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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542470/differential-physiological-changes-following-internet-exposure-in-higher-and-lower-problematic-internet-users
#1
Phil Reed, Michela Romano, Federica Re, Alessandra Roaro, Lisa A Osborne, Caterina Viganò, Roberto Truzoli
Problematic internet use (PIU) has been suggested as in need of further research with a view to being included as a disorder in future Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association, but lack of knowledge about the impact of internet cessation on physiological function remains a major gap in knowledge and a barrier to PIU classification. One hundred and forty-four participants were assessed for physiological (blood pressure and heart rate) and psychological (mood and state anxiety) function before and after an internet session...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541002/effects-of-paraquat-ban-on-herbicide-poisoning-related-mortality
#2
Dong Ryul Ko, Sung Phil Chung, Je Sung You, Soohyung Cho, Yongjin Park, Byeongjo Chun, Jeongmi Moon, Hyun Kim, Yong Hwan Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Kyung Woo Lee, SangChun Choi, Junseok Park, Jung Soo Park, Seung Whan Kim, Jeong Yeol Seo, Ha Young Park, Su Jin Kim, Hyunggoo Kang, Dae Young Hong, Jung Hwa Hong
PURPOSE: In Korea, registration of paraquat-containing herbicides was canceled in November 2011, and sales thereof were completely banned in November 2012. We evaluated the effect of the paraquat ban on the epidemiology and mortality of herbicide-induced poisoning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed patients treated for herbicide poisoning at 17 emergency departments in South Korea between January 2010 and December 2014. The overall and paraquat mortality rates were compared pre- and post-ban...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540937/dental-caries
#3
REVIEW
Nigel B Pitts, Domenick T Zero, Phil D Marsh, Kim Ekstrand, Jane A Weintraub, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Junji Tagami, Svante Twetman, Georgios Tsakos, Amid Ismail
Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic disease that results in the phasic demineralization and remineralization of dental hard tissues. Caries can occur throughout life, both in primary and permanent dentitions, and can damage the tooth crown and, in later life, exposed root surfaces. The balance between pathological and protective factors influences the initiation and progression of caries. This interplay between factors underpins the classification of individuals and groups into caries risk categories, allowing an increasingly tailored approach to care...
May 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539629/early-onset-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-altered-corticopetal-cholinergic-network
#4
Injoong Kim, Na-Young Shin, Yunjin Bak, Phil Hyu Lee, Seung-Koo Lee, Soo Mee Lim
Degeneration of the substantia innominata (SI) is significantly correlated with cognitive performance in Parkinson's disease (PD). We examined functional and structural patterns of SI degeneration in drug-naïve PD patients according to the duration of parkinsonism before mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis. Twenty PD patients with a shorter duration (PD-MCI-SD, <1 year), 18 patients with a longer duration (PD-MCI-LD, ≥1 year), and 29 patients with intact cognition (PD-IC) were included. Seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) analysis using bilateral SI seed and region-of-interest-based volumetric analysis were performed...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539037/small-bowel-obstruction-caused-by-aloe-vera-bezoars-a-case-report
#5
In Taik Hong, Jae Myung Cha, Hye Jin Ki, Min Seob Kwak, Jin Young Yoon, Hyun Phil Shin, Jung Won Jeoun, Sung Il Choi
Small bowel obstruction is a clinical condition commonly caused by postoperative adhesion, volvulus, intussusceptions, and hernia. Small bowel obstruction due to bezoars is clinically uncommon, accounting for approximately 2-4% of all obstructions. Computed tomography (CT) is a useful method in diagnosing the cause of small bowel obstruction. However, small bowel obstruction caused by bezoars may not be detected by an abdominal CT examination. Herein, we report a rare case of small bowel obstruction by Aloe vera bezoars, which were undetected by an abdominal CT...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535358/effectiveness-of-peers-in-delivering-programs-or-motivating-older-people-to-increase-their-participation-in-physical-activity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Keith D Hill, Jim Codde, Phil Airey, Anne-Marie Hill
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of peers to deliver programs or encourage older people to be physically active and improve physical outcomes. Peer reviewed articles published in English between January 1976 and June 2016, retrieved from six databases according to the predefined inclusion criteria were included. Where possible results were pooled and meta-analyses conducted. Eighteen articles were included in the review, a total of 3,492 intervention participants, average age 66...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531946/the-role-of-mobilisation-and-delivery-processes-on-contrasting-dissolved-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-exports-in-groundwater-fed-catchments
#7
Rémi Dupas, Per-Erik Mellander, Chantal Gascuel-Odoux, Ophélie Fovet, Eoin B McAleer, Noeleen T McDonald, Mairead Shore, Phil Jordan
Diffuse transfer of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in agricultural catchments is controlled by the mobilisation of sources and their delivery to receiving waters. While plot scale experiments have focused on mobilisation processes, many catchment scale studies have hitherto concentrated on the controls of dominant flow pathways on nutrient delivery. To place mobilisation and delivery at a catchment scale, this study investigated their relative influence on contrasting nitrate-N and soluble P concentrations and N:P ratios in two shallow groundwater fed catchments with different land use (grassland and arable) on the Atlantic seaboard of Europe...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528592/client-perceptions-of-helpfulness-in-therapy-a-novel-video-rating-methodology-for-examining-process-variables-at-brief-intervals-during-a-single-session
#8
Alexandra A Cocklin, Warren Mansell, Richard Emsley, Phil McEvoy, Chloe Preston, Jody Comiskey, Sara Tai
BACKGROUND: The value of clients' reports of their experiences in therapy is widely recognized, yet quantitative methodology has rarely been used to measure clients' self-reported perceptions of what is helpful over a single session. AIMS: A video-rating method using was developed to gather data at brief intervals using process measures of client perceived experience and standardized measures of working alliance (Session Rating Scale; SRS). Data were collected over the course of a single video-recorded session of cognitive therapy (Method of Levels Therapy; Carey, 2006; Mansell et al...
