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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917370/aromatherapies-using-osmanthus-fragrans-oil-and-grapefruit-oil-are-effective-complementary-treatments-for-anxious-patients-undergoing-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Hideaki Hozumi, Sho Hasegawa, Takazumi Tsunenari, Noriko Sanpei, Yuko Arashina, Kieko Takahashi, Ayako Konnno, Emi Chida, Souichi Tomimatsu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopy can be painful and uncomfortable. Aromatherapy is often used for the relief of anxiety or discomfort. Recently, it has been reported that olfactory stimulation induces various physiological effects. We investigated the effects of aromatherapy on anxiety and abdominal discomfort during colonoscopy. METHODS: The investigation was carried out using a randomized controlled study. Aromatherapy was performed by vapor diffusion, and each patient was given one of the following treatments: no inhalation (control group), essential-oil-less vapor (vehicle group), lavender oil (lavender group), grapefruit oil (grapefruit group), or Osmanthus fragrans oil (Osmanthus fragrans group)...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912088/sip-and-spit-or-sip-and-swallow-choice-of-method-differentially-alters-taste-intensity-estimates-across-stimuli
#2
Cordelia A Running, John E Hayes
While the myth of the tongue map has been consistently and repeatedly debunked in controlled studies, evidence for regional differences in suprathreshold intensity has been noted by multiple research groups. Given differences in physiology between the anterior and posterior tongue (fungiform versus foliate and circumvallate papillae) and differences in total area stimulated (anterior only versus whole tongue, pharynx, and epiglottis), small methodological changes (sip and spit versus sip and swallow) have the potential to substantially influence data...
September 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911545/chemistry-and-health-effects-of-furanocoumarins-in-grapefruit
#3
REVIEW
Wei-Lun Hung, Joon Hyuk Suh, Yu Wang
Furanocoumarins are a specific group of secondary metabolites that commonly present in higher plants, such as citrus plants. The major furanocoumarins found in grapefruits (Citrus paradisi) include bergamottin, epoxybergamottin, and 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin. During biosynthesis of these furanocoumarins, coumarins undergo biochemical modifications corresponding to a prenylation reaction catalyzed by the cytochrome P450 enzymes with the subsequent formation of furan rings. Because of undesirable interactions with several medications, many studies have developed methods for grapefruit furanocoumarin quantification that include high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV detector or mass spectrometry...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904803/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-during-early-fruit-development-between-three-seedy-citrus-genotypes-and-their-seedless-mutants
#4
Shujian Zhang, Qingchun Shi, Ute Albrecht, Robert G Shatters, Ric Stange, Greg McCollum, Shuo Zhang, Chengming Fan, Ed Stover
Identification of genes with differential transcript abundance (GDTA) in seedless mutants may enhance understanding of seedless citrus development. Transcriptome analysis was conducted at three time points during early fruit development (Phase 1) of three seedy citrus genotypes: Fallglo (Bower citrus hybrid (Citrus reticulata×C. reticulata×C. paradisi)×Temple (C. reticulata×C. sinensis)), grapefruit (C. paradisi), Pineapple sweet orange (C. sinensis), and their seedless mutants. Seed abortion in seedless mutants was observed at 26 days post anthesis (Time point 2)...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904280/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-due-to-ingestion-of-mikan-citrus-unshiu
#5
Yutaka Tanaka, Marie Sugihara, Shuntaro Tsumagari, Nobue Takamatsu, Kazuyuki Kurihara
A 12-year-old girl was referred to our hospital owing to repeated anaphylactic reactions induced by exercise after meals. Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAn) was suspected. However, sequential tests of typical foods, including egg, milk, soy, and wheat, in combination with exercise, were all negative.The results of the skin prick test (SPT) for Citrus unshiu and specific IgE test for orange and grapefruit were positive. Although no symptoms were noted after an exercise challenge combined with the ingestion of only Citrus unshiu, an anaphylactic reaction was induced by additional acetyl-salicylic acid...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898741/comparative-studies-of-cutins-from-lime-citrus-aurantifolia-and-grapefruit-citrus-paradisi-after-tfa-hydrolysis
#6
Brenda Liliana Hernández Velasco, Daniel Arrieta-Baez, Pedro Iván Cortez Sotelo, Juan Vicente Méndez-Méndez, Blanca Margarita Berdeja Martínez, Mayra Beatriz Gómez-Patiño
Grapefruit and lime cutins were analyzed and compared in order to obtain information about their cutin architecture. This was performed using a sequential hydrolysis, first with trifluoroacetic acid to remove most of the polysaccharides present in the cutins, followed by an alkaline hydrolysis in order to obtain the main aliphatic compounds. Analysis by CPMAS (13)C NMR and ATR FT-IR of the cutins after 2.0 M TFA revealed that grapefruit cutin has independent aliphatic and polysaccharide domains while in the lime cutin these components could be homogeneously distributed...
