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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650782/effect-of-probiotic-yogurt-and-xylitol-containing-chewing-gums-on-salivary-s-mutans-count
#1
Elnaz Ghasemi, Romina Mazaheri, Arezoo Tahmourespour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In addition to improving gastrointestinal health and intestinal microflora, probiotic bacteria have been recently suggested to decrease cariogenic agents in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotic yogurt and xylitol-containing chewing gums on reducing salivary Streptococcus mutans levels. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial recruited 50 female students with over 10(5) colony forming units S...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643623/the-genomic-basis-of-lactobacilli-as-health-promoting-organisms
#2
Elisa Salvetti, Paul W O'Toole
Lactobacilli occupy a unique position in human culture and scientific history. Like brewer's and baker's yeast, lactobacilli have been associated with food production and preservation for thousands of years. Lactobacillus species are used in mixed microbial cultures, such as the classical Lactobacillus bulgaricus/Streptococcus thermophilus inoculum for yogurt fermentation, or combinations of diverse lactobacilli/yeasts in kefir grains. The association of lactobacilli consumption with greater longevity and improved health formed the basis for developing lactobacilli as probiotics, whose market has exploded worldwide in the past 10 years...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638004/modification-of-the-hcmv-specific-ifn-%C3%AE-release-test-quantiferon-cmv-and-a-novel-proposal-for-its-application
#3
Takahiro Kobayashi, Jun-Ichi Sato, Kazufumi Ikuta, Ryoko Kanno, Kyoko Nishiyama, Tetsuo Koshizuka, Ken Ishioka, Tatsuo Suzutani
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is universally distributed among humans without any adverse effects; however, it induces severe diseases in immunocompromised patients such as organ transplant recipients and AIDS patients. To manage these immunocompromised patients, an easy clinical examination for the monitoring of disease risk is required. In this study, we modified the interferon-γ (IFN-γ) release test (QuantiFERON(®)-CMV) using HCMV immediate early-1 (IE-1) or pp65 whole proteins, or UV-inactivated HCMV particles as an antigen...
June 22, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633872/frozen-yogurt-and-ice-cream-were-less-healthy-than-yogurt-and-adding-toppings-reduced-their-nutrition-value-evidence-from-1999-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Ruopeng An, Ning Jiang
It was hypothesized that frozen yogurt and ice cream would be less healthy than yogurt. We examined daily energy and nutrient intake from yogurt, frozen yogurt, and ice cream among US adults. In-person 24-hour dietary recall data (n=6453) came from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regression analyses were performed to examine the differences in energy/nutrient intake from frozen yogurt and ice cream (with/without toppings) in comparison to yogurt. Approximately 5.3%, 0.9%, and 14...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627166/self-assembled-conjugated-polymer-chitosan-graft-oleic-acid-micelles-for-fast-visible-detection-of-aliphatic-biogenic-amines-by-a-turn-on-fret
#5
Haoquan Zhong, Chunchen Liu, Wenjiao Ge, Run-Cang Sun, Fei Huang, Xiaohui Wang
A fluorescent "turn-on" sensor for fast measuring aliphatic biogenic amines (BAs) was developed based on fluorescent carboxylated polyfluorene (PFTBTCOOH)/ chitosan-graft-oleic acid (CS-graft-OA) micelles. In this system, biobased CS-graft-OA micelles prepared by graft modification of chitosan with oleic acid serve as the vector of hydrophobic fluorescent probe. Bright "turn-on" fluorescence was achieved by the intermolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) of the encapsulated PFTBTCOOH driven by the formation of electrostatic complex with aliphatic BAs, which facilitate a visual identification...
