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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925451/improving-access-and-systems-of-care-for-evidence-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-conference-key-findings-and-next-steps
#1
REVIEW
Denise E Wilfley, Amanda E Staiano, Myra Altman, Jeanne Lindros, Angela Lima, Sandra G Hassink, William H Dietz, Stephen Cook
OBJECTIVE: To improve systems of care to advance implementation of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for childhood obesity treatment (i.e., clinicians offer/refer children with obesity to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions of >25 h over 6 to 12 months to improve weight status) and to expand payment for these services. METHODS: In July 2015, 43 cross-sector stakeholders attended a conference supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, American Academy of Pediatrics Institute for Healthy Childhood Weight, and The Obesity Society...
December 7, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924593/analysis-of-16s-rrna-gene-amplicon-sequences-using-the-qiime-software-package
#2
Blair Lawley, Gerald W Tannock
The study of microbial ecology has undergone a paradigm shift in recent years, with rapid advances in molecular and bioinformatic tools allowing researchers with wide-ranging interests and backgrounds access to community profiling methods. While these advances have undoubtedly led to exciting new understanding of many systems, the array of protocols available and the idiosyncrasies of particular approaches can lead to confusion or, at worst, erroneous interpretation of results. Here, we describe a workflow from raw 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequence data, generated on an Illumina MiSeq instrument, to microbial community taxonomy profiles and basic diversity measures...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924316/discovery-of-febi2
#3
James P S Walsh, Samantha M Clarke, Yue Meng, Steven D Jacobsen, Danna E Freedman
Recent advances in high-pressure techniques offer chemists access to vast regions of uncharted synthetic phase space, expanding our experimental reach to pressures comparable to the core of the Earth. These newfound capabilities enable us to revisit simple binary systems in search of compounds that for decades have remained elusive. The most tantalizing of these targets are systems in which the two elements in question do not interact even as molten liquids-so-called immiscible systems. As a prominent example, immiscibility between iron and bismuth is so severe that no material containing Fe-Bi bonds is known to exist...
November 23, 2016: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924024/gtrd-a-database-of-transcription-factor-binding-sites-identified-by-chip-seq-experiments
#4
Ivan Yevshin, Ruslan Sharipov, Tagir Valeev, Alexander Kel, Fedor Kolpakov
GTRD-Gene Transcription Regulation Database (http://gtrd.biouml.org)-is a database of transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) identified by ChIP-seq experiments for human and mouse. Raw ChIP-seq data were obtained from ENCODE and SRA and uniformly processed: (i) reads were aligned using Bowtie2; (ii) ChIP-seq peaks were called using peak callers MACS, SISSRs, GEM and PICS; (iii) peaks for the same factor and peak callers, but different experiment conditions (cell line, treatment, etc.), were merged into clusters; (iv) such clusters for different peak callers were merged into metaclusters that were considered as non-redundant sets of TFBSs...
October 24, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924013/the-proteomexchange-consortium-in-2017-supporting-the-cultural-change-in-proteomics-public-data-deposition
#5
Eric W Deutsch, Attila Csordas, Zhi Sun, Andrew Jarnuczak, Yasset Perez-Riverol, Tobias Ternent, David S Campbell, Manuel Bernal-Llinares, Shujiro Okuda, Shin Kawano, Robert L Moritz, Jeremy J Carver, Mingxun Wang, Yasushi Ishihama, Nuno Bandeira, Henning Hermjakob, Juan Antonio Vizcaíno
The ProteomeXchange (PX) Consortium of proteomics resources (http://www.proteomexchange.org) was formally started in 2011 to standardize data submission and dissemination of mass spectrometry proteomics data worldwide. We give an overview of the current consortium activities and describe the advances of the past few years. Augmenting the PX founding members (PRIDE and PeptideAtlas, including the PASSEL resource), two new members have joined the consortium: MassIVE and jPOST. ProteomeCentral remains as the common data access portal, providing the ability to search for data sets in all participating PX resources, now with enhanced data visualization components...
