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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644698/sleep-disturbance-after-hospitalization-and-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#1
Marcus T Altman, Melissa P Knauert, Margaret A Pisani
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance during intensive care unit (ICU) admission is common and severe. Sleep disturbance has been observed in survivors of critical illness even after transfer out of the ICU. Not only is sleep important to overall health and well-being, but patients after critical illness are also in a physiologically vulnerable state. Understanding how sleep disturbance impacts recovery from critical illness after hospital discharge is therefore clinically meaningful. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to summarize studies that identify the prevalence of and risk factors for sleep disturbance after hospital discharge for critical illness survivors...
June 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643436/emotional-awareness-and-expression-training-improves-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
E R Thakur, H J Holmes, N A Lockhart, J N Carty, M S Ziadni, H K Doherty, J M Lackner, H Schubiner, M A Lumley
BACKGROUND: Current clinical guidelines identify several psychological treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS patients, however, have elevated trauma, life stress, relationship conflicts, and emotional avoidance, which few therapies directly target. We tested the effects of emotional awareness and expression training (EAET) compared to an evidence-based comparison condition-relaxation training-and a waitlist control condition. METHODS: Adults with IBS (N=106; 80% female, Mean age=36 years) were randomized to EAET, relaxation training, or waitlist control...
June 22, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642082/clinical-trial-of-the-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-psychological-symptoms-and-metabolic-profiles-in-maintenance-methadone-treatment-patients
#3
Amir Ghaderi, Hamid Reza Banafshe, Maryam Motmaen, Morad Rasouli-Azad, Fereshteh Bahmani, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with some complications including nonspecific musculoskeletal pain and periodontal disease in maintenance methadone treatment (MMT) patients. This study was designed to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on psychological symptoms and metabolic profiles in MMT patients. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial was carried out among 68 MMT patients. Participants were randomly allocated to receive either 50,000IU vitamin D supplements (n=34) or placebo (n=34) every 2weeks for 12weeks...
June 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641681/the-effects-of-training-on-anxiety-and-task-performance-in-simulated-suborbital-spaceflight
#4
Rebecca S Blue, Frederick Bonato, Kimberly Seaton, Andrea Bubka, Johnené L Vardiman, Charles Mathers, Tarah L Castleberry, James M Vanderploeg
INTRODUCTION: In commercial spaceflight, anxiety could become mission-impacting, causing negative experiences or endangering the flight itself. We studied layperson response to four varied-length training programs (ranging from 1 h-2 d of preparation) prior to centrifuge simulation of launch and re-entry acceleration profiles expected during suborbital spaceflight. We examined subject task execution, evaluating performance in high-stress conditions. We sought to identify any trends in demographics, hemodynamics, or similar factors in subjects with the highest anxiety or poorest tolerance of the experience...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641599/association-between-level-of-exposure-to-death-and-dying-and-professional-quality-of-life-among-palliative-care-workers
#5
Tali Samson, Pesach Shvartzman
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the death and dying of others is an anxiety-provoking condition that can contribute to psychological stress. However, the results of empirical studies that evaluated work-related outcomes among physicians and nurses with repeated exposure to dying patients are not consistent. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether a high level of exposure to death and dying (LED) can increase the risk for poor professional quality of life (ProQoL) in most healthcare workers, but it can also improve ProQoL in a subset of healthcare workers with specific characteristics...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640962/awareness-of-suicide-risk-and-communication-between-health-care-professionals-and-next-of-kin-of-suicides-in-the-month-before-suicide
#6
Brian Draper, Karolina Krysinska, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
Based on psychological autopsy data, the study compared awareness of suicide risk in the deceased among next-of-kin (NOK) and health care professionals (HCPs), and communication between these two groups in the month before death. The NOKs had significantly more knowledge about the decedent's suicide warning signs than the HCPs (90.5% vs. 44.6%). Contact between NOK and HCP was initiated more often by the family than the HCPs (29.4% vs. 5.9%). The study found communication gaps between HCPs and NOK and stresses the need for suicide prevention strategies strengthening communication between these two groups...
