keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

kiwifruit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152256/consumption-of-kiwifruit-capsules-increases-faecalibacterium-prausnitzii-abundance-in-functionally-constipated-individuals-a-randomised-controlled-human-trial
#1
Paul Blatchford, Halina Stoklosinski, Sarah Eady, Alison Wallace, Christine Butts, Richard Gearry, Glenn Gibson, Juliet Ansell
This study investigated the impact of ACTAZIN™ green (2400 and 600 mg) and Livaux™ (2400 mg) gold kiwifruit supplements on faecal microbial composition and metabolites in healthy and functionally constipated (FC) participants. The participants were recruited into the healthy group (n 20; one of whom did not complete the study) and the FC group (n 9), each of whom consumed all the treatments and a placebo (isomalt) for 4 weeks in a randomised cross-over design interspersed with 2-week washout periods. Modification of faecal microbiota composition and metabolism was determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and GC, and colonic pH was calculated using SmartPill(®) wireless motility capsules...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148054/transcriptome-analysis-unravels-an-ethylene-response-factor-involved-in-regulating-fruit-ripening-in-pear
#2
Ping-Ping Hao, Guo-Ming Wang, Hai-Yan Cheng, Ya-Qi Ke, Kai-Jie Qi, Chao Gu, Shao-Ling Zhang
Ethylene response factor (ERF) has been widely studied in regulating fruit ripening in tomato, apple, banana and kiwifruit, but little is known in pear. In this study 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment, an inhibitor of ethylene perception, was conducted at approximately 30 days before harvest to delay fruit ripening in a climacteric white pear cultivar Yali. Transcriptome libraries were constructed and sequenced in pre-ripening, ripening, and 1-MCP treated fruits. Data analysis showed that 73 candidate genes related to fruit ripening were induced by 1-MCP, among which two were positively related, namely 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxyla oxidase and an ERF gene (designated as ACO54 and ERF24)...
November 16, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144740/identification-synthesis-and-safety-assessment-of-thidiazuron-1-phenyl-3-1-2-3-thidiazol-5-yl-urea-and-its-metabolites-in-kiwifruits
#3
Zhiwei Zhang, Haihua Yang, Zhenhong Gao, Yahong Yuan, Jing Dong, Yuan Wang, Tianli Yue
Quality of kiwifruit became worse due to the abuse of plant growth regulators (PGRs). The safety of the fruits treated with PGRs are also worried by consumers. Therefore, the present study analysed the structure of thidiazuron (TDZ, (1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thidiazol-5-yl)urea)) (1) and its metabolites of bio-transformation in kiwifruits by using liquid chromatography hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-IT-TOF-MS). Standard compounds were also synthesized and used for structural identification of those metabolites...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120390/functional-characterization-of-waterlogging-and-heat-stresses-tolerance-gene-pyruvate-decarboxylase-2-from-actinidia-deliciosa
#4
Hui-Ting Luo, Ji-Yu Zhang, Gang Wang, Zhan-Hui Jia, Sheng-Nan Huang, Tao Wang, Zhong-Ren Guo
A previous report showed that both Pyruvatedecarboxylase (PDC) genes were significantly upregulated in kiwifruit after waterlogging treatment using Illumina sequencing technology, and that the kiwifruit AdPDC1 gene was required during waterlogging, but might not be required during other environmental stresses. Here, the function of another PDC gene, named AdPDC2, was analyzed. The expression of the AdPDC2 gene was determined using qRT-PCR, and the results showed that the expression levels of AdPDC2 in the reproductive organs were much higher than those in the nutritive organs...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111643/kiwifruit-like-persistent-luminescent-nanoparticles-with-high-performance-and-in-situ-activable-near-infrared-persistent-luminescence-for-long-term-in-vivo-bioimaging
#5
