keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ear surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646272/rhesus-cochlear-and-vestibular-functions-are-preserved-after-inner-ear-injection-of-saline-volume-sufficient-for-gene-therapy-delivery
#1
Chenkai Dai, Mohamed Lehar, Daniel Q Sun, Lani Swarthout Rvt, John P Carey, Tim MacLachlan, Doug Brough, Hinrich Staecker, Alexandra M Della Santina, Timothy E Hullar, Charles C Della Santina
Sensorineural losses of hearing and vestibular sensation due to hair cell dysfunction are among the most common disabilities. Recent preclinical research demonstrates that treatment of the inner ear with a variety of compounds, including gene therapy agents, may elicit regeneration and/or repair of hair cells in animals exposed to ototoxic medications or other insults to the inner ear. Delivery of gene therapy may also offer a means for treatment of hereditary hearing loss. However, injection of a fluid volume sufficient to deliver an adequate dose of a pharmacologic agent could, in theory, cause inner ear trauma that compromises functional outcome...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645678/endolymphatic-hydrops-imaging-differential-diagnosis-in-patients-with-meniere-disease-symptoms
#2
A Attyé, M Eliezer, A Galloux, J Pietras, I Tropres, S Schmerber, G Dumas, A Krainik
PURPOSE: The goal of this retrospective study was to investigate the differential diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops in patients with Meniere's disease (MD) symptoms by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with intravenous injection of gadolinium chelate and delayed acquisition. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two hundred patients (133 women, 67 men; mean age=67.2±11 ([SD] years) with unilateral MD underwent MRI at 3-T, between 4.5 and 5.5hours after intravenous administration of gadoterate meglumine at a dose of 0...
June 20, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641356/-tracheal-surgery
#3
Jan Volmerig, Erich Hecker
Surgery of the trachea is a specialised field in which many disciplines work jointly due to the variety of indications and the extended topography. Not only because of its particular functional importance, but also because of its complex morphology, anatomy and physiology, this organ represents a special therapeutic challenge. A variety of diseases require surgical procedures of the trachea; the therapeutic strategy is influenced both by the disease itself as well as patient-dependent parameters. Regardless of the nature of the underlying disorder, good results require a high level of expertise in airway management, a careful diagnosis and interventional planning as well as an experienced surgical team that masters extended operative techniques...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641322/scuba-diving-and-otology-a-systematic-review-with-recommendations-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-post-operative-care
#4
REVIEW
Devon M Livingstone, Kristine A Smith, Beth Lange
Scuba diving is a popular recreational and professional activity with inherent risks. Complications related to barotrauma and decompression illness can pose significant morbidity to a diver's hearing and balance systems. The majority of dive-related injuries affect the head and neck, particularly the outer, middle and inner ear. Given the high incidence of otologic complications from diving, an evidence-based approach to the diagnosis and treatment of otic pathology is a necessity. We performed a systematic and comprehensive literature review including the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of otologic pathology related to diving...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640732/do-nurse-staffing-levels-affect-patient-mortality-in-acute-secondary-care
#5
Barry Hill
This systematic literature review explores and considers whether registered nurse staffing levels affect patient mortality in acute secondary care settings. A discussion makes particular reference to the philosophical foundations of contrasting research approaches used within the literature. At the time of writing, the author was a modern matron for surgery, managing the ear, nose and throat; head and neck; airway; and reconstructive plastic surgery services in a large acute teaching hospital in central London...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636731/correlation-among-external-auditory-canal-anomaly-temporal-bone-malformation-and-hearing-levels-in-patients-with-microtia
#6
Kun Chen, Liu Liu, Runjie Shi, Peihua Wang, Dong Chen, Hua Xiao
We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the relationship between external auditory canal (EAC) anomaly, temporal bone abnormality, and hearing levels using objective scoring systems in Chinese patients with microtia. The study population consisted of 106 ears of 94 Chinese patients (67 male and 27 female) aged 5 to 45 years (mean: 12.6) with microtia. The EAC abnormalities were classified into 4 types according to Schuknecht's criteria: type A, type B, type C, and type D. Developmental anomalies of the temporal bone were evaluated by Jahrsdoerfer computed tomography (CT) scoring system using high-resolution CT scans of the temporal bone...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634783/the-treatment-for-the-first-branchial-cleft-anomalies-in-children
#7
Wei Liu, Min Chen, Jinsheng Hao, Yang Yang, Jie Zhang, Xin Ni
The objective of this study is to make a clinical analysis for first branchial cleft anomalies (FBCAs), especially introduce the relationship between the Type I/II FBCA with the facial nerve and to demonstrate the importance of using intraoperative microscope and facial nerve monitoring. This is a retrospective review of patients with FBCAs treated in Beijing Children's Hospital, from Jan 2013 to Dec 2015. Clinical data of patients, including sex, age, chief complains, history of surgery, incision and drainage, the relationship with the facial nerve, pre and post-operative facial paralysis, recurrent rate and complications were recorded...
