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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654737/the-problem-of-elimination-of-hcv-infections-in-poland
#1
Andrzej Zieliński, Magdalena Rosińska
The article concerns abbreviated presentation of the results obtained in the Project KIK / 35 “Prevention of HCV infection,” sponsored by the Government of the Swiss Federation and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Poland. The Project concerned the analysis of the prevalence of HCV infection in the adult population in Poland, the risk factors and groups at risk of these infections. Two sub-projects were related to separate subpopulations: pregnant women and drug users. Research in one sub-project focused on the hazards of HCV infections in medical institutions and non-medical facilities, where the procedures are performed with the interruption of tissue...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654730/promises-pitfalls-and-practicalities-of-prenatal-whole-exome-sequencing
#2
Sunayna Best, Karen Wou, Neeta Vora, Ignatia B Van den Veyver, Ronald Wapner, Lyn S Chitty
Prenatal genetic diagnosis provides information for pregnancy and perinatal decision-making and management. In several small series, prenatal whole exome sequencing (WES) approaches have identified genetic diagnoses when conventional tests (karyotype and microarray) were not diagnostic. Here, we review published prenatal WES studies and recent conference abstracts. Twenty-nine studies were identified, with diagnostic rates varying between 6.2% and 80%. Differences in inclusion criteria and trio versus singleton approaches to sequencing largely account for the wide range of diagnostic rates...
June 27, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654568/elders-experiences-during-return-visits-to-the-emergency-department-a-phenomenographic-study-in-taiwan
#3
Chin-Yen Han, Chun-Chih Lin, Suzanne Goopy, Ya-Chu Hsiao, Alan Barnard
BACKGROUND: Elders often experience multiple chronic diseases associated with frequent early return visits to emergency departments (EDs). There is limited knowledge of the experiences and concerns of elders during ED return visits. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to explore the experiences of elders during ED return visits, with a view toward identifying factors that contribute to return visits. METHODS: The qualitative approach of phenomenography was used...
July 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653794/predicting-the-brain-activation-pattern-associated-with-the-propositional-content-of-a-sentence-modeling-neural-representations-of-events-and-states
#4
Jing Wang, Vladimir L Cherkassky, Marcel Adam Just
Even though much has recently been learned about the neural representation of individual concepts and categories, neuroimaging research is only beginning to reveal how more complex thoughts, such as event and state descriptions, are neurally represented. We present a predictive computational theory of the neural representations of individual events and states as they are described in 240 sentences. Regression models were trained to determine the mapping between 42 neurally plausible semantic features (NPSFs) and thematic roles of the concepts of a proposition and the fMRI activation patterns of various cortical regions that process different types of information...
June 27, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653759/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-oral-health-among-15-year-old-danish-adolescents-during-1995-2013-a-nationwide-register-based-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kaushik Sengupta, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Ingelise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Scandinavian welfare states, despite having better population oral health than less egalitarian societies, are characterized by ubiquitous social gradients and large relative socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. However, trends in these inequalities among Scandinavian children and adolescents have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVES: To describe the associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and oral health in adolescents and to investigate the trends in these associations between 1995 and 2013...
June 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653413/normalizing-trust-participants-immediately-post-hoc-explanations-of-behaviour-in-milgram-s-obedience-experiments
#6
Matthew M Hollander, Jason Turowetz
We bring an ethnomethodological perspective on language and discourse to a data source crucial for explaining behaviour in social psychologist Stanley Milgram's classic 'obedience' experiments - yet one largely overlooked by the Milgram literature. In hundreds of interviews conducted immediately after each experiment, participants sought to justify their actions, often doing so by normalizing the situation as benign, albeit uncomfortable. Examining 91 archived recordings of these interviews from several experimental conditions, we find four recurrent accounts for continuation, each used more frequently by 'obedient' than 'defiant' participants...
June 26, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651588/perceptions-on-use-of-home-telemonitoring-in-patients-with-long-term-conditions-concordance-with-the-health-information-technology-acceptance-model-a-qualitative-collective-case-study
#8
Jo B Middlemass, Jolien Vos, A Niroshan Siriwardena
BACKGROUND: Health information technology (HIT) may be used to improve care for increasing numbers of older people with long term conditions (LTCs) who make high demands on health and social care services. Despite its potential benefits for reducing disease exacerbations and hospitalisations, HIT home monitoring is not always accepted by patients. Using the Health Information Technology Acceptance Model (HITAM) this qualitative study examined the usefulness of the model for understanding acceptance of HIT in older people (≥60 years) participating in a RCT for older people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and associated heart diseases (CHROMED)...
June 26, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#9
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650193/evaluation-of-an-open-access-cbt-based-internet-program-for-social-anxiety-patterns-of-use-retention-and-outcomes
#10
M Taylor Dryman, Lisa M McTeague, Thomas M Olino, Richard G Heimberg
OBJECTIVE: Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been established as both efficacious and effective in reducing symptoms of social anxiety. However, most research has been conducted in controlled settings, and little is known regarding the utility of such programs in an open-access format. The present study examined the use, adherence, and effectiveness of Joyable, an open-access, Internet-delivered, coach-supported CBT-based intervention for social anxiety. METHOD: Participants were 3,384 registered users (Mage [SD] = 29...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649666/social-policy-targeting-programs-effectively
#11
James J Heckman, Jorge Luís García
By linking data from a 40-year birth cohort study with multiple administrative databases, Caspi and colleagues show that 20% of the population accounts for 60% - 80% of several adult social ills. Outcomes for this group can be accurately predicted from as early as age 3, using a small set of indicators of disadvantage. This finding supports policies that target children from disadvantaged families and complements recent literature on the life-cycle benefits of early childhood programmes.
