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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236344/association-between-urologic-malignancies-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-meta-analysis
#1
Panagiotis Kompotiatis, Charat Thongprayoon, Sandhya Manohar, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Maria L Gonzalez Suarez, Iasmina M Craici, Michael A Mao, Sandra M Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested a higher incidence of urologic malignancies in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. However, incidence trends of urologic malignancies in ESRD patients remain unclear. The study's aims were 1) to investigate the pooled incidence/incidence trends and 2) to assess the risk of urologic malignancies in ESRD patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database from inception through April 2017...
December 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236312/hazard-assessment-of-the-pesticides-kraft%C3%A2-36-ec-and-score%C3%A2-in-a-tropical-natural-soil-using-an-ecotoxicological-test-battery
#2
Vanessa Bezerra De Menezes Oliveira, Miriam De Oliveira Bianchi, Evaldo Luiz Gaeta Espíndola
Pesticides are widely used in agricultural fields to control plant diseases, weeds and pests, however, the unforeseeable consequences of releasing these compounds into the soil and their effects on terrestrial invertebrates are a matter of grave concern. The aim of this study was to determine the direct impact of two pesticides, KRAFT® 36 EC (an insecticide; a.i abamectin) and SCORE® (a fungicide; a.i. difenoconazole), on non-target terrestrial invertebrates. Ecotoxicological tests were performed to evaluate the chronic and acute toxicity of these compounds to a potworm (Enchytraeus crypticus), a collembolan (Folsomia candida) and a mite (Hypoaspis aculeifer)...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236186/establishment-of-pathological-quantitative-method-for-determining-undifferentiated-component-ratio-in-patients-with-differentiated-undifferentiated-mixed-type-early-gastric-cancer-and-clinical-significance-of-this-ratio
#3
Hirohisa Takeuchi, Nobutsugu Abe, Yoshikazu Hashimoto, Atsuko Ooki, Gen Nagao, Kazuhiko Hirano, Yasuo Ookura, Tadahiko Masaki, Toshiyuki Mori, Masanori Sugiyama
PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to establish a pathological quantitative method for determining the undifferentiated components ratio (UCR) in patients with differentiated/undifferentiated mixed-type (Mixed-type) early gastric cancer (EGC) and to examine the clinical significance. METHODS: The subjects were 410 patients who underwent surgical resection for EGC with the invasion limited to m or sm1. Analysis 1: In 12 randomly selected patients with Mixed-type cancer, we calculated the area ratio and the ratio of the length ratio using ImageJ and analyzed the correlation between them...
December 13, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236153/insufficient-vaccination-rates-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a%C3%A2-german-outpatient-clinic
#4
M Krasselt, C Baerwald, O Seifert
BACKGROUND: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at an increased risk of acquiring infections due to the disease itself and the immunosuppressive therapy. Furthermore, infections largely contribute to overall SLE mortality. Vaccinations against preventable diseases are therefore of particular importance for these patients. AIMS: To estimate vaccination frequencies among patients with SLE, we studied patients in a survey and calculated vaccination rates based on their vaccination documents...
December 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236136/occupational-class-and-the-changing-patterns-of-hospitalization-for-affective-and-neurotic-disorders-a-nationwide-register-based-study-of-the-finnish-working-age-population-1976-2010
#5
Pekka Varje, Anne Kouvonen, Lauri Kokkinen, Aki Koskinen, Ari Väänänen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the long-term changes and socioeconomic disparities in hospitalization for affective and neurotic disorders among the Finnish working-age population from 1976 to 2010. METHODS: Register-based study, consisting of a 5-year follow-up of 3,223,624 Finnish working-age (18-64-year old) individuals in seven consecutive cohorts. We calculated the hazard ratios of psychiatric hospitalization for different occupational classes using Cox regression models...
