
#16
Giulia Perugia, Marta Diaz Doladeras, Andreu Catala Mallofre, Matthias Rauterberg, Emilia Barakova
In this paper, we present a novel tool to measure engagement in people with dementia playing board games and interacting with a social robot, Pleo. We carried out two studies to reach a comprehensive inventory of behaviours accounting for engagement in dementia. The first one is an exploratory study aimed at modelling engagement in cognitive board games. The second one is a longitudinal study to investigate how people with dementia express engagement in cognitive games and in interactions with social robots...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812985/interventions-to-support-integrated-psychological-care-and-holistic-health-outcomes-in-paediatrics
#17
REVIEW
Roz Shafran, Sophie D Bennett, Mhairi McKenzie Smith
There are strong calls from many national and international bodies for there to be a 'holistic' and integrated approach to the understanding and management of psychological and physical health needs. Such holistic approaches are characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of a disease. Holistic approaches can impact on mental and physical health and are cost-effective. Several psychological interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving holistic health outcomes, for example Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Behavioural Therapies and Problem Solving Therapies...
August 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812831/multisectoral-actions-for-health-challenges-and-opportunities-in-complex-policy-environments
#18
EDITORIAL
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Orapan Srisookwatana, Poldej Pinprateep, Tipicha Posayanonda, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
Multisectoral actions for health, defined as actions undertaken by non-health sectors to protect the health of the population, are essential in the context of inter-linkages between three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. These multisectoral actions can address the social and economic factors that influence the health of a population at the local, national, and global levels. This editorial identifies the challenges, opportunities and capacity development for effective multisectoral actions for health in a complex policy environment...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812472/modifiable-risk-factors-associated-with-bronchiolitis
#19
Raffaella Nenna, Renato Cutrera, Antonella Frassanito, Claudia Alessandroni, Ambra Nicolai, Giulia Cangiano, Laura Petrarca, Serena Arima, Serena Caggiano, Nicola Ullman, Paola Papoff, Enea Bonci, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: We sought to clarify possibly modifiable risk factors related to pollution responsible for acute bronchiolitis in hospitalized infants. METHODS: For this observational study, we recruited 213 consecutive infants with bronchiolitis (cases: median age: 2 months; age range: 0.5-12 months; boys: 55.4%) and 213 children aged <3 years (controls: median age: 12 months; age range: 0.5-36 months; boys: 54.5%) with a negative medical history for lower respiratory tract diseases hospitalized at 'Sapienza' University Rome and IRCCS Bambino Gesù Hospital...
August 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812368/how-psychiatrists-recommend-treatment-and-its-relationship-with-patient-uptake
#20
Laura Thompson, Rose McCabe
Consultations for patients with chronic mental health conditions are conceived as meetings of experts: medical and experiential, respectively. Treatment decisions, in these terms, become a joint responsibility rather than handed down ex-cathedra. One resource for constituting decisions as 'shared' is the treatment recommendation - decisional authority can be invoked through its design. There is concern that people diagnosed with schizophrenia are infrequently involved in treatment decisions. However, the methods psychiatrists actually employ remain undefined...
August 16, 2017: Health Communication
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