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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523823/cost-benefit-analysis-of-controlling-the-spotted-wing-drosophila-drosophila-suzukii-matsumura-spread-and-infestation-of-soft-fruits-in-trentino-northern-italy
#1
Emanuele Del Fava, Claudio Ioriatti, Alessia Melegaro
BACKGROUND: We assessed the economic impact of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) on the soft fruit industry (strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries) in Trentino, Northern Italy, using cost-benefit analysis. A conventional integrated pest management (IPM) based on insecticide, mass trapping and cultural measures is compared to an upgraded IPM strategy based on exclusion netting. Costs and benefits associated with the change between the two are estimated in order to evaluate the most profitable strategy from the societal point of view...
May 19, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485425/antithrombotic-effect-and-mechanism-of-rubus-spp-blackberry
#2
Pingyao Xie, Yong Zhang, Xuebiao Wang, Jinfeng Wei, Wenyi Kang
The compounds of Rubus spp. Blackberry (RSB) were isolated and identified by a bioassay-guided method, and their antithrombotic effects and mechanism were investigated with the acute blood stasis rat model. The RSB extract was evaluated by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), and fibrinogen (FIB) assays in vitro. Results indicated that RSB extract exhibited anticoagulant activity. In addition to compounds 1 and 6, the other compounds also exhibited anticoagulant activity in vitro...
May 9, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449984/recovery-of-anthocyanins-from-residues-of-rubus-fruticosus-vaccinium-myrtillus-and-eugenia-brasiliensis-by-ultrasound-assisted-extraction-pressurized-liquid-extraction-and-their-combination
#3
Ana Paula Da Fonseca Machado, Ana Luiza Duarte Pereira, Gerardo Fernández Barbero, Julian Martínez
This work investigated the extraction efficiency of polyphenols (anthocyanins) from blackberry, blueberry and grumixama residues using combined ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE) and pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) (UAE+PLE). The performance of UAE+PLE was compared to those achieved by the isolated PLE and UAE methods and conventional Soxhlet extraction. The effects of the extraction methods and solvents (acidified water pH 2.0, ethanol+water 50% v/v and ethanol+water 70% ethanol v/v) on total phenolics content, anthocyanin composition and antioxidant capacity of extracts were investigated by a full factorial design...
September 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428793/transcriptomics-targeted-metabolomics-and-gene-expression-of-blackberry-leaves-and-fruits-indicate-flavonoid-metabolic-flux-from-leaf-to-red-fruit
#4
Enrique Gutierrez, Ana García-Villaraco, José A Lucas, Ana Gradillas, F Javier Gutierrez-Mañero, Beatriz Ramos-Solano
Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are among the high added value food products relevant for human health due to the increasing evidence of the beneficial effects of polyphenols, which are very abundant in these fruits. Interestingly, these compounds also play a role on plant physiology, being especially relevant their role in plant defense against biotic and abiotic stress. Hence, we hypothesize that since blackberry fruits have high amounts of flavonols and anthocyanins, leaves would also have high amounts of these compounds, and can be studied as a source of active molecules; furthermore, leaf synthesis would support their high contents in fruits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424530/molecular-diagnostic-assays-based-on-cpn60-ut-sequences-reveal-the-geographic-distribution-of-subgroup-16srxiii-a-i-i-phytoplasma-in-mexico
#5
Edel Pérez-López, Douglas Rodríguez-Martínez, Chrystel Y Olivier, Mauricio Luna-Rodríguez, Tim J Dumonceaux
Geographically diverse samples from strawberry exhibiting symptoms of Strawberry Green Petal (SbGP), periwinkle plants with virescence, and blackberry, blueberry, and raspberry plants displaying yellowing and inedible fruits, were assayed for the presence of phytoplasma DNA. PCR targeting the 16S rRNA-encoding gene and chaperonin-60 (cpn60) showed that the plants were infected with phytoplasma subgroup16SrXIII-(A/I)I (SbGP/MPV). To examine the geographic distribution of this pathogen in Mexico, we designed an array of cpn60-targeted molecular diagnostic assays for SbGP/MPV phytoplasma...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396285/a-new-widespread-emaravirus-discovered-in-blackberry
#6
Mohamed Hassan, Patrick L Di Bello, Karen E Keller, Robert R Martin, Sead Sabanadzovic, Ioannis E Tzanetakis
A new virus was identified in blackberry plants exhibiting leaf mottling, chlorotic ringspots and curved midribs, symptoms associated with blackberry yellow vein disease (BYVD). The genome of the new virus, provisionally named blackberry leaf mottle-associated virus (BLMaV), was characterized and phylogenetic analysis revealed its close relationship to recognized members of the genus Emaravirus. BLMaV was transmitted by a yet to be described eriophyid mite species, further reinforcing its placement in the genus...
