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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037434/clinical-evaluation-of-the-feline-neurologic-patient
#1
REVIEW
Amanda R Taylor, Sharon C Kerwin
Efficient, gentle, and safe handling of cats can result in complete neurologic evaluations and accurate neuroanatomic localizations. The clinic environment should facilitate the examination by providing a quiet and secure environment for the cat. When direct examination of a cat is not possible, the practitioner should fully use indirect methods of examination and video recordings of cat behavior or clinical signs. Direct examination of a cat should proceed in a logical order, where the most useful tests are performed early on in the examination...
October 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036857/outcomes-of-safe-patient-handling-and-mobilization-programs-a-meta-analysis
#2
Erin Teeple, Jamie E Collins, Swastina Shrestha, Jack T Dennerlein, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: Variability in patient care settings and the range of patient handling tasks present challenges in developing and evaluating safe patient handling and mobilization (SPHM) programs. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic meta-analysis of SPHM program evaluations. METHODS: Systematic literature review identified published SPHM program evaluations. Injury Rate Ratios (IRR), pre- to post-intervention, were used to estimate intervention effects and to examine the influence of patient care level, program components, and follow-up time using meta-regression...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018871/-pacemaker-defibrillator-and-co-perioperative-handling-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices
#3
K Ott, H Pressl, M Schramm, A Wutzl
The number of patients treated with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) is continously increasing. Knowledge of the medical indications and technical mode of functioning of these devices is a basic prerequisite for the safe perioperative care of this patient cohort. The CIEDs are subjected to a multitude of disturbing influences in the perioperative setting. This can result in potentially dangerous complications, such as exit block and oversensing. The safe performance of interventions is possible as long as some basic rules are followed...
October 10, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982645/workarounds-emerging-from-electronic-health-record-system-usage-consequences-for-patient-safety-effectiveness-of-care-and-efficiency-of-care
#4
Vincent Blijleven, Kitty Koelemeijer, Marijntje Wetzels, Monique Jaspers
BACKGROUND: Health care providers resort to informal temporary practices known as workarounds for handling exceptions to normal workflow unintendedly imposed by electronic health record systems (EHRs). Although workarounds may seem favorable at first sight, they are generally suboptimal and may jeopardize patient safety, effectiveness of care, and efficiency of care. OBJECTIVE: Research into the scope and impact of EHR workarounds on patient care processes is scarce...
October 5, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977299/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fungemia-in-a-pediatric-patient-after-treatment-with-probiotics
#5
Mariá Ribas Romanio, Ligia Augusto Coraine, Vinicius Pignoti Maielo, Marcelo Luiz Abramczyc, Renato Lopes de Souza, Nilton Ferraro Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a one-year-old patient with a bloodstream infection associated with probiotics, and to discuss the indications and precautions concerning the therapeutic use of probiotics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A one-year-old male patient with Down syndrome in a late postoperative period of congenital cardiac disease correction. The patient was severely malnourished and had been hospitalized since he was two months old in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958444/a-pilot-survey-of-the-u-s-medical-waste-industry-to-determine-training-needs-for-safely-handling-highly-infectious-waste
#6
Aurora B Le, Selin Hoboy, Anne Germain, Hal Miller, Richard Thompson, Jocelyn J Herstein, Katelyn C Jelden, Elizabeth L Beam, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe
BACKGROUND: The recent Ebola outbreak led to the development of Ebola virus disease (EVD) best practices in clinical settings. However, after the care of EVD patients, proper medical waste management and disposal was identified as a crucial component to containing the virus. Category A waste-contaminated with EVD and other highly infectious pathogens-is strictly regulated by governmental agencies, and led to only several facilities willing to accept the waste. METHODS: A pilot survey was administered to determine if U...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958419/workplace-bullying-in-emergency-nursing-development-of-a-grounded-theory-using-situational-analysis
#7
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Paul R Clark, Michael D Moon, Kathleen Evanovich Zavotsky
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recognizes that the workplace environment is a crucial factor in the ability of nurses to provide safe and effective care, and thus interactions that affect the quality and safety of the work environment require exploration. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to use situational analysis to develop a grounded theory of workplace bullying as it manifests specifically in the emergency care setting. METHODS: This study used a grounded theory methodology called situational analysis...
