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X L Ren, P Liu, Y Lian, J Huang, X Y Zheng, Y J Zhu, J Qiao
OBJECTIVE: To compare two flexible embryo catheters and determine whether clinical outcome differs in the in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. METHODS: This prospective control study was conducted by one doctor between July 2012 and November 2013. In the study, 2 064 patients undergoing fresh embryo transfer by using IVF-ET/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)-ET in Reproductive Medical Center of Peking University Third Hospital were recruited...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Teddy Tadros, Bruno Tarasconi, Jean Nassar, Jean-Luc Benhaim, Joëlle Taieb, Renato Fanchin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the strength of the relationship between antral follicle count (AFC) and serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations obtained with two automated and one manual AMH assays in three different AFC populations. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated IVF-ET center. PATIENT(S): Frozen-thawed serum samples of 211 assisted conception candidates, aged 24-43 years. INTERVENTION(S): Serum AMH was measured using one manual (AMH Gen II) and two fully automated (Access AMH and Elecsys AMH) assays...
September 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Ningyuan Zhang, Hua Chen, Zhipeng Xu, Bin Wang, Haixiang Sun, Yali Hu
BACKGROUND What role should previous cesarean section play in affecting clinical pregnancy outcomes and avoiding the complications of in vitro fertilization? In this article, we focus on elective single-embryo transfer (eSET) versus double-embryo transfer (DET) and assess the clinical efficacy and safety of eSET in patients who have a previous cesarean scar. MATERIAL AND METHODS The pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes of 130 patients who had a previous cesarean scar and received in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) were retrospectively analyzed...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nikolay Zernov, Mikhail Skoblov, Ancha Baranova, Konstantin Boyarsky
BACKGROUND: Anomalous levels of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion result in a variety of reproductive phenotypes associated with infertility or subfertility. The normosmic isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nIHH) is due to a failure of either GnRH pulsatile secretion in hypothalamus or its reception in pituitary. The spectrum of nIHH-associated alterations continues to expand, especially when additional ethnic populations are investigated. The aim of this study was to uncover genetic causes for nIHH in patients of Russian origin...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Nan Yu, Bo Zhang, Mei Xu, Sheng Wang, Rong Liu, Jianli Wu, Jing Yang, Ling Feng
PROBLEM: Intrauterine administration of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) activated by HCG in vitro was reported to improve implantation rates in patients with repeated failure of IVF-ET (in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer). In this article, the value of intrauterine administration of PBMCs before embryo transfer and its optimal cell culture method will be investigated. METHOD OF STUDY: Patients who had not experienced successful pregnancy despite three or more IVF-ET sessions were enrolled in this study (n=240, 240 cycles)...
September 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Zhengyun Xie, Bing Yao, Li Chen, Yanyun Mu, Jie Cheng, Qian Li, Zhao Gao, You-bing Xia
The impact of acupuncture for the pregnancy of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is discussed in the paper. Nowadays there are various conclusions about the impact of acupuncture for IVF-ET, and it may result from the differences in research designs. The effect is closely related to the demographic and clinical characteristics of subjects, such as age, the diagnosis of barrenness, blood flow index of uterine spiral arteries, the cycle of IVF, etc. Besides, the efficacy is influenced by treatment based on syndrome differentiation or not, the frequency and course of acupuncture in both the treating group and the control group, etc...
May 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Ming-xiao Ge, Li-li Tao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Ying Liang, Qian-hua Tian, Yu-xia Mu, Hui-lan Du
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Cangfu Congxian Decoction (CCD) on oxidative stress in granulosa cells of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. METHODS: Forty PCOS patients underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) were assigned to the treatment group and the control group 1 according to random digit table, 20 in each group. Patients in the treatment group took CCD (200 mL, once in the morning and once in the afternoon) 2 months before IVF-ET, while those in the control group 1 took no Chinese medical decoction...
June 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Xiao-Fang Du, Xin-Hong Yang, Jing Li, Mengmeng Hao, Yi-Hong Guo
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of growth hormone (GH) co-treatment within a GnRH agonist long regimen, in women with a normal ovarian response to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), for IVF was assessed. METHODS: This retrospective clinical trial was performed in a private-assisted reproduction centre. The study involved 1114 patients who responded normally to high-dose gonadotropin treatment. The study group of 556 patients was given in a daily subcutaneous injection of 4...
October 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Sarah A Robertson, David J Sharkey
Seminal fluid is often viewed as simply a vehicle to carry sperm to fertilize the oocyte, but a more complex function in influencing female reproductive physiology is now evident. Remarkably, seminal fluid contains soluble and exosome-born signaling agents that interact with the female reproductive tract to prime the immune response, with consequences for fertility and pregnancy outcome. Experiments in rodent models demonstrate a key role for seminal fluid in enabling robust embryo implantation and optimal placental development...
September 1, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Qiong Wang, Ruixiao Zhang, Mengxi Jia, Lu Luo, Chenhui Ding, Tin-Chiu Li, Canquan Zhou
This prospective study investigated the predictive value of pregnancy outcomes with serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) 7 days after day 3 embryo transfer (D3 ET), and whether estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) improved the diagnostic efficiency. The study comprised 280 in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. Serum samples were obtained 7 days after D3 ET to measure hCG, E2, and P concentrations. Statistical analyses were conducted to evaluate the predictive value for pregnancy outcomes...
