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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774365/erythematous-papular-lesions-on-the-neck-a-quiz
#1
Alice Mouchard, Matthias Tallegas, Marie-Christine Machet, Laurent Machet, Hélène Cornillier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773434/tinea-blepharo-ciliaris-in-a-13-year-old-girl-caused-by-trichophyton-benhamiae
#2
Fang-Ying Wang, Pei-Lun Sun
Tinea blepharo-ciliaris is a rare form of dermatophyte infection which involves eyelids and associated eyelashes. We report a 13-year-old girl with type I diabetes mellitus who had right eyelid swelling and eyelash loss for two weeks. The lesions were presented as erythematous patches with scales and tiny pustules on the right upper and lower eyelids with broken eyelashes. Two additional annular erythematous patches with scaly active borders were found on her right forearm and right thigh. Microscopic examination of broken eyelashes demonstrated many chains of arthroconidia and hyaline hyphae in an endothrix invasion pattern...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770234/a-case-of-congenital-syphilis-presenting-with-unusual-skin-eruptions
#3
Alexander K C Leung, Kin Fon Leong, Joseph M Lam
Once believed to be a rare disease in developed countries, recent data suggest that there is a surge in incidence of congenital syphilis in many developed countries. Diagnosis of congenital syphilis can be difficult because more than two-thirds of affected infants are asymptomatic at birth, and signs of symptomatic infants may be nonspecific or subtle. On top of this, some affected infants may have atypical presentations. Familiarity with the diverse presentations is essential to diagnosis. We report a 2-week-old male infant with congenital syphilis whose cutaneous manifestations included diffuse, erythematous keratoderma with desquamation and fissures on his hands and feet, multiple linear scaly fissures at the angles of his mouth, and onychauxis of the fingernails and toenails To our knowledge, diffuse, erythematous keratoderma of the hands and feet and thick nails have not been reported previously in congenital syphilis...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769770/clinical-and-histological-evaluation-on-application-of-platelet-concentrates-on-depigmented-gingival-epithelium
#4
Koel Debnath, Anirban Chatterjee
Background: The platelet concentrate is a windfall in the field of regenerative therapy in periodontology. It accelerates wound healing by excellent neovascularization and promoting fast cicatricle tissue remodeling. Aim: This study aims to evaluate clinically and histologically accelerated effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane and PRF matrix (PRFM) following depigmentation procedure. Materials and Methods: Eleven individuals were divided into three groups after depigmentation procedure...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768296/pediatric-diabetic-ketoacidosis-with-hypotensive-shock-and-rash-an-unusual-presentation
#5
Yehonatan Pasternak, Omer Niv, Yehezkel Hezi Waisman
We describe a previously healthy adolescent boy who presented with respiratory distress, hypotensive shock, and a diffuse erythematous rash. The final diagnosis was diabetic ketoacidosis. Caregivers should be alert to this unusual combination of symptoms in the emergency department setting in order to improve the recognition and management of children with new-onset diabetes.
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765969/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-case-involving-the-scalp-clinical-and-videodermoscopic-findings
#6
Carlos Daniel Sánchez Cárdenas, Yolanda Judith Álvarez Luna, Yesenia Bello Hernández, Daniel Asz Sigall, Roberto Arenas Guzmán
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a worldwide infectious disease caused by flagellate protozoa of the genus Leishmania . In America, the species most commonly responsible for CL are L. mexicana and L. brasiliensis . Usually, in America, it is transmitted by sand flies mainly of the genus Lutzomyia and Psychodopygus . CL most commonly affects exposed areas and is characterized by an erythematous infiltrated and ulcerated papular or nodular lesion. We report a 28-year-old male, with a 6-month history and a previous trip to the forest in the south of Mexico...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763511/a-review-of-non-invasive-imaging-in-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Claire-Audrey Y Bayan, Trisha Khanna, Veronica Rotemberg, Faramarz H Samie, Nathalie C Zeitouni
Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD) is a rare intraepithelial adenocarcinoma that classically manifests with pruritic, erythematous, scaling plaques. The clinical picture frequently mimics inflammatory or infectious conditions, and is thus commonly misdiagnosed. The assessment of tumor margins is equally challenging as tumors have a propensity to spread beyond clinically visible boundaries. Appropriate non-invasive diagnostic tools can assist in the early detection, diagnosis, and management of EMPD. This paper will review the literature on non-invasive imaging modalities used in EMPD...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763489/intralymphatic-histiocytosis-treated-with-intralesional-triamcinolone-acetonide-and-pressure-bandage
