keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probiotics critical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409534/bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-420-mitigates-the-pathological-impact-of-myocardial-infarction-in-the-mouse
#1
C A Danilo, E Constantopoulos, L A McKee, H Chen, J A Regan, Y Lipovka, S Lahtinen, L K Stenman, T-V V Nguyen, K P Doyle, M J Slepian, Z I Khalpey, J P Konhilas
There is a growing appreciation that our microbial environment in the gut plays a critical role in the maintenance of health and the pathogenesis of disease. Probiotic, beneficial gut microbes, administration can directly attenuate cardiac injury and post-myocardial infarction (MI) remodelling, yet the mechanisms of cardioprotection are unknown. We hypothesised that administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis 420 (B420), a probiotic with known anti-inflammatory properties, to mice will mitigate the pathological impact of MI, and that anti-inflammatory T regulatory (Treg) immune cells are necessary to impart protection against MI as a result of B420 administration...
April 14, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370715/l-fermentum-cect-5716-prevents-stress-induced-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-in-newborn-rats
#2
T Vanhaecke, P Aubert, P-A Grohard, T Durand, P Hulin, P Paul-Gilloteaux, A Fournier, F Docagne, A Ligneul, C Fressange-Mazda, P Naveilhan, H Boudin, P Le Ruyet, M Neunlist
BACKGROUND: Intestinal epithelial barrier (IEB) dysfunction plays a critical role in various intestinal disorders affecting infants and children, including the development of food allergies and colitis. Recent studies highlighted the role of probiotics in regulating IEB functions and behavior in adults, but their effects in the newborn remain largely unknown. We therefore characterized in rat pups, the impact of Lactobacillus fermentum CECT 5716 (L. fermentum) on stress-induced IEB dysfunction, systemic immune response and exploratory behavior...
March 31, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363168/gut-microbiota-and-renal-transplant-outcome
#3
REVIEW
Mohammadreza Ardalan, Sepideh Zununi Vahed
Gaining long-term graft function and patient survival remain a critical challenge following kidney transplantation. Genetic and environmental factors do not completely account for the individual's graft outcome. Recently, it is reported that gut microbial community (microbiota) is associated with complications in kidney allograft recipients, as well. Commensal microbiota plays a significant role in the immunomodulation of transplant recipient responses. Different factors can disrupt the reciprocal interaction between microbiota and the host immune responses and lead to infection and rejection complications in the organ recipient...
March 28, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361680/inferring-microbial-interaction-networks-from-metagenomic-data-using-sglv-ekf-algorithm
#4
Mustafa Alshawaqfeh, Erchin Serpedin, Ahmad Bani Younes
BACKGROUND: Inferring the microbial interaction networks (MINs) and modeling their dynamics are critical in understanding the mechanisms of the bacterial ecosystem and designing antibiotic and/or probiotic therapies. Recently, several approaches were proposed to infer MINs using the generalized Lotka-Volterra (gLV) model. Main drawbacks of these models include the fact that these models only consider the measurement noise without taking into consideration the uncertainties in the underlying dynamics...
March 27, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361440/acid-suppressive-therapy-and-risk-of-infections-pros-and-cons
#5
REVIEW
Leon Fisher, Alexander Fisher
This narrative review summarises the benefits, risks and appropriate use of acid-suppressing drugs (ASDs), proton pump inhibitors and histamine-2 receptor antagonists, advocating a rationale balanced and individualised approach aimed to minimise any serious adverse consequences. It focuses on current controversies on the potential of ASDs to contribute to infections-bacterial, parasitic, fungal, protozoan and viral, particularly in the elderly, comprehensively and critically discusses the growing body of observational literature linking ASD use to a variety of enteric, respiratory, skin and systemic infectious diseases and complications (Clostridium difficile diarrhoea, pneumonia, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, septicaemia and other)...
