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J M G van Bergen, X Li, F C Quevenco, A F Gietl, V Treyer, R Meyer, A Buck, P A Kaufmann, R M Nitsch, P C M van Zijl, C Hock, P G Unschuld
The accumulation of β-amyloid plaques is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and recently published data suggest that increased brain iron burden may reflect pathologies that synergistically contribute to the development of cognitive dysfunction. While preclinical disease stages are considered most promising for therapeutic intervention, the link between emerging AD-pathology and earliest clinical symptoms remains largely unclear. In the current study we therefore investigated local correlations between iron and β-amyloid plaques, and their possible association with cognitive performance in healthy older adults...
March 13, 2018: NeuroImage
Mari Miyata, Shingo Kakeda, Kohsuke Kudo, Shigeru Iwata, Yoshiya Tanaka, Yi Wang, Yukunori Korogi
The purposes of this study are to assess the oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) changes on MRI-based quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to determine whether QSM-OEF is associated with disease activity in SLE. We enrolled 42 SLE patients and 20 healthy subjects (HS) who had no pathologies on conventional brain MRI. Disease activity was assessed using SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI). For the measurement of QSM-OEF, QSM data were analysed using the Perfusion Mismatch Analyzer software program...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Jinbo Chen, Uwe Scholz, Ruonan Zhou, Matthias Lange
In order to access and filter content of life-science databases, full text search is a widely applied query interface. But its high flexibility and intuitiveness is paid for with potentially imprecise and incomplete query results. To reduce this drawback, query assistance systems suggest those combinations of keywords with the highest potential to match most of the relevant data records. Widespread approaches are syntactic query corrections that avoid misspelling and support expansion of words by suffixes and prefixes...
March 12, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Kofi Deh, Gerald D Ponath, Zaki Molvi, Gian-Carlo T Parel, Kelly M Gillen, Shun Zhang, Thanh D Nguyen, Pascal Spincemaille, Yinghua Ma, Ajay Gupta, Susan A Gauthier, David Pitt, Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: The pathological processes in the first weeks of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion formation include myelin digestion that breaks chemical bonds in myelin lipid layers. This can increase lesion magnetic susceptibility, which is a potentially useful biomarker in MS patient management, but not yet investigated. PURPOSE: To understand and quantify the effects of myelin digestion on quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) of MS lesions. STUDY TYPE: Histological and QSM analyses on in vitro models of myelin breakdown and MS lesion formation in vivo...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Junghun Cho, Youngwook Kee, Pascal Spincemaille, Thanh D Nguyen, Jingwei Zhang, Ajay Gupta, Shun Zhang, Yi Wang
PURPOSE: To map the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ) by estimating the oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) from gradient echo imaging (GRE) using phase and magnitude of the GRE data. THEORY AND METHODS: 3D multi-echo gradient echo imaging and perfusion imaging with arterial spin labeling were performed in 11 healthy subjects. CMRO2 and OEF maps were reconstructed by joint quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) to process GRE phases and quantitative blood oxygen level-dependent (qBOLD) modeling to process GRE magnitudes...
March 7, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Kelly M Gillen, Mayyan Mubarak, Thanh D Nguyen, David Pitt
Microglia are resident immune cells that fulfill protective and homeostatic functions in the central nervous system (CNS) but may also promote neurotoxicity in the aged brain and in chronic disease. In multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the CNS, microglia and macrophages contribute to the development of white matter lesions through myelin phagocytosis, and possibly to disease progression through diffuse activation throughout myelinated white matter. In this review, we discuss an additional compartment of myeloid cell activation in MS, i...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Fahimeh Darki, Torkel Klingberg
Most cortical areas send projections to the striatum. In some parts of the striatum, the connections converge from several cortical areas. It is unknown whether the convergence and non-convergence zones of the striatum differ functionally. Here, we used diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and probabilistic fiber tracking to parcellate the striatum based on its connections to dorsolateral prefrontal, parietal and orbitofrontal cortices in two different datasets (children aged 6-7 years and adults)...