May 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526481/randomised-control-trial-of-the-impact-of-a-brief-tele-support-intervention-on-initial-attendance-at-physiotherapy-group-sessions-for-pelvic-floor-problems
#9
Lisa A Osborne, C Mair Whittall, Ruth Emanuel, Simon Emery, Phil Reed
OBJECTIVE: To assesses the efficacy of a brief telephone call to patients on a waiting list for physiotherapy treatment for pelvic floor dysfunction on initial attendance. DESIGN: A three-armed randomized control study. SETTING: An outpatient physiotherapy clinic at a hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 130 consecutively referred women patients (mean age of 51.47, range = 26-84) with a variety of pelvic floor dysfunction problems...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524541/-worried-about-relapse-family-members-experiences-and-perspectives-of-relapse-in-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Shalini Lal, Ashok Malla, Gina Marandola, Joanie Thériault, Phil Tibbo, Rahul Manchanda, Richard Williams, Ridha Joober, Nicola Banks
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding on the subject of relapse from the perspectives of family members of young people receiving services for a first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach, using focus group methods, was used to elicit experiences, understandings, and knowledge of relapse in FEP. Family members were recruited from 4 specialized early intervention programmes for psychosis in Canada...
May 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523532/progressive-pathological-changes-in-neurochemical-profile-of-the-hippocampus-and-early-changes-in-the-olfactory-bulbs-of-tau-transgenic-mice-rtg4510
#11
Jieun Kim, In-Young Choi, Karen E Duff, Phil Lee
Tauopathies such as Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal lobe degeneration (FTLD-tau) dementia, characterized by pathologic aggregation of the microtubule-associated tau protein and formation of neurofibrillary tangles, have been linked to neurodegeneration and cognitive decline. The early detection of cerebral abnormalities and the identification of biological contributors to the continuous pathologic processes of neurodegeneration in tauopathies critically hinge on sensitive and reliable measures of biomarkers in the living brain...
May 18, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522669/liquid-embolic-agents-for-endovascular-embolization-evaluation-of-an-established-onyx-and-a-novel-phil-embolic-agent-in-an-in-vitro-avm-model
#12
D F Vollherbst, C M Sommer, C Ulfert, J Pfaff, M Bendszus, M A Möhlenbruch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Embolization plays a key role in the treatment of arteriovenous malformations. The aim of this study was to evaluate an established (Onyx) and a novel (precipitating hydrophobic injectable liquid [PHIL]) liquid embolic agent in an in vitro AVM model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An AVM model was integrated into a circuit system. The artificial nidus (subdivided into 28 honeycomb-like sections) was embolized with Onyx 18 (group Onyx; n = 8) or PHIL 25 (group PHIL; n = 8) with different pause times between the injections (30 and 60 seconds, n = 4 per study group) by using a 1...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522504/drying-natural-gas-efficiently
#13
EDITORIAL
Phil Szuromi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522063/staged-purse-string-suture-for-repairing-a-large-surgical-defect-on-the-scalp
#14
Chan Hee Nam, Seung Phil Hong, Myung Hwa Kim, Byung Cheol Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518170/prenatal-exome-sequencing-in-anomalous-fetuses-new-opportunities-and-challenges
#15
Neeta L Vora, Bradford Powell, Alicia Brandt, Natasha Strande, Emily Hardisty, Kelly Gilmore, Ann Katherine M Foreman, Kirk Wilhelmsen, Chris Bizon, Jason Reilly, Phil Owen, Cynthia M Powell, Debra Skinner, Christine Rini, Anne D Lyerly, Kim A Boggess, Karen Weck, Jonathan S Berg, James P Evans
PurposeWe investigated the diagnostic and clinical performance of exome sequencing in fetuses with sonographic abnormalities with normal karyotype and microarray and, in some cases, normal gene-specific sequencing.MethodsExome sequencing was performed on DNA from 15 anomalous fetuses and from the peripheral blood of their parents. Parents provided consent to be informed of diagnostic results in the fetus, medically actionable findings in the parents, and their identification as carrier couples for significant autosomal recessive conditions...
