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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903347/retrospective-analysis-of-risk-factors-associated-with-kawasaki-disease-in-china
#1
Lihua Bai, Tienan Feng, Lifang Yang, Yi Zhang, Xuejuan Jiang, Jiayao Liao, Lihua Chen, Xiaoyan Feng, Yanming Rong, Yuehua Li, Zhiqiang Qin, Jing Qiao
In order to provide early intervention for coronary artery lesion (CAL) caused by Kawasaki Disease (KD), we analyzed clinical characteristics of typical and incomplete KD cases from 1998 to 2008 in Northwest and Central China. A total of 383 patients included 298 cases of typical KD and 85 cases of incomplete KD. The morbidity of incomplete KD was 28.5%, a percentage significantly lower than that of typical KD. The occurrence of bulbar conjunctiva congestion, erythra, crissum red, film-like decrustation, lip red, rhagades, raspberry tongue, bilateral toe-end decrustation, limb sclerosis, cervical lymph nodes enlargement, agitation and irritability in incomplete KD group was lower than that in the group of typical KD (p < 0...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899773/hepatoprotective-effects-of-raspberry-rubus-coreanus-miq-seed-oil-and-its-major-constituents
#2
Hui Teng, Qiyang Lin, Kang Li, Benyao Yuan, Hongbo Song, Lunzhao Yi, Ming-Chi Wei, Yu-Chiao Yang, Maurizio Battino, Carlos L Cespedes Acuña, Lei Chen, Jianbo Xiao
Raspberry seed is a massive byproduct of raspberry juice and wine but usually discarded. The present study employed a microwave-assisted method for extraction of raspberry seed oil (RSO). The results revealed that omega-6 fatty acids (linoleic acid and γ-linolenic acid) were the major constituents in RSO. Cellular antioxidant enzyme activity such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) were investigated in HepG2 cells treated with RSO. Induction of the synthesis of several antioxidants in H2O2-exposed HepG2 cells was found...
September 9, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895890/skin-penetration-enhancement-by-natural-oils-for-dihydroquercetin-delivery
#3
Vytis Čižinauskas, Nicolas Elie, Alain Brunelle, Vitalis Briedis
Natural oils are commonly used in topical pharmaceutical formulations as emulsifiers, stabilizers or solubility enhancers. They are presented as safe and inert components, mainly used for formulation purposes. It is confirmed that natural oils can affect the skin penetration of various substances. Fatty acids are mainly responsible for this effect. Current understanding lacks reliable scientific data on penetration of natural oils into the skin and their skin penetration enhancement potential. In the current study, fatty acid content analysis was used to determine the principal fatty acids in soybean, olive, avocado, sea-buckthorn pulp, raspberry seed and coconut oils...
September 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884768/the-composition-of-potentially-bioactive-triterpenoid-glycosides-in-red-raspberry-is-influenced-by-tissue-extraction-procedure-and-genotype
#4
Gordon J McDougall, J William Allwood, Gema Pereira-Caro, Emma M Brown, Cheryl Latimer, Gary Dobson, Derek Stewart, Nigel G Ternan, Roger Lawther, Gloria O'Connor, Ian Rowland, Alan Crozier, Chris I R Gill
The beneficial effects of consumption of berry fruits on a range of chronic diseases has been attributed (at least in part) to the presence of unique phytochemicals. Recently, we identified novel ursolic acid-based triterpenoid glycosides (TTPNs) in raspberry fruit and demonstrated their survival in human ileal fluids after feeding which confirmed their colon-availability in vivo. In this paper, in vitro digestion studies demonstrated that certain TTPNs were stable under gastrointestinal conditions and confirmed that these components may have been responsible for bioactivity noted in previous studies...