Xia-Hui Lin, Liang Song, Shan Chen, Xiao-Feng Chen, Jing-Jing Wei, Jingying Li, Guoming Huang, Huang-Hao Yang
Persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) have great potential for bioimaging because they can eliminate the tissue autofluorescence and improve the signal-to-noise ratio significantly. High-temperature calcination is a necessary process for the PLNPs to achieve high luminescence intensity and long afterglow time. However, high-temperature calcination usually results in uncontrollable morphology and poor homogeneity of PLNPs, which greatly limit their applications. Therefore, there is still a high demand to find a suitable method for synthesizing PLNPs with high luminescence intensity and long afterglow time while maintaining their monodispersed morphology...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084137/kiwifruit-non-sugar-components-reduce-glycaemic-response-to-co-ingested-cereal-in-humans
#6
Suman Mishra, Haley Edwards, Duncan Hedderley, John Podd, John Monro
Kiwifruit (KF) effects on the human glycaemic response to co-ingested wheat cereal were determined. Participants (n = 20) consumed four meals in random order, all being made to 40 g of the same available carbohydrate, by adding kiwifruit sugars (KF sug; glucose, fructose, sucrose 2:2:1) to meals not containing KF. The meals were flaked wheat biscuit (WB)+KFsug, WB+KF, WB+guar gum+KFsug, WB+guar gum+KF, that was ingested after fasting overnight. Blood glucose was monitored 3 h and hunger measured at 180 min post-meal using a visual analogue scale...
October 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057484/biochemical-and-functional-characterization-of-acufgt3a-a-galactosyltransferase-involved-in-anthocyanin-biosynthesis-in-the-red-fleshed-kiwifruit-actinidia-chinensis
#7
Yanfei Liu, Bin Zhou, Yingwei Qi, Cuihua Liu, Zhande Liu, Xiaolin Ren
Much of the diversity of anthocyanin pigmentation in plant tissues is due to the action of glycosyltransferases, which attach sugar moieties to the anthocyanin aglycone. This step can increase both their solubility and stability. We investigated the pigmentation of the outer and inner pericarps of developing fruit of the red-fleshed kiwifruit Actinidia chinensis cv. 'Hongyang'. The results show that the red color of the inner pericarp is due to anthocyanin. Based on expression analyses of structural genes, AcUFGT was shown to be the key gene involved in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway...
October 23, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039307/monoglobus-pectinilyticus-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-pectinolytic-bacterium-isolated-from-human-faeces
#8
Caroline C Kim, William J Kelly, Mark L Patchett, Gerald W Tannock, Z Jordens, Halina M Stoklosinski, Jordan W Taylor, Ian M Sims, Tracey J Bell, Douglas I Rosendale
A novel anaerobic pectinolytic bacterium (strain 14(T)) was isolated from human faeces. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 14(T) belonged to the family Ruminococcaceae, but was located separately from known clostridial clusters within the taxon. The closest cultured relative of strain 14(T) was Acetivibrio cellulolyticus (89.7 % sequence similarity). Strain 14(T) shared ~99 % sequence similarity with cloned 16S rRNA gene sequences from uncultured bacteria derived from the human gut...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030968/mycoflora-assessment-growth-and-toxigenic-features-of-patulin-producers-in-kiwifruit-in-china
#9
Yuan Wang, Kewei Feng, Bin Liu, Zhiwei Zhang, Jianping Wei, Yahong Yuan, Tianli Yue
BACKGROUND: Fungal development in agricultural products may cause mycotoxin contamination that are a significant threat to food safety. Patulin (PAT) and PAT-producers contamination has been established as a worldwide problem. The present study was conducted to investigate the mycoflora and PAT-producers present in kiwifruits and environmental samples collected from orchards and processing plants in Shaanxi Province, China. RESULTS: Variations in mycoflora were observed in different samples, with penicillia and aspergilli as the predominant genera...
