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Wenzhi Xu, Xiaona Lin, Dong Huang, Songying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To report on our experience of laparoscopic cornuostomy or cornual repair for cornual heterotopic pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A single center, retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed as cornual heterotopic pregnancy, which developed after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET) between January 2009 and June 2014. All patients were managed by laparoscopic cornuostomy or cornual repair. RESULTS: 14 patients were enrolled and 4 patients were finally confirmed to have a ruptured cornu...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Chun Feng, Wen-Juan Li, Rong-Huan He, Xi-Wen Sun, Guirong Wang, Li-Quan Wang
Twin pregnancies have a higher prevalence of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) than single pregnancies. It is unknown whether in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) influences the fetal outcomes in twin pregnancies complicated by ICP. This study aimed to explore the impact of IVF-ET on the perinatal outcomes of ICP in twin pregnancy. Clinical data from 142 twin pregnant women complicated with ICP were retrospectively analyzed, including 51 patients who conceived through IVF-ET (IVF group) and 91 patients with spontaneous conception (SC group)...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hanna Motak-Pochrzest, Andrzej Malinowski
158 non-pregnant women with recurrent implantation failures after IVF/ET procedures were tested for peripheral blood autoimmune profile. The control group consisted of 76 patients after first successful IVF procedure and pregnancy outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate different autoantibodies peripheral blood profile after excluding anatomical, endocrinological, endometrial and genetic disorders and to estimate the risk of implantation failures. The study's including criteria were 1.indications for IVF/ET determined by male factor and unexplained infertility 2...
February 6, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Hongchu Bao, Guichan Wang, Xin Huang, Meimei Wang, Xinrong Wang, Cuifang Hao
OBJECTIVE: We conducted the research in order to explore the impact of hydrosalpinx fluid (HSF) on endometrium. METHOD: HSF group: 261 patients with HSF scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery 3 to 7 days after menstruation in our center. Hysteroscopy would also be performed in order to observe the endometrial morphology during the surgery. Sixty (60) patients would be randomly selected for endometrial biopsy in order to detect the inflammatory cytokines TNF-a and IL-2 mRNA...
December 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Ryh-Sheng Li, Yuh-Ming Hwu, Robert Kuo-Kuang Lee, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Ming-Huei Lin
OBJECTIVE: Embryo transfers during cleavage stage (day 2 or day 3) and blastocyst stages (day 5 or day 6) are common in current daily practice in fresh IVF/ET cycles. Data regarding transferring day 4 embryos, morula/compact stage, is still restricted and the grading system is also inconsistent, as between IVF clinics. This study provided a new detailed classification system for morula/compact stage embryos and compared successes rates between day 4 and day 5 ET. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Qun-Fang Zhang, Guo-Yong Chen, Yun Liu, Hui-Juan Huang, Yan-Feng Song
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis (EM) interferes with the reproductive process and affects the success rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Inflammatory cytokines are suggested to play a role in infertility in patients with EM. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between resistin and interleukin 23 (IL-23) levels in follicular fluid (FF) and serum together with the severity of endometriosis and in vitro fertilization/ embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcome...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Wendy Dendas, Jean-Christophe Schobbens, Greet Mestdagh, Liesbeth Meylaerts, Geert Verswijvel, Caroline Van Holsbeke
Objective: To report a case of heterotopic interstitial pregnancy after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), presenting with a second trimester uterine rupture. To review the clinical presentations, risk factors, treatment options, and outcome of heterotopic interstitial pregnancies. Methods: We describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of a patient with a heterotopic interstitial pregnancy, diagnosed following second trimester rupture of the interstitial pregnancy...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Zewu Li, Yueting Zhu, Hongchang Li, Wenjie Jiang, Hongbin Liu, Junhao Yan, Zi-Jiang Chen, Weiping Li
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovarian dysfunction and polycystic ovarian morphology. Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) affects many reproductive activities, including follicular development, embryo implantation and growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate LIF concentrations in serum and follicular fluid of women with PCOS and controls who underwent IVF with embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Serum and follicular fluid LIF concentrations were lower in women with PCOS compared with controls...
January 20, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Yuko Kitano, Shu Hashimoto, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Takayuki Yamochi, Masaya Yamanaka, Yoshiharu Nakaoka, Aisaku Fukuda, Masayasu Inoue, Tomoaki Ikeda, Yoshiharu Morimoto
Age-dependent decline of mitochondrial function has been proposed to be a main cause of decline of embryo quality. Then, l-carnitine plays important roles in reducing the membranous toxicity of free-fatty acids by forming acyl-carnitine and promoting β-oxidation, preventing cell damage. Recent research revealed that l-carnitine played important roles in vitro in oocyte growth, oocyte maturation and embryo development. However, such beneficial effects of l-carnitine in vivo have yet to be verified. The effect of oral l-carnitine supplementation on embryo quality and implantation potential was examined...
January 29, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Leonti Grin, Yossi Mizrachi, Ornit Cohen, Tal Lazer, Gad Liberty, Simion Meltcer, Shevach Friedler
The potential adverse effect of Serum progesterone (SP) elevation on the day of hCG administration is a matter of continued debate. Our study aimed to evaluate the relative value of progesterone to a number of aspirated oocytes ratio (POI) to predict clinical pregnancy (CP) and live birth (LB) in fresh IVF cycles and to review the relevant literature. A retrospective analysis of GnRH Antagonist IVF-ET cycles. POI was calculated by dividing the SP on the day of hCG by the number of aspirated mature oocytes. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of POI for CP and LB...