#8
Jonathan M Soh, Glynis A Scott, Theodore I Hirokawa, Lindsey B Dolohanty
Intralymphatic histiocytosis is a rare disorder associated with a variety of inflammatory conditions. We report the case of an 89-year-old woman with a history of a right knee replacement and a ruptured popliteal cyst who developed an erythematous indurated plaque over the surgical scar. Histopathology revealed fibrosis, chronic inflammation, and histiocytes within the lymphatics consistent with intralymphatic histiocytosis. The plaque flattened following intralesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide 10 mg/cc×1...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763480/spontaneous-regression-of-merkel-cell-carcinoma
#9
Sean Branch, Kenneth Maloney, Stephen M Purcell
A 96-year-old woman presented with a rapidly enlarging lesion overlying the suprasternal notch. The lesion originated as a small, erythematous, scaly macule that rapidly increased in size over 8 weeks and became an ulcerated nodule measuring 5 cm in diameter and 4.5 cm in thickness. A 4-mm punch biopsy showed a poorly differentiated tumor with cells that were positive for CAM 5.2 and cytokeratin 20 in a dotlike paranuclear pattern and negative for cytokeratin 5/6, human melanoma black 45, and leukocyte common antigen...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763476/drug-induced-linear-iga-bullous-dermatosis-in-a-patient-with-a-vancomycin-impregnated-cement-spacer
#10
Kelsie Riemenschneider, Daren A Diiorio, John A Zic, Matthew R Livingood, Jo-David Fine, Jennifer G Powers, Jeffrey P Zwerner, Eric Tkaczyk
Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is an autoimmune blistering rash caused by IgA autoantibodies against the epidermal basement membrane zone. It commonly is drug induced, often in association with systemic vancomycin. We report a case of a previously healthy 77-year-old man who developed a diffuse macular rash and hemorrhagic bullae on the left leg 10 days after placement of a vancomycin-impregnated cement spacer (VICS) during a revision knee arthroplasty and initiation of postoperative treatment with intravenous (IV) vancomycin...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760622/skin-and-mucous-membranes-manifestations-of-dermatological-diseases-within-the-genital-area-in-females
#11
Katarzyna Plagens-Rotman, Renata Przybylska, Zygmunt Adamski, Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz
Introduction: Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) and an inversed type of psoriasis belong to a group of benign dermatoses usually located within the region of female external genitalia. The most common subjective symptoms reported by patients are itching, pain and changes in the color and structure of the skin. Aim: This paper presents 3 cases of patients suffering from selected dermatoses located within the external female genitalia treated at the Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760611/clinicopathologic-retrospective-analysis-of-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasms
#12
REVIEW
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Małgorzata Sokołowska-Wojdyło, Berenika Olszewska, Marta Malek, Aleksandra Znajewska-Pander, Anna Kowalczyk, Wojciech Biernat, Grażyna Poniatowska-Broniek, Wanda Knopińska-Posłuszny, Zygmunt Kozielec, Roman Nowicki, Waldemar Placek
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is one of the aggressive rare hematopoietic malignancies with predilection to the skin, primarily found in adults. The precise incidence of BPDCN is difficult to estimate due to constantly changing nomenclature and lack of precise defining criteria prior to the 2008 WHO classification system. There are not many cases described in the literature, what makes the diagnostic process challenging. Skin lesions such as erythematous infiltrates and nodules are usually the first manifestation of the disease...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754527/recurrent-and-fixed-neutrophilic-dermatosis-associated-with-dasatinib
#13
Joel C Bergman, Thai Yen Ly, Margaret-Mary Keating, Peter R Hull
BACKGROUND: Dasatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Skin rashes are common, occurring in about a quarter of patients treated, and are generally mild. The commonest rash is a keratosis pilaris-like eruption. A neutrophilic dermatosis has rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: We report a patient whose CML was successfully treated with dasatinib and who several years later developed episodes of a neutrophilic dermatosis recurring at the same sites...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754526/recurrent-pityriasis-rubra-pilaris-a-case-report
#14
Megan E MacGillivray, Loretta Fiorillo
Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is an uncommon papulosquamous dermatosis characterized by follicular, erythematous, hyperkeratotic papules coalescing to salmon-coloured plaques with islands of sparing. The disease tends to be self-limited and resolves spontaneously after a few years. In some cases, the disease is persistent. However, recurrence of this disease has rarely been described. An 8-year-old male was diagnosed with type III (classic juvenile) PRP. He was treated with acitretin, and his skin was clear after 6 months...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751600/inflamed-phylloides-tumour-in-a-girl-a-challenging-diagnosis-in-paediatric-breast-lesions