March 30, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317483/a-critical-review-of-bioactive-food-components-and-of-their-functional-mechanisms-biological-effects-and-health-outcomes
#6
Rosa Pérez-Gregorio, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Eating behaviours are closely related to some medical conditions potentially leading to death such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Healthy eating practices, maintaining a normal weight, and regular physical activity could prevent up to 80% of coronary heart disease, 90% of type-2 diabetes and one-third of all cancers[1]. METHOD: Over the last two decades, the food industry has invested much effort in research and development of healthier, more nutritious foods...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280685/catheter-related-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fungemia-following-saccharomyces-boulardii-probiotic-treatment-in-a-child-in-intensive-care-unit-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Serkan Atıcı, Ahmet Soysal, Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Şerife Yılmaz, Burak Aksu, Gürsu Kıyan, Mustafa Bakır
Although Saccharomyces boulardii is usually a non-pathogenic fungus, in rare occasions it can cause invasive infection in children. We present the case of an 8-year-old patient in pediatric surgical intensive care unit who developed S. cerevisiae fungemia following probiotic treatment containing S. boulardii. Caspofungin was not effective in this case and he was treated with amphotericin B. We want to emphasize that physicians should be careful about probiotic usage in critically ill patients.
March 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260936/microbiome-in-atopic-dermatitis
#8
REVIEW
Uwe Wollina
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting ~10-20% of the general population. AD is characterized by disturbances in epidermal barrier function and hyperactive immune response. Recently, changes in the skin and intestinal microbiome have been analyzed in more detail. The available data suggest a link between disturbed skin microbiome and course of the disease. Flares of the disease are associated with an expansion of Staphylococcus aureus on lesional skin and a substantial loss of biodiversity in skin microbiome...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241837/erratum-to-probiotic-and-synbiotic-therapy-in-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
William Manzanares, Paul E Wischmeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229543/developmental-trajectories-of-amphibian-microbiota-response-to-bacterial-therapy-depends-on-initial-community-structure
#10
Leyla R Davis, Laurent Bigler, Douglas C Woodhams
Improving host health through microbial manipulation requires untangling factors that shape the microbiome. There is currently little understanding of how initial community structure may drive the microbiota trajectory across host development or influence bacterial therapy outcomes. Probiotic baths of surface symbionts, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Flavobacterium johnsoniae were administered to 240 tadpoles of the midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans in semi-natural outdoor mesocosms originating from geographically and genetically distinct populations in Switzerland...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228969/prevention-and-treatment-of-neonatal-nosocomial-infections
#11
REVIEW
Jayashree Ramasethu
Nosocomial or hospital acquired infections threaten the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and increase cost of care. Premature infants are particularly vulnerable since they often undergo invasive procedures and are dependent on central catheters to deliver nutrition and on ventilators for respiratory support. Prevention of nosocomial infection is a critical patient safety imperative, and invariably requires a multidisciplinary approach. There are no short cuts...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195067/the-effect-of-short-term-treatment-with-probiotic-vsl-3-on-various-clinical-and-biochemical-parameters-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#12
W Marlicz, E Wunsch, M Mydlowska, M Milkiewicz, K Serwin, M Mularczyk, P Milkiewicz, J Raszeja-Wyszomirska
The evidence is mounting that alterations of innate immunity and gut microbiota contribute to chronic liver disease and its complications. Modulation of intestinal microbiota is an emerging therapeutic strategy in hepatology. Probiotics through modulation of intestinal milieu have the potential to affect the course of liver disease. The data concerning the influence of probiotics on various plasma molecules and compounds involved in the pathogenesis of hyperdynamic circulatory state in liver cirrhosis is still not confluent and require further evaluation...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178201/rett-syndrome-a-focus-on-gut-microbiota
#13
Elisa Borghi, Francesca Borgo, Marco Severgnini, Miriam Nella Savini, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Aglaia Vignoli
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 1 in 10,000 live female births. Changes in microbiota composition, as observed in other neurological disorders such as autism spectrum disorders, may account for several symptoms typically associated with RTT. We studied the relationship between disease phenotypes and microbiome by analyzing diet, gut microbiota, and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production. We enrolled eight RTT patients and 10 age- and sex-matched healthy women, all without dietary restrictions...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151828/nutrition-in-the-critically-ill-patient
#14
Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Arthur R H van Zanten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent relevant studies regarding nutrition during critical illness and provide recommendations for clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently acquired knowledge regarding nutritional status and risk assessment, body composition, gastric residual volume, prokinetics, tube positioning, enteral vs parenteral nutrition, nutritional dose and timing of initiation, pharmaconutrition, dysbiosis and probiotics are discussed. SUMMARY: Body composition especially lean body mass is associated with clinical outcomes...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143996/the-role-of-probiotic-in-reducing-hepatic-inflammation-among-nafld-patients-an-evidence-based-case-report
#15
Alvin Nursalim, Ummi Ulfah Madina, Cosmas Rinaldi A Lesmana
AIM: to know the effectiveness of probiotic in reducing hepatic inflammation among non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. METHODS: we performed literature searching regarding the potential role of probiotic in reducing hepatic inflammation among NAFLD patients. RESULTS: six articles were finally critically appraised. All six studies had good validity and importance. These studies unanimously reported that probiotic is useful in reducing hepatic inflammation, and liver fat content...
