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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222595/-prostate-cancer-risk-calculator-mobile-applications-apps-a-systematic-review-and-scoring-using-the-validated-user-version-of-the-mobile-application-rating-scale-umars
#1
Ahmed Adam, Julian C Hellig, Marlon Perera, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
PURPOSE: The use of mobile phone applications (Apps) has modernised the conventional practice of medicine. The diagnostic ability of the current Apps in prostate specific antigen monitoring, and its diagnostic ability within prostate cancer (PCa) risk calculators have not yet been appraised. We aimed to review, rate and assess the everyday functionality, and utility of all the currently available PCa risk calculator Apps. METHODS: A systematic search on iTunes, Google Play Store, Blackberry World and Windows Apps Store, was performed on 23/11/2017, using the search term 'prostate cancer risk calculator'...
December 8, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205556/rational-design-of-organically-functionalized-polyoxopalladates-and-their-supramolecular-properties
#2
Peng Yang, Hui Li, Tian Ma, Fadi Haso, Tianbo Liu, Linyuan Fan, Zhengguo Lin, Changwen Hu, Ulrich Kortz
The SrII-centered 12-palladate(II) open-cube {SrPd12(OAc)3} has been systematically evolved by substitution of the three acetate ligands by a library of saturated carboxylic acids with increasing chain lengths leading to four novel polyoxopalladates(II) with the formula [SrPd12O6(OH)3(PhAsO3)6(L)3]4- (SrPd12L3, L = CnH2n+1COO, n = 2 to 5). These first examples of surfactant-type polyoxopalladates with a hydrophilic metal-oxo unit and three hydrophobic alkyl chains were characterized in the solid state (single-crystal XRD, FT-IR, TGA), in solution (1H, 13C NMR), and in the gas phase (ESI-MS)...
December 4, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151137/blood-brain-barrier-transport-and-neuroprotective-potential-of-blackberry-digested-polyphenols-an-in-vitro-study
#3
Inês Figueira, Lucélia Tavares, Carolina Jardim, Inês Costa, Ana P Terrasso, Andreia F Almeida, Coen Govers, Jurriaan J Mes, Rui Gardner, Jörg D Becker, Gordon J McDougall, Derek Stewart, Augusto Filipe, Kwang S Kim, Dora Brites, Catarina Brito, M Alexandra Brito, Cláudia N Santos
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and intervention studies have attempted to link the health effects of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables with the consumption of polyphenols and their impact in neurodegenerative diseases. Studies have shown that polyphenols can cross the intestinal barrier and reach concentrations in the bloodstream able to exert effects in vivo. However, the effective uptake of polyphenols into the brain is still regarded with some reservations. Here we describe a combination of approaches to examine the putative transport of blackberry-digested polyphenols (BDP) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and ultimate evaluation of their neuroprotective effects...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149858/famine-food-of-vegetal-origin-consumed-in-the-netherlands-during-world-war-ii
#4
Tom Vorstenbosch, Ingrid de Zwarte, Leni Duistermaat, Tinde van Andel
BACKGROUND: Periods of extreme food shortages during war force people to eat food that they normally do not consider edible. The last time that countries in Western Europe experienced severe scarcities was during World War II. The so-called Dutch famine or Hunger Winter (1944-1945) made at least 25,000 victims. The Dutch government took action by opening soup kitchens and providing information on wild plants and other famine food sources in "wartime cookbooks." The Dutch wartime diet has never been examined from an ethnobotanical perspective...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149190/improved-capture-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-a-trap-baited-with-two-attractants-in-the-same-device
#5
Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123512/alternative-growth-promoters-modulate-broiler-gut-microbiome-and-enhance-body-weight-gain
#6
Serajus Salaheen, Seon-Woo Kim, Bradd J Haley, Jo Ann S Van Kessel, Debabrata Biswas
Antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) are frequently used to enhance weight-gain in poultry production. However, there has been increasing concern over the impact of AGP on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in zoonotic bacterial pathogens in the microbial community of the poultry gut. In this study, we adopted mass-spectrophotometric, phylogenetic, and shotgun-metagenomic approaches to evaluate bioactive phenolic extracts (BPE) from blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) pomaces as AGP alternatives in broilers...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122108/predictors-of-insulin-uptake-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-stepping-up-study
#7
Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott, John Furler, Irene Blackberry, David N O'Neal, Jane Speight
AIMS: We aimed to investigate predictors of insulin uptake, and change in insulin appraisals, among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in the Stepping Up trial. METHODS: The Stepping Up model of care, supporting timely insulin initiation in primary care, was evaluated in a two-armed cluster-randomised controlled trial. Participants were 266 adults (mean±SD age 62±10years; 39% women) with T2DM (median (IQR) duration 8.5 (5, 13)years) from 74 primary care practices (Stepping Up intervention: 57%, control 43%)...
