keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cultural competence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448905/drug-use-generations-and-patterns-of-injection-drug-use-birth-cohort-differences-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-los-angeles-and-san-francisco-california
#1
Ricky N Bluthenthal, Lynn Wenger, Daniel Chu, Philippe Bourgois, Alex H Kral
OBJECTIVES: A robust literature documents generational trends in drug use. We examined the implications of changing national drug use patterns on drug injection histories of diverse people who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS: Drug use histories were collected from 776 active PWID in 2011-13. Using descriptive statistics, we examine drug use initiation by year and birth cohort (BC) differences in drug first injected. A multivariate linear regression model of time to injection initiation ([TTII] (year of first injection minus year of first illicit drug use) was developed to explore BC differences...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448041/mass-spectrometry-and-luminogenic-based-approaches-to-characterize-phase-i-metabolic-competency-of-in-vitro-cell-cultures
#2
Andrew Baxter, Emmanuel Minet
Xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes play a key function in the biotransformation of medicines and toxicants by adding functional groups that increase solubility and facilitate excretion. On some occasions those structural modifications lead to the formation of new toxic products. In order to reduce animal testing, chemical risk can be assessed using metabolically competent cells. The expression of metabolic enzymes, however, is not stable over time in many in vitro primary culture systems and is often partial or absent in cell lines...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447917/differences-in-experiences-of-discrimination-in-accessing-social-services-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-individuals-by-dis-ability
#3
Shanna K Kattari, N Eugene Walls, Stephanie Rachel Speer
Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) individuals frequently experience discrimination and potentially a lack of respect from service providers, suggesting they have decreased access to professionals with cultural competency. Similarly, people with disabilities experience higher levels of discrimination in social services than their nondisabled counterparts. From an intersectional perspective, this study examines rates of discrimination in accessing social services faced by transgender and GNC people, comparing across ability...
April 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446677/variable-inhibition-of-zika-virus-replication-by-different-wolbachia-strains-in-mosquito-cell-cultures
#4
Michaela J Schultz, Sharon Isern, Scott F Michael, Ronald B Corley, John Connor, Horacio M Frydman
Mosquito-borne arboviruses are a major source of human disease. One strategy to reduce arbovirus disease is to reduce the mosquito's ability to transmit virus. Mosquito infection with bacterial endosymbiont, Wolbachia pipientis wMel, is a novel strategy to reduce Aedes mosquito competency for flavivirus infection. However, experiments investigating cyclic environmental temperatures have shown a reduction in maternal transmission of wMel potentially weakening the integration of this strain into a mosquito population relative to other Wolbachia strains...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445838/addition-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-to-the-maturation-medium-of-bovine-oocytes-subjected-to-heat-shock-effects-on-the-production-of-reactive-oxygen-species-mitochondrial-activity-and-oocyte-competence
#5
I J Ascari, N G Alves, J Jasmin, R R Lima, C C R Quintão, G Oberlender, E A Moraes, L S A Camargo
This study was performed to investigate the effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) addition to in vitro maturation (IVM) medium on apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production, and developmental competence of bovine oocytes subjected to heat shock. Two temperatures (conventional: 24 h at 38.5°C, or heat shock: 12 h at 41°C followed by 12 h at 38.5°C) and 3 IGF-I concentrations (0, 25, and 100 ng/mL) were tested during IVM. The oocytes were then fertilized in vitro, and the presumptive zygotes were cultured until reaching the blastocyst stage...