June 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632885/restoring-facial-symmetry-through-non-surgical-cosmetic-procedures-after-permanent-facial-paralxsis-a-case-report
#8
Ali Sahan, Funda Tamer
Facial nerve paralysis can occur due to infection, inflammation, trauma, surgery, and tumors. It leads to facial asymmetry, impaired oral competence, articulation deficits, and psychological problems. Treatment options include physical therapy, static slings, nerve and muscle transfers, blepharoplasty, brow lift, and chemodenervation with botulinum toxin. We report the case of a 66-year-old Caucasian female with permanent facial paralysis following middle ear surgery. The facial asymmetry was treated successfully with botulinum toxin A injection, hyaluronic acid dermal filler injection, and a thread-lift procedure...
June 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631687/-acquired-atresia-and-stenosis-of-the-external-acoustic-meatus
#9
D S Kondratchikov, Kh M Diab, V S Korvyakov, L I Terekhina
Acquired atresia of the external acoustic meatus is a rare pathological condition characterized by obliteration of the medial part of the external acoustic canal by a soft fibrous plug. The present article presents an overview of a series of cases of acquired atresia and stenosis of the external acoustic meatus with the description of etiology, pathogenesis, and methods for the treatment of this condition. In the majority of the cases, atresia develops at the final stage of granulation external otitis with or without an accompanying dermatological pathology...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631680/-the-influence-of-retinoids-on-the-regeneration-of-an-open-osteal-wound
#10
F V Semenov, G K Leonov
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the influence of retinoid-based pharmaceutical products on the process of regeneration of the tissues surrounding an open osteal wound under the experimental conditions. The experiments were carried out using 20 'Sovetskaya shinshilla' rabbits (12 males and 8 females). The animals with the modelled open osteal wound underwent daily treatment by the placement of the dressings impregnated with a mixture of dioxo-methyltetrahydropyrimidine and chloramphenicol ointments supplemented by 0...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631161/the-role-of-eabr-with-intracochlear-test-electrode-in-decision-making-between-cochlear-and-brainstem-implants-preliminary-results
#11
Betul Cicek Cinar, Mehmet Yarali, Gamze Atay, Munir Demir Bajin, Gonca Sennaroglu, Levent Sennaroglu
The objective of the study was to discuss the findings of intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (eABR) test results with a recently designed intracochlear test electrode (ITE) in terms of their relation to decisions of cochlear or auditory brainstem implantation. This clinical study was conducted in Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from inner ear malformation (IEM) database. Eleven subjects with profound sensorineural hearing loss were included in the current study with age range from 1 year 3 months to 4 years 3 months for children with prelingual hearing loss...
June 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623942/the-palisade-cartilage-tympanoplasty-technique-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Caroline C Jeffery, Cameron Shillington, Colin Andrews, Allan Ho
BACKGROUND: Tympanoplasty is a common procedure performed by Otolaryngologists. Many types of autologous grafts have been used with variations of techniques with varying results. This is the first systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis with the aim to evaluate the effectiveness of one of the techniques which is gaining popularity, the palisade cartilage tympanoplasty. PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for "palisade", "cartilage", "tympanoplasty", "perforation" and their synonyms...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623555/goldenhar-syndrome-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Katarzyna Bogusiak, Aleksandra Puch, Piotr Arkuszewski
BACKGROUND: Progress in medical branches that has taken place since the first child with Goldenhare syndrome (GS) had been described in 1952 by Maurice Goldenhar, facilitated better understanding of this congenital defect. It also gave new perspectives and the opportunity to achieve satisfactory treatment results, mainly due to development of surgical techniques. DATA SOURCES: Based on the literature and own experience, we discussed the phenotype of presentation of GS, ethiopathogenesis, genetic counselling and treatment with particular emphasis on surgery correction of hemifacial microsomia...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616232/treatment-of-sudden-hearing-loss-using-electro-acupuncture
#14
Ya-Ching Chang, Kwok-Ying Chan
OBJECTIVES: Sudden neurosensory deafness is the second debilitating disease in China. In fact, the current treatment is limited to hearing aids, assistive devices and cochlear implants. However, some patients might not be suitable for surgery or even hearing aids. METHODS: Hereby, we report a pediatric case of sudden sensorineural hearing loss accompanied by otalgia and blocked ear sensation. RESULTS: He firstly failed with conventional treatment but later his hearing symptoms were improved with our electro-acupuncture therapy according to pure tone audiometry findings and clinical responses...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614337/dual-axis-optical-coherence-tomography-for-deep-tissue-imaging
