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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715389/extraction-and-purification-of-polyphenols-from-freeze-dried-berry-powder-for-the-treatment-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-vitro
#1
Rafaela G Feresin, Shirin Pourafshar, Jingwen Huang, Yitong Zhao, Bahram H Arjmandi, Gloria Salazar
Epidemiological studies indicate that increased flavonoid intake correlates with decreased mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the United States (US) and Europe. Berries are widely consumed in the US and have a high polyphenolic content. Polyphenols have been shown to interact with many molecular targets and to exert numerous positive biological functions, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cardioprotective effects. Polyphenols isolated from blackberry (BL), raspberry (RB), and black raspberry (BRB) reduce oxidative stress and cellular senescence in response to angiotensin II (Ang II)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713820/antioxidant-properties-of-natchez-and-triple-crown-blackberries-using-korean-traditional-winemaking-techniques
#2
Youri Joh, Niels Maness, William McGlynn
This research evaluated blackberries grown in Oklahoma and wines produced using a modified traditional Korean technique employing relatively oxygen-permeable earthenware fermentation vessels. The fermentation variables were temperature (21.6°C versus 26.6°C) and yeast inoculation versus wild fermentation. Wild fermented wines had higher total phenolic concentration than yeast fermented wines. Overall, wines had a relatively high concentration of anthocyanin (85-320 mg L(-1) malvidin-3-monoglucoside) and antioxidant capacity (9776-37845 µmol Trolox equivalent g(-1))...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705697/overcoming-clinical-inertia-in-insulin-initiation-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-24-month-follow-up-of-the-stepping-up-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis, John Furler, David O'Neal, Louise Ginnivan, Sharmala Thuraisingam, Irene Blackberry
AIM: To examine the two-year impact of Stepping Up, a general practice based model of care intervention for insulin initiation and titration in Australia. METHODS: 266 participants from 74 general practices participated in the Stepping Up cluster randomised controlled trial between 2012-2014. Control practices received training in the model of care on completion of the 12-month trial. Patients were followed for 24 months. Participant baseline characteristics, insulin and non-insulin medication use were summarised for each study group...
July 10, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658804/smartphone-the-new-learning-aid-amongst-medical-students
#4
Monika Y Gavali, Deepak S Khismatrao, Yogesh V Gavali, K B Patil
INTRODUCTION: The use of smartphone is increasing day by day for personal as well as professional purpose. They are becoming a more suitable tool for advancing education in developing countries. Mobile access to information and many applications are successfully harnessed in health care. Smartphones are also becoming popular as an effective educational tool. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the use of smartphones as an educational tool amongst the medical students...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631469/chemical-composition-of-blackberry-press-cake-polyphenolic-extract-and-defatted-seeds-and-their-effects-on-cecal-fermentation-bacterial-metabolites-and-blood-lipid-profile-in-rats
#5
Monika Kosmala, Adam Jurgoński, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Elżbieta Karlińska, Jakub Macierzyński, Edward Rój, Zenon Zduńczyk
Blackberry fiber (BF), extracted blackberry fiber (EBF), defatted blackberry seeds (DBS), and blackberry polyphenols (BP) were added to the diets of rats. A control diet, fiber diets (BF, EBF, DBS) with 6% addition instead of cellulose, and a polyphenol diet (BP) with 1% addition were administered for 4 weeks. BF and DBS contained polyphenols (3.6%); EBF did not. DBS was free of fat. Ellagitannins were the main phenolics, mostly dimers (sanguiin H-6 with isomers) and monomers (pedunculagin, casuarictin isomer, and sanguiin H-2 isomer)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623494/the-effects-of-pesticides-on-morphology-viability-and-germination-of-blackberry-rubus-glaucus-benth-and-tree-tomato-solanum-betaceum-cav-pollen-grains
#6
Flavio Padilla, Norman Soria, Abrahan Oleas, Darwin Rueda, Bangeppagari Manjunatha, Rajesh R Kundapur, Naga Raju Maddela, Bugude Rajeswari
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of application of pesticides on morphology, viability, and germination of pollen grains of Blackberry (Rubus glaucus Benth.) and Tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.). The study was performed at Patate, Tungurahua province, Ecuador and was divided into two phases. Phase one dedicated to the study of morphology, viability, and identification of nutrient solution for better germination of pollen grains and phase two for the analysis of the effect of conventional, organic, and biological pesticides on pollen grain germination and pollen tube length...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609132/antioxidant-and-anticancer-properties-of-berries
#7
Bincy Baby, Priya Antony, Ranjit Vijayan
The enduring relationship between dietary patterns and human health has led us to investigate the bioactive components present in fruits and vegetables for a very long time. Berries, notably the popular ones such as strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry and the Indian gooseberry, are among the best known dietary sources due to the presence of a wide range of bioactive nutritive components. Bioactive components in berries include phenolic compounds, flavonoids and tannins apart from vitamins, minerals, sugars and fibers...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604138/ehealth-technologies-as-an-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-topical-antipsoriatics-a-systematic-review