June 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626589/the-effects-of-food-labelling-on-postexercise-energy-intake-in-sedentary-women
#6
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Jessica McNeil, Véronique Provencher, Éric Doucet
Food labelling has been previously reported to influence energy intake (EI). Whether food labels influence postexercise EI remains to be determined. We assessed how food labelling and exercise (Ex) interact to influence food perception and postexercise EI. In this randomized crossover design, 14 inactive women participated in 4 experimental conditions: Ex (300 kcal at 70% of VO2peak) and lunch labelled as low in fat (LF), Ex and lunch labelled as high in fat (HF), Rest and LF, and Rest and HF. The lunch was composed of a plate of pasta, yogurt, and oatmeal cookies, which had the same nutritional composition across the 4 experimental conditions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615384/yogurt-and-diabetes-overview-of-recent-observational-studies
#7
REVIEW
Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Andrés Díaz-López, Nancy Babio
The effects of dairy consumption on the prevention of type 2 diabetes remain controversial and depend on the dairy subtype. Yogurt intake has received special attention because its association with health benefits is more consistent than that of other types of dairy products. In the present article, we review those observational studies that evaluated the association between yogurt consumption and type 2 diabetes. We also discuss the possible mechanisms involved in these associations. We found that 13 prospective studies evaluated the association between yogurt intake and type 2 diabetes, most of which showed an inverse association between the frequency of yogurt consumption and the risk of diabetes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615383/introduction-to-the-fourth-global-summit-on-the-health-effects-of-yogurt
#8
REVIEW
Sharon M Donovan, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615382/factors-influencing-the-gut-microbiota-inflammation-and-type-2-diabetes
#9
REVIEW
Li Wen, Andrew Duffy
The gut microbiota is a complex community of bacteria residing in the intestine. Animal models have demonstrated that several factors contribute to and can significantly alter the composition of the gut microbiota, including genetics; the mode of delivery at birth; the method of infant feeding; the use of medications, especially antibiotics; and the diet. There may exist a gut microbiota signature that promotes intestinal inflammation and subsequent systemic low-grade inflammation, which in turn promotes the development of type 2 diabetes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615381/yogurt-is-a-low-glycemic-index-food
#10
REVIEW
Thomas Ms Wolever
High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low-glycemic index (GI) and low-glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with a reduced risk of T2DM. The 93 GI values for yogurt in the University of Sydney's GI database have a mean ± SD of 34 ± 13, and 92% of the yogurts are low-GI (≤55). The 43 plain yogurts in the database have a lower GI than the 50 sweetened yogurts, 27 ± 11 compared with 41 ± 11 (P < 0...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615373/yogurt-consumption-as-a-signature-of-a-healthy-diet-and-lifestyle
#11
REVIEW
Angelo Tremblay, Shirin Panahi
Yogurt is considered to be a nutrient-dense food that significantly contributes to the intake of several nutrients, including calcium and protein. As described in this paper, yogurt consumers have a higher nutrient intake than do nonconsumers. Yogurt consumers are also characterized by healthier dietary habits than nonconsumers, which partly explains their reduced incidence of overweight and obesity. Recent studies also suggest that yogurt consumers exhibit healthier nonnutritional behaviors, such as reduced smoking and greater participation in physical activity, than do nonconsumers...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613243/dietary-calcium-intake-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#12
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, Yolanda Picó, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of dietary calcium intake with anthropometric measures, physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in 1176 Spanish children aged 6-9 years. Data were obtained from "Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia" (ANIVA), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample. Dietary calcium intake assessed from three-day food records was compared to recommended daily intakes in Spain. Anthropometric measures (weight and height) were measured according to international standards and adherence to the MedDiet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) test...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609760/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-18-year-old-male-army-conscripts-in-a-south-brazilian-city
#13
Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Hiram de Almeida, Paulo Ricardo Martins Souza, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Christos C Zouboulis
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of acne varies worldwide. Several factors (age, skin color, body fat, diet, and smoking) have been investigated as risk factors. OBJECTIVE: A total of 2,201 18-year-old males living in Pelotas, South Brazil, were evaluated in order to examine the prevalence of acne and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. A dermatologist performed the clinical examination of the face and trunk for identification of acne lesions...