February 28, 2018: NeuroImage
Hiroto Takahashi, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Hisashi Tanaka, Masahito Mihara, Hideki Mochizuki, Tian Liu, Yi Wang, Noriyuki Tomiyama
OBJECTIVE: To quantify nigral changes with a focus on their spatial variation within the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) for diagnosing early-stage Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: The study participants were 18 patients with early-stage PD (PD group) and 18 healthy controls (HC group) who underwent quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and neuromelanin imaging. The QSM and neuromelanin values in each whole SNpc containing the entire nigrosome and dorsolateral SNpc containing nigrosome 1 were calculated...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Sibel Saracoglu, Kazim Gumus, Selim Doganay, Gonca Koc, Ayse Kacar Bayram, Duran Arslan, Hakan Gumus
Background Wilson's disease (WD) is a copper metabolism disorder that causes hepatolenticular degeneration. It is important to diagnose WD before central nervous system involvement. Purpose To demonstrate the early susceptibility changes associated with the copper accumulation in the brain of neurologically asymptomatic pediatric patients with WD using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). Material and Methods Twelve patients with neurologically asymptomatic WD (mean age = 13.7 ± 3.3 years) and 14 age-matched controls were prospectively examined using a 1...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Huimin Lin, Hongjiang Wei, Naying He, Caixia Fu, Shu Cheng, Jun Shen, Baisong Wang, Xu Yan, Chunlei Liu, Fuhua Yan
PURPOSES: To evaluate the feasibility of simultaneous quantification of liver iron concentration (LIC) and fat fraction (FF) using water-fat separation and quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). METHODS: Forty-five patients suspected of liver iron overload (LIO) were included. A volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination sequence for QSM and FF, a fat-saturated gradient echo sequence for R2 * , a spin echo sequence for LIC measurements and MRS analyses for FF (FF-MRS) were performed...
February 22, 2018: European Radiology
Xiaojun Guan, Peiyu Huang, Qiaoling Zeng, Chunlei Liu, Hongjiang Wei, Min Xuan, Quanquan Gu, Xiaojun Xu, Nian Wang, Xinfeng Yu, Xiao Luo, Minming Zhang
Myelinated white matter showing diamagnetic susceptibility is important for information transfer in the brain. In Parkinson's disease (PD), the white matter is also suffering degenerative alterations. Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is a novel technique for noninvasive assessment of regional white matter ultrastructure, and provides different information of white matter in addition to standard diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). In this study, we used QSM to detect spatial white matter alterations in PD patients (n = 65) and age- and sex-matched normal controls (n = 46)...
February 7, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Hedi An, Xiaoyan Zeng, Tengfei Niu, Gaiying Li, Jie Yang, Lanlan Zheng, Wei Zhou, Hong Liu, Miaomiao Zhang, Dongya Huang, Jianqi Li
BACKGROUND: Iron deposition within the substantia nigra (SN) has been postulated to play a vital role in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore the inherent link of PD patients between their substantia nigra iron accumulation and clinical status using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) which is now considered to be the only quantitative imaging technique of brain iron deposition. METHODS: 44 PD patients and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls underwent quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) were recruited in this study...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Yaping Liu, Zhiqun Yang, Jian Zhao, Lin Zhang, Zhihong Li, Guifang Li
We summarize theoretical formulae for determining the intrinsic loss of few-mode fibers and compare intrinsic losses among step-index and parabolic graded-index few-mode fibers (FMF) with different dopants, and with single-mode fibers (SMF). The low-loss characteristics of pure-silica-core FMFs, in comparison with SMFs, give rise to additional motivations for pursuing mode-division multiplexed transmission over parallel-SMF transmission, and quasi-single-mode (QSM) transmission over ultra-large-area SMF transmission...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
Shun Zhang, Thanh D Nguyen, Yize Zhao, Susan A Gauthier, Yi Wang, Ajay Gupta
