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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658707/amyand-s-hernia-with-appendicitis-masquerading-as-fournier-s-gangrene-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Kishore Rajaguru, Daniel Tan Ee Lee
BACKGROUND: The incarceration of an appendix within an inguinal hernia sac is known as Amyand's hernia. Appendicitis in Amyand's hernia accounts for 0.1 % of the cases. An aggressive necrotizing infection of the genitalia and perineum, called Fournier's gangrene, can rapidly progress to sepsis and death. We describe a rare case of Fournier's gangrene complicating Amyand's inguinal hernia which has rarely been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report describes the presentation and management of a 47-year-old Chinese man who presented with pus discharge from his right inguinoscrotal region and lower abdominal pain with clinical signs of Fournier's gangrene...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476224/management-of-inflammatory-appendiceal-mass-in-zewditu-memorial-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#2
Zelalem Assefa
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal mass is one of the complications of acute appendicitis. The management of patients with appendiceal mass is controversial and different treatment options have been suggested. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the results of conservative management of patients with appendiceal mass followed by interval appendicecomy. METHODS: The study was a retrospective analysis of 73 medical records of patients with appendiceal mass who were managed conservatively between March 2007 and February 2014...
April 2016: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113577/a-history-of-the-treatment-of-appendicitis-in-children-lessons-learned
#3
James K Hamill, Andrew G Hill
During the latter half of the 19th century, surgeons increasingly reported performing appendicectomies. Fitz from Harvard, Groves from Canada and Tait from Britain all recorded successful removal of the appendix. McBurney described the point of maximal tenderness in classic appendicitis and also the muscle-splitting incision centred on this point. Priority is given to McArthur in describing the lateral muscle-splitting incision. The direction of the cutaneous incision was later modified by Elliott and Lanz...
April 26, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26448805/first-steps-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-lubumbashi-problems-encountered-and-preliminary-results
#4
Willy Arung, Nathalie Dinganga, Emmanuel Ngoie, Etienne Odimba, Olivier Detry
For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors' ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who consented to undergo laparoscopic surgery and when logistical constraints of the procedure were found...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313064/surgery-in-district-hospitals-in-rural-uganda-indications-interventions-and-outcomes
#5
Jenny Löfgren, Daniel Kadobera, Birger C Forsberg, Jude Mulowooza, Andreas Wladis, Pär Nordin
BACKGROUND: There is a vast unmet need for surgical interventions in resource scarce settings. The poorest 2 billion people share 3·5% of the world's operations. The highest burden of surgical disease is seen in Africa where surgery could avert many deaths. Prospective studies investigating interventions, indications, and outcomes including perioperative mortality rates (POMR) after surgery are scant. The aim of the study was to describe the situation of surgery in a low-income setting in sub-Saharan Africa...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081254/outcome-reporting-in-randomised-controlled-trials-and-meta-analyses-of-appendicitis-treatments-in-children-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Nigel J Hall, Mufiza Z Kapadia, Simon Eaton, Winnie W Y Chan, Cheri Nickel, Agostino Pierro, Martin Offringa
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical emergency in children. Despite this, there is no core outcome set (COS) described for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in children with appendicitis and hence no consensus regarding outcome selection, definition and reporting. We aimed to identify outcomes currently reported in studies of paediatric appendicitis. METHODS: Using a defined, sensitive search strategy, we identified RCTs and systematic reviews (SRs) of treatment interventions in children with appendicitis...
2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25486014/appendicitis
#7
Nigel D'Souza, Karen Nugent
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix that may lead to an abscess, ileus, peritonitis, or death if untreated. Appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency. The current standard treatment of uncomplicated appendicitis is usually surgery, but there has been increasing evidence published on the use of antibiotics. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of surgery compared with antibiotics for acute appendicitis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to May 2014 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
2014: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24165345/current-uk-practice-in-emergency-laparotomy
#8
E Barrow, I D Anderson, S Varley, A C Pichel, C J Peden, D I Saunders, D Murray
INTRODUCTION: Emergency laparotomy is a common procedure, with 30,000-50,000 performed annually in the UK. This large scale study reports the current spectrum of emergency laparotomies, and the influence of the surgical procedure, underlying pathology and subspecialty of the operating surgeon on mortality. METHODS: Anonymised data on consecutive patients undergoing an emergency laparotomy were submitted for a three-month period. The primary outcome measure was unadjusted 30-day mortality...