July 22, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Hongyi Xu, Kai Deng, Qingbing Luo, Juan Chen, Xin Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Honglu Diao, Changjun Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate whether brown zona pellucida (ZP) of oocytes affects the outcome of fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy rate in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: Based on the ZP color of their oocytes, a total number of 703 patients dated from 2012 to 2014 were divided into a normal egg group (group A) and a brown oocyte group (group B), with 629 and 74 cases, respectively. Clinical characteristics, gonadotropin (Gn) days, Gn dosage, serum hormone levels on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injection, ZP thickness (ZPT) of the eggs, fertilization rate, rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (rICSI) rate, good-quality embryo rate and pregnancy rate were compared between the two groups...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Wei-jie Jiang, Fan Jin, Li-ming Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the DNA integrity of optimized sperm on the embryonic development and clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: This study included 605 cycles of conventional IVF-ET for pure oviductal infertility performed from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014. On the day of retrieval, we examined the DNA integrity of the sperm using the sperm chromatin dispersion method. According to the ROC curve and Youden index, we grouped the cycles based on the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) threshold value for predicting implantation failure, early miscarriage, and fertilization failure, followed by analysis of the correlation between DFI and the outcomes of IVF-ET...
May 2016: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Yichun Guan, Hongfang Fan, Aaron K Styer, Zhiying Xiao, Zhen Li, Jianrui Zhang, Lijun Sun, Xingling Wang, Zhan Zhang
There is no consensus regimen for the optimal endometrial preparation for cryopreservation and vitrified-thawed embryo transfer cycles. This is largely caused by the lack of sufficient investigation and analyses on the respective pregnancy and perinatal outcomes by different regimens. This study aimed to compare both pregnancy and perinatal outcomes between the modified natural and artificial cycles in vitrified-thawed day three embryo transfer for women with regular menstruation. A total of 1,482 vitrified-thawed day three embryo transfer cycles were reviewed including 427 modified natural cycles (NC), 132 ovulation induction cycles (OC), 794 artificial cycles (AC), and 129 GnRH agonist artificial cycles (GAC)...
October 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Ji Hyun Jeon, Yu Im Hwang, Im Hee Shin, Chan Woo Park, Kwang Moon Yang, Hye Ok Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors that are associated with heterotopic pregnancy (HP) following in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET) and to demonstrate the outcomes of HP after the surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancies. Forty-eight patients from a single center, who were diagnosed with HP between 1998 and 2012 were included. All of the patients had received infertility treatments, such as Clomid with timed coitus (n = 1, 2.1%), superovulation with intrauterine insemination (n = 7, 14...
July 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Haruka Muto, Ryo Yamamoto, Keisuke Ishii, Reisa Kakubari, Sachi Takaoka, Aki Mabuchi, Nobuaki Mitsuda
OBJECTIVE: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are major causes of maternal mortality and morbidity. Although the combined risk assessments of maternal history, blood pressure, uterine artery Doppler, and maternal serum marker seem to be highly predictive of the development of hypertensive disorders, this method is a little complicated to be performed on many low-risk pregnant women. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of maternal characteristics, and physical findings early in the second trimester, as predictive factors of hypertensive disorders...
June 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Yan Meng, Yi Qian, Cun Huang, Wei Wu, Jiayin Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the suitable fresh embryo transfer strategy for mild ovarian stimulation with clomiphene citrate in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: The data of the 286 patients for IVF-ET from 1st January, 2013 to 30th June, 2015 in Clinical Center of Reproductive Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed to find the difference of clinical pregnancy rate in different endometrial thickness groups...
December 15, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Yanchun Ning, Baolian Liu, Baosheng Han, Jian Guo, Xiurong Liu, Guiling Fan, Chang Guo, Fenglan Wang, Jin Zhou, Lirong Yin
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of follicular fluid IL-6, TNF-α on the clinical outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in patients with ovarian endometriosis. METHOD: From June 2013 to June 2014, the data of 64 (from Tangshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital IVF center) ovarian endometriosis patients was analyzed retrospectively. 58 infertility cases caused by male side were used as control group. Oocyte retrieval rate, M II oocytes rate, fertilization rate, recovery-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (R-ICSI) rate, good quality embryo rate, biochemical pregnancy rate and clinical pregnancy rate were analyzed and compared between two groups...
December 15, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
J H Check, J K Choe, D Summers-Chase
PURPOSE: To corroborate or refute a previous study suggesting that intrauterine infusion of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) could significantly improve endometrial thickness into more fertile levels when the endometrial thickness was ≤ five mm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three women whose endometrial thickness never exceeded five mm on the in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycle or subsequent attempted frozen ETs using graduated estradiol had intrauterine infusion of G-CSF to the estradiol regimen...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Min Li, Dong Liu, Li Wang, Weizhou Wang, Aiming Wang, Yuanqing Yao
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether placenta-specific 8 (PLAC8) is expressed in human oocytes and embryos, and whether PLAC8 interferes with the implantation process. DESIGN: Experimental. SETTING: Academic medical assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S): Couples undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), immunofluorescence on oocytes, embryos, control LoVo cells, and embryo-endometrial stromal cell coculture models, and Western blot on control LoVo cells...
September 1, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
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