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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811190/how-to-quench-your-thirst-the-effect-of-water-based-products-varying-in-temperature-and-texture-flavour-and-sugar-content-on-thirst
#1
L van Belzen, E M Postma, S Boesveldt
The sensation of thirst plays an important role in the consumption of water or other fluids to rehydrate the body in order to keep bodily functions working properly. An increase in saliva secretion, wetting the mouth by ingestion of liquids, and cooling and sour components in products can alleviate this sensation already before absorption of fluids by the body. This study aimed to investigate the thirst-quenching ability of water-based products differing in temperature and texture (cold solids and cool liquids), flavour (flavoured and non-flavoured) and sugar content in two consecutive experiments...
August 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783003/probabilistic-dietary-exposure-to-ethyl-carbamate-from-fermented-foods-and-alcoholic-beverages-in-the-korean-population
#2
B Choi, D Ryu, C-I Kim, J-Y Lee, A Choi, E Koh
The occurrence of ethyl carbamate was investigated in fermented foods and alcoholic beverages of the Korean total diet study. The concentrations of ethyl carbamate ranged from not-detected to 166.5 μg kg(-1). Dietary exposure to ethyl carbamate was estimated by the probabilistic method. Estimated intakes of ethyl carbamate from foods and alcoholic beverages were 4.12 ng kg(-1) body weight (bw) per day for average consumers and 12.37 ng kg(-1) bw per day for 95(th) percentile high consumers. The major foods contributing to ethyl carbamate exposure were soy sauce (63%), followed by maesilju (plum liqueur, 30%), whisky (5%), and bokbunjaju (black raspberry wine, 2%)...
August 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763988/screening-bioactivity-and-bioactive-constituents-of-nordic-unifloral-honeys
#3
Anneli Salonen, Virpi Virjamo, Päivi Tammela, Laure Fauch, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto
The objective of this study was to screen the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of thirty nine honey samples from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Their physicochemical properties were analysed, antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH assay and antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was assessed by microdilution assay. The honey samples obtained were buckwheat, caraway, clover, dandelion, fireweed, heather, lime tree, lingonberry, rape, raspberry, sweet clover, willow, mire, honeydew and polyfloral...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731232/a-comprehensive-review-of-agrimoniin
#4
REVIEW
Daniel M Grochowski, Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Jianbo Xiao, Marcello Locatelli, Jakub P Piwowarski, Sebastian Granica, Michał Tomczyk
Plant tannins are a unique class of polyphenols with relatively high molecular weights. Within the ellagitannins group, agrimoniin--dimeric ellagitannin--is one of the most representative compounds found in many plant materials belonging to the Rosaceae family. Agrimoniin was first isolated in 1982 from roots of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. (Rosaceae), a plant traditionally used in Japan and China as an antidiarrheal, hemostatic, and antiparasitic agent. Agrimoniin is a constituent of medicinal plants, which are often applied orally in the form of infusions, decoctions, or tinctures...
July 21, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724099/use-of-%C3%AE-15-n-and-%C3%AE-18-o-values-for-nitrate-source-identification-under-irrigated-crops-a-cautionary-vadose-zone-tale
#5
Shawn E Loo, M Cathryn Ryan, Bernie J Zebarth, Shawn H Kuchta, Denise Neilsen, Bernhard Mayer
Source nitrogen (N) identification of leachate or groundwater nitrate is complicated by N source mixing and N and oxygen (O) isotope fractionation caused by microbial N transformations. This experiment examined the δN and δO values in leachate collected over 1 yr at 55 cm below raspberry ( L.) plots receiving either synthetic fertilizer (FT) or poultry manure (MT). The large ranges of δN (FT: -2.4 to +8.7‰, MT: +1.6 to +9.6‰) and δO (FT: -9.9 to -0.3‰, MT: -10.9 to +1.7‰) values in leachate collected under crop rows prohibited the reliable identification of the applied N sources on individual sampling dates...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719603/the-%C3%A2-100-lab-a-3d-printable-open-source-platform-for-fluorescence-microscopy-optogenetics-and-accurate-temperature-control-during-behaviour-of-zebrafish-drosophila-and-caenorhabditis-elegans
#6
Andre Maia Chagas, Lucia L Prieto-Godino, Aristides B Arrenberg, Tom Baden