March 25, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444536/a-qualitative-look-into-israeli-genetic-experts-insights-regarding-culturally-competent-genetic-counseling-and-recommendations-for-its-enhancement
#6
Merav Siani, Orit Ben-Zvi Assaraf
The aim of this study is to describe the perceptions and recommendations of Israeli genetic experts in regard to culturally competent genetic counseling. Qualitative data was collected from 15 semi-structured interviews with Israeli genetics experts. Recurring themes were identified using "thematic analysis" and coded by means of "grounded theory". Our analysis divides data from the genetic experts' interviews into four main themes: Why is culturally competent genetic counseling important? (Describing its contribution to individuals and to society); who is the recipient of culturally competent genetic counseling? (Differentiating the needs of counselees based on genetic education, cultural/religious characteristics and geographic location); what should we include in culturally competent genetic counseling? (Addressing the contents that counseling should convey); how should we perform culturally competent genetic counseling? (Addressing the methods that counseling should employ)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443350/the-validation-of-a-school-based-culturally-grounded-drug-prevention-curriculum-for-rural-hawaiian-youth
#7
Scott K Okamoto, Susana Helm, Lindsey K Ostrowski, Lucille Flood
The purpose of this study was to validate a school-based, culturally grounded drug prevention curriculum for rural Native Hawaiian youth. Faculty and administrators from eight geographically dispersed middle-, intermediate-, or multilevel schools on Hawai'i island were interviewed on the cultural relevance and feasibility of implementation of the curriculum (Ho'ouna Pono). While all participants appreciated the culturally specific content interwoven throughout the curriculum's structure, several of them expressed concerns that the curriculum would compete with resources needed to implement Common Core national standards...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#8
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442602/molecular-basis-of-metabolism-mediated-conversion-of-pk11195-from-an-antagonist-to-an-agonist-of-the-constitutive-androstane-receptor
#9
Bryan Mackowiak, Linhao Li, Matthew A Welch, Daochuan Li, Jace W Jones, Scott Heyward, Maureen A Kane, Peter W Swaan, Hongbing Wang
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays an important role in xenobiotic metabolism, energy homeostasis, and cell proliferation. Antagonism of CAR represents a key strategy for studying its function and may have potential clinical applications. However, specific human CAR (hCAR) antagonists are limited and conflicting data on the activity of these compounds have been reported. PK11195, a typical peripheral benzodiazepine receptor ligand, has been established as a potent hCAR deactivator in immortalized cells; whether it inhibits hCAR activity under physiologically-relevant conditions remains unclear...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442051/cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-ceo2-nps-improve-the-developmental-competence-of-in-vitro-matured-prepubertal-ovine-oocytes
#10
F Ariu, L Bogliolo, A Pinna, L Malfatti, P Innocenzi, L Falchi, D Bebbere, S Ledda
The present study investigated whether supplementation with different doses of cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) during in vitro maturation (IVM) of prepubertal ovine oocytes influenced their embryonic development in vitro. Cumulus-oocyte complexes derived from the ovaries of slaughtered prepubertal sheep underwent IVM with CeO2NPs (0, 44, 88 or 220µg mL(-1)). Matured oocytes were fertilised in vitro and zygotes were cultured for 7 days. The results demonstrated that CeO2NPs were internalised in the cumulus cells and not in the oocyte...
April 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442029/cross-cultural-training-of-general-practitioner-registrars-how-does-it-happen
#11
Kelly Watt, Penny Abbott, Jenny Reath
An equitable multicultural society requires general practitioners (GPs) to be proficient in providing health care to patients from diverse backgrounds. GPs are required to have a certain attitudes, knowledge and skills known as cultural competence. Given its importance to registrar training, the aim of this study was to explore ways in which GP registrars are currently developing cultural competence. This study employed a survey design for GP registrars in Western Sydney. Training approaches to cultural competence that are relevant to the Australian General Practice setting include exposure to diversity, attitudes, knowledge and skills development...
September 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441160/evidence-based-practice-and-u-s-healthcare-outcomes-findings-from-a-national-survey-with-nursing-professional-development-practitioners
#12
Mary G Harper, Lynn Gallagher-Ford, Joan I Warren, Michelle Troseth, Loraine T Sinnott, Bindu Koshy Thomas
Nursing professional development (NPD) practitioners are integral to implementing evidence-based practice (EBP). Research was conducted to describe NPD practitioners' EBP beliefs and competencies, frequency of implementing EBP, and perceptions of organizational culture and readiness for EBP. Relationships among NPD practitioner characteristics and organization outcomes were explored. Findings indicate that NPD practitioners must develop personal competence in EBP, become engaged in shared governance, collaborate with others, and use quality metrics to demonstrate the effectiveness and value of NPD activities...
