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Clinical flow cytometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916595/normative-data-for-flow-cytometry-immunophenotyping-of-benign-lymph-nodes-sampled-by-surgical-biopsy
#1
Gregory David Scott, Susan K Atwater, Dita A Gratzinger
AIMS: To create clinically relevant normative flow cytometry data for understudied benign lymph nodes and characterise outliers. METHODS: Clinical, histological and flow cytometry data were collected and distributions summarised for 380 benign lymph node excisional biopsies. Outliers for kappa:lambda light chain ratio, CD10:CD19 coexpression, CD5:CD19 coexpression, CD4:CD8 ratios and CD7 loss were summarised for histological pattern, concomitant diseases and follow-up course...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915659/data-driven-analysis-of-immune-infiltrate-in-a-large-cohort-of-breast-cancer-and-its-association-with-disease-progression-er-activity-and-genomic-complexity
#2
Ruth Dannenfelser, Marianne Nome, Andliena Tahiri, Josie Ursini-Siegel, Hans Kristian Moen Vollan, Vilde D Haakensen, Åslaug Helland, Bjørn Naume, Carlos Caldas, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Vessela N Kristensen, Olga G Troyanskaya
The tumor microenvironment is now widely recognized for its role in tumor progression, treatment response, and clinical outcome. The intratumoral immunological landscape, in particular, has been shown to exert both pro-tumorigenic and anti-tumorigenic effects. Identifying immunologically active or silent tumors may be an important indication for administration of therapy, and detecting early infiltration patterns may uncover factors that contribute to early risk. Thus far, direct detailed studies of the cell composition of tumor infiltration have been limited; with some studies giving approximate quantifications using immunohistochemistry and other small studies obtaining detailed measurements by isolating cells from excised tumors and sorting them using flow cytometry...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915554/resistance-to-ctla-4-checkpoint-inhibition-reversed-through-selective-elimination-of-granulocytic-myeloid-cells
#3
Paul E Clavijo, Ellen C Moore, Jianhong Chen, Ruth J Davis, Jay Friedman, Young Kim, Carter Van Waes, Zhong Chen, Clint T Allen
PURPOSE: Local immunosuppression remains a critical problem that limits clinically meaningful response to checkpoint inhibition in patients with head and neck cancer. Here, we assessed the impact of MDSC elimination on responses to CTLA-4 checkpoint inhibition. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Murine syngeneic carcinoma immune infiltrates were characterized by flow cytometry. Granulocytic MDSCs (gMDSCs) were depleted and T-lymphocyte antigen-specific responses were measured...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915533/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-promotes-proliferation-and-invasion-via-targeting-mir-129-5p-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#4
Yonggang Zuo, Yue Li, Zhenyu Zhou, Mingde Ma, Kanda Fu
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1(lncRNA MALAT1) play important roles in tumor progression. In the present study, we determined the regulatory function of MALAT1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS: A total of 43 cases of TNBC tissues and paired adjacent non-tumor tissues were collected for the research. MALAT1 expression was explored by qRT-PCR. In vitro functional validation experiments were used to determine the effect of MALAT1 on TNBC progression...
September 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914173/flow-cytometric-analysis-of-patients-with-hereditary-spherocytosis-an-indian-scenario
#5
Prabhu Manivannan, Seema Tyagi, Dinesh Chandra, Pravas Mishra, Hara Prasad Pati, Renu Saxena
OBJECTIVES: Flow cytometry osmotic fragility test (FC-OFT) was a recently introduced screening test for hereditary spherocytosis (HS). This study was conducted to evaluate the utility of FC-OFT in all newly diagnosed cases of HS, to compare its diagnostic value with conventional OFT and to correlate with clinical disease severity. METHODS: In this study, the percentage of residual red cells (%RRC) was measured using flow cytometer after creating a red cell suspension...