May 18, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516513/evaluating-an-educational-intervention-to-alleviate-distress-amongst-men-with-newly-diagnosed-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners
#16
Lindsay Hedden, Richard Wassersug, Sarah Mahovlich, Phil Pollock, Monita Sundar, Robert H Bell, Larry Goldenberg, Celestia S Higano
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an education session alleviates distress for both patients with prostate cancer and their partners; and whether their partner's attendance at the session; and disease, treatment, and sociodemographic characteristics affect changes in distress levels. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We identified men with untreated prostate cancer at the Vancouver Prostate Centre between February 2015 and March 2016 who agreed to attend our education session...
May 17, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515984/improving-the-reporting-of-therapeutic-exercise-interventions-in-rehabilitation-research
#17
Phil Page, Barb Hoogenboom, Michael Voight
The foundation of evidence-based practice lies in clinical research, which is based on the utilization of the scientific method. The scientific method requires that all details of the experiment be provided in publications to support replication of the study in order to evaluate and validate the results. More importantly, clinical research can only be translated into practice when researchers provide explicit details of the study. Too often, rehabilitation exercise intervention studies lack the appropriate detail to allow clinicians to replicate the exercise protocol in their patient populations...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510449/scalable-electrochemical-oxidation-of-unactivated-c-h-bonds
#18
Yu Kawamata, Ming Yan, Zhiqing Liu, Deng-Hui Bao, Jinshan Chen, Jeremy T Starr, Phil S Baran
A practical electrochemical oxidation of unactivated C-H bonds is presented. This reaction utilizes a simple redox mediator, quinuclidine, with inexpensive carbon and nickel electrodes to selectively functionalize "deep-seated" methylene and methine moieties. The process exhibits a broad scope and good functional group compatibility. The scalability, as illustrated by a 50 g scale oxidation of sclareolide, bodes well for immediate and widespread adoption.
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510295/scandium-mediated-formation-of-a-bis-tetrahydropentalene
#19
Janek Rausch, Phil Liebing, Volker Lorenz, Liane Hilfert, Sabine Busse, Caecilia Maichle-Mössmer, Frank T Edelmann
The reactivity of Li[Sc(COT'')2 ] (1; COT''=1,4-bis(trimethylsilyl)cyclooctatetraenyl) towards CoCl2 is considerably different from that of related lanthanide triple-decker sandwich complexes. In addition to the expected triple-decker complex Sc2 (COT'')3 (2), the complex Sc2 {μ-BTHP}(COT'')2 (3) is formed, which comprises the novel BTHP(2-) ligand (BTHP(2-) =bis(3,5-bis(trimethylsilyl)-1,3a,6,6a-tetrahydropentalene-1-yl)diide or bis(2,7-bis(trimethylsilyl)bicyclo[3.3.0]octa-2,7-dien-4-yl)diide, C16 H10 (SiMe3 )4(2-) )...
May 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509765/multicenter-real-life-experience-with-checkpoint-inhibitors-and-targeted-therapy-agents-in-advanced-melanoma-patients-in-switzerland
#20
Joanna Mangana, Phil F Cheng, Corina Kaufmann, Valerie C Amann, Anna L Frauchiger, Viola Stögner, Ulrike Held, Roger von Moos, Olivier Michielin, Ralph P Braun, Mitchell P Levesque, Simone M Goldinger, Reinhard Dummer
Metastatic melanoma is a highly aggressive disease. Recent progress in immunotherapy (IT) and targeted therapy (TT) has led to significant improvements in response and survival rates in metastatic melanoma patients. The current project aims to determine the benefit of the introduction of these new therapies in advanced melanoma across several regions of Switzerland. This is a retrospective multicenter analysis of 395 advanced melanoma patients treated with standard chemotherapy, checkpoint inhibitors, and kinase inhibitors from January 2008 until December 2014...
May 15, 2017: Melanoma Research
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