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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319773/potential-of-water-washing-of-rape-straw-on-thermal-properties-and-interactions-during-co-combustion-with-bituminous-coal
#1
Qiulin Ma, Lujia Han, Guangqun Huang
The aim of this work was to study the thermal properties and interactions during co-combustion of rape straw (RS) before and after water-washing with bituminous coal. A series of experiments was conducted to investigate the properties and interactions during co-combustion of RS with bituminous coal (at 10, 20, 40 and 60% RS). The feasibility and potential of water-washing as an RS pre-treatment was also explored. Reactivity and the amount of heat released followed a quadratic trend, while changes to the degree of interactions between the fuels conformed to a cosine curve...
March 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319529/the-notch-signaling-system-is-involved-in-the-regulation-of-reparative-angiogenesis-in-the-zone-of-stasis
#2
Ozan Luay Abbas, Orhan Özatik, Yunus Kasm Terzi, Fikriye Yasemin Özatik, Rukiye Nar, Gamze Turna
The Notch pathway ligand Delta-like 4 (Dll4) functions as an antiangiogenic factor, inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis. This function is documented in tumor and embryonic vasculature. However, its implication in burn wounds remains unexplored. Our objective was to explore the involvement of the Notch in the healing of zone of stasis burns. We hypothesized that anti-Dll4 therapy would prevent progressive necrosis in the stasis zone by promoting angiogenesis. Burns were created in 21 rats using the comb burn model...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319481/application-of-telepractice-for-head-and-neck-cancer-management-a-review-of-speech-language-pathology-service-models
#3
Elizabeth C Ward, Laurelie R Wall, Clare L Burns, Bena Cartmill, Anne J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a complex and heterogeneous disease, requiring specialist intervention from a multidisciplinary team including speech language pathology (SLP). Unfortunately, multiple patient and service-related challenges exist which currently limit equitable access to SLP support for all individuals. This review highlights the existing evidence for different telepractice models designed to help patients and services optimize management of swallowing and communication disorders arising from HNC...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318750/changes-in-patterns-of-treatment-of-burned-children-at-the-linkoping-burn-centre-sweden-2009-2014
#4
Moustafa Elmasry, Ingrid Steinvall, Islam Abdelrahman, Pia Olofsson, Folke Sjoberg
INTRODUCTION: Children are a relatively large group among patients with burns in Sweden. We changed the management of children's burns to a flexible, outpatient-based plan. The aim was to follow up the outpatient management for children's burns during the period 2009-2014, and track it, to find out to what extent the patients had been treated flexibly as outpatients, and to clarify the reasons behind those who did not fit in the plan. METHODS: Descriptive retrospective analysis dividing the patients into three groups: inpatients only, flexible management, and outpatients...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318749/experience-and-outcomes-of-micrografting-for-major-paediatric-burns
#5
H Rode, R Martinez, D Potgieter, S Adams, A D Rogers
BACKGROUND: The deficit of donor sites in major burns over 50% of the total body surface area has necessitated the application of methods besides traditional meshed autografting to achieve definitive skin cover. The Meek micrografting technique was introduced at this hospital in 2011, especially in the absence of a reliable source of deceased donor allograft skin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this strategy with reference to its technical execution, efficacy and indications in the context of major paediatric burn surgery...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318748/computer-tablet-distraction-reduces-pain-and-anxiety-in-pediatric-burn-patients-undergoing-hydrotherapy-a-randomized-trial
#6
Sherwood Burns-Nader, Lindsay Joe, Kelly Pinion
BACKGROUND: Distraction is often used in conjunction with analgesics to minimize pain in pediatric burn patients during treatment procedures. Computer tablets provide many options for distraction items in one tool and are often used during medical procedures. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of tablet distraction in improving the care of pediatric burn patients. AIM: This study examines the effectiveness of tablet distraction provided by a child life specialist to minimize pain and anxiety in pediatric burn patients undergoing hydrotherapy...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317000/surgical-treatment-algorithms-for-post-burn-contractures
#7
REVIEW
Kenji Hayashida, Sadanori Akita
Burn contractures produce restrictions in motion and unacceptable aesthetic results, frequently with persistent wounds. Proper planning and tissue selection are essential to minimize donor site morbidity optimizing outcomes. The principle of burn reconstructive surgery requires that the defects after release should be replaced with donor tissues which have matching texture and color as well as enough pliability. Autologous skin grafting or flap surgeries meet these criteria to replace scar tissues and resurface the subsequent to post-released scar defects...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316167/-influences-of-high-voltage-electrical-burns-on-microcirculation-perfusion-on-serosal-surface-of-small-intestine-of-rats-and-the-interventional-effects-of-pentoxifylline
#8
Q F Zhang, S J Xu, L M Liang, J K Feng, Y F Xu, L L Tu
Objective: To investigate influences of high-voltage electrical burns on microcirculation perfusion on serosal surface of small intestine of rats and the interventional effects of pentoxifylline (PTX). Methods: Totally 180 SD rats were divided into sham injury group, simple electrical burn group, and treatment group according to the random number table, with 60 rats in each group. The electrical current was applied to the outside proximal part of left forelimb of rats and exited from the outside proximal part of right hind limb of rats...