November 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056892/antithrombotic-mechanism-of-polysaccharides-in-blackberry-rubus-spp-seeds
#8
Jinmei Wang, Pengli Lian, Qi Yu, Jinfeng Wei, Wenyi Kang
The blackberry seed was typically removed as a byproduct and waste from blackberry fruits for juices. Developing value-added utilization of berry seeds will significantly expand the market for berry products as well as improve benefit to berry producers. However, the research on blackberry seed is limited. The objective of this paper was to research antithrombotic mechanism of polysaccharides in blackberry seeds. Polysaccharides in blackberry seeds were extracted, purified and identified by high-performance gel permeation chromatography (HPSEC), gas chromatography (GC), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (NMR)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056159/should-we-recommend-renal-diet-related-apps-to-our-patients-an-evaluation-of-the-quality-and-health-literacy-demand-of-renal-diet-related-mobile-applications
#9
Kelly Lambert, Judy Mullan, Kylie Mansfield, Paris Owen
OBJECTIVE: Mobile phone applications (apps) are increasingly being used by patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to describe the main purpose of commonly available renal diet apps and to quantify the accuracy of information, technical quality, and health literacy demand of renal diet apps. DESIGN: The design was content analysis. All eligible renal diet apps in the Australian Apple App Store, Google Play, Windows Phone, and Blackberry App World were evaluated...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028333/profiling-and-quantification-of-regioisomeric-caffeoyl-glucoses-in-berry-fruits
#10
Maria Alexandra Patras, Nikolai Kuhnert, Rakesh Jaiswal, Gordon J McDougall
Based on a recently developed tandem MS based hierarchical scheme for the identification of regioisomeric caffeoyl glucoses, selected berry fruits were profiled for their caffeoyl glucose ester content. Fresh edible berries profiled included strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, red and black currants, lingonberries, gooseberries, cranberries, juice of elderberries, goji berries, chokeberries, cranberries, açai berries, sea buckthorn berries, Montmorency sour cherries, and pomegranate were investigated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022636/the-effect-of-anthocyanins-from-red-wine-and-blackberry-on-the-integrity-of-a-keratinocyte-model-using-ecis
#11
Ana Évora, Victor de Freitas, Nuno Mateus, Iva Fernandes
There is a growing market demand for the incorporation of plant-derived ingredients into new products for the cosmetic industry. Anthocyanins are polyphenols arising from plant secondary metabolism that have been shown to possess many bioactive properties such as free radical scavenging, antimicrobial, and chemopreventive activities. In this work, the biological activities of red wine and blackberry anthocyanins were assessed by developing a new keratinocyte barrier model using the HaCat cell line and a microelectrode-based biosensor device, referred to as Electric Cell-Substrate Impedance Sensing (ECIS)...
October 12, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019360/mitigating-the-effects-of-high-fat-diet-on-the-brain-and-behavior-with-berry-supplementation
#12
REVIEW
Amanda N Carey, Rachel L Galli
Research on the potential of berries to modulate the effects of high fat diets on the brain and behavior is a relatively small and growing field. This review provides an overview of current findings from animal studies assessing the impact of high fat diets supplemented with blueberries, blackberries, grapes and jaboticaba berries on cognitive performance and neuroprotection. High fat diets are demonstrated to increase brain markers of oxidative stress and inflammation and result in other neural alterations that can contribute to impairments in learning and memory...
October 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946252/corrigendum-to-stable-isotope-ratio-analysis-of-different-european-raspberries-blackberries-blueberries-currants-and-strawberries-food-chem-239-2018-48-55
#13
M Perini, L Giongo, M Grisenti, L Bontempo, F Camin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876355/stabilization-of-anthocyanins-in-blackberry-juice-by-glutathione-fortification
#14
Nathan B Stebbins, Luke R Howard, Ronald L Prior, Cindi Brownmiller, Andy Mauromoustakos
Blackberry anthocyanins provide attractive color and antioxidant activity. However, anthocyanins degrade during juice processing and storage, so maintaining high anthocyanin concentrations in berry juices may lead to greater antioxidant and health benefits for the consumer. This study evaluated potential additives to stabilize anthocyanins during blackberry juice storage. The anthocyanin stabilizing agents used were: glutathione, galacturonic acid, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid and tannic acid, which were added at a level of 500 mg L(-1)...