June 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640014/potential-impact-of-risk-and-loss-aversion-on-the-process-of-accepting-kidneys-for-transplantation
#7
Raymond L Heilman, Ellen P Green, Kunam S Reddy, Adyr Moss, Bruce Kaplan
Behavioral economic theory suggests that people make decisions based on maximizing perceived value; however, this may be influenced more by the risk of loss rather than of potential gain. Additionally, individuals may seek certainty over uncertainty. These are termed loss aversion and risk aversion, respectively. Loss aversion is particularly sensitive to how the decision is "framed." Thus, labeling a kidney as high Kidney Donor Profile Index results in higher discard rates because this creates a nonlinearity in perceived risk...
July 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639853/persistent-rule-following-in-the-face-of-reversed-reinforcement-contingencies-the-differential-impact-of-direct-versus-derived-rules
#8
Colin Harte, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Ciara McEnteggart
Rule-governed behavior and its role in generating insensitivity to direct contingencies of reinforcement have been implicated in human psychological suffering. In addition, the human capacity to engage in derived relational responding has also been used to explain specific human maladaptive behaviors, such as irrational fears. To date, however, very little research has attempted to integrate research on contingency insensitivity and derived relations. The current work sought to fill this gap. Across two experiments, participants received either a direct rule (Direct Rule Condition) or a rule that involved a novel derived relational response (Derived Rule Condition)...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638959/-psychotraumatology-differentiation-extension-and-public-discourse
#9
REVIEW
A Maercker, M Augsburger
The first description of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 1980s marked the origin of psychotraumatology. Based on the variety of developments in the meantime and being relevant for basic research and clinical application, a differentiation of diagnoses according to the new International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) are presented including PTSD, complex PTSD, prolonged grief disorder and adjustment disorder. In addition, extension towards traumatic and adverse childhood experiences and their significance for lifetime mental and somatic morbidity are described...
June 21, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638686/rheumatoid-arthritis-are-psychological-factors-effective-in-disease-flare
#10
Volkan Yılmaz, Ebru Umay, İbrahim Gündoğdu, Zeliha Özgür Karaahmet, Arif Erhan Öztürk
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is clinically an undulant disease, and reasons for flare or remission vary. We aimed to identify factors potentially associated with disease flare and remission. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-four patients with RA who were admitted to our center between January 2010 and January 2016 were included. Disease activity was evaluated using disease activity score 28 (DAS 28); functional status was evaluated using the modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (m-HAQ), a questionnaire that comprises flare or remission domains such as psychological stress and mood status, physical trauma, nutrition regimen, infection, antibiotic use, and seasonal weather changes...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638608/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-fatigue-among-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-a-critical-review
#11
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, And Joseph Chilcot
Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom, affecting 42-89% of end-stage kidney disease patients, persisting even in pre-dialysis care and stable kidney transplantation, with huge repercussions on functioning, quality of life and patient outcomes. This paper presents a critical review of current evidence for the role of psychological factors in renal fatigue. To date, research has concentrated primarily on the contribution of depression, anxiety and subjective sleep quality to the experience of fatigue. These factors display consistent and strong associations with fatigue, above and beyond the role of demographic and clinical factors...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638209/comparative-analysis-of-results-from-a-cognitive-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-between-international-students-from-west-asia-and-xinjiang-college-students-in-china
#12
Hongxing Hu, Bahargul Alsron, Bin Xu, Wei Hao
BACKGROUND: The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) is a cognitive and emotional tool measuring how individuals deal with stressful life events. However differences exist in the results of CERQ among individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the CERQ results and depressive symptoms of students at our university (both local and international students) in order to provide further guidance for psychological interventions. METHODS: 255 sophomore and junior international students (171 male and 84 female) and 262 sophomore and junior Chinese students (124 male and 138 female) were investigated using CERQ, ASLEC and SDS questionnaires...