March 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316165/-effects-of-meek-skin-grafting-on-patients-with-extensive-deep-burn-at-different-age-groups
#9
H P Di, X H Niu, Q Li, X L Li, J D Xue, D Y Cao, D W Han, C D Xia
Objective: To investigate the effect of Meek skin grafting on patients with extensive deep burn at different age groups. Methods: Eighty-four patients with extensive deep burns conforming to the study criteria were hospitalized in our unit from April 2011 to April 2015. Patients were divided into children group (C, with age less than 12 years old), young and middle-aged group (YM, with age more than 18 years and less than 50 years old), and old age group (O, with age more than 55 years old) according to age, with 28 patients in each group...
March 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316161/-to-further-strengthen-the-construction-of-emergency-medical-treatment-system-of-massive-burn
#10
C Y Jia
Although clinical medicine of our country has made great progress in recent years, the rescue of massive burn casualties is still facing enormous challenges. No matter it is the top level design, system configuration, plan preparation, training, education, or the operation process, the medical resource allocation, and the treatment efficiency, are far behind the demand of social development. Therefore, further strengthen the construction of emergency medical treatment system of massive burn is the unshirkable responsibility of burn medical workers in our country...
March 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314878/-surgical-treatment-of-burns-special-aspects-of-pediatric-burns
#11
REVIEW
G Bührer, J P Beier, R E Horch, A Arkudas
BACKGROUND: Treatment of pediatric burn patients is very important because of the sheer frequency of burn wounds and the possible long-term ramifications. Extensive burns need special care and are treated in specialized burn centers. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this work is to present current standards in burn therapy and important innovations in the treatment of burns in children so that the common and small area burn wounds and scalds in pediatric patients in day-to-day dermatological practice can be adequately treated...
March 17, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306581/spinal-cord-stimulation-treatment-for-persistent-pain-after-a-burn-injury-a-case-report
#12
Takeshi Kubota, Yuuhei Ishikawa, Rie Ishikawa
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is used to treat neuropathic pain, but there are no published studies on its use to treat burn pain. We used SCS to treat a 67-year-old man suffering from burn pain that could not be managed with high-dose opioids or adjuvant neuropathic analgesics. A trial of SCS markedly reduced the visual analog scale score for pain in the left lateral abdominal and gluteal regions. He underwent permanent implantation of a SCS and achieved an opioid-free state. This case suggests that SCS treatment is a therapeutic option for burn pain refractory to conventional therapy...
March 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303029/tmf-and-glycitin-act-synergistically-on-keratinocytes-and-fibroblasts-to-promote-wound-healing-and-anti-scarring-activity
#13
Ga Young Seo, Yoongho Lim, Dongsoo Koh, Jung Sik Huh, Changlim Hyun, Young Mee Kim, Moonjae Cho
Keratinocyte-fibroblast interactions are critical for skin repair after injury. During the proliferative phase of wound healing, proliferation, migration and differentiation of these cells are the major mechanisms leading to tissue remodeling. We have previously reported that glycitin, a major soy isoflavone, stimulates dermal fibroblast proliferation; and the phytochemical, 4',6,7-trimethoxyisoflavone (TMF), induces migration of HaCaT keratinocyte cells. We therefore investigated whether these compounds display synergistic effects on skin cells during wound healing in vitro and in vivo...
March 17, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302117/the-effects-of-music-intervention-on-burn-patients-during-treatment-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Jinyi Li, Liang Zhou, Yungui Wang
BACKGROUND: The treatment of burn patients is very challenging because burn injuries are one of the most severe traumas that can be experienced. The effect of music therapy on burn patients has been widely reported, but the results have been inconsistent. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in burn patients to determine the effect of music during treatments. METHODS: We searched a variety of electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Psychinfo, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant trials on the basis of predetermined eligibility criteria...
