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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735196/molecular-dynamics-simulation-of-sodium-dodecylsulfate-sds-bilayers
#1
Hongshu Zhang, Shiling Yuan, Jichao Sun, Jianqiang Liu, Haiping Li, Na Du, Wanguo Hou
Sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) - a simple single tailed surfactant (STS) can form stable vesicles from its micellar solution without any additives under the mediation of solid surfaces. To further understand the mechanism of this transition on the molecular level, molecular dynamics simulations are performed to study segments of SDS bilayers (as part of vesicles) in the bulk solution systematically, at the moment that the lower leaflet of bilayers already detached from solid surfaces. The SDS membrane would rather keep their bilayers structure than return to micelles when the initial interdigitated degree (δi) between alkyl chains is more than 8...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732002/-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-young-pregnant-woman-case-report
#2
Walker Del Cid Jove Oblitas, Miguel Joseph Abril Barreda
Female patient, 28 years old, with a gestation of 14 weeks, natural and from Ilo-Moquegua. Came with a time of disease 4 days with hematemesis, melena, epigastric pain and syncope. Background of colonic resection for peritonitis due to trauma 20 years ago; upper gastrointestinal bleeding three years ago; paternal grandparents died of gastric cancer; chronic gastritis diagnosed from 19 year old. In laboratory studies hemoglobin of 9.2. In the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found absence of active upper gastrointestinal bleeding, a large tumor in proximal body toward greater curvature and posterior wall, 8 cm in diameter approximately, lobed appearance, with most of the mucosal surface unscathed is evidence, areas of ulceration of 2-3 mm covered with fibrin (biopsies taken), hard consistency, tent sign (positive) and cushionsign (negative)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729947/associations-between-optic-nerve-head-related-anatomical-parameters-and-refractive-error-over-the-full-range-of-glaucoma-severity
#3
Neda Baniasadi, Mengyu Wang, Hui Wang, Mufeed Mahd, Tobias Elze
PURPOSE: To evaluate the associations between optic disc (OD)-related anatomical parameters (interartery angle [IAA] between superior and inferior temporal retinal arteries, OD tilt [TL], rotation [ROT], and torsion [TO], OD surface curvature [CUR], and central retinal vessel trunk entry point location [CRVTL] on OD) and the spherical equivalent of refractive error (SE), and to assess the impact of glaucoma severity on these relationships. METHODS: Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) fundus images and 24-2 visual fields of 438 patients were included...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729936/are-there-differences-in-brain-morphology-according-to-handedness
#4
Han Jang, Jae Youn Lee, Kang Il Lee, Kang Min Park
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the differences in brain morphology according to handedness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two healthy subjects were enrolled (21 right-handers and 21 nonright-handers). The two groups were classified according to the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory. Measures of cortical morphology, such as thickness, surface area, volume, and curvature, and the volumes of subcortical structures, such as the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus, were compared between the groups according to handedness using whole-brain 3D T1-weighted MRI...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725380/from-the-ground-up-biotic-and-abiotic-features-that-set-the-course-from-genes-to-ecosystems
#5
Craig W Benkman, Sierra Jech, Matthew V Talluto
Spatial variation in cone serotiny in Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia) across Yellowstone National Park influences initial pine recruitment after stand-replacing fire with tremendous population, community, and ecosystem consequences. A previous study showed that much of the spatial variation in serotiny results from the balance of selection arising from high frequencies of fire favoring serotiny countered by opposing selection exerted by American red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) as seed predators...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724823/topography-guided-neutralization-technique-for-the-management-of-flap-complication-in-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#6
Rohit Shetty, Rushad Shroff, Tushar Grover, T Roshan, Chaitra Jayadev
A 29-year-old male was referred following a flap loss after the creation of a thin, irregular flap with a visual acuity of logMAR 0.1 with -2.0 DS-2.75 DC × 175°. Corneal topography and anterior segment optical coherence tomography revealed an irregular corneal curvature and epithelial profile. Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) followed by Topography - Guided Custom Ablation Treatment (TCAT), as a modification of the topographic neutralization technique protocol, was planned to regularize the corneal surface and treat the residual refractive error...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718523/error-rate-of-automated-calculation-for-wound-surface-area-using-a-digital-photography
#7
S Yang, J Park, H Lee, J B Lee, B U Lee, B H Oh
BACKGROUND: Although measuring would size using digital photography is a quick and simple method to evaluate the skin wound, the possible compatibility of it has not been fully validated. PURPOSE: To investigate the error rate of our newly developed wound surface area calculation using digital photography. METHODS: Using a smartphone and a digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera, four photographs of various sized wounds (diameter: 0.5-3.5 cm) were taken from the facial skin model in company with color patches...