#8
Mathias Tiedemann Svendsen, Flemming Andersen, Klaus Ejner Andersen
BACKGROUND: Topical antipsoriatics are recommended first-line treatment of psoriasis, but rates of adherence are low. Patient support by use of electronic health (eHealth) services is suggested to improve medical adherence. OBJECTIVE: To review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) testing eHealth interventions designed to improve adherence to topical antipsoriatics and to review applications for smartphones (apps) incorporating the word psoriasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature review: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PsycINFO, and Web of Science were searched using search terms for eHealth, psoriasis and topical antipsoriatics...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600693/antioxidant-capacity-analysis-of-blackberry-extracts-with-different-phytochemical-compositions-and-optimization-of-their-ultrasound-assisted-extraction
#9
Abraham Figueiras Abdala, Nadia Mendoza, Nancy Valadez Bustos, Eleazar Máximo Escamilla Silva
High antioxidant capacity molecules, such as anthocyanins, occur naturally in blackberry (Rubus fruticosus). In particular, 'Dasha' blackberry cultivar has scarcely been studied and, it is becoming economically more important in Mexico. In this study, several blackberry extraction conditions, conferred different amounts of detectable phytochemical groups that in turn were analysed with a new approach to investigate their influence on antioxidant capacity (AC). Additionally, a central composite design (CCD) was proposed to study effects of temperature and acidification on AC...
June 10, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557549/clinician-targeted-mobile-apps-in-palliative-care-a-systematic-review
#10
Salimah H Meghani, Meredith A MacKenzie, Brianna Morgan, Youjeong Kang, Anum Wasim, Saleem Sayani
BACKGROUND: The availability of smartphone applications has increased rapidly including applications related to palliative care. The scope of these available apps has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify and review available palliative care-related smartphone applications for clinicians. DESIGN: Smartphone application platform stores, for example, App Store iOS, Google Play Store, Windows App-Microsoft Store, and Blackberry World App store were searched (December 2016) using relevant key words...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545043/a-multiplex-taqman-qpcr-assay-for-sensitive-and-rapid-detection-of-phytoplasmas-infecting-rubus-species
#11
Holger Linck, Erika Krüger, Annette Reineke
Rubus stunt is an economically important disease in the production of raspberries, blackberries, and loganberries. A fast, sensitive, and reliable diagnosis of phytoplasmas, the causal agent of the disease, is of prime importance to stop its spread by vegetative propagation and by insect vectors. Therefore, multiplex qPCR assays using TaqMan probes with different kinds of fluorophores in one reaction were developed, allowing the detection of phytoplasmas in general as well as a more specific detection of phytoplasmas belonging to group 16SrV and host DNA (either plant or insect)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523823/cost-benefit-analysis-of-controlling-the-spotted-wing-drosophila-drosophila-suzukii-matsumura-spread-and-infestation-of-soft-fruits-in-trentino-northern-italy
#12
Emanuele Del Fava, Claudio Ioriatti, Alessia Melegaro
BACKGROUND: We assessed the economic impact of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) on the soft fruit industry (strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries) in Trentino, Northern Italy, using cost-benefit analysis. A conventional integrated pest management (IPM) based on insecticide, mass trapping and cultural measures is compared to an upgraded IPM strategy based on exclusion netting. Costs and benefits associated with the change between the two are estimated in order to evaluate the most profitable strategy from the societal point of view...
May 19, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485425/antithrombotic-effect-and-mechanism-of-rubus-spp-blackberry
#13
Pingyao Xie, Yong Zhang, Xuebiao Wang, Jinfeng Wei, Wenyi Kang
The compounds of Rubus spp. Blackberry (RSB) were isolated and identified by a bioassay-guided method, and their antithrombotic effects and mechanism were investigated with the acute blood stasis rat model. The RSB extract was evaluated by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), and fibrinogen (FIB) assays in vitro. Results indicated that RSB extract exhibited anticoagulant activity. In addition to compounds 1 and 6, the other compounds also exhibited anticoagulant activity in vitro...
May 24, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449984/recovery-of-anthocyanins-from-residues-of-rubus-fruticosus-vaccinium-myrtillus-and-eugenia-brasiliensis-by-ultrasound-assisted-extraction-pressurized-liquid-extraction-and-their-combination
#14
Ana Paula Da Fonseca Machado, Ana Luiza Duarte Pereira, Gerardo Fernández Barbero, Julian Martínez
This work investigated the extraction efficiency of polyphenols (anthocyanins) from blackberry, blueberry and grumixama residues using combined ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE) and pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) (UAE+PLE). The performance of UAE+PLE was compared to those achieved by the isolated PLE and UAE methods and conventional Soxhlet extraction. The effects of the extraction methods and solvents (acidified water pH 2.0, ethanol+water 50% v/v and ethanol+water 70% ethanol v/v) on total phenolics content, anthocyanin composition and antioxidant capacity of extracts were investigated by a full factorial design...