October 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963774/high-oxygen-facilitates-wound-induced-suberin-polyphenolics-formation-in-kiwifruit
#10
Xiaopeng Wei, Linchun Mao, Xueyuan Han, Wenjing Lu, Dandan Xie, Xingchen Ren, Yuying Zhao
BACKGROUND: Rapid wound-healing would be critical for successful long-term storage of fruits and vegetables. However, there was no direct evidence for the requirement and efficiency of oxygen in fruit wound-healing process. This study was conducted to investigate the role of oxygen in wound-induced suberization by analyzing melanin, suberin polyphenolics (SPP) and related enzymes in half-cut kiwifruits exposed to 100%, 50%, 21% and 0% oxygen. RESULTS: By three days after wounding, the wound surface of kiwifruit in high oxygen (50% and 100% O2 ) appeared a continuous layer of melanin and underneath SPP, which effectively resist fruit halves from excessive water vapor loss...
September 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946314/characterization-of-polymer-chain-fractions-of-kiwifruit-starch
#11
Dongxing Li, Fan Zhu
In this report, the amylose composition and molecular structure of starches from the core and outer pericarp of 3 golden kiwifruit varieties were characterised, using enzymatic and chromatographic techniques. Starches from the core tissues of kiwifruit tend to have higher amylose contents (by ∼3-5%) and longer unit chains of both amylopectins and their φ, β-limit dextrins (LDs) than those of the outer pericarp starches. The contents of short B-chains of the φ, β-LDs of amylopectins from the outer pericarp were higher (by ∼3%) than those of φ, β-LDs of the core amylopectins...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919902/expression-differences-of-pigment-structural-genes-and-transcription-factors-explain-flesh-coloration-in-three-contrasting-kiwifruit-cultivars
#12
Yanfei Liu, Bin Zhou, Yingwei Qi, Xin Chen, Cuihua Liu, Zhande Liu, Xiaolin Ren
Fruits of kiwifruit cultivars (Actinidia chinensis and A. deliciosa) generally have green or yellow flesh when ripe. A small number of genotypes have red flesh but this coloration is usually restricted to the inner pericarp. Three kiwifruit cultivars having red ('Hongyang'), or yellow ('Jinnong-2'), or green ('Hayward') flesh were investigated for their color characteristics and pigment contents during development and ripening. The results show the yellow of the 'Jinnong-2' fruit is due to the combined effects of chlorophyll degradation and of beta-carotene accumulation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890721/development-and-application-of-transcriptome-derived-microsatellites-in-actinidia-eriantha-actinidiaceae
#13
Rui Guo, Jacob B Landis, Michael J Moore, Aiping Meng, Shuguang Jian, Xiaohong Yao, Hengchang Wang
Actinidia eriantha Benth. is a diploid perennial woody vine native to China and is recognized as a valuable species for commercial kiwifruit improvement with high levels of ascorbic acid as well as having been used in traditional Chinese medicine. Due to the lack of genomic resources for the species, microsatellite markers for population genetics studies are scarce. In this study, RNASeq was conducted on fruit tissue of A. eriantha, yielding 5,678,129 reads with a total output of 3.41 Gb. De novo assembly yielded 69,783 non-redundant unigenes (41...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877224/transformation-products-elucidation-of-forchlorfenuron-in-postharvest-kiwifruit-by-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#14
Zhiwei Zhang, Zhenhong Gao, Yuan Wang, Yahong Yuan, Jing Dong, Tianli Yue
Forchlorfenuron (1-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-3-phenylurea, FCF) is a plant growth regulator, being extensively used for increasing kiwifruit size. The toxicological properties of its may persist in their transformation products (TPs) or even higher toxicity than FCF. TPs elucidation of FCF in postharvest kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis, Chinese gooseberry) by the liquid chromatography ionization hybrid ion trap and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-IT-TOF/MS) in positive mode was the objective of the present study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867093/the-nutritional-composition-of-zespri%C3%A2-sungold-kiwifruit-and-zespri%C3%A2-sweet-green-kiwifruit
#15
Sivalingam Sivakumaran, Lee Huffman, Subathira Sivakumaran, Lynley Drummond