Small, genetically tractable species such as larval zebrafish, Drosophila, or Caenorhabditis elegans have become key model organisms in modern neuroscience. In addition to their low maintenance costs and easy sharing of strains across labs, one key appeal is the possibility to monitor single or groups of animals in a behavioural arena while controlling the activity of select neurons using optogenetic or thermogenetic tools. However, the purchase of a commercial solution for these types of experiments, including an appropriate camera system as well as a controlled behavioural arena, can be costly...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718724/black-raspberries-and-their-anthocyanin-and-fiber-fractions-alter-the-composition-and-diversity-of-gut-microbiota-in-f-344-rats
#7
Pan Pan, Vy Lam, Nita Salzman, Yi-Wen Huang, Jianhua Yu, Jianying Zhang, Li-Shu Wang
Natural compounds can alter the diversity and composition of the gut microbiome, potentially benefiting our health. We previously demonstrated chemopreventive effects of black raspberries (BRBs) in colorectal cancer, which is associated with gut dysbiosis. To investigate the effects of whole BRBs and their fractions on gut microbiota, we fed F-344 rats a control diet, 5% BRBs, the BRB anthocyanin fraction, or the BRB residue fraction for 6 weeks. Feces were collected at baseline and at weeks 3 and 6, and bacterial sequence counts were analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715389/extraction-and-purification-of-polyphenols-from-freeze-dried-berry-powder-for-the-treatment-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-vitro
#8
Rafaela G Feresin, Shirin Pourafshar, Jingwen Huang, Yitong Zhao, Bahram H Arjmandi, Gloria Salazar
Epidemiological studies indicate that increased flavonoid intake correlates with decreased mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the United States (US) and Europe. Berries are widely consumed in the US and have a high polyphenolic content. Polyphenols have been shown to interact with many molecular targets and to exert numerous positive biological functions, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cardioprotective effects. Polyphenols isolated from blackberry (BL), raspberry (RB), and black raspberry (BRB) reduce oxidative stress and cellular senescence in response to angiotensin II (Ang II)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714131/evaluating-a-push-pull-strategy-for-management-of-drosophila-suzukii-matsumura-in-red-raspberry
#9
Anna K Wallingford, Dong H Cha, Gregory M Loeb
BACKGROUND: Drosophilia suzukii Matsumura is a serious pest of small fruits that lays its eggs in growing fruit. Current management strategies rely on an unsustainable schedule of foliar applications of chemical insecticides. Alternative approaches to suppressing oviposition are under investigation, such as attract-and-kill and the use of oviposition deterrents. Here we evaluated two behavioral control approaches in combination as a push-pull strategy using laboratory and field assays...
July 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709778/midwives-personal-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-influences-their-recommendations-to-women-experiencing-a-post-date-pregnancy
#10
Lyndall Mollart, Virginia Skinner, Jon Adams, Maralyn Foureur
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) have increasingly been used by pregnant women with a steady rise in interest by midwives. Literature describing CAM and self-help options midwives recommend to women experiencing a post-date pregnancy is sparse. This study aimed to investigate if Australian midwives' personal CAM use impacts on discussions and recommendations of CAM/Self-help strategies. METHODOLOGY/DESIGN: A survey of a national midwifery association midwifery members (n=3,552) was undertaken at a midwifery conference (October 2015) and via e-bulletins (November 2015-March 2016)...
July 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682157/whole-genome-sequences-of-the-raspberry-and-strawberry-pathogens-phytophthora-rubi-and-p-fragariae
#11
Javier Tabima, Brent Kronmiller, Caroline Press, Brett M Tyler, Inga Zasada, Niklaus J Grünwald
Phytophthora rubi and P. fragariae are two closely related oomycete plant pathogens that exhibit strong morphological and physiological similarities, but are specialized to infect different hosts of economic importance, namely raspberry and strawberry. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of these two Phytophthora species as a first step towards understanding the genomic processes underlying plant host adaptation in these pathogens.
July 6, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670523/evaluation-of-the-protective-effect-of-hydro-alcoholic-extract-of-raspberry-fruit-on-aquaporin1-expression-in-rats-kidney-treated-by-methotrexate
#12
Saeideh Khoshnoud, Homa Mohseni Kouchesfahani, Mohammad Nabiuni
OBJECTIVE: Methotrexate (MTX) is an antimetabolite drug commonly prescribed for the various cancers and autoimmune diseases. Despite its considerable therapeutic effects, nephrotoxicity is the most important side-effect of treatment with MTX. Aquaporin1 (AQP1) is a water channel proteins which is present in mammalian kidney. Raspberry fruit with antioxidant properties is able to protect biological systems from the harmful effects of free radicals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of raspberry extract on expression of AQP1 and the MTX-induced nephrotoxicity in rats...