April 8, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386254/identification-of-ellagic-acid-rhamnoside-as-a-bioactive-component-of-a-complex-botanical-extract-with-anti-biofilm-activity
#7
Benjamin M Fontaine, Kate Nelson, James T Lyles, Parth B Jariwala, Jennifer M García-Rodriguez, Cassandra L Quave, Emily E Weinert
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections. It is listed among the top "serious threats" to human health in the USA, due in large part to rising rates of resistance. Many S. aureus infections are recalcitrant to antibiotic therapy due to their ability to form a biofilm, which acts not only as a physical barrier to antibiotics and the immune system, but results in differences in metabolism that further restricts antibiotic efficacy. Development of a modular strategy to synthesize a library of phenolic glycosides allowed for bioactivity testing and identification of anti-biofilm compounds within an extract of the elmleaf blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363537/surface-and-nutraceutical-properties-of-edible-films-made-from-starchy-sources-with-and-without-added-blackberry-pulp
#8
Tomy J Gutiérrez
The surface and nutraceutical properties have been poorly studied on edible films. The aim of this study was to investigate the surface properties and potential health effects in terms of in vitro digestibility and anti-inflammatory activity. The materials were developed from native plantain starch and pre-gelatinized plantain flour with and without added blackberry pulp using casting methodology. Thermogravimetric analysis, contact angle, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, resistant starch, in vitro digestibility, cell viability, reactive oxygen species, anti-inflammatory activity and sensory evaluation were the tests carried out in this study...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353394/lc-ms-ms-determination-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#9
Anna Stachniuk, Agnieszka Szmagara, Renata Czeczko, Emilia Fornal
The aim of the research is to evaluate pesticide residue contamination of fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables, agricultural raw material, purchased from Polish farmers for production of frozen fruits and vegetables, and the estimation of the multiresidue method effectiveness expressed as the proportion of pesticides detected in food samples to the total number of pesticides analyzed by multiresidue methods. A total of 144 samples (of black currants, red currants, raspberries, cherries, strawberries, blackberries, cauliflowers and broccoli) were analyzed using LC-MS/MS method for the determination of 60 pesticides...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334255/erythritol-and-lufenuron-detrimentally-alter-age-structure-of-wild-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae-populations-in-blueberry-and-blackberry
#10
B J Sampson, D A Marshall, B J Smith, S J Stringer, C T Werle, D J Magee, J J Adamczyk
We report on the efficacy of 0.5 M (61,000 ppm) erythritol (E) in Truvia Baking Blend, 10 ppm lufenuron (L), and their combination (LE) to reduce egg and larval densities of wild populations of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) infesting fields of rabbiteye blueberries (Vaccinium virgatum) and blackberries (Rubus sp.). Formulations included the active ingredients (lufenuron, erythritol, or both), sugar (in control and erythritol treatments), and Dawn hand-soap applied to plants with pressurized 3-gallon garden spray tanks...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315214/detection-of-food-allergens-by-taqman-real-time-pcr-methodology
#11
Aina García, Raquel Madrid, Teresa García, Rosario Martín, Isabel González
Real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) has shown to be a very effective technology for the detection of food allergens. The protocol described herein consists on a real-time PCR assay targeting the plant ITS (Internal Transcribed Spacer) region, using species-specific primers and hydrolysis probes (Taqman) dual labeled with a reporter fluorophore at the 5' end (6-carboxyfluorescein, FAM) and a quencher fluorophore at the 3' end (Blackberry, BBQ). The species-specific real-time PCR systems (primers/probe) described in this work allowed the detection of different nuts (peanut, hazelnut, pistachio, almond, cashew, macadamia, walnut and pecan), common allergens present in commercial food products, with a detection limit of 0...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287259/adaptation-in-caco-2-human-intestinal-cell-differentiation-and-phenolic-transport-with-chronic-exposure-to-blackberry-rubus-sp-extract
#12
Benjamin W Redan, George P Albaugh, Craig S Charron, Janet A Novotny, Mario G Ferruzzi
As evidence mounts for a health-protective role of dietary phenolics, the importance of understanding factors influencing bioavailability increases. Recent evidence has suggested chronic exposure to phenolics may impact their absorption and metabolism. To explore alterations occurring from chronic dietary exposure to phenolics, Caco-2 cell monolayers were differentiated on Transwell inserts with 0-10 μM blackberry (Rubus sp.) total phenolics extracts rich in anthocyanins, flavonols, and phenolic acids. Following differentiation, apical to basolateral transport of phenolics was assessed from an acute treatment of 100 μM blackberry phenolics from 0 to 4 h...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274941/supporting-insulin-initiation-in-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-results-of-the-stepping-up-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
John Furler, David O'Neal, Jane Speight, Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis, Alexandra Gorelik, Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott, Louise Ginnivan, Doris Young, James Best, Elizabeth Patterson, Danny Liew, Leonie Segal, Carl May, Irene Blackberry
Objective To compare the effectiveness of a novel model of care ("Stepping Up") with usual primary care in normalising insulin initiation for type 2 diabetes, leading to improved glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels.Design Cluster randomised controlled trial.Setting Primary care practices in Victoria, Australia, with a practice nurse and at least one consenting eligible patient (HbA1c ≥7.5% with maximal oral treatment).Participants 266 patients with type 2 diabetes and 74 practices (mean cluster size 4 (range 1-8) patients), followed up for 12 months...
