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Systemic lupus erythematous

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887660/urinary-interleukin-22-binding-protein-as-a-marker-of-lupus-nephritis-in-egyptian-children-with-juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#1
Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud Badr, Yomna Farag, Maie Abdelshafy, Nermine Magdi Riad
Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is a multi-system autoimmune inflammatory disease. Generally, 60% of patients will develop lupus nephritis (LN); thus, early recognition and treatment is associated with better outcome. Interleukin 22 (IL-22) is involved in tissue inflammation and is regulated by interleukin 22 binding protein (IL-22BP). This study aimed to use IL-22BP as a non-invasive marker for disease activity in JSLE and LN. This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 82 subjects: 51 JSLE patients and 31 healthy controls of matched age and gender...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857716/chronic-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-presenting-as-atypical-acneiform-and-comedonal-plaque-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
M L Vieira, E R M C Marques, Y L A Leda, L F Noriega, D L Bet, G A A M Pereira
Introduction Chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE) usually presents as characteristic erythematous patches and infiltrated coin-shaped plaques. However, there are some atypical clinical variants that may mimic other dermatological conditions. Haroon et al. reported in 1972 an unusual presentation of CCLE with hypertrophic follicular scars seen in acne vulgaris. Acneiform presentation is one of the most rarely reported and one of the most confusing, as it resembles a very common inflammatory skin disease...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821990/upregulation-of-cd16-monocyte-subsets-in-systemic-lupus-erythematous-patients
#3
Ziyan Wu, Shulan Zhang, Lidan Zhao, Yunyun Fei, Li Wang, Jing Li, Xiaoting Wen, Xiaofeng Zeng, Fengchun Zhang, Yongzhe Li
Monocytes are an important component in the innate immune system. However, studies to date have failed to conclude whether their levels are altered in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We applied the cytodiff counting method and comprehensively measured the circulating levels of distinct white blood cell (WBC) subsets, including CD16+, CD16-, and total monocytes, in 61 SLE patients as well as in 203 age-matched healthy controls (HCs). The absolute number of CD16- monocytes, total monocytes, immature granulocytes, mature neutrophils, total neutrophils, and T cell blasts was significantly higher, that of non-cytotoxic T lymphocytes, cytotoxic T + NK lymphocytes, T + NK lymphocytes, total lymphocytes, basophils, and eosinophils significantly lower (all p < 0...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816533/high-prevalence-of-hypothyroidism-in-systemic-lupus-erythematous-patients-without-an-increase-in-circulating-anti-thyroid-antibodies
#4
Sol Lara Domingues, Fabrícia Torres Gonçalves, Maria Luiza Mendonça Pereira Jorge, Jean Ezequiel Limongi, Roberto Ranza, Paulo Tannus Jorge
OBJECTIVES: Because routine investigations are necessary for the early detection of thyroid disease, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) and thyroid dysfunction (TD) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Seventy-nine SLE patients (American College of Rheumatology criteria) and 159 control patients with no diagnosis of autoimmune diseases (except for ATD) were consecutively evaluated regarding changes in laboratory assessments of thyroid function and the presence of ATD...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811201/the-unmet-need-in-rheumatology-reports-from-the-targeted-therapies-meeting-2017
#5
Kevin L Winthrop, Vibeke Strand, Désirée van der Heijde, Philip Mease, Mary Crow, Michael Weinblatt, Joan Bathon, Gerd R Burmester, Maxime Dougados, Johnathan Kay, Xavier Mariette, Ronald Van Vollenhoven, Joachim Sieper, Fritz Melchers, Ferdinand C Breedfeld, Joachim Kalden, Josef S Smolen, Daniel E Furst
The 19th annual international Targeted Therapies meeting brought together over 100 leading basic scientists and clinical researchers from around the world in the field of immunology, molecular biology and rheumatology and other specialties. During the meeting, breakout sessions were held consisting of 5 disease-specific groups with 20-40 experts assigned to each group based on clinical or scientific expertise. Specific groups included: rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, connective tissue diseases (e...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741130/epigenetic-involvement-in-etiopathogenesis-and-implications-in-treatment-of-systemic-lupus-erythematous
#6
REVIEW
Arron Munggela Foma, Saeed Aslani, Jafar Karami, Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Mahdi Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Recent researches in the field of genetics have extended our knowledge through the discovery of genetic factors associated with autoimmune diseases (AID). Genetics by itself, however, cannot elucidate all the uncertainties encountered in the etiopathology of AID. On the other hand, incomplete harmony in the prevalence of AID in identical twins suggests that non-genetic factors may play an important role in determining the disease susceptibility. Besides, epigenetics, which is defined by changes in gene expression without a corresponding change in the DNA sequences, has come in to provide new awareness in the disease etiopathology by bridging the genetic and epigenetic factors...
