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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936337/alcohol-use-in-an-older-adult-referred-to-a-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-service-a-case-report
#1
Adam Searby, Natalie van Swet, Phil Maude, Ian McGrath
Alcohol use disorder in older adults is associated with a number of substantial medical complications, including cognitive decline. Due to limited success and application of screening approaches in this cohort, older adults are more likely to present to general hospital settings with undiagnosed problematic alcohol use. Consultation-liaison psychiatry services operating in general hospital settings are likely to be referred older adults with alcohol use disorders for assessment and management. A 77-year-old female presented to a metropolitan hospital with symptoms including frequent falls, slurred speech, difficulty judging distance, hypersomnia, poor reasoning, and odd behaviours...
December 9, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934269/can-chemical-class-approaches-replace-chemical-by-chemical-strategies-lessons-from-recent-u-s-fda-regulatory-action-on-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances
#2
Alissa Cordner, Lauren Richter, Phil Brown
Concern about the toxicity and exposure of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is growing among scientists, regulators, and residents of contaminated communities. In 2016, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) removed three food contact substances (FCSs) containing perfluorinated chemicals from the list of approved FCSs due to concerns regarding chemical safety. To investigate the significance and limitations of the FDA's regulatory action for environmental health research, advocacy, and regulation, we conducted a media analysis and qualitative interviews with a range of involved stakeholders...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932829/phil-holloway
#3
I Holloway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932510/embolization-of-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-using-phil-liquid-embolic-agent-in-26-patients-a-multicenter-study
#4
S Lamin, H S Chew, S Chavda, A Thomas, M Piano, L Quilici, G Pero, M Holtmannspolter, M E Cronqvist, A Casasco, L Guimaraens, L Paul, A Gil Garcia, A Aleu, R Chapot
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The introduction of liquid embolic agents has revolutionized endovascular approach to cranial vascular malformations. The aim of the study was to retrospectively assess the efficacy and safety of Precipitating Hydrophobic Injectable Liquid (PHIL), a new nonadhesive liquid embolic agent, in the treatment of patients with cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas. The primary end point was the rate of complete occlusion of dural arteriovenous fistulas. Secondary end points included the incidence of adverse events and clinical status at 3-month follow-up...
December 8, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927670/phil-whitaker-a-novel-take-on-medicine
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920904/crystal-structures-of-two-ytterbium-iii-complexes-comprising-alkynylamidinate-ligands
#6
Sida Wang, Farid M Sroor, Phil Liebing, Volker Lorenz, Liane Hilfert, Frank T Edelmann
Two ytterbium(III) complexes comprising alkynylamidinate ligands, namely bis-(η(5)-cyclo-penta-dien-yl)(3-cyclo-propyl-N,N'-diiso-propyl-propynamidinato-κ(2)N,N')ytterbium(III), [Yb(C5H5)2(C12H19N2)] or Cp2Yb[( (i) Pr2N)2C-C≡C-c-C3H5] (1) and tris-(3-phenyl-N,N'-di-cyclo-hexyl-propynamidinato-κ(2)N,N')ytterbium(III), [Yb(C21H27N2)3] or Yb[(CyN)2C-C≡C-Ph]3 (Cy = cyclo-hex-yl) (2) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Both complexes are monomers; for complex 2, the contribution to the scattering from highly disordered toluene solvent molecules in these voids was removed with the SQUEEZE routine [Spek (2015)...
