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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147725/-stigma-risk-factor-and-consequence-of-suicidal-behavior-implications-for-suicide-prevention
#2
REVIEW
N Oexle, N Rüsch
Mental illness, previous suicidal behavior and loss of a relative by suicide are strong risk factors for suicidality. Both mental illness and suicide are stigmatized, which is a burden for those affected and potentially contributes to suicidality among stigmatized individuals. Many consequences of stigma, e. g. social isolation, low self-esteem and hopelessness, are well-known predictors of suicidality. Interventions to reduce stigmatization might therefore be an important component of successful suicide prevention...
November 16, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145763/the-impact-of-students-with-left-behind-experiences-on-childhood-the-relationship-between-negative-life-events-and-depression-among-college-students-in-china
#3
Li Han, Sheng-Yu Zhao, Xuan-Ying Pan, Chuan-Jing Liao
BACKGROUND: The number of left-behind children in rural China has increased dramatically over the last decade. It is reported that about 21.88% of child population with an estimated number of 61 million are left-behind children whose parents leave them to work in cities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the impacts of left-behind experience (LBE) on college students' depression and other influencing factors. AIM: This study discusses the mediation effect of self-esteem together with psychological resilience on college students with depression and negative life events of left-behind...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143437/profiles-of-needs-satisfaction-and-thwarting-in-older-people-living-at-home-relationships-with-well-being-and-ill-being-indicators
#4
Charlotte Vanhove-Meriaux, Guillaume Martinent, Claude Ferrand
AIM: To examine the profiles of basic psychological needs satisfaction (BPNS) and thwarting (BPNT) in older people living at home, their relationship with well-being and ill-being indicators, and how BPNS and BPNT needs were related to these indicators using regression analyses. METHODS: Participants (n = 182; mean age 73.33 years; SD 7.07 years) completed the measures of BPNS, BPNT, purpose in life, personal growth, subjective vitality, self-esteem, positive and negative affective states, and depressive feelings...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143433/psychological-correlates-of-fear-of-falling-findings-from-the-german-aging-survey
#5
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify general psychological factors related to fear of falling. METHODS: Data drawn from national probability sampling of the German population aged ≥40 years were used (German Aging Survey; n = 7779). The fear of falling and the psychological factors of loneliness, life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, optimism, self-efficacy, self-esteem, self-regulation and perceived stress were collected in self-administered questionnaires...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#6
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141601/associations-between-occupational-stress-burnout-and-well-being-among-manufacturing-workers-mediating-roles-of-psychological-capital-and-self-esteem
#7
Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers' mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our study aims to explore the relationships between work stress, positive psychological resources, burnout and well-being. METHODS: The study was performed during the period of June and July in 2015. A questionnaire that consisted of the Effort-reward Imbalance Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Flourishing Scale, as well as demographic and working factors...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140873/experienced-hiv-related-stigma-in-healthcare-and-community-settings-mediated-associations-with-psychosocial-and-health-outcomes
#8
Emma Sophia Kay, Whitney S Rice, Kaylee B Crockett, Ghislaine C Atkins, D Scott Batey, Bulent Turan
INTRODUCTION: There are multiple dimensions of HIV-related stigma that can compromise the mental and physical health of people living with HIV (PLWH). We focused on the dimension of experienced stigma, defined as exposure to acts of discrimination, devaluation, and prejudice, and investigated its relationship with HIV health and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: We examined associations between experienced stigma in the community and healthcare settings and psychosocial and health outcomes for PLWH (N=203) receiving care at an urban HIV clinic in the Southeastern United States...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139644/body-image-issues-in-lithuanian-magazines-aimed-for-children-and-adolescents-in-relation-to-body-mass-index-and-body-size-perception-of-16-19-y-old-girls-during-the-last-15-years
#9
Janina Tutkuviene, Agne Misiute, Ieva Strupaite, Gintare Paulikaite, Erika Pavlovskaja
Mass media plays an important role in forming body image and makes the significant impact on body size perception in children and adolescents. The aim of present study was to reveal trends in depiction of body image cues in Lithuanian magazines aimed for children and adolescents in relation to changes of real body mass index (BMI) and body size perception of 16-19 y. old girls in the year 2000 and the 2015. Three popular journals published both in the year 2000 and the 2015, were chosen for in-depth analysis of their contents (the periodicity of different topics was counted and compared)...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139322/how-pupils-on-the-autism-spectrum-make-sense-of-themselves-in-the-context-of-their-experiences-in-a-mainstream-school-setting-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#10
Emma I Williams, Kate Gleeson, Bridget E Jones
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings from qualitative studies examining the mainstream school experiences of these students. Synthesised findings identified three, intermeshing, aspects of experience which contribute to many pupils with autism spectrum disorder making sense of themselves as 'different' to typical peers in a negative way: difficulties linked to autism spectrum disorder; interpersonal relationships, particularly with peers; and accessibility of the school environment...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131090/online-self-help-as-an-add-on-to-inpatient-psychotherapy-efficacy-of-a-new-blended-treatment-approach
#11
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Rudolf J Knickenberg, Martin Siepmann, Karin Hagen, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most frequent and costly mental disorders. While there is increasing evidence for the efficacy of online self-help to improve depression or prevent relapse, there is little evidence in blended care settings, especially combined with inpatient face-to-face psychotherapy. Therefore, we evaluated whether an evidence-based online self-help program improves the efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy. METHODS: A total of 229 depressed patients were randomly allocated either to an online self-help program (intervention group [IG]; Deprexis) or an active control group (CG; weekly online information on depression) in addition to inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#12
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128783/differences-in-self-advocacy-among-hard-of-hearing-and-typical-hearing-students
#13
Rinat Michael, Haya Maroon Zidan
BACKGROUND: Self-advocacy is considered a protective factor of psychosocial and academic problems among students with special needs. AIMS: To asses self-advocacy among students with hearing loss and compare it to that of typical hearing students. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: The current study examined 27 hard of hearing (hh) students and 27 typical hearing students, all studying in mainstream classes. They completed the Hope Scale, a self-esteem scale, a self-efficacy scale, and a measure of self-advocacy statements...
