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Tourniquet pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315922/superior-perioperative-analgesia-with-combined-femoral-obturator-sciatic-nerve-block-in-comparison-with-posterior-lumbar-plexus-and-sciatic-nerve-block-for-acl-reconstructive-surgery
#1
Metaxia Bareka, Michael Hantes, Eleni Arnaoutoglou, George Vretzakis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled study is to compare and evaluate the intraoperative and post-operative outcome of PLPS nerve block and that of femoral, obturator and sciatic (FOS) nerve block as a method of anaesthesia, in performing ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Patients referred for elective arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using hamstring autograft were divided in two groups. The first group received combined femoral-obturator-sciatic nerve block (FOS Group) under dual guidance, whereas the second group received posterior lumbar plexus block under neurostimulation and sciatic nerve block (PLPS Group) under dual guidance...
March 18, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298758/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-and-midazolam-as-adjuncts-to-lignocaine-for-intravenous-regional-anesthesia
#2
Bharti Gupta, Ravinder Kumar Verma, Sudershan Kumar, Geeta Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is safe, technically simple, and cost-effective technique compared to general anesthesia with success rates of 94-98% for upper and lower limb surgeries. The main disadvantage of this procedure is its limited duration for surgery, lack of postoperative analgesia, and tourniquet pain. To overcome this disadvantage, various adjuvants to lignocaine have been studied from time to time. AIM: To compare the analgesic efficacy of dexmedetomidine and midazolam as adjuncts to lignocaine for IVRA for forearm and hand surgeries...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216819/timed-wake-up-anaesthesia-in-hand-a-modification-to-wide-awake-surgery-of-hand
#3
Jagannath Kamath, Trivikram Shenoy, Nikil Jayasheelan, Naufal Rizwan, Vartika Sachan, Rajashekar Danda
INTRODUCTION: Wide awake surgery of the hand (WASH) is a well-accepted technique in hand surgery which allows the surgeon to identify and rectify on the table of some of the inadvertent shortcomings in the surgical procedures to optimise the final outcome. The advantage, however, precludes the use of tourniquet. We describe a modified method which preserves all the advantages of WASH and allows the surgeon to use tourniquet. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-one cases of hand surgeries were carried out using the modified technique where a wrist block was supplemented with the ultra-short acting intravenous propofol which allowed the surgeon to use the upper arm tourniquet...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210050/a-study-of-the-relationships-of-changes-in-pain-and-gait-after-tourniquet-induced-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#4
Kazuki Aihara, Takeya Ono, Namiko Umei, Wakako Tsumiyama, Atsushi Tasaka, Hideki Ishikura, Yuta Sato, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Sadaaki Oki
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of changes in pain and gait after ischemia reperfusion was induced by tourniquet in rats. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were six ten-week-old male Wistar rats. Ischemia was induced in the left lower limbs of the experimental rats at a pressure of 300 mmHg for 90 minutes. Pain behavior evaluations were measured using the von Frey test in all the rats' hind limbs. A consistently increasing plantar stimulus was applied until the rats exhibited an escape behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164065/localized-tetanus-in-an-adult-patient-case-report
#5
Mohamed Amirali Gulamhussein, Yueyang Li, Abhijit Guha
INTRODUCTION: Tetanus is a severe and potentially fatal infection caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. Of all the cases described in literature, generalized tetanus is by far the most common presentation, but it may also present as neonatal tetanus, cephalic tetanus, and localized tetanus, the latter two being much rarer. In this case report, we present the rare form of this disease, i.e., localized tetanus in an adult male with a history of minimal trauma as well as a late, unusual mode of presentation...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162621/-126-submaximal-effort-tourniquet-a-test-of-pain-and-motor-function
#6
M Simmonds, N Bernussi, R Espey, G Loza, J Suarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139973/effects-of-five-treatment-regimens-on-blood-loss-and-blood-transfusion-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-preliminary-study-in-china%C3%A2
#7
Kong-Zu Hu, He-Yan Sun, Cong Sui
