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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420123/stability-of-bioactive-compounds-in-broccoli-as-affected-by-cutting-styles-and-storage-time
#1
Ana Mariel Torres-Contreras, Vimal Nair, Luis Cisneros-Zevallos, Daniel A Jacobo-Velázquez
Broccoli contains bioactive molecules and thus its consumption is related with the prevention of chronic and degenerative diseases. The application of wounding stress to horticultural crops is a common practice, since it is the basis for the fresh-cut produce industry. In this study, the effect of four different cutting styles (CSs) (florets (CS1), florets cut into two even pieces (CS2), florets cut into four even pieces (CS3), and florets processed into chops (CS4)) and storage time (0 and 24 h at 20 °C) on the content of bioactive compounds in broccoli was evaluated...
April 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419960/preferentially-enhancing-anti-cancer-isothiocyanates-over-glucosinolates-in-broccoli-sprouts-how-nacl-and-salicylic-acid-affect-their-formation
#2
Azadeh Esfandiari, Ali Saei, Marian J McKenzie, Adam J Matich, Mesbah Babalar, Donald A Hunter
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) sprouts contain glucosinolates (GLs) that when hydrolysed yield health promoting isothiocyanates such as sulforaphane (SF). SF content can be increased by salt (NaCl) stress, although high salt concentrations negatively impact plant growth. Salicylic acid (SA) treatments can attenuate the negative effects of salt on growth. To test whether sprout isothiocyanate content could be elevated without sprout growth being compromised, broccoli seed were germinated and grown for seven days in salt (0, 80 and 160 mM) alone and in combination with 100 μM SA...
April 7, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415982/the-treatment-of-primary-mediastinal-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-two-decades-monocentric-experience-with-98-patients
#3
Alessandro Broccoli, Beatrice Casadei, Vittorio Stefoni, Cinzia Pellegrini, Federica Quirini, Lorenzo Tonialini, Alice Morigi, Miriam Marangon, Lisa Argnani, Pier Luigi Zinzani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the most suitable first-line approach and the best combination treatment for primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) as they have been matter of debate for at least two decades. METHODS: Our single centre experience in the treatment of 98 de novo PMLBCL patients over the last 20 years is reviewed. All patients received MACOP-B chemotherapy. Thirty-seven received both rituximab and mediastinal radiotherapy; 30 were irradiated after chemotherapy, although not receiving rituximab and 20 received rituximab without radiotherapy consolidation...
April 17, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400006/microbiological-quality-of-selected-ready-to-eat-leaf-vegetables-sprouts-and-non-pasteurized-fresh-fruit-vegetable-juices-including-the-presence-of-cronobacter-spp
#4
Anna Berthold-Pluta, Monika Garbowska, Ilona Stefańska, Antoni Pluta
Bacteria of the genus Cronobacter are emerging food-borne pathogens. Foods contaminated with Cronobacter spp. may pose a risk to infants or adults with suppressed immunity. This study was aimed at determining the microbiological quality of ready-to-eat (RTE) plant-origin food products available on the Polish market with special emphasis on the prevalence of Cronobacter genus bacteria. Analyses were carried out on 60 samples of commercial RTE type plant-origin food products, including: leaf vegetables (20 samples), sprouts (20 samples) and non-pasteurized vegetable, fruit and fruit-vegetable juices (20 samples)...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394276/targeting-colorectal-cancer-proliferation-stemness-and-metastatic-potential-using-brassicaceae-extracts-enriched-in-isothiocyanates-a-3d-cell-model-based-study
#5
Lucília P Pereira, Patrícia Silva, Marlene Duarte, Liliana Rodrigues, Catarina M M Duarte, Cristina Albuquerque, Ana Teresa Serra
Colorectal cancer (CRC) recurrence is often attributable to circulating tumor cells and/or cancer stem cells (CSCs) that resist to conventional therapies and foster tumor progression. Isothiocyanates (ITCs) derived from Brassicaceae vegetables have demonstrated anticancer effects in CRC, however little is known about their effect in CSCs and tumor initiation properties. Here we examined the effect of ITCs-enriched Brassicaceae extracts derived from watercress and broccoli in cell proliferation, CSC phenotype and metastasis using a previously developed three-dimensional HT29 cell model with CSC-like traits...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392797/small-rna-sequencing-reveals-differential-mirna-expression-in-the-early-development-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-var-italica-pollen
#6
Hui Li, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Lihong Li, Chuan Jin, Qingli Zhang, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
Pollen development is an important and complex biological process in the sexual reproduction of flowering plants. Although the cytological characteristics of pollen development are well defined, the regulation of its early stages remains largely unknown. In the present study, miRNAs were explored in the early development of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) pollen. A total of 333 known miRNAs that originated from 235 miRNA families were detected. Fifty-five novel miRNA candidates were identified. Sixty of the 333 known miRNAs and 49 of the 55 predicted novel miRNAs exhibited significantly differential expression profiling in the three distinct developmental stages of broccoli pollen...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386543/broccoli-microgreens-a-mineral-rich-crop-that-can-diversify-food-systems
#7
Carolyn F Weber
Current malnourishment statistics are high and are exacerbated by contemporary agricultural practices that damage the very environments on which the production of nutritious food depends. As the World's population grows at an unprecedented rate, food systems must be revised to provide adequate nutrition while minimizing environmental impacts. One specific nutritional problem that needs attention is mineral (e.g., Fe and Zn) malnutrition, which impacts over two-thirds of the World's people living in countries of every economic status...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382865/multitargeted-molecular-docking-study-of-natural-derived-alkaloids-on-breast-cancer-pathway-components
#8
Ramit Singla, Vikas Jaitak
BACKGROUND: Targeting of multiple sites is a pharmacologically, pharmacokinetic and dynamically more acceptable approach for complex diseases such as BC. It is recommended that the women who are at high risk of developing BC might be given foods enhanced by indole alkaloids from vegetables like cabbage and broccoli. Administration of indole-3-carbinol is associated with decreased incidence of hormone-responsive BC (HRBC) which is implicated due to the induction of cytochrome P450 and glutathione-S-transferase which metabolizes chemical mutagens and by altering estrogen metabolism...