September 8, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884623/association-between-weather-variables-airborne-inoculum-concentration-and-raspberry-fruit-rot-caused-by-botrytis-cinerea
#5
Odile Carisse, Vanessa McNealis, Alissa Kriss
Botrytis fruit rot (BFR), one of the most important diseases of raspberry (Rubus spp.), is controlled primarily with fungicides. Despite the use of fungicides, crop losses due to BFR are high in most years. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between airborne inoculum, weather variables and BFR in order to improve the management of the disease as well as harvest and storage decisions. Crop losses, measured as the percentage of diseased berries during the harvest period, were monitored in unsprayed field plots at four sites in three successive years, together with meteorological data and the number of conidia in the air...
September 8, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880156/a-high-resolution-mini-microscope-system-for-wireless-real-time-monitoring
#6
Zongjie Wang, Akash Boddeda, Benjamin Parker, Roya Samanipour, Sanjoy Ghosh, Frederic Menard, Keekyoung Kim
OBJECTIVE: Compact, cost-effective and high-performance microscope that enables the real-time imaging of cells and lab-on-a-chip devices is highly demanded for cell biology and biomedical engineering. This paper aims to present the design and application of an inexpensive wireless mini-microscope with resolution up to 2592 × 1944 pixels and speed up to 90 fps. METHODS: The mini-microscope system was built on a commercial embedded system (Raspberry Pi). We modified a camera module and adopted an inverse dual lens system to obtain the clear field of view and appropriate magnification for tens of micrometer objects...
September 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873594/stable-isotope-ratio-analysis-of-different-european-raspberries-blackberries-blueberries-currants-and-strawberries
#7
M Perini, L Giongo, M Grisenti, L Bontempo, F Camin
To date the stable isotope ratios of berries have never been extensively explored. In this work the H, C, N and O isotopic ratios of 190 samples of different soft fruits (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries and currants) produced in a northern Italian region and at two sites in Romania and Poland collected over three harvest years are presented and discussed. The different soft fruits showed a typical range for one or more isotopic parameters that can be used to verify the authenticity of the fruit composition declared on the label...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868152/dedicated-real-time-monitoring-system-for-health-care-using-zigbee
#8
Omar S Alwan, K Prahald Rao
Real-time monitoring systems (RTMSs) have drawn considerable attentions in the last decade. Several commercial versions of RTMS for patient monitoring are available which are used by health care professionals. Though they are working satisfactorily on various communication protocols, their range, power consumption, data rate and cost are really bothered. In this study, the authors present an efficient embedded system based wireless health care monitoring system using ZigBee. Their system has a capability to transmit the data between two embedded systems through two transceivers over a long range...
August 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861089/black-raspberries-enhance-natural-killer-cell-infiltration-into-the-colon-and-suppress-the-progression-of-colorectal-cancer
#9
Pan Pan, Siwen Kang, Youwei Wang, Ka Liu, Kiyoko Oshima, Yi-Wen Huang, Jianying Zhang, Martha Yearsley, Jianhua Yu, Li-Shu Wang
Natural killer (NK) cells are an essential component of innate immunity against cancer development. Many studies have been conducted to evaluate immune-modulating effects using dietary compounds. Our laboratory has been investigating the chemopreventive potential of black raspberries (BRBs) and previously demonstrated their beneficial modulation of genetic and epigenetic biomarkers in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The current study investigated their potential on modulating NK cells. To avoid the excessive inflammation caused by the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) treatment that leads to colitis, we treated the mice with overnight DSS so that it would slightly irritate the colon but still promote colon carcinogenesis with 100% incidence in both the Apc(Min/+) mice and azoxymethane (AOM)-treated mice...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860079/automated-touch-sensing-in-the-mouse-tapered-beam-test-using-raspberry-pi
#10
Dirk Jan Ardesch, Matilde Balbi, Timothy H Murphy
BACKGROUND: Rodent models of neurological disease such as stroke are often characterized by motor deficits. One of the tests that are used to assess these motor deficits is the tapered beam test, which provides a sensitive measure of bilateral motor function based on foot faults (slips) made by a rodent traversing a gradually narrowing beam. However, manual frame-by-frame scoring of video recordings is necessary to obtain test results, which is time-consuming and prone to human rater bias...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859132/suppression-of-cuelure-attraction-in-male-queensland-fruit-flies-provided-raspberry-ketone-supplements-as-immature-adults