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a novel non-contrast brain MRI method based on semiautomatic lesion detection using T2w FLAIR subtraction image, the statistical detection of change (SDC) algorithm (T2w + SDC), and quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). This method identifies new lesions and discriminates between enhancing and nonenhancing lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: Thirty three MS patients who had MRIs at two different time points with at least one new Gd-enhancing lesion on the 2nd MRI were included in the study...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Yuyao Zhang, Hongjiang Wei, Yawen Sun, Matthew J Cronin, Naying He, Jianrong Xu, Yan Zhou, Chunlei Liu
BACKGROUND: Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) offers a consistent hemorrhage volume measurement independent of imaging parameters. PURPOSE: To investigate the magnetic susceptibility of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) as a quantitative measurement for monitoring treatment in hematoma patients. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: Twenty-six patients with acute ICH were recruited and enrolled in treatment including surgery or medication (mannitol) for 1 week...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Yuyao Zhang, Hongjiang Wei, Matthew J Cronin, Naying He, Fuhua Yan, Chunlei Liu
Longitudinal brain atlases play an important role in the study of human brain development and cognition. Existing atlases are mainly based on anatomical features derived from T1-and T2-weighted MRI. A 4D developmental quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) atlas may facilitate the estimation of age-related iron changes in deep gray matter nuclei and myelin changes in white matter. To this end, group-wise co-registered QSM templates were generated over various age intervals from age 1-83 years old. Registration was achieved by combining both T1-weighted and QSM images...
January 8, 2018: NeuroImage
Xing Lu, Yajun Ma, Eric Y Chang, Qun He, Adam Searleman, Annette von Drygalski, Jiang Du
PURPOSE: To evaluate the echo dependence of 3D ultrashort echo time (TE) quantitative susceptibility mapping (3D UTE-QSM) and effective transverse relaxation rate ( R2*) measurement in the setting of high concentrations of iron oxide nanoparticles. METHODS: A phantom study with iron concentrations ranging from 2 to 22 mM was performed using a 3D UTE Cones sequence. Simultaneous QSM processing with morphology-enabled dipole inversion (MEDI) and R2* single exponential fitting was conducted offline with the acquired 3D UTE data...
January 4, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Qifang Yang, Lina Zhou, Chen Liu, Daihong Liu, Yang Zhang, Chang Li, Yongning Shang, Xin Wei, Chuanming Li, Jian Wang
This study was performed to investigate iron deposition in the brain of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and the associated cognitive impairments. Sixty patients diagnosed with T2DM were subjected to neuropsychological tests to determine their cognitive status, and the results were used to subdivide the patients into a T2DM without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) group (n = 30) and a T2DM with MCI group (n = 30). All patients underwent high-resolution susceptibility-weighted imaging, and data processing was performed using SMART (Susceptibility Mapping and Phase Artifacts Removal Toolbox) software...
January 3, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Arnold M Evia, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Ashish A Tamhane, Robert J Dawe, Alifiya Kapasi, Sue E Leurgans, Julie A Schneider, David A Bennett, Konstantinos Arfanakis
Ex-vivo brain quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) allows investigation of brain characteristics at essentially the same point in time as histopathologic examination, and therefore has the potential to become an important tool for determining the role of QSM as a diagnostic and monitoring tool of age-related neuropathologies. In order to be able to translate the ex-vivo QSM findings to in-vivo, it is crucial to understand the effects of death and chemical fixation on brain magnetic susceptibility measurements collected ex-vivo...
2017: PloS One
Chao Chai, Saifeng Liu, Linlin Fan, Lei Liu, Jinping Li, Chao Zuo, Tianyi Qian, E Mark Haacke, Wen Shen, Shuang Xia
Cerebral venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) is an important indicator of brain function. There was debate about lower cerebral oxygen metabolism in hemodialysis patients and there were no reports about the changes of deep regional cerebral SvO2 in hemodialysis patients. In this study, we aim to explore the deep regional cerebral SvO2 from straight sinus using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and the correlation with clinical risk factors and neuropsychiatric testing. 52 hemodialysis patients and 54 age-and gender-matched healthy controls were enrolled...
December 16, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
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