The composition of kiwifruit is important for understanding the nutritional value of kiwifruit for consumption. Our aim was to develop a reference nutritional composition profile for a gold-fleshed kiwifruit Zespri® SunGold Kiwifruit and a green-fleshed kiwifruit Zespri® Sweet Green Kiwifruit. Ten representative single-replicate (10 growers) samples, each containing 40 fruit, were prepared for both kiwifruit varieties. Samples were analysed for macronutrients, minerals, and vitamins. The analytical results reveal that the nutrient composition of SunGold and Sweet Green are largely similar to other commercially available kiwifruits...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854186/meloidogyne-aberrans-sp-nov-nematoda-meloidogynidae-a-new-root-knot-nematode-parasitizing-kiwifruit-in-china
#16
Ye Tao, Chunling Xu, Chunfen Yuan, Honghong Wang, Borong Lin, Kan Zhuo, Jinling Liao
High infection rates of roots of wild kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Planch) and soil infestation by a root-knot nematode were found in Anshun, GuiZhou Province, China. Morphology, esterase phenotype and molecular analyses confirmed that this nematode was different from previously described root-knot nematodes. In this report, the species is described, illustrated and named Meloidogyne aberrans sp. nov. The new species has a unique combination of characters. A prominent posterior protuberance, round and faint perineal pattern and a medium-length stylet (13...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811752/occurrence-and-epidemics-of-bacterial-canker-of-kiwifruit-in-korea
#17
REVIEW
Gyoung Hee Kim, Jae Sung Jung, Young Jin Koh
Bacterial canker is the largest limiting factor in the cultivation and production of kiwifruit worldwide. Typical symptoms comprise necrotic spots on leaves, canker and dieback on canes and trunks, twig wilting, and blossom necrosis. Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), which is the causal agent of kiwifruit bacterial canker, is divided into four biovars based on multilocus sequence analysis of different genes, additional PCR testing of pathogenic genes (argKtox cluster, cfl, and various effector genes), and biochemical and physiological characterization...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798306/hyperspectral-imaging-for-predicting-the-internal-quality-of-kiwifruits-based-on-variable-selection-algorithms-and-chemometric-models
#18
Hongyan Zhu, Bingquan Chu, Yangyang Fan, Xiaoya Tao, Wenxin Yin, Yong He
We investigated the feasibility and potentiality of determining firmness, soluble solids content (SSC), and pH in kiwifruits using hyperspectral imaging, combined with variable selection methods and calibration models. The images were acquired by a push-broom hyperspectral reflectance imaging system covering two spectral ranges. Weighted regression coefficients (BW), successive projections algorithm (SPA) and genetic algorithm-partial least square (GAPLS) were compared and evaluated for the selection of effective wavelengths...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782194/the-preparation-of-hyaluronic-acid-nanoparticles-from-aspicilia-lichens-using-bifido-bacteria-for-help-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-in-rats-in-vivo
#19
Akbar Esmaeili, Shirin Rajaee
Many common herbs and spices are claimed to have blood sugar lowering properties that make them useful for people with or at high risk of diabetes. The main of compounds of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa), rhubarb (Rheum ribes), membrane inner of egg shell, wool of sheep, human fingernail (unguis), hyaluronic acid produced by the Bifidobacterium, and usnic acid of Aspicilia lichen were extracted by different methods. All compounds of the extract were divided into five groups. We used variables such as pH, different compounds, concentration, number of injections, and blood glucose monitoring in different situations...
August 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759758/kiwi-fruit-actinidia-deliciosa-ameliorates-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-albino-mice-via-the-activation-of-nrf2-and-the-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-kiwi-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity
#20
Yomna I Mahmoud
Gentamicin is a potent aminoglycoside antibiotic, but the risk of nephrotoxicity limits its prolonged use. The toxicity of gentamicin is believed to result from oxidative stress, a condition that could be counteracted by dietary antioxidants. This study determines the possible renoprotective effects of kiwifruit against the pathophysiological and ultrastructural alterations induced by gentamicin. Mice were intraperitoneally injected with gentamicin (100mg/kg body weight) for eight consecutive days, and kiwi juice was administered for 8days, either concomitant to or after gentamicin injection...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
keyword
keyword
40572
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"