September 15, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913948/synthesis-of-size-tunable-hollow-polypyrrole-nanostructures-and-their-assembly-into-folate-targeting-and-ph-responsive-anti-cancer-drug-delivery
#6
Jian Chen, Xiufang Li, Yanhua Sun, Yuwei Hu, Yulong Peng, Yimin Li, Gang Yin, Hui Liu, Jiangfeng Xu, Shian Zhong
Chemotherapeutic drugs currently used in clinical settings have a high toxicity, low specificity, and short half-life. Herein, polypyrrole (PPy)-based anticancer drug nanocapsules were prepared by tailoring the nanoparticle size with a template method, controlling drug release by aromatic imine, increasing nanoparticle stability through PEGylation, and improving tumor cell selectivity via folate (FA) mediation. Nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
September 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912851/molecular-mechanism-of-mir-181b-in-heart-disease-due-to-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-syndrome
#7
Zheng Gao, Li Wang, Jinyun Wang, Fengyong Yang, Jin Qu
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of microRNA (miR)-181b in heart disease due to hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDCP) through regulating the expression of metallopeptidase inhibitor 3 (TIMP3). miR-181b expression was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood samples from patients with HDCP. These samples were analyzed for clinical pathological characteristics. The primary cardiomyocytes of rats were cultured in hypoxic conditions for 24 h, in which miR-181b expression was detected at different time points...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912565/real-time-image-processing-for-microscopy-based-label-free-imaging-flow-cytometry-in-a-microfluidic-chip
#8
Young Jin Heo, Donghyeon Lee, Junsu Kang, Keondo Lee, Wan Kyun Chung
Imaging flow cytometry (IFC) is an emerging technology that acquires single-cell images at high-throughput for analysis of a cell population. Rich information that comes from high sensitivity and spatial resolution of a single-cell microscopic image is beneficial for single-cell analysis in various biological applications. In this paper, we present a fast image-processing pipeline (R-MOD: Real-time Moving Object Detector) based on deep learning for high-throughput microscopy-based label-free IFC in a microfluidic chip...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911981/peripheral-immune-cells-infiltrate-into-sites-of-secondary-neurodegeneration-after-ischemic-stroke
#9
K A Jones, S Maltby, M W Plank, M Kluge, M Nilsson, P S Foster, F R Walker
Experimental stroke leads to microglia activation and progressive neuronal loss at sites of secondary neurodegeneration (SND). These lesions are remote from, but synaptically connected to, primary infarction sites. Previous studies have demonstrated that immune cells are present in sites of infarction in the first hours and days after stroke, and are associated with increased neurodegeneration in peri-infarct regions. However, it is not known whether immune cells are also present in more distal sites where SND occurs...
September 11, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910818/protein-expression-of-programmed-death-1-ligand-1-and-her2-in-gastric-carcinoma
#10
Eiji Oki, Shinji Okano, Hiroshi Saeki, Yuichiro Umemoto, Koji Teraishi, Yu Nakaji, Koji Ando, Yoko Zaitsu, Nami Yamashita, Masahiko Sugiyama, Yuichiro Nakashima, Kippei Ohgaki, Yoshinao Oda, Yoshihiko Maehara
OBJECTIVES: Programmed death 1 (PD-1) is an immunoinhibitory receptor and has been identified as a new target for immunotherapy in cancer. Here we report the expression of PD-1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) in surgically resected gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined formalin-fixed tumor samples from 144 gastric cancer patients with a primary diagnosis of gastric carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect PD-L1. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) loss of heterozygosity were investigated in these patients...