July 17, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718310/comparison-of-computed-tomography-articular-surface-geometry-of-male-versus-female-thumb-carpometacarpal-joints
#8
Jessica G Shih, James G Mainprize, Paul A Binhammer
BACKGROUND: Given the predilection of first carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis in women compared with men, we aim to determine the differences in first CMC joint surface geometry and congruence between young healthy males and females. METHODS: Wrist computed tomographic (CT) scan data of 11 men and 11 women aged 20 to 35 years were imported into 3-dimensional software programs. The first metacarpal and the trapezium were aligned in a standardized position according to landmarks at key points on Gaussian and maximum curvature maps...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715329/phased-array-imaging-of-complex-geometry-composite-components
#9
Alex J Brath, Francesco Simonetti, Francesco Simonetti
Progress in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and the availability of new composite materials are driving major advances in the design of aerospace engine components which now have highly complex geometries optimized to maximize system performance. However, shape complexity poses significant challenges to traditional non-destructive evaluation (NDE) methods whose sensitivity and selectivity rapidly decrease as surface curvature increases. Additionally, new aerospace materials typically exhibit an intricate microstructure that further complicates the inspection...
July 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713213/secondary-motion-in-three-dimensional-branching-networks
#10
Abhijit Guha, Kaustav Pradhan
A major aim of the present work is to understand and thoroughly document the generation, the three-dimensional distribution, and the evolution of the secondary motion as the fluid progresses downstream through a branched network. Six generations (G0-G5) of branches (involving 63 straight portions and 31 bifurcation modules) are computed in one go; such computational challenges are rarely taken in the literature. More than 30 × 10(6) computational elements are employed for high precision of computed results and fine quality of the flow visualization diagrams...
June 2017: Physics of Fluids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709318/curvature-controlled-defect-dynamics-in-active-systems
#11
Sebastian Ehrig, Jonathan Ferracci, Richard Weinkamer, John W C Dunlop
We have studied the collective motion of polar active particles confined to ellipsoidal surfaces. The geometric constraints lead to the formation of vortices that encircle surface points of constant curvature (umbilics). We have found that collective motion patterns are particularly rich on ellipsoids with four umbilics where vortices tend to be located near pairs of umbilical points to minimize their interaction energy. Our results provide a perspective on the migration of living cells, which most likely use the information provided from the curved substrate geometry to guide their collective motion...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709294/size-dependence-of-the-surface-tension-of-a-free-surface-of-an-isotropic-fluid
#12
Sergii Burian, Mykola Isaiev, Konstantinos Termentzidis, Vladimir Sysoev, Leonid Bulavin
We report on the size dependence of the surface tension of a free surface of an isotropic fluid. The size dependence of the surface tension is evaluated based on the Gibbs-Tolman-Koenig-Buff equation for positive and negative values of curvatures and the Tolman lengths. For all combinations of positive and negative signs of curvature and the Tolman length, we succeed to have a continuous function, avoiding the existing discontinuity at zero curvature (flat interfaces). As an example, a water droplet in the thermodynamical equilibrium with the vapor is analyzed in detail...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708544/dense-3d-face-correspondence
#13
Syed Zulqarnain Gilani, Ajmal Mian, Faisal Shafait, Ian Reid
We present an algorithm that automatically establishes dense correspondences between a large number of 3D faces. Starting from automatically detected sparse correspondences on the outer boundary of 3D faces, the algorithm triangulates existing correspondences and expands them iteratively by matching points of distinctive surface curvature along the triangle edges. After exhausting keypoint matches, further correspondences are established by generating evenly distributed points within triangles by evolving level set geodesic curves from the centroids of large triangles...
July 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707721/contractile-actin-belt-and-mesh-structures-provide-the-opposite-dependence-of-epithelial-stiffness-on-the-spontaneous-curvature-of-constituent-cells
#14
Satoru Okuda, Katsuyuki Unoki, Mototsugu Eiraku, Ken-Ichi Tsubota
Actomyosin generates contractile forces within cells, which have a crucial role in determining the macroscopic mechanical properties of epithelial tissues. Importantly, actin cytoskeleton, which propagates actomyosin contractile forces, forms several characteristic structures in a 3D intracellular space, such as a circumferential actin belt lining adherence junctions and an actin mesh beneath the apical membrane. However, little is known about how epithelial mechanical property depends on the intracellular contractile structures...