April 6, 2017: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366770/a-bio-cultural-approach-to-the-study-of-food-choice-the-contribution-of-taste-genetics-population-and-culture
#9
Davide S Risso, Cristina Giuliani, Marco Antinucci, Gabriella Morini, Paolo Garagnani, Sergio Tofanelli, Donata Luiselli
The study of food choice, one of the most complex human traits, requires an integrated approach that takes into account environmental, socio-cultural and biological diversity. We recruited 183 volunteers from four geo-linguistic groups and highly diversified in terms of both genetic background and food habits from whom we collected genotypes and phenotypes tightly linked to taste perception. We confirmed previous genetic associations, in particular with stevioside perception, and noted significant differences in food consumption: in particular, broccoli, mustard and beer consumption scores were significantly higher (Adjusted P = 0...
March 31, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362992/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-self-incompatible-flower-stigmas-and-self-compatible-bud-stigmas-following-self-pollination-in-broccoli
#10
H F Yu, J S Wang, X G Sheng, Z Q Zhao, Z R Qi, H H Gu
DH07 is a DH line of Class I S-haplotype in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica), in which stigmas of flowers show self-incompatibility (SI) and stigmas of buds show self-compatibility (SC). The molecular mechanisms that lead to stigmas at different developmental stages having different responses to self-pollination are yet unknown. In the present study, comparative transcriptome profiling of the stigmas of flowers and buds before and after self-pollination was performed by RNA-sequencing using an Illumina HiSeq(TM) 2000...
March 30, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353394/lc-ms-ms-determination-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#11
Anna Stachniuk, Agnieszka Szmagara, Renata Czeczko, Emilia Fornal
The aim of the research is to evaluate pesticide residue contamination of fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables, agricultural raw material, purchased from Polish farmers for production of frozen fruits and vegetables, and the estimation of the multiresidue method effectiveness expressed as the proportion of pesticides detected in food samples to the total number of pesticides analyzed by multiresidue methods. A total of 144 samples (of black currants, red currants, raspberries, cherries, strawberries, blackberries, cauliflowers and broccoli) were analyzed using LC-MS/MS method for the determination of 60 pesticides...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350841/correction-lack-of-effect-of-oral-sulforaphane-administration-on-nrf2-expression-in-copd-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Robert A Wise, Janet T Holbrook, Gerard Criner, Sanjay Sethi, Sobharani Rayapudi, Kuladeep R Sudini, Elizabeth A Sugar, Alyce Burke, Rajesh Thimmulappa, Anju Singh, Paul Talalay, Jed W Fahey, Charles S Berenson, Michael R Jacobs, Shyam Biswal
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0163716.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348571/population-structure-and-phylogenetic-relationships-in-a-diverse-panel-of-brassica-rapa-l
#13
Kevin A Bird, Hong An, Elodie Gazave, Michael A Gore, J Chris Pires, Larry D Robertson, Joanne A Labate
The crop species Brassica rapa L. has significant economic importance around the world. However, the global distribution and complex evolutionary history of the species has made investigating its genetic population structure difficult. Crop domestication and improvement has resulted in extreme phenotypic diversity and subspecies that are used for oilseed, food for human consumption, and fodder for livestock. These subspecies include the oilseed morphotypes. oleifera (turnip rape), ssp. dichotoma (brown sarson/toria), ssp...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341328/assessment-of-bioavailability-of-selenium-in-different-plant-soil-systems-by-diffusive-gradients-in-thin-films-dgt
#14
Qin Peng, Mengke Wang, Zewei Cui, Jie Huang, Changer Chen, Lu Guo, Dongli Liang
Uptake of selenium (Se) by plants largely depend on the availability of Se in soil. Soils and plants were sampled four times within 8 weeks of plant growth in pot experiments using four plant species. Sequential extraction and diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) method were employed to measure Se concentrations in potted soils in selenite- or selenate-amended soils. Results showed that DGT-measured Se concentrations (CDGT-Se) were generally several folds higher for selenate than selenite amended soils, which were obviously affected by the plant species and the duration of their growth...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340875/angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphoma
#15
REVIEW
Alessandro Broccoli, Pier Luigi Zinzani
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is a follicular T-helper-derived neoplasm displaying a peculiar morphologic appearance and biological complexity. New mutations have been described that contribute to elucidating the underlying pathogenetic events. The disease behaves aggressively and typically affects elderly patients. The outcomes reported with anthracycline-containing regimens are poor; therefore autologous transplantation in first remission should be offered whenever possible. Newer approaches are urgently needed for relapsed and refractory patients...