#11
Humayra Akter, Saleh Adnan, Renata Morelli, Polychronis Rempoulakis, Phillip W Taylor
Tephritid fruit flies are amongst the most damaging insect pests of horticulture globally. Some of the key fruit fly species are managed using the sterile insect technique (SIT), whereby millions of sterile males are released to suppress reproduction of pest populations. Male annihilation technique (MAT), whereby sex specific lures are used to attract and kill males, is often used to reduce wild male numbers before SIT programs commence, providing released sterile males an increased numerical advantage. Overall program efficacy might be improved if MAT could be deployed simultaneously with SIT, continuously depleting fertile males from pest populations and replacing them with sterile males...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854647/chemical-degradation-of-tmr-multilure-dispensers-for-fruit-fly-detection-weathered-under-california-climatic-conditions
#12
Roger I Vargas, Steven K Souder, Joseph G Morse, Elizabeth E Grafton-Cardwell, David R Haviland, John N Kabashima, Ben A Faber, Bruce Mackey, Eddie Nkomo, Peter J Cook, John D Stark
Degradation models for multilure fruit fly trap dispensers were analyzed to determine their potential for use in large California detection programs. Solid three-component male lure TMR (trimedlure [TML], methyl eugenol [ME], raspberry ketone [RK]) dispensers impregnated with DDVP (2, 2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate) insecticide placed inside Jackson traps were weathered during summer (8 wk) and winter (12 wk) in five citrus-growing areas. Additionally, TMR wafers without DDVP, but with an insecticidal strip, were compared to TMR dispensers with DDVP...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811190/how-to-quench-your-thirst-the-effect-of-water-based-products-varying-in-temperature-and-texture-flavour-and-sugar-content-on-thirst
#13
L van Belzen, E M Postma, S Boesveldt
The sensation of thirst plays an important role in the consumption of water or other fluids to rehydrate the body in order to keep bodily functions working properly. An increase in saliva secretion, wetting the mouth by ingestion of liquids, and cooling and sour components in products can alleviate this sensation already before absorption of fluids by the body. This study aimed to investigate the thirst-quenching ability of water-based products differing in temperature and texture (cold solids and cool liquids), flavour (flavoured and non-flavoured) and sugar content in two consecutive experiments...
August 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783003/probabilistic-dietary-exposure-to-ethyl-carbamate-from-fermented-foods-and-alcoholic-beverages-in-the-korean-population
#14
B Choi, D Ryu, C-I Kim, J-Y Lee, A Choi, E Koh
The occurrence of ethyl carbamate was investigated in fermented foods and alcoholic beverages of the Korean total diet study. The concentrations of ethyl carbamate ranged from not detected to 166.5 μg kg(-1). Dietary exposure to ethyl carbamate was estimated by the probabilistic method. Estimated intakes of ethyl carbamate from foods and alcoholic beverages were 4.12 ng kg(-1) body weight (bw) per day for average consumers and 12.37 ng kg(-1) bw/day for 95th percentile high consumers. The major foods contributing to ethyl carbamate exposure were soy sauce (63%), followed by maesilju (plum liqueur, 30%), whisky (5%), and bokbunjaju (black raspberry wine, 2%)...
September 4, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763988/screening-bioactivity-and-bioactive-constituents-of-nordic-unifloral-honeys
#15
Anneli Salonen, Virpi Virjamo, Päivi Tammela, Laure Fauch, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto
The objective of this study was to screen the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of thirty nine honey samples from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Their physicochemical properties were analysed, antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH assay and antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was assessed by microdilution assay. The honey samples obtained were buckwheat, caraway, clover, dandelion, fireweed, heather, lime tree, lingonberry, rape, raspberry, sweet clover, willow, mire, honeydew and polyfloral...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731232/a-comprehensive-review-of-agrimoniin
#16
REVIEW
Daniel M Grochowski, Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Jianbo Xiao, Marcello Locatelli, Jakub P Piwowarski, Sebastian Granica, Michał Tomczyk
Plant tannins are a unique class of polyphenols with relatively high molecular weights. Within the ellagitannins group, agrimoniin--dimeric ellagitannin--is one of the most representative compounds found in many plant materials belonging to the Rosaceae family. Agrimoniin was first isolated in 1982 from roots of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. (Rosaceae), a plant traditionally used in Japan and China as an antidiarrheal, hemostatic, and antiparasitic agent. Agrimoniin is a constituent of medicinal plants, which are often applied orally in the form of infusions, decoctions, or tinctures...