June 14, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598540/effects-of-4-probiotic-strains-in-coculture-with-traditional-starters-on-the-flavor-profile-of-yogurt
#14
Huaixiang Tian, Yongbo Shen, Haiyan Yu, Yujie He, Chen Chen
To study the influence of probiotics on the flavor profile of yogurt, 4 probiotics, including Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and Lactobacillus casei, were cofermented with traditional starters. The changes of bacterial growth, acid contents and volatile compounds of yogurt were investigated during fermentation and refrigerated storage. The strains that exhibited a low growth rate in milk did not significantly affect the bacterial population dynamics, acidity, or organic acid content during fermentation and storage...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593244/effect-of-mandarin-orange-yogurt-on-allergic-conjunctivitis-induced-by-conjunctival-allergen-challenge
#15
Yuko Hara, Atsushi Shiraishi, Yuri Sakane, Yuki Takezawa, Tomoyuki Kamao, Yuichi Ohashi, Sho Yasunaga, Takuya Sugahara
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of mandarin orange yogurt containing nobiletin and β-lactoglobulin on the allergic conjunctivitis induced by a conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC). Methods: Experiment 1 was performed on 26 asymptomatic patients (age, 25.3 ± 5.3 years) with proven seasonal allergic conjunctivitis due to cedar pollen. We compared the degree of conjunctivitis induced by CAC before and after ingesting mandarin orange yogurt for 2 weeks. Experiment 2 was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial performed on 31 patients (age, 32...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585083/multiclass-analytical-method-for-the-determination-of-natural-synthetic-steroid-hormones-phytoestrogens-and-mycoestrogens-in-milk-and-yogurt
#16
Bárbara Socas-Rodríguez, Darina Lanková, Kateřina Urbancová, Veronika Krtková, Javier Hernández-Borges, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Delgado, Jana Pulkrabová, Jana Hajšlová
Within this study, a new method enabling monitoring of various estrogenic substances potentially occurring in milk and dairy products was proposed. Groups of compounds fairly differing in physico-chemical properties and biological activity were analyzed: four natural estrogens, four synthetic estrogens, five mycoestrogens, and nine phytoestrogens. Since they may pass into milk mainly in glucuronated and sulfated forms, an enzymatic hydrolysis was involved prior to the extraction based on the QuEChERS methodology...
June 6, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581019/identification-by-using-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-non-commercial-yogurts-in-southern-anatolia-turkey
#17
Ayse Karaduman, Mehmet Ozaslan Ozaslan, Ibrahim H Kilic, Sibel Bayil-Oguzkan, Bekir S Kurt, Nese Erdogan
Yogurt is a dairy product obtained by bacterial fermentation of milk. Commercial yogurts are produced using standard starters while, in the production of non-commercial yogurt, the microbiota is quite different since yogurts are used as starter for years. To determine the final characteristics of the fermented product it is necessary to know the biochemical properties of the starter cultures, such as acidity, aroma and flavor. This can only be achieved by identifying and characterizing the bacteria in starter cultures...
March 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578044/comparison-of-static-and-dynamic-sensory-product-characterizations-based-on-check-all-that-apply-questions-with-consumers
#18
Florencia Alcaire, Lucía Antúnez, Leticia Vidal, Shari Zorn, Ana Giménez, John C Castura, Gastón Ares
The aim of the present work was to compare static and dynamic sensory product characterizations based on check-all-that-apply (CATA) questions with consumers. Three studies involving a total of 310 consumers were carried out. In each study, a between-subjects experimental design was used to compare static sensory characterizations obtained using CATA questions with dynamic characterizations over a relatively short time period using temporal CATA (TCATA). Three different product categories were evaluated (orange juice, strawberry yogurt, and vanilla milk desserts) using 6-11 sensory terms...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578038/particle-formation-induced-by-sonication-during-yogurt-fermentation-impact-of-exopolysaccharide-producing-starter-cultures-on-physical-properties
#19
Adrian Körzendörfer, Stefan Nöbel, Jörg Hinrichs
Two major quality defects of yogurt are syneresis and the presence of large particles, and several reasons have been extensively discussed. Vibrations during fermentation, particularly generated by pumps, must be considered as a further cause as latest research showed that both ultrasound and low frequencies induced visible particles. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of sonication during fermentation with starter cultures differing in exopolysaccharide (EPS) synthesis on the physical properties of set (syneresis, firmness) and stirred yogurt (large particles, laser diffraction, rheology)...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577150/yogurt-consumption-body-composition-and-metabolic-health-in-the-qu%C3%A3-bec-family-study
#20
Shirin Panahi, Caroline Y Doyon, Jean-Pierre Després, Louis Pérusse, Marie-Claude Vohl, Vicky Drapeau, Angelo Tremblay
PURPOSE: The aim was to compare the anthropometric and metabolic profiles and lifestyle behaviours of yogurt consumers and non-consumers and to determine if the observed differences persisted after adjustment for diet quality and related variables. METHODS: Using cross-sectional and follow-up data from the Québec Family Study, men and women were classified into yogurt consumers (n = 269; 96 men and 173 women) and non-consumers (n = 570; 279 men and 291 women), and their anthropometric measurements, metabolic profiles, and lifestyle factors were compared...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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