December 13, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236075/risks-and-benefits-of-increased-nut-consumption-cardiovascular-health-benefits-outweigh-the-burden-of-carcinogenic-effects-attributed-to-aflatoxin-b%C3%A2-exposure
#6
Hanna Eneroth, Stina Wallin, Karin Leander, Johan Nilsson Sommar, Agneta Åkesson
Nuts are rich in nutrients and mounting evidence shows that consumption reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Nuts may also be a major source of aflatoxin B₁, a potent liver carcinogen and the risk/benefit balance is unknown. Based on national statistics and data from the PREDIMED intervention trial, we estimated the potential CVD-reduction if Swedes aged 55-79 consumed 30 g nuts/day, instead of the current national average of five grams per day. We also assessed the reduction in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235735/homemade-hypertonic-saline-essential-treatment-can-be-available-and-affordable
#7
Nili Elior, Diana Tasher, Elli Somekh, Michal Stein, Orna Schwartz Harari, Avigdor Mandelberg
BACKGROUND: Nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) treatment is unavailable to large populations worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To determine the bacterial contamination and electrolyte concentrations in homemade (HM-HS) vs. pharmacy made (PM-HS). METHODS: We conducted three double-blind consecutive trials: 50 boiled-water homemade 3%-HS (B-HM-HS) bottles and 50 PM-HS. The bottles were cultured after 48 hours. Electrolyte concentrations were measured in 10 bottles (5 per group)...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235617/-predictors-of-seizure-related-injuries-in-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-in-colombia-a-case-control-study
#8
J P Orozco-Hernandez, J F Quintero-Moreno, C Duque-Salazar, A Gil-Restrepo, J William-Martinez, A Lizcano-Meneses, H Carmona-Villada
AIM: To identify predictors of seizure related injuries in adult patients with epilepsy in Colombia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case-control study. Patients with a diagnosis of epilepsy aged 16 years and older who attended the Neurocentro epilepsy center between 2013-2016 and were attended by a specialist in epilepsy were included. Patients with seizure related injuries were defined as the case. The control group was conformed by those without seizure related injuries...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235567/alcohol-and-oestrogen-metabolites-in-postmenopausal-women-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#9
Mary C Playdon, Sally B Coburn, Steven C Moore, Louise A Brinton, Nicolas Wentzensen, Garnet Anderson, Robert Wallace, Roni T Falk, Ruth Pfeiffer, Xia Xu, Britton Trabert
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of several cancers. Potential mechanisms include altered oestrogen metabolism. Parent oestrogens metabolise into alternate pathways of oestrogen metabolites that may have variable effects on cancer pathogenesis. We examined associations of alcohol consumption with circulating oestrogen/oestrogen metabolites in postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI)-Observational Study (OS). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of prediagnosis ovarian/endometrial cancer case-control data within WHI-OS (N=1864)...
December 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235488/nomogram-for-cirrhosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-simple-self-assessed-scale-for-individual-risk-of-cirrhosis
#10
Zhiqiao Zhang, Jing Li, Peng Wang, Tingshan He, Yanling Ouyang, Yiyan Huang
The aim of this retrospective study was to establish a simple self-assessed scale for individual risk of cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. A total of 1808 consecutive patients were enrolled and analyzed. According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, a simple nomogram was calculated for cirrhosis. The area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) were calculated to compare the diagnostic accuracy of nomogram with aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis index based on the four factors (FIB-4), and S index...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235239/familial-risks-in-urolithiasis-in-the-population-of-sweden
#11
Kari Hemminki, Otto Hemminki, Asta Försti, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist, Xinjun Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess detailed familial risks for medically diagnosed urolithiasis (UL, urinary tract stone disease) based on nationwide hospital and population records. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects were identified from the Swedish Multigeneration Register in which 211,718 UL patients. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated by comparison to individuals without a family history of UL. RESULTS: The highest familial SIRs were invariably found for the same (concordant) type of UL: 2...
December 13, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235103/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-recurrence-and-progression-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#12
Ellen Westhoff, Xifeng Wu, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Seth P Lerner, Yuanqing Ye, Maosheng Huang, Colin P Dinney, Alina Vrieling, Huakang Tu
The association of dietary factors with urinary bladder cancer prognosis has scarcely been investigated, and results of studies conducted to date are inconsistent. We investigated whether empirically derived dietary patterns are associated with risks of recurrence and progression in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients. Data from 595 newly diagnosed non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients from an ongoing prospective cohort study were used to derive dietary patterns using exploratory factor analysis...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234972/staging-treatment-and-future-approaches-of-gallbladder-carcinoma
#13
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Govind Singh, K S Shahi, Bhuvan, Prabhat Pant
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant cancer of the bile ducts and third most common gastrointestinal malignant in the world for public health. Its relatively low incidence and confused symptoms result in advanced disease at the time of presentation, contributing to poor prognosis and reduced survival associated with this disease. The main function of the gallbladder is to store excreted bile acids from the liver in preparation for a meal. Its main risk factor is prolonged exposure to biliary calculations, although bacterial infections and other inflammatory conditions are associated...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234826/mental-health-impact-of-social-capital-interventions-a-systematic-review
#14
Elaine C Flores, Daniela C Fuhr, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano, Nicki Thorogood, Victoria Simms
PURPOSE: Mental disorders are a major contributor to the global burden of disease and disability, and can be extremely costly at both individual and community level. Social capital, (SC) defined as an individual's social relationships and participation in community networks, may lower the risk of mental disorders while increasing resilience capacity, adaptation and recovery. SC interventions may be a cost-effective way of preventing and ameliorating these conditions. However, the impact of these SC interventions on mental health still needs research...
