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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110374/morphological-description-of-limbal-epithelium-searching-for-stem-cells-crypts-in-the-dog-cat-pig-cow-sheep-and-horse
#1
M Patruno, A Perazzi, T Martinello, A Blaseotto, E Di Iorio, I Iacopetti
The cornea provides protection and transparency to the eye, allowing an optimal sharpness view. In some pathological conditions the cornea is able to regenerate thanks to the presence of a stem cells reservoir present at the level of the transition area between cornea and sclera (limbus). Corneal cell therapies in Veterinary Medicine are really limited due to the lacking of knowledge about the anatomy of the limbal area, the putative presence of stem cells and their identification in domestic species. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the main distinctive structural features of the sclero-corneal junction and conjunctival-corneal junction areas in some species of veterinary importance, using optic microscope observations of histological sections...
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110284/injuries-caused-by-pets-in-asian-urban-households-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey
#2
Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. SETTING: Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 43 542 telephone numbers were dialled and 6570 residents successfully completed the interviews...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109842/reverse-transcriptase-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-for-the-detection-of-feline-coronavirus
#3
Angelica Stranieri, Stefania Lauzi, Alessia Giordano, Saverio Paltrinieri
The Feline coronavirus (FCoV) is the etiological agent of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a lethal disease of felids. The role of molecular methods is controversial for the diagnosis of FIP, while essential for the identification of the shedders. Thus, a fast and inexpensive method for the detection of FCoV could be beneficial, especially in multicat environments. A reverse transcription loop mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed. RNA extraction and RT-nPCR for FCoV were performed on thirty-two samples (11 faeces, 9 blood, 8 effusions, and 4 lymph nodes) collected from 27 cats...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109342/developmental-lead-exposure-induces-opposite-effects-on-ethanol-intake-and-locomotion-in-response-to-central-vs-systemic-cyanamide-administration
#4
Mara Soledad Mattalloni, Romina Deza-Ponzio, Paula Alejandra Albrecht, Liliana Marina Cancela, Miriam Beatriz Virgolini
Lead (Pb) is a developmental neurotoxicant that elicits differential responses to drugs of abuse. Particularly, ethanol consumption has been demonstrated to be increased as a consequence of environmental Pb exposure, with catalase (CAT) and brain acetaldehyde (ACD, the first metabolite of ethanol) playing a role. The present study sought to interfere with ethanol metabolism by inhibiting ALDH2 (mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase) activity in both liver and brain from control and Pb-exposed rats as a strategy to accumulate ACD, a substance that plays a major role in the drug's reinforcing and/or aversive effects...
February 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109072/assessment-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-renal-fibrosis-after-renal-ischemia-protocols-in-cats
#5
Vanna M
In an attempt to identify a feline model of acute or chronic kidney disease, this study was designed to evaluate the effects of 15 or 30 min of bilateral renal ischemia (RI) and 60 min of unilateral RI with delayed contralateral nephrectomy as models of acute kidney injury and chronic interstitial fibrosis in cats. Adult, purpose-bred, USDA Class A cats (n = 14) were randomly assigned to receive bilateral RI for 15 min (n = 3) or 30 min (n = 3), unilateral RI for 60 min with a delayed (2 wk) contralateral nephrectomy (n = 5), or sham unilateral RI with a delayed contralateral nephrectomy (n = 3)...
January 20, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108920/biochemical-and-physiological-responses-of-halophilic-nanophytoplankton-dunaliella-salina-from-exposure-to-xeno-estrogen-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol
#6
Dalel Belhaj, Khaled Athmouni, Doniez Frikha, Monem Kallel, Abdelfattah El Feki, Sami Maalej, John L Zhou, Habib Ayadi
The environmental impacts of various pollutants on the entire levels of organisms are under investigation. Among these pollutants, endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) present a serious hazard, even though the environmental significance of these compounds remains basically unknown. To drop some light on this field, we assessed the effects of a 11-day exposure of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) on the growth, metabolic content, antioxidant response, oxidative stress, and genetic damage of Dunaliella salina, isolated from Tunisian biotopes...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108718/clinical-pathology-of-dogs-and-cats
#7
Tim Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108387/inhibition-of-monoamine-oxidase-b-by-selegiline-reduces-cigarette-smoke-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-airway-epithelial-cells
#8
Yuting Cui, Kenneth W K Liu, Yingmin Liang, Mary S M Ip, Judith C W Mak
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is caused by the build-up of oxidative stress-induced damages due to cigarette smoking, but how monoamine oxidase (MAO)-B signaling is involved remains unclear. This study aims to establish the involvement of MAO-B signaling pathways in cigarette smoke medium (CSM)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in human airway epithelial cells (AECs). CSM treatment increased MAO-B activity, ROS levels and IL-8 release in AECs. Pretreatment with MAO-B selective inhibitor selegiline reversed the CSM-induced changes in MAO-B activity, ROS levels and IL-8 release in a dose-dependent manner...