October 18, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923255/-psychotherapy-and-religion-a-representative-survey-among-psychotherapists-in-southern-germany
#6
Michael Marquardt, Joachim Heinrich Demling
Objective: Religion and spirituality play an appreciable role as a problem area or as a resource for patients with mental disorders. It is therefore of interest what attitudes psychotherapists assume towards this complex range of issues in their work, but also in their personal lives. The majority of empirical studies on this subject originate from the USA, with little data being available from Europe and Germany. Our own survey among practising psychotherapists was designed to elucidate these questions. Method and Study Population: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the form of a written survey of all accessible practising psychotherapists in the area of Northern Bavaria (Franconian administrative districts; n=1 081, return rate 65%)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#7
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922954/midface-advancement-in-a-simple-approach
#8
Herman Vercruysse, Ramon Sieira-Gil, Alfons Navarro, Eloy Garcia-Diez
BACKGROUND: Midface advancement is a keystone intervention in the treatment plan of syndromic hypoplasia of the midface. Although earlier authors had been using a combination of smaller incisions to acquire enough access to perform the different osteotomies, Tessier popularized the bicoronal incision. This approach can be time-consuming however and leaves an ear-to-ear scar. The authors describe an endoscopically assisted piezo-electric Le Fort III osteotomy performed through minimal invasive access...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922851/future-prospects-for-new-vaccines-against-sexually-transmitted-infections
#9
Sami L Gottlieb, Christine Johnston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the need, development status, and important next steps for advancing development of vaccines against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including herpes simplex virus (HSV), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), and Treponema pallidum (syphilis). RECENT FINDINGS: Global estimates suggest that more than a million STIs are acquired every day, and many new and emerging challenges to STI control highlight the critical need for development of new STI vaccines...
December 2, 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#10
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922484/adherence-to-follow-up-and-treatment-recommendations-in-greek-and-immigrant-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-greece
#11
Theodoros Voulgaris, John Vlachogiannakos, Panagiota Ioannidou, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Evi Zampeli, Dimitrios Karagiannakis, Anastasia Georgiou, Afroditi Papazoglou, George Karamanolis, George V Papatheodoridis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Immigrants have multiple barriers to access to health care systems. We evaluated the adherence to follow-up and treatment recommendations of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) Greek and immigrant patients. METHODS: In total, 1001 consecutive adult patients with chronic HBV infection who visited our clinics for the first time between 2002 and 2011 were included. All patients born outside Greece were considered immigrants. Diagnosis was considered to be complete if patients could be classified into HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB), inactive carriers, HBeAg-negative CHB, or decompensated cirrhosis...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922209/unconventional-pretreatment-of-lignocellulose-with-low-temperature-plasma
#12
Jens Vanneste, Thijs Ennaert, Annick Vanhulsel, Bert F Sels
Lignocellulose represents a potential supply of sustainable feedstock for the production of biofuels and chemicals. There is, however, an important cost and efficiency challenge associated with the conversion of such lignocellulosics. Since its structure is complex and not prone to undergo chemical reactions very easily, chemical and mechanical pretreatments are usually necessary in order to be able to refine them into the compositional building blocks (carbohydrates and lignin), from which value-added platform molecules such as glucose, ethylene glycol, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, levulinic acid, etc...
December 6, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920937/conversion-technique-from-neuroendoscopy-to-microsurgery-in-ventricular-tumors-technical-note
#13
Pedro Henrique da C F Pinto, Flavio Nigri, Gabriel N Gobbi, Egas M Caparelli-Daquer
BACKGROUND: Ventricular tumors represent a major neurosurgical challenge, making endoscopic approach an invaluable tool as it gained importance due to technological advances. Nevertheless, the method is not exempt of risk and limitations, sometimes requiring an open surgery. Thus, initial measurements must be adopted in order to simplify an eventual need for conversion to open craniotomy. METHODS: Here, we describe a series of 6 patients with ventricular tumors approached by neuroendoscopy where the conversion to microsurgery turned out to be necessary...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919516/a-newly-assembled-human-skeletal-reference-collection-of-modern-and-identified-filipinos
#14
Matthew C Go, Amanda B Lee, Jana Andrea D Santos, Nicole Marie C Vesagas, Rebecca Crozier
A collection of 75 modern skeletons from the Philippines has recently been created, and is being housed at the Archaeological Studies Program of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines. All individuals lived during the 20th century, and almost all died within the 21st century. These individuals were accessioned from exhumed and abandoned tombs at the Manila North Cemetery, and most have documented age and sex from tombstone inscriptions. This paper describes the first season of recovery and the collection's current demographic composition, with the future addition of more individuals to the collection expected to follow...