November 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128740/motivational-capacities-after-prolonged-interpersonal-childhood-trauma-in-institutional-settings-in-a-sample-of-austrian-adult-survivors
#14
Dina Weindl, Matthias Knefel, Tobias M Glück, Ulrich S Tran, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
A considerable amount of research has been conducted on the aversive impact of prolonged interpersonal childhood trauma, but data on possible associations with motivational concepts (self-efficacy, self-esteem and locus of control) in adult survivors is scarce. The purpose of this study is to investigate specific coherences between childhood abuse and adult life events with (a) motivational concepts (MC), (b) the emotion regulation strategy "goal-directed behavior" and (c) the possible mediation of emotion regulation (ER) on motivational concepts...
November 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128275/a-longitudinal-study-of-motivations-before-and-psychosexual-outcomes-after-genital-gender-confirming-surgery-in-transmen
#15
Tim C van de Grift, Garry L S Pigot, Siham Boudhan, Lian Elfering, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Luk A C L Gijs, Marlon E Buncamper, Müjde Özer, Wouter van der Sluis, Eric J H Meuleman, Mark-Bram Bouman, Margriet G Mullender
BACKGROUND: Genital dissatisfaction is an important reason for transmen to undergo genital gender-confirming surgery (GCS; phalloplasty or metoidioplasty). However, little is known about motives for choosing specific techniques, how transmen benefit postoperatively, and whether psychosexual outcomes improve. AIM: To evaluate motivations for and psychosexual outcomes after GCS. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 21 transmen at least 1 year after GCS was conducted...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#16
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121776/psychosocial-benefits-of-cooking-interventions-a-systematic-review
#17
Nicole Farmer, Katherine Touchton-Leonard, Alyson Ross
OBJECTIVES: Cooking interventions are used in therapeutic and rehabilitative settings; however, little is known about the influence of these interventions on psychosocial outcomes. This systematic review examines the research evidence regarding the influence of cooking interventions on psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature examined peer-reviewed research using Embase, PubMed, CINALH Plus, and PsychInfo with the following search terms: cooking, culinary, baking, food preparation, cookery, occupational therapy, mental health, mood, psychosocial, affect, confidence, self-confidence, self-esteem, socialization, and rehabilitation...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#18
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119092/effect-of-malocclusion-on-the-self-esteem-of-adolescents
#19
Salwa Mahmoud Taibah, Fadia Mohammed Al-Hummayani
INTRODUCTION: Esthetics plays an essential role in orthodontic treatment. The psychological effects of malocclusion are an inspiration to improve one's esthetics and seek treatment. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess relationships between self-esteem and malocclusion severity and type in adolescents using a self-esteem measurement scale and the index of treatment need (IOTN) and to investigate the influence of age, sex, and school type in these relationships...
October 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117708/how-to-identify-narcissism-with-13-items-validation-of-the-german-narcissistic-personality-inventory-13-g-npi-13
#20
Julia Brailovskaia, Hans-Werner Bierhoff, Jürgen Margraf
Four studies investigated the construct validity of the brief version of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13). Study 1 ( N = 603) confirmed the three-factor structure of the G-NPI-13 and its associations with the NPI-40 and the NPI-16. In Study 2 ( N = 438), the convergent and discriminant validity of the G-NPI-13 was analyzed by investigating its relationships with the "Big Five," self-esteem, and mental health variables (depression, anxiety, stress symptoms; life satisfaction, happiness, social support)...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
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