September 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428793/transcriptomics-targeted-metabolomics-and-gene-expression-of-blackberry-leaves-and-fruits-indicate-flavonoid-metabolic-flux-from-leaf-to-red-fruit
#15
Enrique Gutierrez, Ana García-Villaraco, José A Lucas, Ana Gradillas, F Javier Gutierrez-Mañero, Beatriz Ramos-Solano
Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are among the high added value food products relevant for human health due to the increasing evidence of the beneficial effects of polyphenols, which are very abundant in these fruits. Interestingly, these compounds also play a role on plant physiology, being especially relevant their role in plant defense against biotic and abiotic stress. Hence, we hypothesize that since blackberry fruits have high amounts of flavonols and anthocyanins, leaves would also have high amounts of these compounds, and can be studied as a source of active molecules; furthermore, leaf synthesis would support their high contents in fruits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424530/molecular-diagnostic-assays-based-on-cpn60-ut-sequences-reveal-the-geographic-distribution-of-subgroup-16srxiii-a-i-i-phytoplasma-in-mexico
#16
Edel Pérez-López, Douglas Rodríguez-Martínez, Chrystel Y Olivier, Mauricio Luna-Rodríguez, Tim J Dumonceaux
Geographically diverse samples from strawberry exhibiting symptoms of Strawberry Green Petal (SbGP), periwinkle plants with virescence, and blackberry, blueberry, and raspberry plants displaying yellowing and inedible fruits, were assayed for the presence of phytoplasma DNA. PCR targeting the 16S rRNA-encoding gene and chaperonin-60 (cpn60) showed that the plants were infected with phytoplasma subgroup16SrXIII-(A/I)I (SbGP/MPV). To examine the geographic distribution of this pathogen in Mexico, we designed an array of cpn60-targeted molecular diagnostic assays for SbGP/MPV phytoplasma...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396285/a-new-widespread-emaravirus-discovered-in-blackberry
#17
Mohamed Hassan, Patrick L Di Bello, Karen E Keller, Robert R Martin, Sead Sabanadzovic, Ioannis E Tzanetakis
A new virus was identified in blackberry plants exhibiting leaf mottling, chlorotic ringspots and curved midribs, symptoms associated with blackberry yellow vein disease (BYVD). The genome of the new virus, provisionally named blackberry leaf mottle-associated virus (BLMaV), was characterized and phylogenetic analysis revealed its close relationship to recognized members of the genus Emaravirus. BLMaV was transmitted by a yet to be described eriophyid mite species, further reinforcing its placement in the genus...
April 8, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386254/identification-of-ellagic-acid-rhamnoside-as-a-bioactive-component-of-a-complex-botanical-extract-with-anti-biofilm-activity
#18
Benjamin M Fontaine, Kate Nelson, James T Lyles, Parth B Jariwala, Jennifer M García-Rodriguez, Cassandra L Quave, Emily E Weinert
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections. It is listed among the top "serious threats" to human health in the USA, due in large part to rising rates of resistance. Many S. aureus infections are recalcitrant to antibiotic therapy due to their ability to form a biofilm, which acts not only as a physical barrier to antibiotics and the immune system, but results in differences in metabolism that further restricts antibiotic efficacy. Development of a modular strategy to synthesize a library of phenolic glycosides allowed for bioactivity testing and identification of anti-biofilm compounds within an extract of the elmleaf blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363537/surface-and-nutraceutical-properties-of-edible-films-made-from-starchy-sources-with-and-without-added-blackberry-pulp
#19
Tomy J Gutiérrez
The surface and nutraceutical properties have been poorly studied on edible films. The aim of this study was to investigate the surface properties and potential health effects in terms of in vitro digestibility and anti-inflammatory activity. The materials were developed from native plantain starch and pre-gelatinized plantain flour with and without added blackberry pulp using casting methodology. Thermogravimetric analysis, contact angle, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, resistant starch, in vitro digestibility, cell viability, reactive oxygen species, anti-inflammatory activity and sensory evaluation were the tests carried out in this study...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353394/lc-ms-ms-determination-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#20
Anna Stachniuk, Agnieszka Szmagara, Renata Czeczko, Emilia Fornal
The aim of the research is to evaluate pesticide residue contamination of fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables, agricultural raw material, purchased from Polish farmers for production of frozen fruits and vegetables, and the estimation of the multiresidue method effectiveness expressed as the proportion of pesticides detected in food samples to the total number of pesticides analyzed by multiresidue methods. A total of 144 samples (of black currants, red currants, raspberries, cherries, strawberries, blackberries, cauliflowers and broccoli) were analyzed using LC-MS/MS method for the determination of 60 pesticides...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
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