January 17, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108209/the-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-on-efficacy-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#9
Fiona A H M Cleutjens, Martijn A Spruit, Rudolf W H M Ponds, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Frits M E Franssen, Jeanette B Dijkstra, Candy Gijsen, Emiel F M Wouters, Daisy J A Janssen
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) dropout and outcomes between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with and without cognitive impairment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Patients with COPD were recruited from a PR centre in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 157 patients with clinically stable COPD who were referred for and completed PR...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107882/a-real-time-reporting-system-of-causes-of-death-or-reasons-for-euthanasia-a-model-for-monitoring-mortality-in-domesticated-cats-in-taiwan
#10
Wei-Hsiang Huang, Albert Taiching Liao, Pei-Yi Chu, I-Feng Yen, Chen-Hsuan Liu
A novel, real-time mortality recording system was designed to collect mortality data in companion animals from veterinary hospitals in Taiwan. This retrospective study aims to introduce the system, and to utilize the data collected for further investigation of the lifespan and mortality of the domesticated cat population stratified by demographic variables. Our data revealed that 1325 domesticated cats were acquired between 2012 and 2014. The median age of the study population was 8.0 years (IQR 3.0-13.0; range 0...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107367/first-molecular-characterization-of-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-in-domestic-cats-from-mainland-china
#11
Jilei Zhang, Liang Wang, Jing Li, Patrick Kelly, Stuart Price, Chengming Wang
The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a retrovirus of the Lentivirus genus that was initially isolated from a colony of domestic cats in California in 1986 and has now been recognized as a common feline pathogen worldwide. To date, there is only one recent serology-based report on FIV in mainland China which was published in 2016. We designed this study to investigate the molecular prevalence and diversity of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in domestic cats from mainland China. We studied the prevalence of FIV in whole blood samples of 615 domestic cats in five cities (Beijing, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai and Yangzhou) of mainland China and examined them using FRET-PCR (Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer-Polymerase Chain Reaction) and regular PCRs for the gag and env genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106225/co-immobilization-of-glucose-oxidase-and-catalase-for-enhancing-the-performance-of-a-membraneless-glucose-biofuel-cell-operated-under-physiological-conditions
#12
Marcelinus Christwardana, Yongjin Chung, Yongchai Kwon
Glucose oxidase (GOx)-catalase co-immobilized catalyst (CNT/PEI/(GOx-Cat)) was synthesized, and its catalytic activity and electrical performance were investigated and compared, whereas the amount of immobilized catalase was optochemically inspected by chemiluminescence (CL) assay. With the characterizations, it was confirmed that the catalase was well immobilized on the CNT/PEI surface, whereas both the GOx and catalase play their roles well in the catalyst. According to the measurements of the current density peak of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) redox reaction, electron transfer rate, Michaelis-Menten constants and sensitivity, CNT/PEI/(GOx-Cat) shows the best values, and this is attributed to the excellent catalytic activity of GOx and the H2O2 decomposition capability of the catalase...
January 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105582/-control-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection-for-cholangiocarcinoma-prevention
#13
Y Buisson
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified two liver flukes as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1): Opisthorchis viverrini in 1994 and Clonorchis sinensis in 2009. This review is focused on O. viverrini, the most studied of these two trematodes, which infects nearly 10 million people in Southeast Asia. The life cycle involves two intermediate hosts living in fresh water: a snail of the genus Bithynia and a ciprinid fish. The definitive hosts (human, cat, dog) become infected by ingesting raw fish containing metacercariae, the infective stage of the parasite...
