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physiotherapy rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645960/efficacy-of-adding-a-physiotherapy-rehabilitation-programme-to-arthroscopic-management-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial-fair
#1
Kim L Bennell, Libby Spiers, Amir Takla, John O'Donnell, Jessica Kasza, David J Hunter, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVES: Although several rehabilitation programmes following hip arthroscopy for femoracetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome have been described, there are no clinical trials evaluating whether formal physiotherapy-prescribed rehabilitation improves recovery compared with self-directed rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adding a physiotherapist-prescribed rehabilitation programme to arthroscopic surgery for FAI syndrome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#2
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637143/validity-and-reliability-of-an-activity-monitor-to-quantify-arm-movements-and-activity-in-adults-following-distal-radius-fracture
#3
Andrea M Bruder, Jodie A McClelland, Nora Shields, Karen J Dodd, Raphael Hau, Alexander T M van de Water, Nicholas F Taylor
PURPOSE: To examine the validity and reliability of an activity monitor to estimate upper limb activity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults after distal radial fracture were recruited. 15 adults performed five upper limb activities during two testing sessions, one week apart to investigate criterion validity against the criterion reference of three-dimensional motion analysis, convergent validity, and test-retest reliability. 17 adults in two therapy groups wore monitors for three consecutive days at baseline and six weeks post-intervention...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623570/enhanced-recovery-protocols-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-review-of-the-literature-and-their-implementation
#4
REVIEW
A S Galbraith, E McGloughlin, J Cashman
BACKGROUND: During recent years, there has been an exponential demand for joint arthroplasty, which has coincided with the global economic recession. In response, the management of patients following arthroplasty is continuously evolving, with the average inpatient length of stay decreasing from weeks to days, and more recently, we have witnessed the development of "outpatient arthroplasty" as a novel concept which aims to address the high volume of patients. The reduction in length of stay has been made possible via implementation of "enhanced recovery programmes" encompassing each stage of the patient journey...
June 16, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608864/assessment-of-the-impact-of-individual-therapy-on-upper-limb-function-in-patients-diagnosed-with-painful-shoulder-syndrome
#5
Agnieszka Wnuk, Anna Świtoń, Aleksej Juszczak, Ewa Mizia
INTRODUCTION: Functional disorders of the shoulder girdle affect 1/3 of the population. The diagnosis of "painful shoulder" or shoulder impingement syndrome is vague and imprecise. It can relay to so tissue pathology as well as to limitation of mobility of the joint. In this case an appropriate diagnosis, followed by a quick and effective treatment, is crucial. A physiotherapy assessment, performed during an individual therapy session sets out a way forward for targeted rehabilitation...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607227/an-evaluation-of-combined-narrative-exposure-therapy-and-physiotherapy-for-comorbid-ptsd-and-chronic-pain-in-torture-survivors
#6
Iselin Dibaj, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Håkon Inge Stenmark
INTRODUCTION: Torture is associated with adverse health consequences, with especially high rates of PTSD, depression and chronic pain. Despite increased awareness of the relationship between pain and posttraumaticsymptoms, and the accompanying need for effective treatment strategies, few studies have examined an integrated treatment of comorbid PTSD and pain. METHODS: In this study, using an A-B case series design with three and six month follow-up, six refugee torture survivors with comorbid PTSD, depression and chronic pain received 20 sessions of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) and 10 sessions of physiotherapy...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606103/occupational-therapy-and-physiotherapy-education-and-workforce-in-anglophone-sub-saharan-africa-countries
#7
Augustine O Agho, Emmanuel B John
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries are faced with the challenge of educating a critical mass of occupational therapists (OTs) and physiotherapists (PTs) to meet the growing demand for health and rehabilitation services. The World Federation of Occupational Therapy (WFOT) and World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT) have argued for the need of graduate-level training for OTs and PTs for decades. However, very few studies have been conducted to determine the availability of OT and PT training programs and practitioners in SSA countries...