September 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874335/mobile-apps-for-teaching-intubation-scoping-review-and-critical-analysis-in-elearning
#15
Clyde Matava, Anne-Marie Leo, Fahad Alam
BACKGROUND: Airway management is a core skill in anesthesia ensuring adequate oxygenation and delivery of inhalational agents for the patient. OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to critically evaluate the quality of airway management apps and target revised Bloom's Taxonomy cognitive levels. METHODS: An electronic search using the keywords "airway" and "airway management" was conducted in May 2015 across the App Store, Google Play, BlackBerry World, and Windows Store...
September 5, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873644/anti-polymerization-activity-of-tea-and-fruits-extracts-during-rapeseed-oil-heating
#16
Dominik Kmiecik, Anna Gramza-Michałowska, Józef Korczak
The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of natural antioxidants on polymerization of partially hydrogenated rapeseed oil heated in 170°C for 40h. In the research ethanolic extracts of green tea leaves (China Lung Ching), yellow tea leaves (China Kakecha), cranberry, blackberry, and lime were used. The yellow and green tea extracts were characterized by the highest content of total polyphenol and antioxidant activity. Polymers of triacylglycerols were found only in the polar fraction of heated oil...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873594/stable-isotope-ratio-analysis-of-different-european-raspberries-blackberries-blueberries-currants-and-strawberries
#17
M Perini, L Giongo, M Grisenti, L Bontempo, F Camin
To date the stable isotope ratios of berries have never been extensively explored. In this work the H, C, N and O isotopic ratios of 190 samples of different soft fruits (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries and currants) produced in a northern Italian region and at two sites in Romania and Poland collected over three harvest years are presented and discussed. The different soft fruits showed a typical range for one or more isotopic parameters that can be used to verify the authenticity of the fruit composition declared on the label...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776990/strong-co-ion-effect-via-cation-%C3%AF-interaction-on-the-self-assembly-of-metal-organic-cationic-macrocycles
#18
Bo Qi, Xiangyang Guo, Yunyi Gao, Dong Li, Jiancheng Luo, Hui Li, Seyed Ali Eghtesadi, Cheng He, Chunying Duan, Tianbo Liu
The predesigned metal-organic macrocycle Zn3QDB3(NO3)4 (Zn-QDB) was observed to self-assemble into a hollow, spherical, single-layered "blackberry"-type structure. The self-assembly behaviors of the Zn-QDB are significantly influenced by additional small ions. Specifically, the cations exhibit strong co-ion effects on the interaction between cationic macrocycles which are different from the previously reported co-ion effects of simple anions on anionic polyoxometalates. This unusual phenomenon is due to the unique cation-π interaction between small cations and electron-rich cavity of Zn-QDB, as confirmed by UV-vis, (1)H NMR, and fluorescence spectra...
August 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764008/2-methylbutyl-acetate-in-wines-enantiomeric-distribution-and-sensory-impact-on-red-wine-fruity-aroma
#19
Margaux Cameleyre, Georgia Lytra, Sophie Tempere, Jean-Christophe Barbe
Enantiomers of 2-methylbutyl acetate were assayed in red and white commercial wines from various vintages and origins, using chiral gas chromatography (γ-cyclodextrin), revealing the exclusive presence of the S-enantiomeric form. Results also confirmed that (S)-2-methylbutyl acetate levels were generally higher in red than white wines of the same age, and that acetate levels increased gradually during ageing. Olfactory threshold of (S)-2-methylbutyl acetate was evaluated at 313µg/L in dilute alcohol solution (12% v/v) and 1083µg/L in a fruity aromatic reconstitution, reflecting its presence in wines at subthreshold concentrations...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754569/development-of-reliable-detection-assays-for-blueberry-mosaic-and-blackberry-vein-banding-associated-viruses-based-on-their-population-structures
#20
Thanuja Thekke-Veetil, Ioannis E Tzanetakis
Blueberry mosaic associated virus (BlMaV), the presumed causal agent of the homonymous disease and blackberry vein banding associated virus (BVBaV), a component of the blackberry yellow vein disease complex, are recently characterized RNA viruses. There is a need for efficient and sensitive detection protocols for the two viruses, not only for screening during the nursery propagation process but also in commercial fields to better understand virus epidemiology and minimize disease spread. RNA viruses display significant nucleotide variation forming quasi-species...
October 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
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