OBJECTIVE: Our study is aimed to explore effects of five treatment regimens on blood loss and blood transfusion rate in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients. METHODS: 191 TKA patients were divided into the rivaroxaban, nadroparin, and tranexamic acid groups (n = 37 each) as well as into the affected-limb-position and tourniquet group (n = 40 each). A 3-month follow-up after operation was needed for all patients. The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, and dominant blood loss were recorded, and hemoglobin and red blood cell changes, pain and knee swelling degrees, hospital for special surgery (HSS), and American knee society (KSS) knee scores were observed...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050539/comparative-analysis-of-pain-in-patients-who-underwent-total-knee-replacement-regarding-the-tourniquet-pressure
#8
Marcos George de Souza Leão, Gladys Pedrosa Martins Neta, Lucas Inoue Coutinho, Thiago Montenegro da Silva, Yacov Machado Costa Ferreira, Waryla Raissa Vasconcelos Dias
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate through the visual analog scale (VAS) the pain in patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) with different pressures of the pneumatic tourniquet. METHODS: An observational, randomized, descriptive study on an analytical basis, with 60 patients who underwent TKR, divided into two groups, which were matched: a group where TKR was performed with tourniquet pressures of 350 mmHg (standard) and the other with systolic blood pressure plus 100 mmHg (P + 100)...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040235/-the-effect-of-palonosetron-on-rocuronium-induced-withdrawal-movement
#9
Ki-Bum Park, Younghoon Jeon, Junggu Yi, Ji-Hyun Kim, Seung-Yeon Chung, Kyung-Hwa Kwak
BACKGROUND: Rocuronium causes pain and withdrawal movement during induction of anesthesia. In this study, palonosetron was investigated to have analgesic effect on the reduction of rocuronium-induced withdrawal movement. METHODS: 120 patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups to receive either saline, lidocaine 20mg, or palonosetron 0.075mg with a tourniquet applied two minutes before thiopental sodium (5mg·kg(-1)) was given intravenously. After loss of consciousness, rocuronium (0...
December 29, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018078/subungual-osteochondroma-nail-sparing-excision
#10
Anurag Tiwari, Nidhi Agrawal, Tarun Verma, Hitesh Lal
Subungual osteochondroma is a relatively uncommon benign bone tumor affecting mostly children and young adults, and is a major source of pain and nail deformity. Treatment consists of marginal excision and meticulous wound closure. In this report, we present three cases of subungual osteochondroma arising from the dorsal aspect of distal phalanx of the great toe, which were managed by marginal excision with preservation of nail apparatus under digital block anesthesia with the use of a ring tourniquet. We emphasize on the use of ring tourniquet made by glove's finger and the technique of preserving the nail apparatus to prevent nail deformity...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009677/effectiveness-of-temporary-deafferentation-of-the-arm-on-somatosensory-and-motor-functions-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#11
Emmanuelle Opsommer, Camille Zwissig, Natalya Korogod, Thomas Weiss
BACKGROUND: After stroke, regaining functional use of the upper limb can be challenging. Temporary deafferentation (TD) is a novel approach used in neurorehabilitation to voluntarily reduce the somatosensory input in a body part by temporary anesthesia; which has been shown to improve sensorimotor functions in the affected limb. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this systematic review was to present the best available evidence related to the effects of TD of the affected arm on the recovery of motor function and activity of the upper limb (arm and hand) following stroke...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984262/incidence-of-connected-consciousness-after-tracheal-intubation-a-prospective-international-multicenter-cohort-study-of-the-isolated-forearm-technique
#12
Robert D Sanders, Amy Gaskell, Aeyal Raz, Joel Winders, Ana Stevanovic, Rolf Rossaint, Christina Boncyk, Aline Defresne, Gabriel Tran, Seth Tasbihgou, Sascha Meier, Phillip E Vlisides, Hussein Fardous, Aaron Hess, Rebecca M Bauer, Anthony Absalom, George A Mashour, Vincent Bonhomme, Mark Coburn, Jamie Sleigh
BACKGROUND: The isolated forearm technique allows assessment of consciousness of the external world (connected consciousness) through a verbal command to move the hand (of a tourniquet-isolated arm) during intended general anesthesia. Previous isolated forearm technique data suggest that the incidence of connected consciousness may approach 37% after a noxious stimulus. The authors conducted an international, multicenter, pragmatic study to establish the incidence of isolated forearm technique responsiveness after intubation in routine practice...
