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zebrafish ovary

Natsumi Takei, Takuma Nakamura, Shohei Kawamura, Yuki Takada, Yui Satoh, Atsushi P Kimura, Tomoya Kotani
Background: Subcellular localization of coding and non-coding RNAs has emerged as major regulatory mechanisms of gene expression in various cell types and many organisms. However, techniques that enable detection of the subcellular distribution of these RNAs with high sensitivity and high resolution remain limited, particularly in vertebrate adult tissues and organs. In this study, we examined the expression and localization of mRNAs encoding Pou5f1/Oct4, Mos, Cyclin B1 and Deleted in Azoospermia-like (Dazl) in zebrafish and mouse ovaries by combining tyramide signal amplification (TSA)-based in situ hybridization with paraffin sections which can preserve cell morphology of tissues and organs at subcellular levels...
2018: Biological Procedures Online
Gloria R Garcia, Sean M Bugel, Lisa Truong, Sean Spagnoli, Robert L Tanguay
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a conserved ligand-activated transcription factor required for proper vertebrate development and homeostasis. The inappropriate activation of AHR by ubiquitous pollutants can lead to adverse effects on wildlife and human health. The zebrafish is a powerful model system that provides a vertebrate data stream that anchors hypothesis at the genetic and cellular levels to observations at the morphological and behavioral level, in a high-throughput format. In order to investigate the endogenous functions of AHR, we generated an AHR2 (homolog of human AHR)-null zebrafish line (ahr2osu1) using the clustered, regulatory interspaced, short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 precision genome editing method...
2018: PloS One
Olivier Simon, Béatrice Gagnaire, Virginie Camilleri, Isabelle Cavalié, Magali Floriani, Christelle Adam-Guillermin
This study investigated the accumulation pattern and biological effects (genotoxicity and histopathology) to adult zebrafish (male and female) exposed to a nominal waterborne concentration of 20 μg L-1 of depleted uranium (DU) for 28 days followed by 27 days of depuration. Accumulation pattern showed that (i) DU accumulated in brain, (ii) levels in digestive tract were higher than those measured in gills and (iii) levels remained high in kidney, brain and ovary despite the 27 days of depuration period...
December 30, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Chen-Wei Hsu, You-Jiun Pan, Yan-Wei Wang, Sok-Keng Tong, Bon-Chu Chung
Zebrafish gonadal sexual differentiation is an important but poorly understood subject. The difficulty in investigating zebrafish sexual development lies in its sex determination plasticity, the lack of morphological tools to distinguish juvenile females from males, and the lack of sex chromosomes in laboratory strains. Zebrafish sexual differentiation starts at around 8 days post-fertilization when germ cells start to proliferate. The number of germ cells determines the future sex of the gonad. Gonads with more germ cells differentiate into ovaries, whereas a reduced germ cell number leads to male-biased sexual differentiation...
January 30, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Tianli Wu, Yunying Cheng, Zhilong Liu, Wenjing Tao, Shuqing Zheng, Deshou Wang
Zona pellucida (ZP) genes encode ZP glycoproteins which constitute the coat surrounding oocytes and early embryos. Genome-wide identification of ZP genes is still lacking in vertebrates, especially in fish species. Herein, we conducted bioinformatic analyses of the ZP genes of the Nile tilapia and other vertebrates. Totally 16, 9, 17, 27, 21, 20, 26, 19, 14,11, 24, 17, 9, 18, 8, 11, 9, 8, 5, and 4 ZP genes belonging to 5 subfamilies (ZPA, ZPB, ZPC, ZPD, and ZPAX) were found in the sea lamprey, elephant shark, coelacanth, spotted gar, zebrafish, medaka, stickleback, Nile tilapia, Amazon molly, platyfish, seahorse, Northern snakehead, cavefish, tetraodon, clawed frog, turtle, chicken, platypus, kangaroo rat, and human genomes, respectively...
January 6, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Ana M Molina, Nieves Abril, Noelia Morales-Prieto, José G Monterde, Antonio J Lora, Nahúm Ayala, Rosario Moyano
Given the importance of bisphenol A (BPA) as a xenoestrogen and its potential effects on human and animal health, we evaluated BPA exposure's short-term effects on follicular development, yolk protein vitellogenin (VTG) production and aromatase expression in female zebrafish. Histological modifications were observed along with increased presence of atretic follicles. Whole-body VTG concentration increased with the dose of BPA exposure. In contrast, expression of Cyp19a mRNA in the ovaries of BPA-exposed fish exhibited an apparent non-monotonic response curve, marked by downregulation at 1 μg/L BPA, upregulation at 10 μg/L BPA, and a return to downregulation at 100 μg/L BPA and higher doses...
