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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#1
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777673/activations-of-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-thalamus-during-agentic-self-evaluation-are-negatively-associated-with-trait-self-esteem
#2
Ke Jiang, Shi Wu, Zhenhao Shi, Mingyan Liu, Maoying Peng, Yang Shen, Juan Yang
Individual self-esteem is dominated more by agency than by communion. However, prior research has mainly focused on one's agentic/communal self-evaluation, while little is known about how one endorses others' agentic/communal evaluation of the self. The present study investigated the associations between trait self-esteem and fundamental dimensions of social cognition, i.e. agency vs. communion, during both self-evaluation and endorsement of others' evaluation of oneself. We also investigated the neural mechanisms underlying the relationship between trait self-esteem and agentic self-evaluation...
May 16, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777331/sexual-expression-and-it-s-determinants-in-people-diagnosed-with-psychotic-disorders
#3
José de Jager, Roos van Greevenbroek, Annet Nugter, Jim van Os
This qualitative study aims to explore the difficulties people with a psychotic disorder have in sexual expression, and associated determinants. Twenty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using the Grounded Theory method. Almost all participants experienced unfulfilled needs in sexual expression. These unfulfilled needs were associated with a range of factors, including antipsychotic medication, psychotic symptoms, sexual abuse, social skills and stigma, all of which may converge on a pathway involving (sexual) self-esteem...
May 18, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776474/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-overweight-hispanic-school-aged-children
#4
Kimberly R Hartson, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Claudia R Amura, Sarah Schmiege
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore potential correlates of physical activity and sedentary screen time behaviors among overweight Hispanic school-aged children, ages 7 to 14years. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an exploratory correlation analysis using baseline data of 40 child-parent dyads from the "Mind Exercise Nutrition Do It!" program conducted in the Western United States. RESULTS: Child self-esteem and parental vegetable intake were moderately associated with physical activity, while parental vegetable intake and child fruit intake were strongly associated with physical activity among males...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774805/men-s-preconception-health-a-primary-health-care-viewpoint
#5
Anthony Paul O'Brien, John Hurley, Paul Linsley, Karen Anne McNeil, Richard Fletcher, John Robert Aitken
The purpose of this article is to theoretically explore men's preconception health as a mechanism to enhance fertility, as well as the health and well-being of the subject and his descendants. Premorbid risk factors and behaviors associated with stress, environmental toxins, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of exercise/obesity, and the use of illicit drugs are all known to affect fecundity. While there are many health clinics available to women, where advice in areas such as postnatal care of the newborn, family planning, and couples fertility is provided, there are few, if any, equivalent health clinics available to men...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772464/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-danish-portuguese-and-swedish
#6
J E Lemoine, H Konradsen, A Lunde Jensen, C Roland-Lévy, P Ny, A Khalaf, S Torres
In recent years, the study of body image shifted from focusing on the negative aspects to a more extensive view of body image. The present study seeks to validate a measure of positive body image, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) in Denmark, Portugal, and Sweden. Participants (N = 1012) were adolescents and young adults aged from 12 to 19. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one-dimensional factor structure of the scale. Multi-group confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the scale was invariant across sex and country...