#15
Ilaria Testa, Cristina Salvatori, Marco Prestipino, Maria Elena Laurenti, Paolo Gerli, Giuseppe Di Cara, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito, Mirko Bertozzi
Introduction : Phylloides tumours (PTs) are rare fibroepithelial neoplasms that account for 0.3⁻0.9% of all breast tumours. These tumours typically occur in women aged 30⁻70 years. The occurrence of these tumours in older children and adolescents poses particular diagnostic and therapeutic problems. However, early diagnosis is mandatory because although most of the cases of PTs in children are benign, the borderline and malignant cases with potential negative outcomes cannot be excluded. Case presentation : A 12-year-old girl presented at the Paediatric Emergency Department for hyperaemia and warmth of the left breast that occurred a few days prior without fever...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742876/a-case-of-cutaneous-myiasis-caused-by-cordylobia-anthropophaga-larvae-in-a-korean-traveler-returning-from-central-africa
#16
Joo Yeon Ko, In-Yong Lee, Byeong Jin Park, Jae Min Shin, Jae-Sook Ryu
The cutaneous myiasis has been rarely reported in the Republic of Korea. We intended to describe here a case of furuncular cutaneous myiasis caused by Cordylobia anthropophaga larvae in a Korean traveler returned from Central Africa. A patient, 55-year-old man, had traveled to Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa for a month and just returned to Korea. Physical examinations showed 2 tender erythematous nodules with small central ulceration on the left buttock and thigh. During skin biopsy, 2 larvae came out from the lesion...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742650/murine-typhus-mimicking-kawasaki-disease-in-a-pre-adolescent-girl
#17
Maria A Karalexi, Marina Mitrogiorgou, Erato Atsali, Antonios Theodorakopoulos, Achilleas Attilakos, Vasileios Tsagris
We report the case of an 11-year-old pre-adolescent girl presenting with prolonged fever, lymphadenitis, non-purulent conjuctivitis, a generalized maculopapular rash, erythematous lips and edema of hands/feet. Although major diagnostic criteria for Kawasaki disease were met, local epidemiologic data suggested a possible vector-borne etiology. Treatment with doxycycline was initiated and defervescence occurred. Laboratory investigation confirmed the diagnosis of Rikettsia typhi infection.
May 4, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742561/bowen-disease-with-sebaceous-differentiation-a-case-report-and-immunohistochemical-analysis-of-adipophilin-and-cytokeratin-1
#18
Takeshi Namiki, Keiko Miura, Hiroo Yokozeki, Shin-Ichi Ansai
Bowen disease with sebaceous differentiation has been rarely documented to date. Here, we present a case of Bowen disease with sebaceous differentiation. A 67-year-old man presented with a 6.0 × 3.5 cm erythematous plaque adjacent to a 7.0 × 3.0 cm erythematous plaque on his left abdomen. Dermoscopy revealed yellow structureless areas and dotted vessels on a pink homogenous background in addition to surface scales. Histopathological examination of the upper erythematous plaque showed parakeratosis and acanthosis with proliferation of atypical keratinocytes in the epidermis...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742056/a-dermatologic-perspective-on-autoinflammatory-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Angelo Valerio Marzano, Giovanni Damiani, Giovanni Genovese, Marco Gattorno
Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) encompass a heterogeneous group of disorders pathogenetically related to an abnormal activation of the innate immunity and clinically characterised by aseptic inflammation in the affected organs in the absence of high titer of circulating autoantibodies or autoreactive T cells. In classic monogenic AIDs, the skin is frequently involved with a wide range of cutaneous lesions. Monogenic AIDs result from different mutations in a single gene, which regulates the innate immunity...
January 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741523/fulminant-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome
#20
S Zavala, M Arias, P Legua
We present a case of a previously healthy 37-year-old male who developed fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and hypovolaemia. Within 5.5 h he presented with tachycardia, tachypnoea, became hypotensive and displayed a diffuse erythematous rash. In the following hours he developed persistent hypotension, acute respiratory distress syndrome, liver failure, kidney failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. A diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome was made, but despite antibiotic therapy, immunoglobulin administration, and supportive measures, the patient died 50 h after presentation...
March 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
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