#15
Yang Zhao, Will J Eldridge, Jason R Maher, Sanghoon Kim, Michael Crose, Mohamed Ibrahim, Howard Levinson, Adam Wax
We have developed dual-axis optical coherence tomography (DA-OCT) which enables deep tissue imaging by using a novel off-axis illumination/detection configuration. DA-OCT offers a 100-fold speed increase compared with its predecessor, multispectral multiple-scattering low coherence interferometry (ms2/LCI), by using a new beam scanning mechanism based on a microelectro-mechanical system (MEMS) mirror. The data acquisition scheme was altered to take advantage of this scanning speed, producing tomographic images at a rate of 4 frames (B-scans) per second...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614181/cochleovestibular-gene-transfer-in-neonatal-mice-by-canalostomy
#16
Jing-Ying Guo, Yu-Ying Liu, Teng-Fei Qu, Zhe Peng, Jing Xie, Guo-Peng Wang, Shu-Sheng Gong
Impairments of the inner ear result in sensorineural hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction in humans. A large proportion of these disorders are congenital, and involve both auditory and vestibular systems. Therefore, genetic interventions to correct deficits must be administered during early developmental stages. In this study, we evaluated inner ear gene transfer in neonatal mice by canalostomy using an adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV8) vector. AAV8 with the green fluorescence protein (GFP) gene was inoculated into the inner ear of the neonatal mice through the posterior semicircular canal (canalostomy)...
June 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612038/resection-planning-for-robotic-acoustic-neuroma-surgery
#17
Kepra L McBrayer, George B Wanna, Benoit M Dawant, Ramya Balachandran, Robert F Labadie, Jack H Noble
Acoustic neuroma surgery is a procedure in which a benign mass is removed from the internal auditory canal (IAC). Currently, this surgical procedure requires manual drilling of the temporal bone followed by exposure and removal of the acoustic neuroma. This procedure is physically and mentally taxing to the surgeon. Our group is working on the development of an acoustic neuroma surgery robot (ANSR) to perform the initial drilling procedure. Planning the ANSR's drilling region using preoperative CT requires expertise and takes about 35 min...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611633/hematogenous-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastasis-in-the-postoperative-temporal-bone
#18
Masaya Konishi, Kensuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Iwai
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) involving the temporal bone is a rare entity. It is usually asymptomatic and misdiagnosis as acute otitis media, mastoiditis, and Ramsay-Hunt syndrome in early onset is not uncommon. We report a case of RCC metastasis to the postoperative temporal bone in the middle of molecular targeted therapy. A 60-year-old man presented left facial palsy with severe retro-auricular pain and he also underwent left middle ear surgery for cholesteatoma more than 30 years before and had been aware of discontinuous otorrhea; therefore, initially we speculated that facial palsy was derived from recurrent cholesteatoma or Ramsay-Hunt syndrome...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609304/suprameatal-cochlear-implantation-in-a-charge-patient-with-a-novel-chd7-variant-and-kallmann-syndrome-phenotype-a-case-report
#19
Akira Ganaha, Tetsuya Tono, Tadashi Kaname, Kumiko Yanagi, Teruyuki Higa, Shunsuke Kondo, Hiroyuki Maeda, Mikio Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We present the clinical findings, technique of the suprameatal cochlear implantation, postoperative auditory results, and genetic analysis of the CHD7 gene. PATIENT: A 19-year-old Japanese woman was referred because of progressive hearing loss since early childhood. She had used verbal language for the main mode of communication until the age of 17. Examination revealed coloboma, heart defect, choanal atresia, genital hypoplasia, and deafness, which was diagnosed as CHARGE syndrome...
June 12, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607896/a-survey-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-otolaryngologists
#20
Twinkle Dabholkar, Sujata Yardi, Yogesh G Dabholkar, Haritosh K Velankar, Gaurav Ghuge
There are increased reports of prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) in surgeons performing minimal access surgeries. Due to the nature of the speciality, otolaryngologists spend their work days in performing markedly precise procedures in small workspaces i.e. the patients' ear, nose and throat. Due to this, they frequently adopt awkward neck, back and shoulder postures while using devices like otoscope, endoscope and microscope. The field of otolaryngology has barely received any attention with respect to ergonomic assessment...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
4056
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"