May 14, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769035/does-life-story-work-improve-psychosocial-well-being-for-older-adults-in-the-community-a-quasi-experimental-study
#7
Claudia K Y Lai, Ayumi Igarashi, Clare T K Yu, Kenny C W Chin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that life story work has positive effects when used on older adults. This study aimed to examine the effect of life story work on the general mental well-being, self-esteem, and life satisfaction of older adults by comparing two groups - one with and one without depressive symptoms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was adopted in this study. One hundred and twenty-three adults aged 60 or above were recruited from community centers through convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768590/-construction-and-deconstruction-of-masculine-identities-among-metalworkers-with-rsi-wrmd
#8
Jorge Henrique Santos Saldanha, Mônica Angelim Gomes de Lima, Robson da Fonseca Neves, Jorge Alberto Bernstein Iriart
This study aimed to reveal how metalworkers experience prolonged incapacity for work due to repetitive strain injury/work-related musculoskeletal disorder (RSI/WRMD) and the impact of chronic illness on the construction/deconstruction of masculinity. A qualitative study was performed, based on narrative interviews with male metalworkers in an automotive factory in the State of Bahia, Brazil. The results showed how the conflict in the experience of illness, the maintenance of male identity, and expectations of meeting the rules dictated by hegemonic masculinity are experienced and signified in daily life...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767281/hiv-risk-among-displaced-adolescent-girls-in-ethiopia-the-role-of-gender-attitudes-and-self-esteem
#9
Laura Gauer Bermudez, Gary Yu, Lily Lu, Kathryn Falb, Jennate Eoomkham, Gizman Abdella, Lindsay Stark
Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa have been deemed one of the most critical populations to address in the campaign for an HIV-free generation. Experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), harmful gender norms, diminished personal agency, and age-disparate sex have been identified as factors in the increasing rate of new infections among this population. Using baseline data from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in three refugee camps in Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State in Ethiopia, our study quantitatively examined the associations between HIV risk factors, attitudes on gender inequality, IPV acceptability, and self-esteem for female adolescent refugees primarily from Sudan and South Sudan (n = 919)...
May 16, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765264/coping-with-loss-of-ability-vs-emotional-control-and-self-esteem-in-women-after-mastectomy
#10
Katarzyna Cieślak, Wojciech Golusiński
Aim: Does coping with the loss of ability depend on self-esteem and emotional control? Background: Persons who experience losses in two dimensions, i.e. health and ability can deal with the loss by physical therapy, and also by mental and socio-professional rehabilitation. But far and foremost, it is the personality of the person who experiences the loss that matters most. Materials and methods: The study included 37 patients after mastectomy...
May 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764402/association-between-induced-abortion-and-suicidal-ideation-among-unmarried-female-migrant-workers-in-three-metropolitan-cities-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mengyun Luo, Xueqin Jiang, Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Qiuming Shen, Rui Li, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: Despite reports of mental health issues, suicidality has not been closely examined among the migrant population. The association between induced abortion and suicidal ideation is unknown among unmarried female migrant workers of reproductive age in China. This study aims to examine induced abortion and suicidality among the Chinese migrant population. METHODS: We recruited 5115 unmarried female migrant workers during 2015 to 2016 from Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou, and collected demographic, psychosocial, reproductive and mental health information using structured questionnaires...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764342/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-employment-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-africa-a-scoping-review
#12
I D Ebuenyi, E V Syurina, J F G Bunders, B J Regeer
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inclusive employment, described in Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa is lower than among the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to explore evidence related to the barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using six relevant electronic databases of articles published between 1990 and 2017...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764317/generatehope-a-comprehensive-treatment-model-for-sex-trafficked-women
#13
Susan Munsey, Heather E Miller, Terence Rugg
GenerateHope (GH) is a San Diego-based 501c3 nonprofit organization providing fully integrated, comprehensive rehabilitation services to adult female survivors of sex trafficking. While best practices for working with survivors of sex trafficking are slowly emerging, to date, there have been few publications on this subject and little data on either short- or long-term outcomes from the many and varied programs nationwide. This paper examines the GH residential program and provides early outcome results for residents living at the GH program between six and 12 months...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764282/animal-assisted-therapy-in-elderly-patients-evidence-and-controversies-in-dementia-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-future-perspectives-in-other-neurological-diseases
#14
Silvio Peluso, Anna De Rosa, Natascia De Lucia, Antonella Antenora, Maddalena Illario, Marcello Esposito, Giuseppe De Michele
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) includes a set of nonpharmacological interventions aimed at improving human health through the use of trained or untrained animals. In recent decades, AAT has been trialed for different neurological and psychiatric disorders. In patients with dementia, interaction with animals seems to have a positive influence on aggressiveness and anxiety and to ameliorate quality of life and relationship skills. In psychiatric patients, AAT seems to increase motivation and self-esteem, improve prosocial conduct, and decrease behavioral problems...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763766/breakfast-food-health-and-acute-exercise-effects-on-state-body-image
#15
Jacqueline F Hayes, Grace E Giles, Caroline R Mahoney, Robin B Kanarek
Food intake and exercise have been shown to alter body satisfaction in a state-dependent manner. One-time consumption of food perceived as unhealthy can be detrimental to body satisfaction, whereas an acute bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise can be beneficial. The current study examined the effect of exercise on state body image and appearance-related self-esteem following consumption of isocaloric foods perceived as healthy or unhealthy in 36 female college students (18-30 years old) in the Northeastern United States...