July 21, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724099/use-of-%C3%AE-15-n-and-%C3%AE-18-o-values-for-nitrate-source-identification-under-irrigated-crops-a-cautionary-vadose-zone-tale
#17
Shawn E Loo, M Cathryn Ryan, Bernie J Zebarth, Shawn H Kuchta, Denise Neilsen, Bernhard Mayer
Source nitrogen (N) identification of leachate or groundwater nitrate is complicated by N source mixing and N and oxygen (O) isotope fractionation caused by microbial N transformations. This experiment examined the δN and δO values in leachate collected over 1 yr at 55 cm below raspberry ( L.) plots receiving either synthetic fertilizer (FT) or poultry manure (MT). The large ranges of δN (FT: -2.4 to +8.7‰, MT: +1.6 to +9.6‰) and δO (FT: -9.9 to -0.3‰, MT: -10.9 to +1.7‰) values in leachate collected under crop rows prohibited the reliable identification of the applied N sources on individual sampling dates...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719603/the-%C3%A2-100-lab-a-3d-printable-open-source-platform-for-fluorescence-microscopy-optogenetics-and-accurate-temperature-control-during-behaviour-of-zebrafish-drosophila-and-caenorhabditis-elegans
#18
Andre Maia Chagas, Lucia L Prieto-Godino, Aristides B Arrenberg, Tom Baden
Small, genetically tractable species such as larval zebrafish, Drosophila, or Caenorhabditis elegans have become key model organisms in modern neuroscience. In addition to their low maintenance costs and easy sharing of strains across labs, one key appeal is the possibility to monitor single or groups of animals in a behavioural arena while controlling the activity of select neurons using optogenetic or thermogenetic tools. However, the purchase of a commercial solution for these types of experiments, including an appropriate camera system as well as a controlled behavioural arena, can be costly...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718724/black-raspberries-and-their-anthocyanin-and-fiber-fractions-alter-the-composition-and-diversity-of-gut-microbiota-in-f-344-rats
#19
Pan Pan, Vy Lam, Nita Salzman, Yi-Wen Huang, Jianhua Yu, Jianying Zhang, Li-Shu Wang
Natural compounds can alter the diversity and composition of the gut microbiome, potentially benefiting our health. We previously demonstrated chemopreventive effects of black raspberries (BRBs) in colorectal cancer, which is associated with gut dysbiosis. To investigate the effects of whole BRBs and their fractions on gut microbiota, we fed F-344 rats a control diet, 5% BRBs, the BRB anthocyanin fraction, or the BRB residue fraction for 6 weeks. Feces were collected at baseline and at weeks 3 and 6, and bacterial sequence counts were analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715389/extraction-and-purification-of-polyphenols-from-freeze-dried-berry-powder-for-the-treatment-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-vitro
#20
Rafaela G Feresin, Shirin Pourafshar, Jingwen Huang, Yitong Zhao, Bahram H Arjmandi, Gloria Salazar
Epidemiological studies indicate that increased flavonoid intake correlates with decreased mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the United States (US) and Europe. Berries are widely consumed in the US and have a high polyphenolic content. Polyphenols have been shown to interact with many molecular targets and to exert numerous positive biological functions, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cardioprotective effects. Polyphenols isolated from blackberry (BL), raspberry (RB), and black raspberry (BRB) reduce oxidative stress and cellular senescence in response to angiotensin II (Ang II)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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