February 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942060/efficacy-of-methylprednisolone-and-lignocaine-on-propofol-injection-pain-a-randomised-double-blind-prospective-study-in-adult-cardiac-surgical-patients
#13
Shivaprakash Shivanna, Shio Priye, Dipali Singh, Sathyanarayan Jagannath, Syed Mudassar, Durga Prasad Reddy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Propofol (2, 6-di-isopropylphenol) used for the induction of anaesthesia often causes mild to severe pain or discomfort on injection. We designed this double-blind study to compare the efficacy of methylprednisolone and lignocaine in reducing the pain of propofol injection in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. METHODS: A total of 165 adult patients, scheduled for elective cardiac surgery, were divided into three groups: saline (group S, n = 55), lignocaine 20 mg (Group L, n = 55) and methylprednisolone 125 mg diluted into 2 ml of distilled water (Group MP, n = 55)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906936/analgesic-effect-of-nalbuphine-when-added-to-intravenous-regional-anesthesia-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Mohamed Hassan Bakri, Eman Ahmed Ismail, Sayed Kaoud Abd-Elshafy
BACKGROUND: Different adjuvant drugs are currently added to lidocaine for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) to decrease tourniquet and postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of nalbuphine when added toIVRA. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Assiut University Hospitals. METHODS: One hundred-six adult patients scheduled for unilateral hand surgery under IVRA were randomized into 2 equal groups...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891424/a-study-on-the-efficacy-of-the-addition-of-low-dose-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-lignocaine-in-intravenous-regional-anaesthesia-ivra
#15
Esha Nilekani, Yvonne Menezes, Shirley Ann D'souza
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous Regional Anaesthesia (IVRA) is a simple, effective method of providing anaesthesia for short duration surgical procedures on the extremities, its chief drawbacks are tourniquet pain, short duration of block and absence of post-operative analgesia. Dexmedetomidine is known to reduce anaesthetic requirements and also provide analgesia to the patient. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to lignocaine in IVRA with respect to the quality of the block, tourniquet pain and post-operative analgesia...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876005/a-predictive-model-to-differentiate-dengue-from-other-febrile-illness
#16
Eduardo Fernández, Marek Smieja, Stephen D Walter, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and has a presentation similar to other febrile illnesses. Since laboratory confirmation is frequently delayed, the majority of dengue cases are diagnosed based on symptoms. The objective of this study was to identify clinical, hematological and demographical parameters that could be used as predictors of dengue fever among patients with febrile illness. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 548 patients presenting with febrile syndrome to the largest public hospitals in Honduras...
November 22, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848053/tourniquet-use-during-total-knee-arthroplasty-does-not-modulate-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-pain-or-activity
#17
Tyler Barker, Victoria E Rogers, Kimberly B Brown, Vanessa T Henriksen, G Lynn Rasmussen
The purpose of our study was to identify the influence of tourniquet use during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) shortly after surgery and patient-reported outcomes (pain and physical activity) from outpatient physical therapy. This retrospective study consisted of 104 subjects who underwent primary unilateral TKA (51 subjects with and 53 subjects without tourniquet assistance) between 2010 and 2012. The NLR was calculated from the absolute neutrophil and lymphocyte counts obtained immediately before and after (1 and 2 days) knee arthroplasty...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766408/the-effect-of-tourniquet-and-knee-position-during-wound-closure-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-on-early-recovery-of-range-of-motion-a-prospective-randomized-study
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Erhan Şükür, Yusuf Öztürkmen, Yunus Emre Akman, Ahmet Senel, İbrahim Azboy
INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on the position of the knee joint while performing wound closure after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Further, there are no studies focusing on the association between early functional outcomes and different wound closure strategies. Therefore, we investigated the effects of tourniquet and knee position during wound closure on early recovery of range of motion (ROM) after primary TKA. To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the influence of both tourniquet and knee position during wound closure in primary TKA...
December 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687061/pain-after-out-patient-vs-in-patient-acl-reconstruction-french-prospective-study-of-1076-patients
#19
C Lutz, L Baverel, P Colombet, J Cournapeau, F Dalmay, N Lefevre, R Letartre, J-F Potel, X Roussignol, T Cucurulo, E Servien
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair is increasingly performed on an out-patient basis. In France, however, concern about post-operative pain remains a strong barrier to out-patient ACL repair. The primary objective of this study was to compare post-operative pain after ACL repair as out-patient versus in-patient surgery. The secondary objectives were to assess the time-course of post-operative pain and to identify factors associated with pain intensity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicentre, prospective, comparative, non-randomised study was conducted in France for the French Society for Arthroscopy (SFA) symposium...
September 27, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648028/complications-in-operative-fixation-of-calcaneal-fractures
#20
Ying Li, Rong-Hua Bao, Zhi-Qiang Jiang, Huo-Yan Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study focused on a number of factors that have been implicated in calcaneal complications and find the incidence of wound complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. A total of 162 patients (176 feet) who underwent calcaneal fractures between 2007 and 2012 were included. The patient's personal details, age, time from injury to surgery, cause of injury, type of fracture, operative details, operating and tourniquet times were collected from hospital computers and paper records...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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