November 2013: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24057716/surgical-complications-of-the-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome
#9
V V Varjavandi, W D Ford, K F Juredini, P H Henning, R G Power, K E Little, R B Davey
During the first outbreak of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) to be reported in Australia, 22 children were admitted to the Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide. The outbreak was caused by an entero-haemorrhagic Escherichia coli strain (EHEC) of serotype 011:H-, a strain rarely implicated as a cause for HUS. In all 22 patients, the onset of HUS was preceded by a gastrointestinal (GI) prodrome. All patients had diarrhoea. In 17 (73%), the diarrhoea became bloody; in 20 (86%) there was vomiting; in 15 (65%) there was abdominal pain; and in 12 (50%) all three symptoms were present...
June 1996: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23894689/emergency-laparotomy-in-octogenarians-a-5-year-study-of-morbidity-and-mortality
#10
Gemma Green, Irshad Shaikh, Roland Fernandes, Henk Wegstapel
AIM: To determine the morbidity and mortality associated with emergency laparotomy for a clinically acute abdomen in patients aged ≥ 80 years. METHODS: In this retrospective audit, octogenarians undergoing emergency laparotomy between 1st January 2005 and 1(st) January 2010 were identified using the Galaxy Theatre System. Patients undergoing abdominal surgery through groin crease incisions or Lanz or Gridiron incisions were excluded. Also simple appendectomies were excluded...
July 27, 2013: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23001791/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-safety-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-appendicectomy-for-suspected-appendicitis-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
C Wilasrusmee, B Sukrat, M McEvoy, J Attia, A Thakkinstian
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic appendicectomy has gained wide acceptance as an alternative to open appendicectomy during pregnancy. However, data regarding the safety and optimal surgical approach to appendicitis in pregnancy are still controversial. METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing laparoscopic and open appendicectomy in pregnancy identified using PubMed and Scopus search engines from January 1990 to July 2011. Two reviewers independently extracted data on fetal loss, preterm delivery, wound infection, duration of operation, hospital stay, Apgar score and birth weight between laparoscopic and open appendicectomy groups...
November 2012: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22985447/distribution-of-emergency-operations-and-trauma-in-a-swedish-hospital-need-for-reorganisation-of-acute-surgical-care
#12
Fawzi al-Ayoubi, Helen Eriksson, Pär Myrelid, Conny Wallon, Peter Andersson
BACKGROUND: Subspecialisation within general surgery has today reached further than ever. However, on-call time, an unchanged need for broad surgical skills are required to meet the demands of acute surgical disease and trauma. The introduction of a new subspecialty in North America that deals solely with acute care surgery and trauma is an attempt to offer properly trained surgeons also during on-call time. To find out whether such a subspecialty could be helpful in Sweden we analyzed our workload for emergency surgery and trauma...
2012: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22515312/surgical-management-of-primary-appendiceal-malignancy
#13
C G Whitfield, S N Amin, J P Garner
AIM: Primary appendiceal neoplasms are rare, with carcinoid being more common than carcinoma. Preoperative diagnosis is infrequent. We report a series of 24 primary appendiceal neoplasms treated over a 5-year period. METHOD: All primary appendiceal neoplasms diagnosed in a university teaching hospital between April 2003 and June 2008 were identified from the prospective histopathology database. Patient records were reviewed for clinical, operative and pathological data...