September 9, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894634/grapefruit-some-perspectives-in-pharmacology-and-nutrition
#7
Sergei V Jargin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860535/ecological-and-functional-adaptations-to-water-management-in-a-semiarid-agroecosystem-a-soil-metaproteomics-approach
#8
Robert Starke, Felipe Bastida, Joaquín Abadía, Carlos García, Emilio Nicolás, Nico Jehmlich
Climate change models point to a decrease in water availability in semiarid areas that would compromise the maintenance of sustainable agriculture. Here, we used a grapefruit agroecosystem model to evaluate the responses of the active soil microbial community - as a microbial subset directly involved in soil functionality- undergoing strategies to cope with the low water availability in south-east Spain. For this purpose, we tested the impacts of: (i) water quality: transfer-water from a river (TW) or reclaimed-water from a wastewater-treatment plant (RW); and (ii) water quantity: continuous optimal amount of water or reduced irrigation (RDI) in the temporal frame when the crop is less sensitive; and their interactions...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830755/naringin-attenuates-thioacetamide-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-through-modulation-of-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#9
Kholoud Alaa El-Mihi, Hany Ibrahim Kenawy, Amro El-Karef, Nehal Mohsen Elsherbiny, Laila Ahmed Eissa
AIMS: Naringin (NR) is a flavanone glycoside extracted from grapefruits and citrus fruits. The aim of this study is to investigate the antifibrotic efficacy of NR in thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats through evaluating NR effect on the PI3K/Akt pathway. MAIN METHODS: Hepatic fibrosis was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of TAA (200mg/kg) twice per week for 6weeks. Simultaneously, NR (40mg/kg/day, p.o.) was given along with TAA injection...
August 19, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802843/co-concentration-effect-of-silane-with-natural-extract-on-biodegradable-polymeric-films-for-food-packaging
#10
Anbreen Bashir, Sehrish Jabeen, Nafisa Gull, Atif Islam, Misbah Sultan, Abdul Ghaffar, Shahzad Maqsood Khan, Sadia Sagar Iqbal, Tahir Jamil
Novel biodegradable films were prepared by blending guar gum, chitosan and poly (vinyl alcohol) having mint (ME) and grapefruit peel (GE) extracts and crosslinked with nontoxic tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). The co-concentration effect of TEOS with natural extracts on the films was studied. FTIR analysis confirmed the presence of incorporated components and the developed interactions among the polymer chains. The surface morphology of the films by SEM showed the hydrophilic character due to porous network structure...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802068/dietary-citrate-and-plasma-ionized-calcium-implications-for-platelet-donors
#11
Stefanie Haynes, Elda Hickson, Jeanne Linden, Patricia St Pierre, Paula Ducharme, Paula Sulmasy, Linda Welch, Yong Zhao, Mindy Greene, Michelle Vauthrin, Robert Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Platelet donors receive 40 mmol or more of IV citrate anion during donation. When plasma ionized calcium ([Ca(2+) ]) falls by ∼20%, half of the donors report symptoms of hypocalcemic toxicity. Citrus juices contain clinically relevant amounts of citrate anion. We asked whether citrus juice can lower [Ca(2+) ] thus potentially contributing to hypocalcemic toxicity. METHOD: Six volunteers were given 20.4 mmol of citrate anion as grapefruit juice or orange juice...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779801/editorial-commentary-the-grapefruit-so-much-more-than-an-annoying-breakfast-item-a-valuable-tool-for-arthroscopic-simulation-training
#12
EDITORIAL
Laith M Jazrawi
As our industry is continually developing more technologically advanced and expensive virtual training equipment, the grapefruit may represent an economic and accessible approach to arthroscopic simulation. This won't replace simulators, but it could become an important tool in the armamentarium of arthroscopic educators as it provides inexpensive haptic feedback necessary to create the muscle memory pathways for the improvement of arthroscopic skills.
August 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749005/screening-of-furanocoumarin-derivatives-as-cytochrome-p450-3a4-inhibitors-in-citrus
#13
M Masuda, S Watanabe, M Tanaka, A Tanaka, H Araki
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Furanocoumarins, such as bergamottin (BG) and 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin (DHB), isolated from grapefruit juice are clinically active constituents capable of inhibiting cytochrome P450 3A4. Furanocoumarins are also found in hassaku, pummelo and daidai. Several types of hybrid citrus fruits have recently been developed, and these may also contain furanocoumarins because they were produced by cross-breeding pummelo, daidai and other citrus fruits. In this study, we quantified BG and DHB levels in the flesh and peel of hybrid citrus fruits...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747829/effects-of-grapefruit-seed-extract-on-oxidative-stability-and-quality-properties-of-cured-chicken-breast
#14
Su-Tae Kang, Hee-Kyoung Son, Hyun-Joo Lee, Jung-Seok Choi, Yang-Il Choi, Jae-Joon Lee
This study investigated the antioxidative and functional effects of a curing agent containing grapefruit seed extract (GSE) on the quality and storage characteristics of chicken breast. The total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents of GSE were 45.06 mg/g and 36.06 mg/g, respectively. The IC50 value of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl hydroxyl scavenging of GSE was 333.33 μg/mL. The chicken breast comprised six groups: no-treatment (N), 0.2% ascorbic acid + 70 ppm sodium nitrite (C), 0.05% GSE (G0.05), 0.1% GSE (G0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698111/phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-maclura-moraceae-and-the-origin-of-an-anachronistic-fruit
#15
Elliot M Gardner, Paya Sarraf, Evelyn W Williams, Nyree J C Zerega
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Maclura (ca. 12 spp., Moraceae) is a widespread genus of trees and woody climbers found on five continents. Maclura pomifera, the Osage orange, is considered a classic example of an anachronistic fruit. Native to the central USA, the grapefruit-sized Osage oranges are unpalatable and have no known extant native dispersers, leading to speculation that the fruits were adapted to extinct megafauna. Our aim was to reconstruct the phylogeny, estimate divergence dates, and infer ancestral ranges of Maclura in order to test the monophyly of subgeneric classifications and to understand evolution and dispersal patterns in this globally distributed group...