January 26, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Rong Wang, Fang Wang, Lihua Yang, Jianying He, Feifeng Wang, Libo Zou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Xiadi Wu, Yundong Mao, Yan Gao, Xiaoqiao Qian, Wei Wang, Wei Ding, Shi-Wen Jiang, Jiayin Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of progesterone rise on hCG day on the laboratory and clinical outcomes in natural cycles and to explore the possible factors related to the occurrence of progesterone elevation. PATIENTS AND STUDY METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed in 1157 infertile women with decreased ovarian reserve. Eligible infertile women undergoing IVF in natural cycles were assigned to four groups according to serum progesterone levels on the day of hCG administration: group 1, P<2nmol/L; group 2, 2<P<2...
January 3, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Qiaoqiao Gong, Yuejie Zhu, Nannan Pang, Haiquan Ai, Xiaoyun Gong, Xiaolin La, Jianbing Ding
In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) can be used by infertile couples to assist with reproduction; however, failure of the embryo to implant into the endometrial lining results in failure of the IVF treatment. The present study investigated the expression of chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7)(lo) programmed death-1(PD-1)(hi) chemokine receptor type 5 (CXCR5)+ cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T cells and associated factors in patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF). A total of 30 females with RIF and 30 healthy females were enrolled in the current study...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Fang Xiong, Lingqing Hu, Yun Zhang, Xiao Xiao
We investigated the correlation of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy with different procedures of in vitro fertilization, and analyzed pregnancy outcomes of patients with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of 658 maternity patients who conceived through in vitro fertilization in Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Wuxi. Patients were divided into two groups according to different fertilization procedures: i) the routine in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer group (IVF-ET group, 377 cases) and ii) intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer group (ICSI-ET group, 281 cases)...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
X F Wang, X N Lin, Y D Dai, X Lin, H M Lü, F Zhou, S Y Zhang
Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the effect of follicular fluid from patients with endometriosis, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP-15) on the proliferation and progesterone secretion of human luteinized granular cells in vitro. Methods: Cumulus granulosa cells were collected from the patients who underwent in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) ovulation due to tubal or male factor infertility on the day of the retrieval. The cells in the control group were cultured with complete medium of DMEM/F-12, an extra of FSH at a dose of 12 μg/L was added in the FSH group, an extra of BMP-15 at a dose of 6 μg/L was added to the BMP-15 group, an extra of 5% of the follicular fluid from the patients with tubal or male factor infertility was added to the tubal group, an extra of 5% of the follicular fluid from the patients with endometriosis infertility was added to the endometriosis group, an extra of 5% of the follicular fluid from the patients with endometriosis infertility plus FSH at a dose of 12 μg/L were added to the endometriosis plus FSH group, and an extra of 5% of the follicular fluid from the patients with endometriosis infertility plus BMP-15 at a dose of 6 μg/L were added to the endometriosis plus BMP-15 group...
December 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Qiaohong Lai, Wenpei Xiang, Qing Li, Hanwang Zhang, Yufeng Li, Guijin Zhu, Chengliang Xiong, Lei Jin
The increased levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in granulosa cells (GCs) may affect the pregnancy results in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this study, we compared the in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) results of 22 patients with PCOS and 25 patients with tubal factor infertility and detected the ROS levels in the GCs of these two groups. Results showed that the PCOS group had significantly larger follicles on the administration day for human chorionic gonadotropin than the tubal factor group (P < 0...
December 19, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
Shoji Kokeguchi, Naoki Hayashi, Daniela Rogoff, Shin Shimizu, Osamu Ishihara
Aim: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of vaginal progesterone gel that was administered daily for luteal phase support as part of in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer (IVF/ET) cycles in Japanese women. Methods: This was a phase III, multicenter, open-label, single-arm trial in Japanese women undergoing IVF/ET, using the Japanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2009 registry as a historical control. The primary objective was to demonstrate the non-inferiority, with regard to the clinical pregnancy rate per ET, of vaginal progesterone gel that was administered once daily, compared with the historical standard value in IVF/ET cycles in Japan...
January 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Lu Luo, Bing Cai, Hui-Ying Jie, Yong Gao, Minghui Chen, Can-Quan Zhou, Qiong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence of spontaneous fetal reduction during dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and its influence on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 4447 DCDA twin pregnancies and 14 551 singleton pregnancies after IVF-ET at a single center between 2009 and 2015. The spontaneous pregnancy reduction group (spontaneous pregnancy reduction (SPR) group) included 759 women...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Xiangqin Zheng, Danmei Lin, Yulong Zhang, Yuan Lin, Jianrong Song, Suyu Li, Yan Sun
OBJECTIVE: Pretreatment of myoinositol is a very new method that was evaluated in multiple small studies to manage poor ovarian response in assisted reproduction. This study was to determine the efficacy of myoinositol supplement in infertile women undergoing ovulation induction for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or in vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: A meta-analysis and systematic review of published articles evaluating the efficacy of myo-inositol in patients undergoing ovulation induction for ICSI or IVF-ET was performed...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Haining Wang, Hongwei Gao, Hongbin Chi, Lin Zeng, Wenhua Xiao, Yanrong Wang, Rong Li, Ping Liu, Chen Wang, Qing Tian, Zehong Zhou, Jin Yang, Ye Liu, Rui Wei, Ben Willem J Mol, Tianpei Hong, Jie Qiao
Importance: Presence of thyroid autoantibodies in women with normal thyroid function is associated with increased risk of miscarriage. Whether levothyroxine treatment improves pregnancy outcomes among women undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is unknown. Objective: To determine the effect of levothyroxine on miscarriage among women undergoing IVF-ET who had normal thyroid function and tested positive for thyroid autoantibodies. Design, Setting, and Participants: An open-label, randomized clinical trial involving 600 women who tested positive for the antithyroperoxidase antibody and were being treated for infertility at Peking University Third Hospital from September 2012 to March 2017...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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