July 24, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734074/association-of-clinical-and-serological-parameters-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-epstein-barr-virus-antibody-profile
#7
Chougule D, Nadkar M, Rajadhyaksha A, Pandit P, Surve P, Dawkar N, Khadilkar P, Patwardhan M, Kaveri Sv, Ghosh K, Pradhan V
Epstein-Barr viral infection is one of the known environmental factors involved in development of Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE). Though not much is known about the exact role of EBV in SLE pathogenesis, the theory of switching of lytic and lysogenic cycles of Epstein-Barr virus in memory B-cells fits well with the periods of waning disease activity and intermittent flares in SLE patients. In this study, we investigate the association of EBV antibody profile with clinical and serological parameters in SLE...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705287/generalized-discoid-lupus-erythematosus-as-the-presenting-sign-of-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#8
Tania M Gonzalez Santiago, David A Wetter, Garrett C Lowe, Gabriel F Sciallis
A 46-year-old woman with a 30 pack-year smoking history presented with a worsening eruption on the left cheek that failed to improve with metronidazole gel. The cutaneous eruption spread to most of her face and did not respond to a brief tapering course of prednisone. During the initial evaluation at our institution, approximately 6 weeks after the onset of the cutaneous eruption, the patient had erythematous, crusted plaques on her face and scalp (Figure 1A); they were also present on the V-area of the anterior aspect of the neck and upper region of the chest, the shoulders, and the arms, with isolated lesions on the trunk and legs...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695380/macular-capillary-recovery-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-complicated-by-kikuchi-fujimoto-disease
#9
Reiko Kinouchi, Motoshi Kinouchi, Akihiro Ishibazawa, Akitoshi Yoshida
PURPOSE: Few case reports have described vaso-occlusive retinopathy in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. Here we report the clinical features of a patient with SLE, complicated by Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, who developed vaso-occlusive retinopathy. We then describe the subsequent recovery of the macular capillaries as assessed by OCT angiography. CASE: A 16-year-old male was referred to us with fever, a 1-month history of violaceous red papules and erythematous plaques on his face and a painful nodule in his right neck...
July 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627005/serum-interleukin-37-a-new-player-in-lupus-nephritis
#10
Marwa G Tawfik, Samah I Nasef, Hanan H Omar, Mona S Ghaly
INTRODUCTION: Interleukin-37 (IL-37) has been proved to be a fundamental natural suppressor of innate immunity and inflammatory responses in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). The purpose of this study was to assess serum IL-37 level in SLE patients and its correlation with disease activity and clinical and laboratory manifestations of SLE patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: The serum level of IL-37 was assessed and analyzed in 100 SLE patients and 50 healthy controls by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
August 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610589/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-is-a-biomarker-for-atherosclerosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematous-patients-a-cross-sectional-controlled-study
#11
Gillian Divard, Rachid Abbas, Camille Chenevier-Gobeaux, Noémie Chanson, Brigitte Escoubet, Marie-Paule Chauveheid, Antoine Dossier, Thomas Papo, Monique Dehoux, Karim Sacre
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients. The Framingham score underestimates the risk for CVD in this population. Our study aimed to determine whether serum high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (HS-cTnT) might help to identify SLE patients at risk for CVD. METHODS: The presence of carotid plaques was prospectively assessed by ultrasound in 63 consecutive SLE patients asymptomatic for CVD and 18 controls...
June 13, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596287/incidence-and-prevalence-of-uveitis-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Sung Soo Kim, Don-Il Ham, Seung-Young Yu, Eun Jee Chung, Sung Chul Lee
AIM: To evaluate the incidence and prevalence of uveitis and associated risk factors in South Korea. METHODS: For this retrospective national cohort study, approximately 1 000 000 Korean residents were randomly selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. Uveitis was defined according to the Korean Classification of Diseases. The uveitis incidence and prevalence were calculated. Sociodemographic factors and comorbidities associated with uveitis were evaluated via Cox proportional regression models...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589075/chylous-ascites-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-diagnostic-challenge
#13
Badar Hasan, Talal Asif, Maryam Hasan, Amr F Edrees
Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. It can affect nearly any organ. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement in SLE is frequent but is mostly related to medication side effects and concomitant infections. Chylous ascites is a rare form of ascites that is milky appearing due to the high concentration of triglycerides. Chylous ascites as a complication of SLE is atypical. Our case highlights an extremely rare presentation of chylous ascites in SLE as an initial manifestation of the disease itself, posing diagnostic and therapeutic challenges...