December 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234808/effect-of-levothyroxine-on-miscarriage-among-women-with-normal-thyroid-function-and-thyroid-autoimmunity-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-and-embryo-transfer-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Haining Wang, Hongwei Gao, Hongbin Chi, Lin Zeng, Wenhua Xiao, Yanrong Wang, Rong Li, Ping Liu, Chen Wang, Qing Tian, Zehong Zhou, Jin Yang, Ye Liu, Rui Wei, Ben Willem J Mol, Tianpei Hong, Jie Qiao
Importance: Presence of thyroid autoantibodies in women with normal thyroid function is associated with increased risk of miscarriage. Whether levothyroxine treatment improves pregnancy outcomes among women undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is unknown. Objective: To determine the effect of levothyroxine on miscarriage among women undergoing IVF-ET who had normal thyroid function and tested positive for thyroid autoantibodies. Design, Setting, and Participants: An open-label, randomized clinical trial involving 600 women who tested positive for the antithyroperoxidase antibody and were being treated for infertility at Peking University Third Hospital from September 2012 to March 2017...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234705/the-concentration-data-of-heavy-metals-in-iranian-grown-and-imported-rice-and-human-health-hazard-assessment
#16
Ali Jafari, Bahram Kamarehie, Mansour Ghaderpoori, Nahid Khoshnamvand, Mehdi Birjandi
The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of rice contamination to heavy metals in Iranian grown and imported rice brands by conducting a systematic review and assess the related human health risk. Multiple keywords such as "rice, heavy metals, and Iran" were used to search in related databases. The average concentration of Cd, Pb, As, Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni and Co for Iranian grown/imported rice were calculated as 0.16±0.08/0.13±0.05, 0.196±0.16/0.55±0.56, 0.046±0.002/0.057±0.0035,0.29±0.05/0.61±0...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233816/testosterone-level-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Qiuming Yao, Bin Wang, Xiaofei An, Jin-An Zhang, Liumei Ding
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for testosterone deficiency and impaired sex steroid status. Some studies also investigated the association of testosterone level with diabetes risk in men, but reported controversial findings. To clarify this issue, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for eligible cohort or nested case-control studies published up to August 15, 2017. Meta-analysis was used to calculate the pooled relative risk (RR) of type 2 diabetes associated with higher testosterone level...
December 12, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233787/anal-advancement-flap-versus-lateral-internal-sphincterotomy-for-chronic-anal-fissure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Shaheel Mohammad Sahebally, Stewart Redmond Walsh, Waqas Mahmood, Thomas Michael Aherne, Myles Richard Joyce
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissures (CAF) are common and associated with reduced quality of life. Lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) is frequently carried out but carries a significant risk of anal incontinence. Anal advancement flap (AAF) has been advocated as an alternative, 'sphincter-preserving' procedure. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of both techniques in the treatment of CAF. METHODS: The online databases of PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception to January 2017...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233667/knee-confidence-in-youth-and-young-adults-at-risk-of-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-3-10-years-following-intra-articular-knee-injury
#19
A M Ezzat, J L Whittaker, C Toomey, P K Doyle-Baker, M Brussoni, C A Emery
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in knee confidence between individuals with a history of youth sport-related knee injury and uninjured controls. DESIGN: Historical cohort study. METHODS: Participants include 100 individuals who sustained a youth sport-related intra-articular knee injury 3-10 years previously and 100 age-, sex- and sport-matched uninjured controls. Outcomes included: Knee confidence (Knee Osteoarthritis and Outcome Score); fat mass index (FMI; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry); and weekly physical activity (modified Godin-Shephard Leisure Time Questionnaire)...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233513/the-effect-of-marital-status-on-social-and-gender-inequalities-in-diabetes-mortality-in-andalusia
#20
Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Juan Antonio Córdoba Doña, Isabel Goicolea Julían, Gabriel Jesús Rodríguez, Vanesa Santos Sánchez, Eduardo Mayoral Sánchez, Manuel Aguilar Diosdado
OBJECTIVE: To assess the modifying effect of marital status on social and gender inequalities in mortality from diabetes mellitus (DM) in Andalusia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Andalusian Longitudinal Population Database. DM deaths between 2002 and 2013 were analyzed by educational level and marital status. Age-adjusted rates (AARs) and mortality rate ratios (MRRs) were calculated using Poisson regression models, controlling for several social and demographic variables...
December 7, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
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