March 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270804/eradication-and-sensitization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-methicillin-with-bioactive-extracts-of-berry-pomace
#14
Serajus Salaheen, Mengfei Peng, Jungsoo Joo, Hironori Teramoto, Debabrata Biswas
The therapeutic roles of phenolic blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) pomace (commercial byproduct) extracts (BPE) and their mechanism of actions were evaluated against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Five major phenolic acids of BPE, e.g., protocatechuic, p. coumaric, vanillic, caffeic, and gallic acids, as well as crude BPE completely inhibited the growth of vegetative MRSA in vitro while BPE+methicillin significantly reduced MRSA biofilm formation on plastic surface...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256490/retinal-imaging-with-smartphone
#15
D S Ademola-Popoola, V A Olatunji
BACKGROUND: The use of smartphones for various purposes among health professionals is increasing, especially with the availability of different applications. On account of cost, fundus cameras are not readily available in ophthalmic practice in developing countries. Since smartphones are readily available, easy to use and portable, they may present a cheap alternative in a resource-limited economy. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: to explore the use of smartphone (Blackberry Z-10) for retinal imaging in a resource-limited economy...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240502/smartphone-smart-surgeon-what-about-a-smart-logbook
#16
A Adam, K Spencer, S Moon, I Jacub
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone applications (Apps) have become a vital assistant to medical personnel in today's technologically advanced era. The utility of Apps with case logbook capabilities has not yet been explored. OBJECTIVE: To assess and evaluate all currently available surgical and procedural case logbook Apps. METHOD: A comprehensive search was conducted in April 2015 on the Android Play Store, iTunes (Apple App Store, iOS), and BlackBerry World for surgical and/or procedural logbooks...
June 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212306/metabolic-effects-of-berries-with-structurally-diverse-anthocyanins
#17
John Overall, Sierra A Bonney, Mickey Wilson, Arnold Beermann, Mary H Grace, Debora Esposito, Mary Ann Lila, Slavko Komarnytsky
Overconsumption of energy dense foods and sedentary lifestyle are considered as major causes of obesity-associated insulin resistance and abnormal glucose metabolism. Results from both cohort studies and randomized trials suggested that anthocyanins from berries may lower metabolic risks, however these reports are equivocal. The present study was designed to examine effects of six berries with structurally diverse anthocyanin profiles (normalized to 400 µg/g total anthocyanin content) on development of metabolic risk factors in the C57BL/6 mouse model of polygenic obesity...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115904/evaluation-of-polyphenol-content-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-fruits-and-vegetables-using-a-modified-enzymatic-extraction
#18
Rudy Álvarez, Héctor Araya, Rosa Navarro-Lisboa, Carol Lopez de Dicastillo
Fruits and vegetables are considered a good source of polyphenols and antioxidant capacities which are beneficial in protecting the human body against damage induced by reactive species. The objective of this work is to conduct an assessment of the polyphenol content and antioxidant activities of different fruit (kiwi, pear, green apple, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry and blueberry) and vegetable (pumpkin, green and red pepper) extracts using both chemical extraction and a modified in vitro digestive enzymatic extraction in order to compare results...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114443/design-of-a-multifiber-light-delivery-system-for-photoacoustic-guided-surgery
#19
Blackberrie Eddins, Muyinatu A Lediju Bell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098355/a-comparative-study-on-composition-and-antioxidant-activities-of-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-hexane-and-ethanol-extracts-from-blackberry-rubus-fruticosus-growing-in-poland
#20
Anna Wajs-Bonikowska, Agnieszka Stobiecka, Radosław Bonikowski, Agnieszka Krajewska, Magdalena Sikora, Józef Kula
BACKGROUND: Large quantities of blackberry seeds are produced as a pomace during the processing of juice and jam production - this by-product is a very interesting raw material both for oil manufacturing and as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work the composition, yield and antioxidant activity of three types of Rubus fructicosus pomace extracts isolated by liquid-extraction using solvents of different polarity, as well with supercritical CO2 fluid extraction have been compared...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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