July 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659963/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-reveal-candidate-genes-potentially-involved-in-regulation-of-primocane-apex-rooting-in-raspberry-rubus-spp
#13
Jianfeng Liu, Yuetong Ming, Yunqing Cheng, Yuchu Zhang, Jiyang Xing, Yuqi Sun
Raspberries (Rubus spp.) exhibit a unique rooting process that is initiated from the stem apex of primocane, conferring an unusual asexual mode of reproduction to this plant. However, the full complement of genes involved in this process has not been identified. To this end, the present study analyzed the transcriptomes of the Rubus primocane and floricane stem apex at three developmental stages by Digital Gene Expression profiling to identify genes that regulate rooting. Sequencing and de novo assembly yielded 26...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651200/nanostructured-micro-raspberries-from-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-studying-agglomeration-degree-and-redispersibility-of-nanoparticulate-powders-via-magnetisation-measurements
#14
Claudia Stauch, Stephan Späth, Thomas Ballweg, Robert Luxenhofer, Karl Mandel
Surface modified superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are assembled into nanostructured micro-raspberry particles via spray drying. The micro-raspberry powder is readily redispersed to individual nanoparticles or nanostructured sub-units, depending on the initially adjusted nanoparticle modification. In this work, it is demonstrated how the technique of magnetic zero-field-cooled/field-cooled (ZFC/FC) measurements can be used to judge the degree of agglomeration, i.e. the extent of hard-agglomerates and soft-agglomerates in a system and predict the redispersibility of the powder particles...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620951/persistent-negative-temperature-response-of-mesophyll-conductance-in-red-raspberry-rubus-idaeus-l-leaves-under-both-high-and-low-vapour-pressure-deficits-a-role-for-abscisic-acid
#15
Changpeng Qiu, Gilbert Ethier, Steeve Pepin, Pascal Dubé, Yves Desjardins, André Gosselin
The temperature dependence of mesophyll conductance (gm ) was measured in well-watered red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) plants acclimated to leaf-to-air vapour pressure deficit (VPDL) daytime differentials of contrasting amplitude, keeping a fixed diurnal leaf temperature (Tleaf ) rise from 20°C to 35°C. Contrary to the great majority of gm temperature responses published to date, we found a pronounced reduction of gm with increasing Tleaf irrespective of leaf chamber O2 level and diurnal VPDL regime. Leaf hydraulic conductance was greatly enhanced during the warmer afternoon periods under both low (0...
June 15, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609132/antioxidant-and-anticancer-properties-of-berries
#16
Bincy Baby, Priya Antony, Ranjit Vijayan
The enduring relationship between dietary patterns and human health has led us to investigate the bioactive components present in fruits and vegetables for a very long time. Berries, notably the popular ones such as strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry, and the Indian gooseberry, are among the best known dietary sources due to the presence of a wide range of bioactive nutritive components. Bioactive components in berries include phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and tannins apart from vitamins, minerals, sugars, and fibers...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606512/heme-oxygenase-1-mediates-anti-adipogenesis-effect-of-raspberry-ketone-in-3t3-l1-cells
#17
Yung-Chieh Tsai, Bo-Cheng Yang, Wen-Huang Peng, Yen-Mei Lee, Mao-Hsiung Yen, Pao-Yun Cheng
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by excessive accumulation of body fat and is closely related to complex metabolic diseases. Raspberry ketone (RK), a major aromatic compound in red raspberry, was recently reported to possess anti-obesity effects. However, its mechanisms are unclear. AIM: Adipogenesis plays a critical role in obesity and, therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanisms of action of RK on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated in medium containing insulin, dexamethasone, and 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine...
July 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590822/evaluation-of-an-improved-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-method-for-the-detection-of-cyclospora-cayetanensis-in-produce-using-real-time-pcr
#18
Helen R Murphy, Seulgi Lee, Alexandre J da Silva
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoan parasite that causes human diarrheal disease associated with the consumption of fresh produce or water contaminated with C. cayetanensis oocysts. In the United States, foodborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis have been linked to various types of imported fresh produce, including cilantro and raspberries. An improved method was developed for identification of C. cayetanensis in produce at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The method relies on a 0.1% Alconox produce wash solution for efficient recovery of oocysts, a commercial kit for DNA template preparation, and an optimized TaqMan real-time PCR assay with an internal amplification control for molecular detection of the parasite...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581737/enzymatic-profile-of-willamette-raspberry-leaf-and-fruit-affected-by-prohexadione-ca-and-young-canes-removal-treatments
#19
Jelena J Dragišić Maksimović, Milena M Poledica, Dragan D Radivojević, Jasminka M Milivojević
The influence of growth regulator prohexadione-Ca (ProCa) concurrently with young canes removal on the modification of photosynthetic pigments content and antioxidant enzymes (peroxidase, POD; catalase, CAT; polyphenol oxidase, PPO; superoxide dismutase, SOD) activities in leaves and fruits of raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) cultivar 'Willamette' was studied. ProCa increased while canes removal decreased chlorophylls and carotenoids content compared to control. POD, CAT, and PPO activities in leaves after removal of young canes were higher compared to control (2-4 times) which was visually confirmed for POD by isoelectrofocusing...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579541/nanostructured-raspberry-like-gelatin-microspheres-for-local-delivery-of-multiple-biomolecules
#20
Mani Diba, Bram Pape, Alexey Klymov, Yang Zhang, Jiankang Song, Dennis W P M Löwik, Hajar Seyednejad, Sander C G Leeuwenburgh
Multicompartment particles, which are particles composed of smaller building units, have gained considerable interest during the past decade to facilitate simultaneous and differential delivery of several biomolecules in various applications. Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) processing is an industrial technology widely used for large-scale synthesis and processing of materials. However, the application of this technology for production of multicompartment particles from colloidal particles has not yet been explored...
June 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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