December 2012: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21470941/-stoma-use-in-the-general-surgery-service-of-chu-gabriel-tour%C3%A3
#14
A Traore, I Diakite, A Togo, B T Dembele, L Kante, Y Coulibaly, M Keita, D M Diango, A Diallo, G Diallo
OBJECTIVES: Were to determine the frequency, to describe the clinical and therapeutic aspects digestive stoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was about six months an exploratory study from January 1st to June 30th, 2008 in the department of surgery general of the CHU Gabriel Touré. Were included in this study all the patients carrying a enter stoma or a colostomy, old of more than 15 ans. The digestive dents, the other types of stoma and the patients old of less than 15 years, were excluded...
2010: Le Mali Médical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18492396/acute-appendicitis-a-benign-disease
#15
J Simpson, A Pr Samaraweera, R K Sara, D N Lobo
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is the most common cause of the acute abdomen and can affect all age groups. Most patients recover quickly but a minority can suffer postoperative complications. This case-note review was undertaken to assess the frequency of these complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients (> 16 years) undergoing an emergency appendicectomy at a University teaching hospital between February 2004 and January 2005 were identified from pathology records...
May 2008: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17509048/laparoscopic-appendicectomy-a-training-model-for-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy
#16
S Pandey, S Slawik, K Cross, R Soulsby, A M Pullyblank, A R Dixon
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the outcome of laparoscopic appendicectomy and right hemicolectomy and see if the surgical approach to the former can be applied to the latter. METHOD: A prospective electronic laparoscopic database identified 330 appendicectomies and 78 right hemicolectomies (using this approach) between 1996 and 2005. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty patients (188 males: median age 38 years, range 17-74 years) underwent laparoscopic appendicectomy; 270 (82%) were performed by trainees (higher surgical trainee 71%, basic surgical trainee 12%)...
July 2007: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17410729/-septic-complications-in-acute-appendicitis-problems-of-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
F Ghelase, I Georgescu, M St Ghelase, V Baleanu, Fl Cioara, E Georgescu, H Traila, C Siloşi
AIM: diagnostic improvement in complicated acute appendicitis (AA) by implementing the new sepsis concepts and modern imaging procedures; optimization of treatment with decreasing postoperation morbidity and mortality and improving the cost-efficiency indicator. 1495 cases of AA admitted between 2000 and 2004 have been assessed retrospectively and among them 306 (20.46%) had complications. On admission 80.43% patients were diagnosed with AA, 17.50% with acute abdominal syndrome and 2...
January 2007: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17007619/acute-surgical-admissions-for-abdominal-pain-in-adults-in-kumasi-ghana
#18
Michael Ohene-Yeboah
BACKGROUND: Abdominal pain of less than a weeks' duration is the presenting complaint in one of every five patients admitted to the surgical Accidents and Emergency Ward of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi. This study is a prospective one, to determine the cause of abdominal pain in a large number of patients. METHODS: A monthly audit of discharge summaries for all patients admitted with acute abdominal pain was prepared and transferred to a special study pro forma to provide data over the 84-month period from January 1998 to December 2004...
October 2006: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16918187/an-audit-of-appendicitis-and-appendicectomy-in-kumasi-ghana
#19
Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Bennet Togbe
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is a leading cause of emergency admission into our hospital. A report on 638 surgical abdominal explorations following emergency admissions for suspected acute appendicitis is presented. The study was conducted at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital between January 1998 and December 2004. METHOD: During the 7-year period, all consecutive adult patients admitted to our hospital emergency department with suspected appendicitis and who subsequently had an operation done provided the material for the study...
April 2006: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16420864/-laparoscopic-appendicectomy-and-pregnancy-personal-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Carlos Moreno-Sanz, Ana Pascual-Pedreño, Joaquín Picazo-Yeste, Miguel Angel Corral-Sánchez, Manuel Marcello-Fernández, José Seoane-González
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy has been considered to be an absolute contraindication to the laparoscopic approach because of the theoretical effects of the pneumoperitoneum on the fetus and the occupation of the working space by the gravid uterus. Despite the growing literature on the subject, experience with frequent entities, such as acute appendicitis, is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report our experience with laparoscopic appendicectomy in pregnancy, to review the scientific evidence available on the safety of this procedure, and to establish the most relevant practical features for the use of this approach during pregnancy...
December 2005: Cirugía Española
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