April 24, 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440721/twelve-tips-for-promoting-learning-during-presentations-in-cross-cultural-settings
#13
Takuya Saiki, Linda Snell, Farhan Bhanji
Educators frequently learn together in cross cultural settings such as at international conferences. Cultural differences should influence how educational programs are designed and delivered to effectively support learning; cultural sensitivity and the competence to deal with such differences are important skills for health professions educators. Teaching without this approach may lead to lost learning opportunities. This article provides twelve tips for educators to consider when planning and delivering formal presentations (e...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434431/a-concept-analysis-in-relation-to-the-cultural-competency-of-the-palliative-care-workforce-in-meeting-the-needs-of-young-people-from-south-asian-cultures
#14
Erica Brown, Anita Franklin, Jane Coad
OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to report an analysis of the concept of cultural competency and to explore how the cultural competency of the palliative care workforce impacts the holistic care of young people with palliative care needs from South Asian cultures. METHOD: Using keywords, we searched the online databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, and PubMed from January of 1990 through to December of 2016. Some 1543 articles were retrieved, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
April 24, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431187/feasibility-of-audio-computer-assisted-self-interviewing-with-color-coding-and-helper-assistance-acasi-h-for-hmong-older-adults
#15
Maichou Lor, Barbara J Bowers
Many older adult immigrants in the US, including Hmong older adults, have limited English proficiency (LEP), and cannot read or have difficulty reading even in their first language (non-literate [NL]). Little has been done to identify feasible data collection approaches to enable inclusion of LEP or NL populations in research, limiting knowledge about their health. This study's purpose was to test the feasibility of culturally and linguistically adapted audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) with color-labeled response categories and helper assistance (ACASI-H) for collection of health data with Hmong older adults...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430968/sex-chromosome-dependent-differential-viability-of-human-spermatozoa-during-prolonged-incubation
#16
Young-Ah You, Woo-Sung Kwon, Md Saidur Rahman, Yoo-Jin Park, Young-Ju Kim, Myung-Geol Pang
STUDY QUESTION: Are there significant differences in the ability of X chromosome-bearing (X) spermatozoa and Y chromosome-bearing (Y) spermatozoa to survive incubation under stressful conditions? SUMMARY ANSWER: Y spermatozoa are more vulnerable to stress than their X counterparts depending on culture period and temperature, and show higher expression of apoptotic proteins. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The primary sex ratio is determined by there being an equal number of spermatozoa carrying X and Y chromosomes...
April 19, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430404/understanding-asexual-identity-as-a-means-to-facilitate-culturally-competent-care-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Catriona Jones, Mark Hayter, Julie Jomeen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to provide a contemporary overview of asexuality and the implications this has for health care practice. BACKGROUND: Individuals belonging to sexual minority groups face many barriers in accessing appropriate health care. The term 'sexual minority group' is usually used to refer to Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) individuals. Anecdotal and research evidence suggests that those who identify as asexual have similar poor experiences...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429824/application-of-an-embryonated-chicken-egg-model-to-assess-the-vector-competence-of-australian-culicoides-midges-for-bluetongue-viruses
#18
M R VAN DER Saag, M P Ward, P D Kirkland
Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of a number of globally important arboviruses that affect livestock, including bluetongue virus (BTV), African horse sickness virus and the recently emerged Schmallenberg virus. In this study, a model using embryonated chicken eggs (ECEs) was utilized to undertake vector competence studies of Australian Culicoides spp. for 13 laboratory-adapted or wild-type virus strains of BTV. A total of 7393 Culicoides brevitarsis were reared from bovine dung, and 3364 Culicoides were induced to feed from ECEs infected with different strains of BTV...
April 21, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429620/physician-perspectives-on-decision-making-for-treatment-of-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing
#19
Emily F Boss, Anne R Links, Ron Saxton, Tina L Cheng, Mary Catherine Beach
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent in children and most commonly treated by surgery with adenotonsillectomy. We aimed to learn physician perspectives of social and communication factors that influence decision making for treatment of pediatric SDB. Purposive sampling identified 10 physician key informants across disciplines and practice settings, who participated in semistructured interviews regarding SDB care experiences and communication with parents. Interviews were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428678/productive-cough-in-children-and-adolescents-view-from-primary-health-care-system
#20
REVIEW
Edin Begic, Zijo Begic, Amra Dobraca, Edo Hasanbegovic
Cough is one of the most common symptoms that doctor faces in working with pediatric population, and according to some characteristics of cough, doctors can often conclude localization, and sometimes even the nature of the disease that causes it. Cough is not only the physiological defense reaction, but a symptom of a disease. According to duration it can be acute, chronic and recidivist, recurrent and persistent, strong or discreet, caused by changes in body position and changes in outside temperature. Pathoanatomically it is divided into lobar, lobular, alveolar and interstitial, pathogenetically to bronchogenic and hematogenous, as well as in immuno competent and immunocompromised, and clinically on the local and inpatient (72 hours after hospital admission)...
February 2017: Medical Archives
keyword
keyword
40545
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"