September 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918795/scientific-evidence-and-financial-obligations-to-ensure-access-to-biosimilars-for-cancer-treatment
#7
Howard Bauchner, Phil B Fontanarosa, Robert M Golub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917481/comprehensive-cellular-resolution-atlas-of-the-adult-human-brain
#8
Song-Lin Ding, Joshua J Royall, Susan M Sunkin, Lydia Ng, Benjamin A C Facer, Phil Lesnar, Angie Guillozet-Bongaarts, Bergen McMurray, Aaron Szafer, Tim A Dolbeare, Allison Stevens, Lee Tirrell, Thomas Benner, Shiella Caldejon, Rachel A Dalley, Nick Dee, Christopher Lau, Julie Nyhus, Melissa Reding, Zackery L Riley, David Sandman, Elaine Shen, Andre van der Kouwe, Ani Varjabedian, Michelle Write, Lilla Zollei, Chinh Dang, James A Knowles, Christof Koch, John W Phillips, Nenad Sestan, Paul Wohnoutka, H Ronald Zielke, John G Hohmann, Allan R Jones, Amy Bernard, Michael J Hawrylycz, Patrick R Hof, Bruce Fischl, Ed S LeinReference
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917120/analysis-of-nociceptive-information-encoded-in-the-temporal-discharge-patterns-of-cutaneous-c-fibers
#9
Kyeongwon Cho, Jun Ho Jang, Sung-Phil Kim, Sang Hoon Lee, Soon-Cheol Chung, In Young Kim, Dong Pyo Jang, Sung Jun Jung
The generation of pain signals from primary afferent neurons is explained by a labeled-line code. However, this notion cannot apply in a simple way to cutaneous C-fibers, which carry signals from a variety of receptors that respond to various stimuli including agonist chemicals. To represent the discharge patterns of C-fibers according to different agonist chemicals, we have developed a quantitative approach using three consecutive spikes. By using this method, the generation of pain in response to chemical stimuli is shown to be dependent on the temporal aspect of the spike trains...
2016: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909156/radiation-safety-culture-in-the-uk-medical-sector-a-top-to-bottom-strategy
#10
Claire-Louise Chapple, Andy Bradley, Maria Murray, Phil Orr, Jill Reay, Peter Riley, Andy Rogers, Navneet Sandhu, Jim Thurston
UK professional bodies have established a number of sectorial working parties to provide guidance on the improvement of radiation safety (RS) culture in the workplace. The medical sector provides unique challenges in this regard, and the remit of the medical group was to review the current state of RS culture and to develop a framework for improvement. The review of current RS culture was based on measurable indicators, including data from regulatory inspections, personal monitoring data and incident data. An online survey to capture the RS-related views and experience of hospital staff at all levels was carried out, and the responses provided a wealth of information on RS awareness and implementation across the country...
December 1, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905108/the-effects-of-cognitive-style-and-emotional-trade-off-difficulty-on-information-processing-in-decision-making
#11
Dawei Wang, Leilei Hao, Phil Maguire, Yixin Hu
This study investigated the effects of cognitive style and emotional trade-off difficulty (ETOD) on information processing in decision-making. Eighty undergraduates (73.75% female, M = 21.90), grouped according to their cognitive style (field-dependent or field-independent), conducted an Information Display Board (IDB) task, through which search time, search depth and search pattern were measured. Participants' emotional states were assessed both before and after the IDB task. The results showed that participants experienced significantly more negative emotion under high ETOD compared to those under low ETOD...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903822/synthetic-biology-and-the-prospects-for-responsible-innovation
#12
REVIEW
Phil Macnaghten, Richard Owen, Roland Jackson
In this article we provide a short review of the debate on responsible innovation and its intersection with synthetic biology, focusing on initiatives we have witnessed and been involved with in the UK. First, we describe the ways in which responsibility in science has been reconfigured institutionally, from an internal focus on the provision of objective and reliable knowledge, to a more external view that embraces the ways in which it has an impact on society. Secondly, we introduce a framework for responsible innovation as a (partial) response to this shift, highlighting its constituent dimensions and the capacities and competencies that are needed to put it into practice...