September 22, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956114/percutaneous-minimally-invasive-akin-osteotomy-in-hallux-valgus-interphalangeus-a-case-series
#8
Gerhard Kaufmann, Martin Handle, Michael Liebensteiner, Matthias Braito, Dietmar Dammerer
PURPOSE: Phalangeal Akin osteotomy of the greater toe is a frequently used surgical procedure for correcting hallux valgus interphalangeus deformity. However, previous research did not investigate percutaneous techniques of the Akin osteotomy. It was the aim of this study to investigate feasibility, corrective potential, and safety of a percutaneous minimally invasive Akin osteotomy. METHODS: We present a series of 81 feet, in which a percutaneous Akin technique was performed using a high-speed burr but no fixation device...
September 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945639/associations-among-healthcare-workplace-safety-resident-satisfaction-and-quality-of-care-in-long-term-care-facilities
#9
Ernest Boakye-Dankwa, Erin Teeple, Rebecca Gore, Laura Punnett
OBJECTIVE: We performed an integrated cross-sectional analysis of relationships between long term care work environments, employee and resident satisfaction, and quality of patient care. METHODS: Facility-level data came from a network of 203 skilled nursing facilities in 13 states in the eastern United States owned or managed by one company. K-means cluster analysis was applied to investigate clustered associations between safe resident handling program (SRHP) performance, resident care outcomes, employee satisfaction, rates of workers' compensation claims, and resident satisfaction...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943418/the-availability-of-a-tin-alloyed-omnidirectional-retractor-supporting-ring-for-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-laparotomy-technical-note
#10
Yosuke Moteki, Yoshikazu Okada, Tatsuya Inoue, Shinsuke Sato, Kentaro Kuwamoto, Shogo Shima, Yasunari Niimi
OBJECTIVE: We report the availability of a newly developed, malleable, tin-alloyed omnidirectional retractor-supporting (OD) ring for steady and safe ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt laparotomy. METHODS: The OD ring is principally circular in shape, 15 cm in diameter, and is sufficiently malleable to be fitted to the abdominal wall. Twenty-two outward protrusions that are 12 mm in length are welded to the outside of the ring at regular intervals. The OD ring with twisted rubber bands, attached around the protrusions, is placed on the abdominal wall surrounding the skin incision...
September 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936051/bacterial-contamination-of-multi-dose-eye-drops-at-ophthalmology-department-university-of-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#11
Asegedech Tsegaw, Asamere Tsegaw, Tefera Abula, Yared Assefa
PURPOSE: Ophthalmic solutions used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes were found to be contaminated with bacteria pathogens and caused serious ocular infections such as keratitis and endophthalmitis. The objective was to assess the magnitude and pattern of bacterial contamination of multi-dose ophthalmic medications and investigate the drug susceptibility pattern of the isolates in the Department of Ophthalmology at Gondar University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A total of 100 ophthalmic medications in-use by patients and eye-care workers have been taken and cultured for potential bacterial contamination in the Microbiology Department after 1 week and >1 week of use...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924429/administration-safety-of-blood-products-lessons-learned-from-a-national-registry-for-transfusion-and-hemotherapy-practice
#12
Thomas Frietsch, Daffyd Thomas, Michael Schöler, Birgit Fleiter, Martin Schipplick, Michael Spannagl, Ralf Knels, Xuan Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Compared to blood component safety, the administration of blood may not be as safe as intended. The German Interdisciplinary Task Force for Clinical Hemotherapy (IAKH) specialized registry for administration errors of blood products was chosen for a detailed analysis of reports. METHODS: Voluntarily submitted critical incident reports (n = 138) from 2009 to 2013 were analyzed. RESULTS: Incidents occurred in the operation room (34...
August 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919628/coronary-artery-bypass-graft-with-endarterectomy-and-stent-removal-in-patient-with-multivessel-in-stent-restenosis
#13
S S Husain, C M Ahmed, A B Adhikary, S A Sunny, M N Hasan
In the age of stent deployment after balloon angioplasty. In stent restenosis (ISR) has become a major concern. Various coronary interventional measures and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) has employed to manage the ISR. Although CABG seems to offer advantages over other coronary intervention methods in patients with multi vessel ISR; lack of appropriate graftable vessels often make the surgery difficult and end up with incomplete revascularization. Coronary endarterectomy with stent removal mitigated some of the limitations of CABG but initial results of this surgical measure were not favorable...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895023/israel-rake-retractor-modification-to-improve-exposure-during-oropharyngeal-surgery-on-patients-with-larger-body-habitus
#14
Andrew M Vahabzadeh-Hagh, Eddie Ramirez
PURPOSE: Elective oropharyngeal surgery including tonsillectomy and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty performed for obstructive sleep apnea is increasingly performed on patients of larger body habitus. The use of the Crowe-Davis retractor in such patients may be complicated by a large barrel-chest making it difficult to anchor the retractor to the Mayo stand for suspension limiting oropharyngeal exposure. Here, we present a simple modification using the Israel Retractor to facilitate suspension of the Crowe-Davis mouth gag...