December 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#13
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#14
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N=241) completed measures assessing spirituality (FACIT-SP-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (CESD), cancer-specific anxiety (IES), and total mood disturbance (TMD: POMS) prior to surgery and one-year post-surgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637026/clinic-characteristics-of-psoriasis-in-china-a-nationwide-survey-in-over-12000-patients
#15
Kun Chen, Gang Wang, Hongzhong Jin, Jinhua Xu, Xuejun Zhu, Min Zheng, Heng Gu
Psoriasis is a worldwide chronic inflammatory disease, involving both skin and joints. In order to characterize psoriasis in Han Chinese population, we conducted this nationwide prospective and hospital based survey, in which 56 hospitals with departments of dermatology participated, located in 33 cities across China. A total of 12,031 outpatients with psoriasis were registered during 2009 to 2010, which the data was collected by standard questionnaires. The main data acquisition included demographics, family history, disease status and other comorbidities...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634659/effects-of-single-moor-baths-on-physiological-stress-response-and-psychological-state-a-pilot-study
#16
M Stier-Jarmer, D Frisch, C Oberhauser, G Immich, M Kirschneck, A Schuh
Moor mud applications in the form of packs and baths are widely used therapeutically as part of balneotherapy. They are commonly given as therapy for musculoskeletal disorders, with their thermo-physical effects being furthest studied. Moor baths are one of the key therapeutic elements in our recently developed and evaluated 3-week prevention program for subjects with high stress level and increased risk of developing a burnout syndrome. An embedded pilot study add-on to this core project was carried out to assess the relaxing effect of a single moor bath...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634437/latent-growth-curve-models-for-biomarkers-of-the-stress-response
#17
REVIEW
John M Felt, Sarah Depaoli, Jitske Tiemensma
Objective: The stress response is a dynamic process that can be characterized by predictable biochemical and psychological changes. Biomarkers of the stress response are typically measured over time and require statistical methods that can model change over time. One flexible method of evaluating change over time is the latent growth curve model (LGCM). However, stress researchers seldom use the LGCM when studying biomarkers, despite their benefits. Stress researchers may be unaware of how these methods can be useful...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633663/targeting-psychologic-stress-signaling-pathways-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Hunter S Futch, Cara L Croft, Van Q Truong, Eric G Krause, Todd E Golde
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most prevalent progressive neurodegenerative disease; to date, no AD therapy has proven effective in delaying or preventing the disease course. In the search for novel therapeutic targets in AD, it has been shown that increased chronic psychologic stress is associated with AD risk. Subsequently, biologic pathways underlying psychologic stress have been identified and shown to be able to exacerbate AD relevant pathologies. In this review, we summarize the literature relevant to the association between psychologic stress and AD, focusing on studies investigating the effects of stress paradigms on transgenic mouse models of Amyloid-β (Aβ) and tau pathologies...
June 21, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631956/coping-strategies-and-psychological-distress-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als
#19
Mattia Siciliano, Gabriella Santangelo, Francesca Trojsi, Carmela Di Somma, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Luigi Trojano, Gioacchino Tedeschi
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) causes distress in caregivers. The present study aims to examine the association between coping strategies and psychological distress in caregivers of ALS patients. METHODS: Coping strategies were assessed in 96 ALS informal caregivers by means of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Data about caregivers' demographic characteristics, levels of burden, depression and anxiety (psychological distress) were also gathered by standardised questionnaires...
February 10, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631890/oxidative-stress-and-psychiatric-morbidity-in-patients-with-facial-acne
#20
Sara M Awad, Hanan Morsy, Ayat A Sayed, Nahed A Mohamed, Ghada M Ezzat, Mostafa M Noaman
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common cosmetic problem that is frequently associated with psychosocial disturbances as well as increased oxidative stress. However, oxidative stress and psychological aspects have been studied separately in acne. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between oxidative stress, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in acne patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with facial acne and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were included in the study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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