June 12, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604379/physiotherapy-immediately-after-thymectomy-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Massimiliano Polastri, Franco Stella, Massimo Lambertini, Walter Trani, Annalisa Ghetti, Andrea Dell'Amore
AIM: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by activation of autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptors: patients with MG typically experience muscle weakness and fatigue. The aims of the present study were 1) to describe immediate postoperative physiotherapeutic interventions in two MG patients who underwent thymectomy, and 2) to discuss postoperative rehabilitative issues in MG patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a non-experimental study analyzing two subjects with MG who underwent thymectomy...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597729/effects-of-high-and-low-energy-radial-shock-waves-therapy-combined-with-physiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-retrospective-study
#9
Xiangzheng Su, Zhongli Li, Zhengsheng Liu, Teng Shi, Chao Xue
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of high- and low-energy radial shock waves combined with physiotherapy for rotator cuff tendinopathy patients. METHODS: Data from rotator cuff tendinopathy patients received high- or low-energy radial shock waves combined with physiotherapy or physiotherapy alone were collected. The Constant and Murley score and visual analog scale score were collected to assess the effectiveness of treatment in three groups at 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597018/robotic-devices-and-brain-machine-interfaces-for-hand-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#10
Alistair C McConnell, Renan C Moioli, Fabricio L Brasil, Marta Vallejo, David W Corne, Patricia A Vargas, Adam A Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To review the state of the art of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy for post-stroke rehabilitation, including the use of brain-machine interfaces. Each patient has a unique clinical history and, in response to personalized treatment needs, research into individualized and at-home treatment options has expanded rapidly in recent years. This has resulted in the development of many devices and design strategies for use in stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The development progression of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy devices and brain-machine interface systems is outlined, focussing on those with mechanisms and control strategies designed to improve recovery outcomes of the hand post-stroke...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592935/surgery-on-burns-sequelae-in-developing-countries
#11
O El Ezzi, M Dolci, C Dufour, R Bossou, A de Buys Roessingh
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of surgery and follow-up of children operated on for burn sequelae. For many years, we have organized two missions per year to Benin and Togo, one for surgery and one for follow-up. We analyzed the files of children born in Africa and victims of burns from the years 2002 to 2011. Children were referred through a non-governmental organization (NGO) and assessed in Africa by local paediatricians before and after surgery. Treatment consisted in operating on burn sequelae such as contractures, hypertrophic scars and hard cords...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592583/rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-patient-reported-outcomes-and-physical-fitness-in-survivors-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Elke Rammant, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Karel Decaestecker, Valérie Fonteyne
INTRODUCTION: Survivors of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) experience physical and psychosocial side effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment. These negative side effects have a crucial impact on their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To date, there is evidence that rehabilitation interventions such as physical activity and psychosocial support have a positive effect on the HRQoL of cancer survivors. Unfortunately, there are no specific guidelines for rehabilitation or survivorship programmes for MIBC survivors...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586619/role-of-stretching-exercises-in-the-management-of-constipation-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#13
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Tahir Masood
OBJECTIVE: Constipation is considered as one of the most common non-motor manifestations in cerebral palsy (CP). Along with other reasons, spasticity also contributes in developing constipation in CP, by decreasing mobility of trunk and lower extremities and abdominal viscera. Stretching exercises of upper extremities, trunk and lower extremities are routine management of spasticity in CP children. The objective of the study was to determine the role of stretching exercises in improving constipation symptoms in children with spastic cerebral palsy and to explore the association between spasticity and constipation among cerebral palsy children...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582919/design-of-an-ultrasonic-physiotherapy-system-with-pulse-wave-feedback-control
#14
Peng Pan, Yang Luo, Zhangyong Li, Wei Wang, Yu Pang
BACKGROUND: Due to different physical and biological mechanisms behind ultrasound hyperthermia and phonophoresis, the requirement for ultrasound power, frequency and control modes varies. OBJECTIVE: This paper introduces an adaptive ultrasonic physiotherapy system based on real-time surveillance over physiological characteristics of the patients, which in turn assists the individual treatment and dose limitation in auxiliary rehabilitation. METHODS: The method essentially takes advantage of distinctive characteristics of two different phases (systole and diastole) of the human cardiac cycle as a medium for modulation...