December 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Peilan Zhou, Jiebing Jiang, Hui Yan, Yulei Li, Junru Zhao, Xiao Wang, Ruibin Su, Zehui Gong
The μ-opioid receptor (MOR) is a Gi/o protein-coupled receptor that mediates analgesic, euphoric, and reward effects. Using a bacterial two-hybrid screen, we reported that the carboxyl tail of the rat MOR associates with A20-binding inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF)-κB (ABIN-1) (Zhou et al., 2015). This interaction was confirmed by direct protein - protein binding and co-immunoprecipitation of MOR and ABIN-1 proteins in cell lysates. Saturation binding studies showed that ABIN-1 had no effect on MOR binding...
December 13, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
Pancharatna A Katti, Sheetal S Narvekar, Basavaraj B Goundadkar, Prasad A Deshpande
The present study is an attempt to elucidate the involvement of insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) in the differentiation and growth of primary follicles in ovarian explant cultures of zebrafish. Ovaries from adult females were cultured in triplicate sets/treatment group for 15 days at 22° in the laboratory. Culture medium was supplemented with either insulin (1 ng/mL) or IGF1 (1 ng/mL) or insulin + IGF1 (Experiment 1) or 0.1 or 1.0 or 10 ng/mL of IGF1 (Experiment 2). Ovaries cultured in medium alone served as controls and those fixed at the beginning of the culture as initial controls...
December 2017: Journal of Biosciences
Queenie Wing-Lei Wong, Ming-An Sun, Shuk-Wa Lau, Chirag Parsania, Shaolong Zhou, Silin Zhong, Wei Ge
Ovarian folliculogenesis is always of great interest in reproductive biology. However, the molecular mechanisms that control follicle development, particularly the early phase of follicle activation or recruitment, still remain poorly understood. In an attempt to decipher the gene networks and signaling pathways involved in such transition, we conducted a transcriptomic analysis (RNA-seq) on zebrafish primary growth (PG, stage I; inactive) and previtellogenic (PV, stage II; activated) follicles. A total of 118 unique microRNAs (miRNAs) (11 downregulated and 83 upregulated during PG/PV transition) and 56711 unique messenger RNAs (mRNAs) (1839 downregulated and 7243 upregulated during PG/PV transition) were identified...
January 1, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Lian Hollander-Cohen, Matan Golan, Joseph Aizen, Michal Shpilman, Berta Levavi-Sivan
Two gonadotropins, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), are important players in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis of vertebrates. In the present work, we describe the construction of recombinant (r) common carp (Cyprinus carpio; c) FSH (rcFSH) and LH (rcLH) using the Pichia pastoris system, the generation of specific antibodies against their respective β subunits, and their use in the development and validation of specific ELISAs. We produced carp rLH and rFSH as single-chain polypeptides, wherein the GTH subunit α was joined with either cLHβ or cFSHβ mature protein-coding sequences to form a fusion gene that encodes a yoked polypeptide, in which the GTH β-subunit forms the N-terminal part and the α-subunit forms the C-terminal part...
November 26, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
M L Jaramillo, A G Pereira, C E Davico, L Nezzi, D Ammar, Y M R Müller, E M Nazari
Roundup is a glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH) widely used in agriculture and may cause toxic effects in non-target organisms. Model organisms, as zebrafish, and analysis of gene expression by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) could be used to better understand the Roundup toxicity. A prerequisite for RT-qPCR is the availability of appropriate reference genes; however, they have not been described for Roundup-exposed fish. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression stability of six reference genes (rpl8, β-act, gapdh, b2m, ef1α, hprt1) and one expressed repetitive element (hatn10) in organs of males (brain, gill, testis) and females (ovary) of zebrafish exposed to Roundup WG at three concentrations (0...
November 27, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Miaomiao Teng, Suzhen Qi, Wentao Zhu, Yao Wang, Dezhen Wang, Kai Dong, Chengju Wang
Difenoconazole, a typical triazole fungicide, inhibits lanosterol-14R-demethylase (CYP51) to prevent fungal sterol synthesis and its residues are frequently detected in the environment due to its wide application. Previous studies have demonstrated that difenoconazole altered the triglyceride levels, and gene expression relevant to cholesterol biosynthesis in zebrafish. However, endocrine-disruption in the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal-liver (HPGL) axis, the effects of transferring to offspring, and the underlying mechanisms of difenoconazole in aquatic organisms are still unknown...
October 26, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Weiting Chen, Shuk-Wa Lau, Yuqin Fan, Rudolf S S Wu, Wei Ge
Bisphenol A (BPA), a plastic monomer and plasticizer, is commonly used in plastics industry, and it has been well documented to be an estrogenic endocrine disrupter. In the present study, we investigated the effect of early (juvenile) exposure to BPA on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis in the zebrafish. Estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were also included as positive and negative controls respectively. Juvenile zebrafish were exposed to BPA (1 and 10μM), E2 (10nM) and T (10nM) from 20 to 40 dpf (days post-fertilization), the period of sex/gonadal differentiation, followed by histological and expression analyses at 40 dpf...