November 25, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919445/effective-production-of-recipient-male-pigs-for-spermatogonial-stem-cell-transplantation-by-intratesticular-injection-with-busulfan
#15
Zhuoheng Lin, Jiajing Bao, Qunfang Kong, Yaofu Bai, Fenhua Luo, Zhou Songyang, Yingji Wu, Junjiu Huang
Germ cell transplantation has facilitated spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) and spermatogenesis research and shown great potential in the seed-breeding of domestic livestock. However, little progress has been made in large animals, primarily reflecting the difficulties in preparing sterile recipients. Here, we developed a novel protocol to prepare recipient pigs through the direct injection of busulfan into the cavum vaginale of the scrotums of Landrace-Large bi-crossbreeding male pigs and Seghers male pigs, two economically-important types of pigs, to eliminate endogenous spermatogonia...
November 1, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918407/pioneering-a-national-advanced-practice-leadership-council-to-enhance-care-delivery-in-a-large-19-state-health-system
#16
Dixie Harms, Julianne Z Ewen, Matt Metsker, Jay Swanson, Kimberly H Oas
This article describes an innovative approach to enhancing the capacity of advanced practice clinicians (APCs) in a large faith-based health system consisting of multiple markets across the United States. With the challenges in health care today, promotion of advanced practice is vital to increasing quality and access to care while maintaining cost-effectiveness. The development of a national Advanced Practice Leadership Council led by the Vice President of Advanced Practice at Catholic Health Initiatives has been a progressive approach in mitigating the challenges facing APCs in today's health care arena...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918404/entrepreneurship-assessing-the-readiness-of-the-new-jersey-apn-workforce
#17
Edna Cadmus, Mary L Johansen, Phyllis Arn Zimmer, David L Knowlton
There is an unprecedented opportunity to move advanced practice nurses (APNs) into primary care settings at a steady rate over the next 5 to 8 years. In addition, the opportunity for nurse-owned or nurse-led practices has never been greater. However, many APNs currently work in a structured environment where the employer focuses on the business aspects of the practice and the APN focuses primarily on clinical care. Often APNs are unaware of the entrepreneurial contribution they make to the practice. A Needs Assessment Survey was developed to better understand business and practice management knowledge and skills of APNs in New Jersey...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918399/the-evolution-of-the-new-provider-team-driving-cultural-change-through-data
#18
Trish Anen, Debra McElroy
Nursing executives are continually challenged to address a rapidly evolving health care system. Every aspect of care delivery is being scrutinized, yet the constant requirement remains assurance of high-quality, highly reliable care that is cost-effective and easily accessible. The nursing workforce remains visible in traditional roles as well as in new and innovative capacities, whereas nurse executives experience expanded realms of focus and responsibility. As health systems continue to adapt to the changing environment, the ability to leverage the role and scope of the advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) as a health care provider is emerging as an essential business and care strategy...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917564/mind-the-gap-in-clinical-trials-a-participatory-action-analysis-with-citizen-collaborators
#19
Amy Price, Su May Liew, Jo Kirkpatrick, Jazmin Price, Taylor Lopreto, Yasmin Nelken
What are the strengths, gaps, expectations, and barriers to research engagement in clinical trials as communicated through social media? Clinical trials test treatments to provide reliable information for safety and effectiveness. Trials are building blocks in which what is learned in earlier research can be used to improve treatments, compare alternatives, and improve quality of life. For 20 years, the percentages of clinical trials volunteers have decreased whereas the costs of running clinical trials have multiplied...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917288/towards-an-open-grapevine-information-system
#20
REVIEW
A-F Adam-Blondon, M Alaux, C Pommier, D Cantu, Z-M Cheng, G R Cramer, C Davies, S Delrot, L Deluc, G Di Gaspero, J Grimplet, A Fennell, J P Londo, P Kersey, F Mattivi, S Naithani, P Neveu, M Nikolski, M Pezzotti, B I Reisch, R Töpfer, M A Vivier, D Ware, H Quesneville
Viticulture, like other fields of agriculture, is currently facing important challenges that will be addressed only through sustained, dedicated and coordinated research. Although the methods used in biology have evolved tremendously in recent years and now involve the routine production of large data sets of varied nature, in many domains of study, including grapevine research, there is a need to improve the findability, accessibility, interoperability and reusability (FAIR-ness) of these data. Considering the heterogeneous nature of the data produced, the transnational nature of the scientific community and the experience gained elsewhere, we have formed an open working group, in the framework of the International Grapevine Genome Program (www...
2016: Horticulture Research
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