May 26, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580191/motor-imagery-based-rehabilitation-potential-neural-correlates-and-clinical-application-for-functional-recovery-of-motor-deficits-after-stroke
#15
REVIEW
Yanna Tong, John T Pendy, William A Li, Huishan Du, Tong Zhang, Xiaokun Geng, Yuchuan Ding
Motor imagery (MI), defined as the mental implementation of an action in the absence of movement or muscle activation, is a rehabilitation technique that offers a means to replace or restore lost motor function in stroke patients when used in conjunction with conventional physiotherapy procedures. This article briefly reviews the concepts and neural correlates of MI in order to promote improved understanding, as well as to enhance the clinical utility of MI-based rehabilitation regimens. We specifically highlight the role of the cerebellum and basal ganglia, premotor, supplementary motor, and prefrontal areas, primary motor cortex, and parietal cortex...
May 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579012/description-of-interventions-is-under-reported-in-physical-therapy-clinical-trials
#16
K Hariohm, S Jeyanthi, J Saravan Kumar, V Prakash
BACKGROUND: Amongst several barriers to the application of quality clinical evidence and clinical guidelines into routine daily practice, poor description of interventions reported in clinical trials has received less attention. Although some studies have investigated the completeness of descriptions of non-pharmacological interventions in randomized trials, studies that exclusively analyzed physical therapy interventions reported in published trials are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of descriptions of interventions in both experimental and control groups in randomized controlled trials published in four core physical therapy journals...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578679/effectiveness-of-additional-trunk-exercises-on-gait-performance-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Tamaya Van Criekinge, Wim Saeys, Ann Hallemans, Luc Vereeck, Willem De Hertogh, Patricia Van de Walle, Nathalie Vaes, Christophe Lafosse, Steven Truijen
BACKGROUND: Evidence is lacking concerning the effect of additional trunk rehabilitation on gait performance. Investigating gait performance by both clinical and biomechanical outcome measures might lead to new scientific insights into the importance of the trunk during gait rehabilitation in people suffering from stroke. This protocol was written according to the SPIRIT 2013 Statement. METHODS AND DESIGN: An assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial will be conducted in patients with impaired trunk control after stroke...
June 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575054/hemorrhagic-versus-ischemic-stroke-who-can-best-benefit-from-blended-conventional-physiotherapy-with-robotic-assisted-gait-therapy
#18
Frédéric Dierick, Mélanie Dehas, Jean-Luc Isambert, Soizic Injeyan, Anne-France Bouché, Yannick Bleyenheuft, Sigal Portnoy
BACKGROUND: Contrary to common belief of clinicians that hemorrhagic stroke survivors have better functional prognoses than ischemic, recent studies show that ischemic survivors could experience similar or even better functional improvements. However, the influence of stroke subtype on gait and posture outcomes following an intervention blending conventional physiotherapy with robotic-assisted gait therapy is missing. OBJECTIVE: This study compared gait and posture outcome measures between ambulatory hemorrhagic patients and ischemic patients, who received a similar 4 weeks' intervention blending a conventional bottom-up physiotherapy approach and an exoskeleton top-down robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) approach with Lokomat...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558746/characteristics-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-musculoskeletal-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy-practice-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#19
Folarin Babatunde, Joy MacDermid, Norma MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Most conventional treatment for musculoskeletal conditions continue to show moderate effects, prompting calls for ways to increase effectiveness, including drawing from strategies used across other health conditions. Therapeutic alliance refers to the relational processes at play in treatment which can act in combination or independently of specific interventions. Current evidence guiding the use of therapeutic alliance in health care arises largely from psychotherapy and medicine literature...
May 30, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545400/the-role-of-a-behavioural-medicine-intervention-in-physiotherapy-for-the-effects-of-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-ecra-the-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Sabina Borg, Birgitta Öberg, Lennart Nilsson, Anne Söderlund, Maria Bäck
BACKGROUND: To help patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) benefit from the positive health effects attained by exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR), adherence to these programmes according to international guidelines is important. Strategies to increase adherence to exercise-based CR are mainly an unexplored area. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of a behavioural medicine intervention in physiotherapy, containing goal-setting, self-monitoring and feedback, with the aim of improving rehabilitation outcomes for exercise-based CR, compared with usual care...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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