May 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763275/general-parenting-strategies-practical-suggestions-for-common-child-behavior-issues
#16
Michael G Kavan, Shailendra K Saxena, Naureen Rafiq
Parents often seek guidance from physicians on child behavior problems. Questions may range from general parenting strategies to managing specific child behaviors. Physicians and their staff can identify problematic parent-child interactions or behaviors within the office setting and assist parents by providing effective monitoring tools for behavior problems. Effective strategies for influencing a child's behavior include positive reinforcement to increase appropriate behavior, extinction (planned ignoring) for most low-level problematic behaviors, and time-out from reinforcement for more problematic behaviors...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762464/the-mediating-effect-of-regulatory-emotional-self-efficacy-on-the-association-between-self-esteem-and-school-bullying-in-middle-school-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Xiaoqin Wang, Yue Zhang, Zhaozhao Hui, Wanyue Bai, Paul D Terry, Mei Ma, Yang Li, Li Cheng, Wei Gu, Mingxu Wang
School bullying is negatively associated with self-esteem, but psychological mediators of bullying have yet to be clarified. We examined regulatory emotional self-efficacy (RESE) as a possible mediator in the association between self-esteem and school bullying. A cross-sectional study of 995 adolescents was conducted in two middle schools of Xi'an. All of the participants completed the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale (RESE)...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760607/association-between-bmi-for-obesity-and-distress-about-appearance-in-korean-adolescents
#18
Hyo Geun Choi, Hyoseob Lim
Background: Previous research has related obesity to body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem. This study aimed to evaluate this relation between obesity and distress about appearance. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey for 288,390 participants assessed from 2009 to 2012. The participants were categorized according to body mass index; obese, overweight, healthy weight, and underweight. The relation between obesity and distress was analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression with complex sampling adjusted for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, parental education level, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits as confounders...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756790/a-manual-based-phenomenological-art-therapy-for-individuals-diagnosed-with-moderate-to-severe-depression-patd-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Christina Blomdahl, Suzanne Guregård, Marie Rusner, Helle Wijk
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of manual-based Phenomenological Art Therapy for individuals living with depression in addition to treatment as usual (PATd/TAU) compared with only treatment as usual (TAU) for individuals diagnosed with moderate to severe depression. METHOD: 79 adults (men = 29.1%) were included in this randomized-controlled-trial (RCT), multicenter study in Sweden with an intention-to-treat design. Participants were randomized into either the PATd/TAU-group (n = 43) or TAU-group (n = 36)...
May 14, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755381/the-relationships-of-self-esteem-future-time-perspective-positive-affect-social-support-and-career-decision-a-longitudinal-multilevel-study
#20
In-Jo Park, Minhee Kim, Seungwoo Kwon, Hae-Gyoung Lee
This study aimed, first, to determine whether the intra-individual variability in positive affect was related to the intra-individual variability in career decision-making self-efficacy, and career choice anxiety. The second objective was to examine whether social support moderates the relationship between affect and these outcome variables. The third objective was to find out how career decision-making self-efficacy and career choice anxiety change according to self-esteem and future time perspective. We conducted a study using the daily diary method in which participants were asked to rate their affect or attitudes for 21 consecutive days...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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