January 19, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105490/the-effect-of-dexpanthenol-on-experimentally-induced-ovarian-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-a-biochemical-and-histopathological-evaluation
#14
Oya Soylu Karapinar, Neslihan Pinar, Oğuzhan Özcan, Esin Atik Doğan, Suphi Bayraktar, Hanifi Şahin, Kenan Dolapçioğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different doses of dexpanthenol (Dxp) onexperimentally induced ovarian ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury ina rat model. STUDY DESIGN: Forty female rats were randomly divided into fivegroups: Group 1: sham operation; Group 2: 3-h ischaemia; Groups 3: 3-h ischaemia, 3-h reperfusion (I/R); Group 4: I/R + 300 mg/kg Dxp intraperitoneally (i.p) Group 5: I /R + 500 mg/kg Dxpi.p. Total anti-oxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase were calculated...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105485/biochemical-characterization-of-thermostable-%C3%AE-1-4-mannanase-belonging-to-the-glycoside-hydrolase-family-134-from-aspergillus-oryzae
#15
Kiyota Sakai, Mai Mochizuki, Miyuki Yamada, Yuta Shinzawa, Miho Minezawa, Saran Kimoto, Shunsuke Murata, Yuhei Kaneko, Saaya Ishihara, Sadanari Jindou, Tetsuo Kobayashi, Masashi Kato, Motoyuki Shimizu
A β-1,4-mannanase, termed AoMan134A, that belongs to the GH 134 family was identified in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae. Recombinant AoMan134A was expressed in Pichia pastoris, and the purified enzyme produced mannobiose, mannotriose, mannotetraose, and mannopentaose from galactose-free β-mannan, with mannotriose being the predominant reaction product. The catalytic efficiency (k cat/K m ) of AoMan134A was 6.8-fold higher toward galactomannan from locust bean gum, than toward galactomannan from guar gum, but similar toward galactomannan from locust bean gum and glucomannan from konjac flour...
January 19, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104857/beyond-schr%C3%A3-dinger-s-cat
#16
Mirko Kovac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104488/satisfaction-with-communication-in-primary-care-for-spanish-speaking-and-english-speaking-parents
#17
Kori B Flower, Asheley C Skinner, H Shonna Yin, Russell L Rothman, Lee M Sanders, Alan Delamater, Eliana M Perrin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Effective communication with primary care physicians is important yet incompletely understood for Spanish-speaking parents. We predicted lower satisfaction among Spanish-speaking compared with English-speaking Latino and non-Latino parents. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis at 2-month well visits within the Greenlight study at 4 pediatric resident clinics. Parents reported satisfaction with 14 physician communication items using the validated Communication Assessment Tool (CAT)...
January 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104477/enantioselective-oxidative-stress-and-oxidative-damage-caused-by-rac-%C3%A2-and-s-metolachlor-to-scenedesmus-obliquus
#18
Huijun Liu, YiLu Xia, Weidan Cai, Yina Zhang, Xiaoqiang Zhang, Shaoting Du
The rational use and environmental security of chiral pesticides has gained the interest of many researchers. The enantioselective effects of Rac- and S-metolachlor on oxidative stress in Scenedesmus obliquus were determined in this study. Stronger green fluorescence was observed in response to S-metolachlor treatment than to Rac-metolachlor treatment, suggesting that more reactive oxygen species (ROS) were stimulated by S-metolachlor. ROS levels following S-metolachlor treatment were 1.92-, 8.31-, and 1.08-times higher than those observed following Rac-metolachlor treatment at 0...
January 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104425/curiosity-killed-the-cat-scan
#19
EDITORIAL
Holly E Hinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104352/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-two-pathogenic-tritrichomonas-foetus-genotypes-there-is-more-to-the-proteome-than-meets-the-eye
#20
Leah J Stroud, Jan Šlapeta, Matthew P Padula, Dylan Druery, George Tsiotsioras, Jens R Coorssen, Colin M Stack
Certain clinical isolates of Tritrichomonas foetus infect the urogenital tract of cattle while others infect the gastrointestinal tract of cats. Previous studies have identified subtle genetic differences between these isolates with the term "genotype" adopted to reflect host origin. The aim of this work was to seek evidence of host-specific adaptation and to clarify the relationship between T. foetus genotypes. To do this we characterised the proteomes of both genotypes using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) coupled with LC-MS/MS...
January 16, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
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