September 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861850/novel-simulator-for-robotic-surgery
#15
Francisco Schlottmann, Marco G Patti
Surgical simulation avoids practicing skills in patients, allowing trainees to learn in a safe, controlled, and standardized environment. Current robotic surgical simulators available include virtual reality simulators, human cadavers, and live animals. The use of cadavers has the highest possible fidelity available to practice entire operations. Nevertheless, their cost, availability, tissue compliance, and infection risk outweigh the advantages of cadaver models. Drawbacks of using live animals include anatomical differences with humans, high costs due to their housing and handling requirements, and ethical concerns...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846482/valved-holding-chambers-and-in-vitro-metered-dose-inhaler-performance-effects-of-flow-rate-and-inhalation-delay
#16
Xiaofei Liu, Changning Guo, Badrul Chowdhury, Peter Starke, Susan Limb, Prasad Peri, Alan Schroeder, William Doub
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors may influence the performance of a metered dose inhaler (MDI) when used with a valved holding chamber (VHC or "spacer"). METHODS: Andersen Cascade Impactor measurements were conducted for three MDI products and two different VHCs using a specially designed system that accommodated variable delay times between MDI actuation and introduction of the aerosol into the impactor, and allowed reduced flow through the VHC while the impactor was operated at 28...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836981/safe-medication-management-in-specialized-home-healthcare-an-observational-study
#17
Marléne Lindblad, Maria Flink, Mirjam Ekstedt
BACKGROUND: Medication management is a complex, error-prone process. The aim of this study was to explore what constitutes the complexity of the medication management process (MMP) in specialized home healthcare and how healthcare professionals handle this complexity. The study is theoretically based in resilience engineering. METHOD: Data were collected during the MMP at three specialized home healthcare units in Sweden using two strategies: observation of workplaces and shadowing RNs in everyday work, including interviews...
August 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834124/black-peel-in-facial-dermatoses
#18
Ebtisam Elghblawi
BACKGROUND: Melasma (facial dermatoses) is an acquired chronic disorder of hyperpigmentation over sun exposed parts and continues to be a therapeutic challenge due to the presence of melanin at varying depths in the epidermis and dermis, and many researchers are working hard to find a solution. The main culprit to remain is direct sun exposure, with other factors like drugs, genetic predisposition, thyroid abnormalities, pregnancy, phototoxic and photoallergic cosmetics. Melasma continues to have a remarkable impact on the well-being of affected patients causing deep psychological and social anguish, and with the expansion of cosmetic dermatology globally, treatments that are successful against skin diseases and boost beauty without prolonged recovery periods, or exposing patients to the risks of surgery, are increasingly recognised and acknowledged...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828367/spontaneous-breathing-a-double-edged-sword-to-handle-with-care
#19
REVIEW
Tommaso Mauri, Barbara Cambiaghi, Elena Spinelli, Thomas Langer, Giacomo Grasselli
In acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients, spontaneous breathing is associated with multiple physiologic benefits: it prevents muscles atrophy, avoids paralysis, decreases sedation needs and is associated with improved hemodynamics. On the other hand, in the presence of uncontrolled inspiratory effort, severe lung injury and asynchronies, spontaneous ventilation might also worsen lung edema, induce diaphragm dysfunction and lead to muscles exhaustion and prolonged weaning...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816298/-multiple-endoscopy-for-the-treatment-of-upper-urinary-tract-calculi-following-ileal-conduit-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
B Wang, J F Ye, L Zhao, H Bi, J Lu, L L Ma
Upper urinary tract calculi with infection is a quite difficult acute urologic emergency. And what is more, upper urinary tract obstruction after radical cystectomy following urinary diversion may be fatal in the vulnerable patients with this kind of situation. Postoperative anatomy and other factors affect the upper urinary tract calculi, and urinary tract infection greatly increased the risk. But it is particularly difficult to handle with patients with poor general condition and septic shock treatment, so how to optimize the selection program is worth further studying...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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