July 8, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640225/herb-drug-interaction-between-the-traditional-hepatoprotective-formulation-and-sorafenib-on-hepatotoxicity-histopathology-and-pharmacokinetics-in-rats
#16
Chin-Tsung Ting, Yung-Yi Cheng, Tung-Hu Tsai
Sorafenib has been used as a standard therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In Asia, patients with HCC are potentially treated with the combination of sorafenib and Chinese herbal medicines to improve the efficiency and reduce the side effects of sorafenib. However, limited information about the herb-drug interactions is available. We hypothesize that the Chinese herbal medicine may exert hepatoprotective effects on the sorafenib-treated group. The aim of this study is to investigate the pharmacokinetic mechanism of drug-drug interactions of sorafenib including interacting with hepatoprotective formulation, Long-Dan-Xie-Gan-Tang formulation (LDXGT) and with two cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors, grapefruit juice and ketoconazole...
June 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631804/mandarin-fruit-quality-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Livnat Goldenberg, Yossi Yaniv, Ron Porat, Nir Carmi
During the last decade, there has been a continuous rise in consumption and global marketing of fresh, easy-to-peel mandarins, with current annual production of nearly 29 million tons. Nevertheless, most of the existing knowledge on quality traits of citrus fruit comes from research conducted on oranges and grapefruit, which are the main products for the citrus juice manufacturing industry; relatively little is yet known regarding the unique fruit quality traits of mandarins, nor about the great diversity in these traits among the various natural sub-groups and varieties of mandarins...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622592/second-generation-h1-antihistamines-interaction-with-food-and-alcohol-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Paweł Paśko, Tomasz Rodacki, Renata Domagała-Rodacka, Krzysztof Palimonka, Monika Marcinkowska, Danuta Owczarek
Histamine is a mediator of many physiological processes. It plays an important role in modulating allergy reactions and immune system responses. H1 receptor is a therapeutic target for drugs applied in allergic diseases such as allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, urticarial, or atopic dermatitis. H1-antihistamines display different chemical structures, pharmacokinetics and a potential for drug-drug and drug-food interactions. Drug-food interactions are known to reduce therapeutic effects of the medicine, as well as to induce a potent adverse drug reactions...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606222/association-of-flavonoid-rich-foods-and-flavonoids-with-risk-of-all-cause-mortality
#19
Kerry L Ivey, Majken K Jensen, Jonathan M Hodgson, A Heather Eliassen, Aedín Cassidy, Eric B Rimm
Flavonoids are bioactive compounds found in foods such as tea, red wine, fruits and vegetables. Higher intakes of specific flavonoids, and flavonoid-rich foods, have been linked to reduced mortality from specific vascular diseases and cancers. However, the importance of flavonoid-rich foods, and flavonoids, in preventing all-cause mortality remains uncertain. As such, we examined the association of intake of flavonoid-rich foods and flavonoids with subsequent mortality among 93 145 young and middle-aged women in the Nurses' Health Study II...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597655/identification-and-characterization-of-3-epi-rotundone-a-novel-stereoisomer-of-rotundone-in-several-kinds-of-fruits
#20
Akira Nakanishi, Makiko Ito, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Tomoko Maeda, Susumu Ishizaki, Yoshiko Kurobayashi
A novel stereoisomer of rotundone, 3-epi-rotundone, was identified in the aroma of grapefruit, orange, apple, and mango. 3-epi-Rotundone was prepared by the isomerization of rotundone, and its structural elucidation was confirmed by comparing the 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy spectra with those of rotundone. The odor thresholds of rotundone and 3-epi-rotundone in water were determined by a triangle test as 5 and 19100 ng/kg, respectively. The odor of 3-epi-rotundone was evaluated as woody, spicy, peppery, citrus, grapefruit-like, powdery, and celery-like, which was a greater range of odor characteristics than that for rotundone...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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