December 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Caroline Vignet, Thibaut Larcher, Blandine Davail, Lucette Joassard, Karyn Le Menach, Tiphaine Guionnet, Laura Lyphout, Mireille Ledevin, Manon Goubeau, Hélène Budzinski, Marie-Laure Bégout, Xavier Cousin
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) constitute a large family of organic pollutants emitted in the environment as complex mixtures, the compositions of which depend on origin. Among a wide range of physiological defects, PAHs are suspected to be involved in disruption of reproduction. In an aquatic environment, the trophic route is an important source of chronic exposure to PAHs. Here, we performed trophic exposure of zebrafish to three fractions of different origin, one pyrolytic and two petrogenic. Produced diets contained PAHs at environmental concentrations...
October 28, 2016: Toxics
Pietro Cacialli, Livia D'Angelo, Paolo de Girolamo, Luigi Avallone, Carla Lucini, Elisabeth Pellegrini, Luciana Castaldo
Zebrafish, a suitable and widely used teleost fish model in basic biomedical research, displays morphophysiological features of adult gonads that share some commonalities with those of mammalian species. In mammals, gametogenesis is regulated, among several factors, by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). This neurotrophin has a well-established role in the developing and adult nervous system, as well as gonads development and functions in vertebrate species. We hypothesize that BDNF has a role also in the gonadal functions of zebrafish...
October 12, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Yan-Qiu Liang, Guo-Yong Huang, Zhong Lin, Jin Li, Jie-Wen Yang, Lai-Yuan Zhong, Guang-Guo Ying
The aim of this study was to assess the adverse effects of synthetic progestin norgestrel (NGT) on the reproduction of zebrafish by measuring the egg production, histology and transcriptional expression profiles along the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis in adult zebrafish. After a pre-exposure period of 7 days, adult zebrafish were exposed to 6, 29 and 69 ng L(-1) NGT for 21 days. The results showed that exposure to 69 ng L(-1) NGT led to a significant up-regulation of follicle stimulating hormone, beta polypeptide (fshb), luteinizing hormone, beta polypeptide (lhb), progesterone receptor (pgr), estrogen receptor 1 (esr1) and androgen receptor (ar) genes in the brains, as well as significant up-regulation of hydroxysteroid 20-beta dehydrogenase (hsd20b) and hydroxysteroid 11-beta dehydrogenase 2 (hsd11b2) genes and down-regulation of 11-beta-hydroxylase (cyp11b) gene in the ovaries of females...
September 27, 2017: Chemosphere
Viola Ravasio, Eufemia Damiati, Daniela Zizioli, Flavia Orizio, Edoardo Giacopuzzi, Marta Manzoni, Roberto Bresciani, Giuseppe Borsani, Eugenio Monti
Sialic acid acetylesterase (SIAE) removes acetyl moieties from the carbon 9 and 4 hydroxyl groups of sialic acid and recently a debate has been opened on its association to autoimmunity. Trying to get new insights on this intriguing enzyme we have studied siae in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In this teleost siae encodes for a polypeptide with a high degree of sequence identity to human and mouse counterparts. Zebrafish Siae behavior upon transient expression in COS7 cells is comparable to human enzyme concerning pH optimum of enzyme activity, subcellular localization and glycosylation...
October 1, 2017: Glycobiology
Dena M Leerberg, Kaori Sano, Bruce W Draper
The vertebrate ovary and testis develop from a sexually indifferent gonad. During early development of the organism, primordial germ cells (the gamete lineage) and somatic gonad cells coalesce and begin to undergo growth and morphogenesis to form this bipotential gonad. Although this aspect of development is requisite for a fertile adult, little is known about the genetic regulation of early gonadogenesis in any vertebrate. Here, we provide evidence that fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signaling is required for the early growth phase of a vertebrate bipotential gonad...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
Olivier Armant, Kewin Gombeau, Christelle Adam Guillermin
The concentration of depleted uranium (DU) in the environment is expected to increase due to anthropogenic activities, posing potential risks on ecosystems. The effects of chronic exposure to DU at concentration close to the environmental standards (0.3-30 µg DU/L) are scarcely characterised. Genomic alterations caused by low doses of pollutants can potentially propagate over generations, but how these effects may affect the health of the progeny remain uncertain for the vast majority of toxicants. The present dataset describes the transcriptomic effects of a chronic exposure to 20 µg DU/L during 10 days on adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) organs, the brain, the testis and the ovaries...
October 2017: Data in Brief
Bohdan Andreiuk, Andreas Reisch, Marion Lindecker, Gautier Follain, Nadine Peyriéras, Jacky G Goetz, Andrey S Klymchenko
Fluorescent polymer nanoparticles for long-term labeling and tracking of living cells with any desired color code are developed. They are built from biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) polymer loaded with cyanine dyes (DiO, DiI, and DiD) with the help of bulky fluorinated counterions, which minimize aggregation-caused quenching. At the single particle level, these particles are ≈20-fold brighter than quantum dots of similar color. Due to their identical 40 nm size and surface properties, these nanoparticles are endocytosed equally well by living cells...
August 9, 2017: Small
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