April 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332724/efficacy-and-safety-of-biosimilar-epoetin-alpha-in-patients-with-chronic-lymphoid-neoplasms-and-chemotherapy-induced-anaemia-an-observational-retrospective-monocentric-analysis
#16
Alessandro Broccoli, Lisa Argnani, Vittorio Stefoni, Letizia Gandolfi, Pier Luigi Zinzani
Epoetin biosimilars are an alternative to originator erythropoietic agents in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anaemia; however, their effects in patients with lymphoproliferative disorders remain unclear. This analysis examined the response of patients with lymphoproliferative disorders experiencing chemotherapy-induced anaemia to 4- or 8-week treatment with the biosimilar epoetin alpha. Treatment was initiated at first occurrence of haemoglobin (Hb) < 10 g/dL during chemotherapy and was stopped when Hb was >11 g/dL, when chemotherapy was completed, or in case of transfusion dependency...
March 23, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317783/heat-induced-formation-of-mepiquat-by-decarboxylation-of-pipecolic-acid-and-its-betaine-derivative-part-2-natural-formation-in-cooked-vegetables-and-selected-food-products
#17
Yuan Yuan, Adrienne Tarres, Thomas Bessaire, Wilhelm Rademacher, Richard H Stadler, Thierry Delatour
Mepiquat (N,N-dimethylpiperidinium) is a plant growth regulator registered for use as its chloride salt in many countries on cereals and other crops. Recent model system studies have shown that natural chemicals present in crop plants, such as pipecolic acid and pipecolic acid betaine, may furnish mepiquat through different chemical pathways, when subjected to temperatures in the range of 200°C. In this study, we cooked raw vegetables that did not contain mepiquat to a palatable state using different traditional cooking methods, and detected mepiquat in 9 out of 11 oven-cooked vegetables, reaching up to 189μg/kg dry wt in oven-cooked broccoli...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300944/phytophagy-of-the-predator-podisus-nigrispinus-dallas-1851-hemiptera-pentatomidae-fed-on-prey-and-brassicaceae
#18
J F J Grigolli, M M Kubota Grigolli, D G Ramalho, A L Martins, A M Vacari, S A De Bortoli
The purpose of this study was to investigate the development and reproduction of the zoophytophagous predator Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) fed kale, broccoli and cabbage affects its. Nymphs and adults of this predator were fed on larvae of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) as prey with kale, cabbage, or broccoli. In the nymph period, the duration and prey consumption were similar with all the Brassicacea cultivar. However, nymph viability was higher for predators with broccoli leaves...
March 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296348/consumption-of-a-diet-rich-in-brassica-vegetables-is-associated-with-a-reduced-abundance-of-sulphate-reducing-bacteria-a-randomised-crossover-study
#19
Lee Kellingray, Henri S Tapp, Shikha Saha, Joanne F Doleman, Arjan Narbad, Richard F Mithen
SCOPE: We examined whether a Brassica-rich diet was associated with an increase in the relative abundance of intestinal lactobacilli and sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB), or alteration to the composition of the gut microbiota, in healthy adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: A randomised crossover study was performed with ten healthy adults who were fed a high- and a low-Brassica diet for 2-week periods, with a 2-week washout phase separating the diets. The high-Brassica diet consisted of six 84 g portions of broccoli, six 84 g portions of cauliflower, and six 300 g portions of a broccoli and sweet potato soup...
March 10, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295295/palynological-investigation-of-mummified-human-remains
#20
Karl J Reinhard, Marina Milanello do Amaral, Nicole Wall
Pollen analysis was applied to a mummified homicide victim in Nebraska, U.S.A., to determine the location of death. A control sample showed the normal ambient pollen in the garage crime scene. Ambient windborne types, common in the air of the region, dominated the control. Internal samples were analyzed from the sacrum, intestine, and diaphragm. Microfossils were recovered from the rehydrated intestine lumen. The intestinal sample was dominated by Brassica (broccoli). The sacrum sample was high in dietary types but with a showing of ambient types...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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