March 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302091/development-of-a-test-that-measures-real-time-her2-signaling-function-in-live-breast-cancer-cell-lines-and-primary-cells
#15
Yao Huang, David J Burns, Benjamin E Rich, Ian A MacNeil, Abhijit Dandapat, Sajjad M Soltani, Samantha Myhre, Brian F Sullivan, Carol A Lange, Leo T Furcht, Lance G Laing
BACKGROUND: Approximately 18-20% of all human breast cancers have overexpressed human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Standard clinical practice is to treat only overexpressed HER2 (HER2+) cancers with targeted anti-HER2 therapies. However, recent analyses of clinical trial data have found evidence that HER2-targeted therapies may benefit a sub-group of breast cancer patients with non-overexpressed HER2. This suggests that measurement of other biological factors associated with HER2 cancer, such as HER2 signaling pathway activity, should be considered as an alternative means of identifying patients eligible for HER2 therapies...
March 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301405/ultramicronized-palmitoylethanolamide-treatment-in-central-neuropathic-pain-following-longstanding-spinal-cord-injury-try-to-extinguish-the-fire-after-everything-was-burned
#16
Enrico Polati, Alvise Martini, Vittorio Schweiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300740/imiquimod-5-cream-for-the-treatment-of-large-nodular-basal-cell-carcinoma-at-the-medial-canthal-area
#17
Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Pelin Kaynak, Can Ozturker, Korhan Fazil, Osman Bulut Ocak, Muhittin Taskapılı
Context (Background): Imiquimod (IMQ) 5% cream is an immunomodulatory and antitumorigenic agent, which was used as a topical treatment regimen, who had periocular basal cell carcinoma (BCC). AIM: This study aims to present three cases with large BCC at the medial canthal area treated with IMQ 5% cream. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IMQ 5% cream was used in three patients with ages 45, 49, and 73 who preferred medical treatment over surgery. Following incisional biopsy IMQ cream was used once a day, 5 times a week and the patients were followed up weekly during 12 week treatment period and monthly after the clearance of the lesion...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298022/magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-thalamotomy-for-tremor-a-report-of-30-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor-cases
#18
Menashe Zaaroor, Alon Sinai, Dorith Goldsher, Ayelet Eran, Maria Nassar, Ilana Schlesinger
OBJECTIVE Thalamotomy of the ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) is effective in alleviating medication-resistant tremor in patients with essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD). MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is an innovative technology that enables noninvasive thalamotomy via thermal ablation. METHODS Patients with severe medication-resistant tremor underwent unilateral VIM thalamotomy using MRgFUS. Effects on tremor were evaluated using the Clinical Rating Scale for Tremor (CRST) in patients with ET and by the motor part of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) in patients with PD and ET-PD (defined as patients with ET who developed PD many years later)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297577/surgical-excision-of-heterotopic-ossification-leads-to-re-emergence-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-populations-responsible-for-recurrence
#19
Shailesh Agarwal, Shawn Loder, David Cholok, John Li, Chris Breuler, James Drake, Cameron Brownley, Joshua Peterson, Shuli Li, Benjamin Levi
Trauma-induced heterotopic ossification (HO) occurs after severe musculoskeletal injuries and burns, and presents a significant barrier to patient rehabilitation. Interestingly, the incidence of HO significantly increases with repeated operations and after resection of previous HO. Treatment of established heterotopic ossification is challenging because surgical excision is often incomplete, with evidence of persistent heterotopic bone. As a result, patients may continue to report the signs or symptoms of HO, including chronic pain, nonhealing wounds, and joint restriction...
March 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296667/economical-burden-of-burn-injuries-in-a-developing-country
#20
Noor-Ahmad Latifi, Hamid Karimi, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Mahnoush Momeni
Burn injuries have economical impacts on patients in several ways. Understanding the charges of burn treatment is very important for patients, families, governmental authorities, and insurance companies. During the protocol of their treatment, they may be admitted several times for treatment of acute burn and then for reconstructive treatments of burn's complications. Calculating the hospital burn charges can serve as an objective criteria for authorities to plan for a sufficient budget for acute burn treatment, for additional management for chronic complications, and as a guide for planning preventive and public educational programs...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
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