November 30, 2016: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902542/impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-the-community-based-pediatric-treatment-and-outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Nour Al Ghriwati, Joshua M Langberg, William Gardner, James Peugh, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, Phil Lichtenstein, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit psychiatric comorbidities, which may impact illness presentation, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. Guidelines exist for dealing with these complex cases but little is known about how comorbidities are being handled in community pediatric settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how mental health comorbidities affect community physicians' ADHD care practices and patients' symptom trajectories...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900697/screening-for-n-ahsl-based-signaling-interfering-enzymes
#14
Stéphane Uroz, Phil M Oger
Quorum sensing (QS)-based signaling is a widespread pathway used by bacteria for the regulation of functions involved in their relation to the environment or their host. QS relies upon the production, accumulation and perception of small diffusable molecules by the bacterial population, hence linking high gene expression with high cell population densities. Among the different QS signal molecules, an important class of signal molecules is the N-acyl homoserine lactone (N-AHSL). In pathogens such as Erwinia or Pseudomonas, N-AHSL based QS is crucial to overcome the host defenses and ensure a successful infection...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#15
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898023/older-adults-outdoor-walking-inequalities-in-neighbourhood-safety-pedestrian-infrastructure-and-aesthetics
#16
Razieh Zandieh, Javier Martinez, Johannes Flacke, Phil Jones, Martin van Maarseveen
Older adults living in high-deprivation areas walk less than those living in low-deprivation areas. Previous research has shown that older adults' outdoor walking levels are related to the neighbourhood built environment. This study examines inequalities in perceived built environment attributes (i.e., safety, pedestrian infrastructure and aesthetics) and their possible influences on disparities in older adults' outdoor walking levels in low- and high-deprivation areas of Birmingham, United Kingdom. It applied a mixed-method approach, included 173 participants (65 years and over), used GPS technology to measure outdoor walking levels, used questionnaires (for all participants) and conducted walking interviews (with a sub-sample) to collect data on perceived neighbourhood built environment attributes...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894512/probabilistic-approach-for-assessing-infants-health-risks-due-to-ingestion-of-nanoscale-silver-released-from-consumer-products
#17
Chengfang Pang, Danail Hristozov, Alex Zabeo, Lisa Pizzol, Michael P Tsang, Phil Sayre, Antonio Marcomini
Silver nanoparticles (n-Ag) are widely used in consumer products and many medical applications because of their unique antibacterial properties. Their use is raising concern about potential human exposures and health effects. Therefore, it is informative to assess the potential human health risks of n-Ag in order to ensure that nanotechnology-based consumer products are deployed in a safe and sustainable way. Even though toxicity studies clearly show the potential hazard of n-Ag, there have been few attempts to integrate hazard and exposure assessments to evaluate risks...
November 25, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893981/an-unusual-rash-during-evaluation-for-chronic-pancreatitis
#18
Feng Li, Benjamin Kaffenberger, Phil A Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893655/a-retrospective-observational-study-of-length-of-stay-in-hospital-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-in-england-1998-2010
#19
Ariadni Aravani, Elizabeth F Samy, James D Thomas, Phil Quirke, Eva J A Morris, Paul J Finan
The National Health Service (NHS) is facing financial constraints and thus there is considerable interest in ensuring the shortest but optimal hospital stays possible. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of postoperative length of stay (LOS) stay across the English NHS and to identify factors that significantly influence both optimal and prolonged LOS.Data were obtained from the National Cancer Data Repository (NCDR). National patterns of LOS were examined and multilevel mixed effects logistic regression was used to study factors associated with an "ideal" (≤5 days) or a prolonged (≥21 days) LOS in hospital after major resection...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893479/complex-training-the-effect-of-exercise-selection-and-training-status-on-post-activation-potentiation-in-rugby-league-players
#20
David J Scott, Massimiliano Ditroilo, Phil Marshall
This study compared the post-activation potentiation (PAP) response of the hex bar deadlift (HBD) and back squat (BS) exercises. The PAP response between different levels of athletes was also compared. Ten professional and ten amateur rugby league players performed two experimental sessions. Participants performed a countermovement jump (CMJ) before and 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 minutes after a conditioning activity (CA) that contained 1 set of 3 repetitions at 93% 1RM of either HBD or BS. A force platform determined peak power output (PPO), force at PPO, velocity at PPO and jump height of each CMJ...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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