October 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133894/seven-cases-of-saccharomyces-fungaemia-related-to-use-of-probiotics
#16
Ujjwayini Roy, Laxman G Jessani, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Ram Gopalakrishnan, Soma Dutta, Chandrashish Chakravarty, Joseph Jillwin, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
Probiotics are increasingly used in critically ill patients without enough safety data. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of probiotics with Saccharomyces cerevisiae fungaemia. Seven patients with S. cerevisiae fungaemia were reported at two hospitals in India between July 2014 and September 2015. Detailed clinical history of patients was recorded. Besides the seven patient isolates, three probiotics sachets used in those patients and five unrelated clinical isolates were used for association study by Fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP)...
January 30, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130504/early-life-nutritional-exposures-and-lifelong-health-immediate-and-long-lasting-impacts-of-probiotics-vitamin-d-and-breastfeeding
#17
Cristiana Berti, Carlo Agostoni, Riccardo Davanzo, Elina Hyppönen, Erika Isolauri, Helle M Meltzer, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Irene Cetin
Pregnancy and infancy comprise the most critical stages for conditioning an individual's health, with a number of implications for subsequent risks of morbidity, mortality, and reproductive health. Nutrition may influence both the overall pregnancy outcome and the growth trajectory and immune system of the fetus and infant, with short- and long-term effects on the health of the offspring. Within this context, leading experts at Expo Milano 2015 in Milan, Italy, discussed up-to-date knowledge while providing suggestions and challenges before, during, and after pregnancy...
February 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127902/the-gut-microbiome-of-hooded-cranes-grus-monacha-wintering-at-shengjin-lake-china
#18
Guanghong Zhao, Lizhi Zhou, Yuanqiu Dong, Yuanyuan Cheng, Yunwei Song
Gut microbes of animals play critical roles in processes such as digestion and immunity. Therefore, identifying gut microbes will shed light on understanding the annual life of animal species, particularly those that are threatened or endangered. In the present study, we conducted nucleotide sequence analyses of the 16S rRNA genes of gut microbiome of the hooded cranes (Grus monacha) wintering at Shengjin Lake, China, by Illumina high-throughput sequencing technology. We acquired 503,398 high-quality sequences and 785 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) from 15 fecal samples from different cranes, representing 22 phyla that were dominated by Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Actinobacteria...
January 26, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125354/engineered-probiotics-applications-and-biological-containment
#19
Babasola Sola-Oladokun, Eamonn P Culligan, Roy D Sleator
Bioengineered probiotics represent the next generation of whole cell-mediated biotherapeutics. Advances in synthetic biology, genome engineering, and DNA sequencing and synthesis have enabled scientists to design and develop probiotics with increased stress tolerance and the ability to target specific pathogens and their associated toxins, as well as to mediate targeted delivery of vaccines, drugs, and immunomodulators directly to host cells. Herein, we review the most significant advances in the development of this field...
February 28, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100014/mg-2-improves-the-thermotolerance-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-lactobacillus-casei-zhang-and-lactobacillus-plantarum-p-8
#20
Y Yang, S Huang, J Wang, G Jan, R Jeantet, X D Chen
Food-related carbohydrates and proteins are often used as thermoprotectants for probiotic lactobacilli during industrial production and processing. However, the effect of inorganic salts is rarely reported. Magnesium is the second-most abundant cation in bacteria, and commonly found in various foods. Mg(2+) homeostasis is important in Salmonella and has been reported to play a critical role in their thermotolerance. However, the role of Mg(2+) in thermotolerance of other bacteria, in particular probiotic bacteria, still remains a hypothesis...
January 18, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
keyword
keyword
40531
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"