May 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560303/persistent-lip-enlargement-an-unusual-presentation-of-lupus-erythematosus
#14
A Nikoo, M Daneshpazhooh, S Fahim, A Ghanadan, H Mahmoudi, L Izadi Firoozabadi
Macrocheilia is a challenging problem with a variety of underlying causes that are both local and systemic, and granulomatous causes underlie the majority of cases. In this study, we report on a 31-year old man who presented with a chronic lower lip enlargement and a nodular submental erythematous lesion. He was otherwise clinically healthy. Laboratory test results were within the normal limit except for a positive anti-double stranded DNA test result. A diagnosis of cutaneous lupus erythematosus was made on the basis of histopathology and direct immunofluorescence...
June 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555177/changes-in-frequency-and-activation-status-of-major-cd4-t-cell-subsets-after-initiation-of-immunosuppressive-therapy-in-a-patient-with-new-diagnosis-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#15
Saimun Singla, Scott E Wenderfer, Eyal Muscal, Anna Carmela P Sagcal-Gironella, Jordan S Orange, George Makedonas
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that defects of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) and impaired cellular immunity are secondary to an imbalance between auto-aggressive T-cells and Tregs in lupus patients. Discrepancies in Tregs and effector T-cells (Teff) in active lupus patients are shown to be restored in patients upon receiving immunosuppressive therapy. Therefore, our main aim was to observe frequencies of these CD4(+) T-cell subsets and Tregs/Teff ratio in a new diagnosis of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematous (cSLE) before and after initiation of therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550400/association-study-of-cd154-polymorphisms-and-serum-cd154-level-with-systemic-lupus-erythematous-in-chinese-population
#16
Yang Xiang, Jing Guo, You-Fan Peng, Hua-Tuo Huang, Yan Lan, Ye-Sheng Wei
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of three polymorphisms of CD154 with risk of SLE in Chinese population. The study population comprised 770 Chinese individuals, including 350 SLE patients and 420 healthy controls. The gene polymorphism was measured using Snapshot SNP genotyping assays and confirmed by sequencing. Serum CD154 (sCD154) level was measured by ELISA. Compared with control group, sCD154 levels were significantly increased in case group (P < 0.001). The minor C allele of rs1126535 was associated with a significantly increased risk of SLE as compared to the major T allele (P < 0...
August 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492421/description-of-malignancy-rates-in-childhood-and-adult-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematous-by-proportional-meta-analysis
#17
Priscila Rodrigues da Silva Aoki, Regina El Dib, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Claudia Saad Magalhaes
OBJECTIVE: Describe malignancy rates in childhood onset and adult onset systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) by proportional meta-analysis. METHODS: Two reviewers screened data from PubMed (1966-2015), EMBASE (1980-2015), and LILACS (1982-2015) for SLE-associated malignancy. Proportional meta-analysis with a random-effects model and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated according to SLE onset age and mean follow-up time. Statistical difference was defined by 95% CI overlap...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480635/drug-induced-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-after-immunoglobulin-treatment-in-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy-a-case-series
#18
Max E Adrichem, Markus V Starink, Ester Mm van Leeuwen, Christine Kramer, Ivo N van Schaik, Filip Eftimov
We describe six patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (cLE) during immunoglobulin G (IgG) treatment. Five patients were diagnosed with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and one patient with possible CIDP. Five patients received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) and one patient subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIg). Skin lesions were systematically assessed by a dermatologist including skin biopsies. Patients showed disseminated erythematous plaques on several parts of the body with predominance of the chest and face...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435633/neuromyelitis-optica-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-systemic-lupus-erythematous-a-case-report
#19
Fariborz Khorvash, Nafiseh Esmaeil, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Nahid Eskandari, Homayoon Salimian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420065/a-five-consecutive-years-study-of-renal-function-outcome-among-biopsy-proven-lupus-nephritis-patients-in-southern-iran
#20
M Pakfetrat, L Malekmakan, M Kamranpour, T Tadayon
Introduction Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most common complications of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) responsible for an increase in mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to evaluate the outcome for LN patients and factors that correlate with their outcome. Materials and methods We included 80 patients with proved LN and more than three-years follow up at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. We prepared a data gathering sheet for each patient and extracted the data from patients' file records which existed in the hospital...
September 2017: Lupus
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