2017: Nature Human Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647642/a-model-of-how-targeted-and-universal-welfare-entitlements-impact-on-material-psycho-social-and-structural-determinants-of-health-in-older-adults
#12
Judith Green, Stefanie Buckner, Sarah Milton, Katie Powell, Sarah Salway, Suzanne Moffatt
A growing body of research attests to the impact of welfare regimes on health and health equity. However, the mechanisms that link different kinds of welfare entitlement to health outcomes are less well understood. This study analysed the accounts of 29 older adults in England to delineate how the form of entitlement to welfare and other resources (specifically, whether this was understood as a universal entitlement or as targeted to those in need) impacts on the determinants of health. Mechanisms directly affecting access to material resources (through deterring uptake of benefits) have been well documented, but those that operate through psychosocial and more structural pathways less so, in part because they are more challenging to identify...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646860/effect-of-exercising-at-minimum-recommendations-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-exercise-guideline-combined-with-structured-education-or-attention-control-education-secondary-results-of-the-step-it-up-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Susan Coote, Marcin Uszynski, Matthew P Herring, Sara Hayes, Carl Scarrott, John Newell, Stephen Gallagher, Aidan Larkin, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: Recent exercise guidelines for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) recommend a minimum of 30 min moderate intensity aerobic exercise and resistance exercise twice per week. This trial compared the secondary outcomes of a combined 10-week guideline based intervention and a Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) education programme with the same exercise intervention involving an attention control education. METHODS: Physically inactive people with MS, scoring 0-3 on Patient Determined Disease Steps Scale, with no MS relapse or change in MS medication, were randomised to 10-week exercise plus SCT education or exercise plus attention control education conditions...
June 24, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646454/the-oswestry-disability-index-confirmatory-factor-analysis-in-a-sample-of-35-263-verifies-a-one-factor-structure-but-practicality-issues-remain
#14
Charles Philip Gabel, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas, Meihua Qian, Rok Vengust, Ulrich Berlemann, Emin Aghayev, Markus Melloh
PURPOSE: To analyze the factor structure of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) in a large symptomatic low back pain (LBP) population using exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). METHODS: Analysis of pooled baseline ODI LBP patient data from the international Spine Tango registry of EUROSPINE, the Spine Society of Europe. The sample, with n = 35,263 (55.2% female; age 15-99, median 59 years), included 76.1% of patients with a degenerative disease, and 23...
June 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646400/a-brief-assessment-tool-for-investigating-facets-of-moral-judgment-from-realistic-vignettes
#15
Michael Kruepke, Erin K Molloy, Konrad Bresin, Aron K Barbey, Edelyn Verona
Humans make moral judgments every day, and research demonstrates that these evaluations are based on a host of related event features (e.g., harm, legality). In order to acquire systematic data on how moral judgments are made, our assessments need to be expanded to include real-life, ecologically valid stimuli that take into account the numerous event features that are known to influence moral judgment. To facilitate this, Knutson et al. (in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5(4), 378-384, 2010) developed vignettes based on real-life episodic memories rated concurrently on key moral features; however, the method is time intensive (~1...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646372/psychophysiological-and-behavioral-responses-to-a-novel-intruder-threat-task-for-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#16
Mikle South, Katherine M Taylor, Tiffani Newton, Megan Christensen, Nathan K Jamison, Paul Chamberlain, Oliver Johnston, Michael J Crowley, J Dee Higley
We measured skin conductance response (SCR) to escalating levels of a direct social threat from a novel, ecologically-relevant experimental paradigm, the Intruder Threat Task. We simultaneously evaluated the contribution of social symptom severity and behavioral movement. Children with AS group showed less psychophysiological reactivity to social threat than controls across all three phases of the experiment. In the AS group, greater social impairment was significantly associated with reduced SCR. However, movement activity predicted SCR while diagnosis did not...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#17
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644991/glimpses-into-the-blind-spot-social-interaction-and-autism
#18
REVIEW
Kristen Bottema-Beutel
A primary feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is marked difficulty in social interactions. Despite the centrality of social interaction differences to the clinical presentation of ASD, only a small portion of research in this field characterizes interaction in everyday social contexts. This theoretical paper reviews the growing corpus of interactional research on ASD, including discourse analysis (DA) and conversation analysis (CA) approaches. DA and CA are micro-analytic methods aimed at understanding the organizational structure of, and actions pursued within, social encounters...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644610/mzmine-2-data-preprocessing-to-enhance-molecular-networking-reliability
#19
Florent Olivon, Gwendal Grelier, Fanny Roussi, Marc Litaudon, David Touboul
Molecular networking is becoming more and more popular into the metabolomic community to organize tandem mass spectrometry (MS2) data. Even though this approach allows the treatment and comparison of large data sets, several drawbacks related to the MS-Cluster tool routinely used on the Global Natural Product Social Molecular Networking platform (GNPS) limit its potential. MS-Cluster cannot distinguish between chromatography well-resolved isomers as retention times are not taken into account. Annotation with predicted chemical formulas is also not implemented and semi-quantification is only based on the number of MS2 scans...
June 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643242/what-influences-linkage-to-care-after-home-based-hiv-counseling-and-testing
#20
Reshma Naik, Wanga Zembe, Fatima Adigun, Elizabeth Jackson, Hanani Tabana, Debra Jackson, Frank Feeley, Tanya Doherty
To maximize the benefits of test and treat strategies that utilize community-based HIV testing, clients who test positive must link to care in a timely manner. However, linkage rates across the HIV treatment cascade are typically low and little is known about what might facilitate or hinder care-seeking behavior. This qualitative study was conducted within a home-based HIV counseling and testing (HBHCT) intervention in South Africa. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 HBHCT clients who tested HIV positive to explore what influenced their care-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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