July 14, 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700139/oct-layered-tomography-of-the-cornea-provides-new-insights-on-remodeling-after-photorefractive-keratectomy
#15
Rachana S Chandapura, Rohit Shetty, Rushad Shroff, Neha Shilpy, Mathew Francis, Abhijit Sinha Roy
OCT topography of corneal layers was generated to analyze the remodeling of the epithelium and stroma after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Myopic PRK was performed in 15 patients. One eye underwent manual scraping of epithelium while the other was treated with Epi clear™. Epi clear allowed a gentler removal of the epithelium compared to manual scraping. Scheimpflug (Pentacam™, OCULUS Optikgerate Gmbh, Germany) and OCT (RTVue™, Optovue Inc., USA) scan of the cornea was performed before and after PRK (3 months)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699624/line-tension-effects-on-the-wetting-of-nanostructures-an-energy-method
#16
Hao-Yuan Guo, Bo Li, Xi-Qiao Feng
The superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning property of micro/nano-structured solid surfaces require a stable Cassie-Baxter (CB) wetting state at the liquid-solid interface. We present an energy method to investigate how the three-phase line tension affects the CB wetting state on nanostructured materials. For some nanostructures, the line tension may engender a distinct energy barrier, which restricts the position of the three-phase contact line and affects the stability of the CB wetting state. We ascertain the upper and lower limits of the critical pressure at the CB-Wenzel transition...
July 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691926/low-temperature-solid-state-wetting-and-formation-of-nanowelds-in-silver-nanowires
#17
Vuk V Radmilovic, Manuela Göbelt, Colin Ophus, Silke H Christiansen, Erdmann Spiecker, Velimir R Radmilovic
This article focuses on the microscopic mechanism of thermally induced nanoweld formation between silver nanowires (AgNWs) which is a key process for improving electrical conductivity in NW networks employed for transparent electrodes. Focused ion beam (FIB) sectioning and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were applied in order to elucidate the atomic structure of welded NW including measurement of the wetting contact angle and characterization of defect structure with atomic accuracy, which provides fundamental information on the welding mechanism...
July 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686264/curvature-induced-microswarming
#18
Isaac R Bruss, Sharon C Glotzer
Like meridian lines on a globe, two lines on a Gaussian-curved surface cannot be simultaneously straight and parallel everywhere. We find that this inescapable property of Gaussian curvature has important consequences for the clustering and swarming behavior of active matter. Focusing on the case of self-propelled particles confined to the surface of a sphere, we find that for high curvature, particles converge to a common orbit to form symmetry-breaking microswarms. We prove that this microswarm flocking behavior is distinct from other known examples in that it is a result of the curvature, and not incorporated through Vicsek-like alignment rules or collision-induced torques...
July 7, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682373/fluorescent-mirna-analysis-enhanced-by-mesopore-effects-of-polydopamine-nanoquenchers
#19
Zhenqiang Wang, Jixi Zhang, Feng Chen, Kaiyong Cai
The combination of fluorophore-labelled single-strand DNA probes and nanomaterial quenchers has shown great potential in miRNA detection. The development of advanced detection systems by understanding and controlling the fluorescence quenching/recovery via nanoquenchers' microstructures and local morphologies is an attractive area warranting further investigations. Inspired by nanopore sequencing, we present a novel miRNA sensing strategy using fluorophore-labeled DNA as probes and a type of large-pore-sized mesoporous polydopamine nanoparticles (MPDA-L, 70 nm in diameter) as fluorescence quenchers...
July 6, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672987/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-irreversible-electroporation-on-the-stomach-wall-using-a-pig-model
#20
Jiannan Li, Jianying Zeng, Jibing Chen, Jian Shi, Xiaomei Luo, Gang Fang, Wei Chai, Wenlong Zhang, Tongjun Liu, Lizhi Niu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of irreversible electroporation (IRE) on the stomach wall following the direct application of IRE onto the organ surface. IRE ablation was performed in 8 Tibetan mini-pigs, which were randomly assigned into two groups based on their ablated areas: Group A, gastric cardia, fundus of stomach, gastric body and group B, lesser gastric curvature, greater gastric curvature, stomach pylorus. Two IRE needles were placed in the space between the stomach wall and the liver (not inserted into the stomach tissue), and three lesions were created in each pig...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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