September 15, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910489/nucleoside-nucleotide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-attenuate-angiogenesis-and-lymphangiogenesis-by-impairing-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-signalling-in-endothelial-cells
#11
Lin Song, Sha Ding, Zhen Ge, Xiaolong Zhu, Cong Qiu, Yuewen Wang, Enyin Lai, Weijun Yang, Yi Sun, Samson A Chow, Luyang Yu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has become a major clinical challenge for HIV-positive patients. However, the role of ART in blood vessel growth is largely unknown. Here, we examined an integral component of ART, nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and investigated their effects on key microvascular functions, including angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The angiogenesis/lymphangiogenesis capability of endothelial cells (ECs) was evaluated using migration, proliferation and tube formation assays in vitro, and mouse ear and Matrigel plug assays in vivo...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910304/comparative-proteomic-investigation-of-metastatic-and-non-metastatic-osteosarcoma-cells-of-human-and-canine-origin
#12
Jahnabi Roy, Kathryn L Wycislo, Holly Pondenis, Timothy M Fan, Aditi Das
Osteosarcoma is the most common bone cancer in dogs and people. In order to improve clinical outcomes, it is necessary to identify proteins that are differentially expressed by metastatic cells. Membrane bound proteins are responsible for multiple pro-metastatic functions. Therefore characterizing the differential expression of membranous proteins between metastatic and non-metastatic clonal variants will allow the discovery of druggable targets and consequently improve treatment methodology. The objective of this investigation was to systemically identify the membrane-associated proteomics of metastatic and non-metastatic variants of human and canine origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905476/increased-frequency-of-cd45-negative-t-cells-t-zone-cells-in-older-golden-retriever-dogs
#13
K L Hughes, J D Labadie, J A Yoshimoto, J J Dossey, R C Burnett, A C Avery
T zone lymphoma (TZL) is characterized by the clonal expansion of T cells lacking expression of the pan-leukocyte antigen CD45 (TZ cells). A strong breed predisposition is observed in Golden retrievers. This study aimed to confirm aberrant CD45 mRNA expression and determine if Golden retrievers without clinical lymphoma have an increased frequency of circulating TZ cells. Gene expression analysis on confirmed TZL cases showed a significant decrease in CD45 expression compared to normal dogs. Peripheral blood samples from senior dogs, 242 Golden retrievers and 42 non-Golden retrievers, without evidence of lymphoproliferative disease were assessed for the presence of TZ cells by flow cytometry...
September 14, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905187/altered-b-cell-homeostasis-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-normalization-of-cd5-surface-expression-on-regulatory-b-cells-in-treatment-responders
#14
Diana Ahmetspahic, Kathrin Schwarte, Oliver Ambrée, Christian Bürger, Vladislava Falcone, Katharina Seiler, Mehrdad Rahbar Kooybaran, Laura Grosse, Fernand Roos, Julia Scheffer, Silke Jörgens, Katja Koelkebeck, Udo Dannlowski, Volker Arolt, Stefanie Scheu, Judith Alferink
Pro-inflammatory activity and cell-mediated immune responses have been widely observed in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Besides their well-known function as antibody-producers, B cells play a key role in inflammatory responses by secreting pro- and anti-inflammatory factors. However, homeostasis of specific B cell subsets has not been comprehensively investigated in MDD. In this study, we characterized circulating B cells of distinct developmental steps including transitional, naïve-mature, antigen-experienced switched, and non-switched memory cells, plasmablasts and regulatory B cells by multi-parameter flow cytometry...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904007/synthetic-analogs-of-curcumin-modulate-the-function-of-multidrug-resistance-linked-abc-transporter-abcg2
#15
Megumi Murakami, Shinobu Ohnuma, Michihiro Fukuda, Eduardo E Chufan, Katsuyoshi Kudoh, Keigo Kanehara, Norihiko Sugisawa, Masaharu Ishida, Takeshi Naitoh, Hiroyuki Shibata, Yoshiharu Iwabuchi, Suresh V Ambudkar, Michiaki Unno
Multidrug resistance (MDR) caused by the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters in cancer cells is a major obstacle in cancer chemotherapy. Previous studies have shown that curcumin, a natural product and a dietary constituent of turmeric, inhibits the function of MDR-related ABC transporters, including ABCB1, ABCC1, and especially ABCG2. However, the limited bioavailability of curcumin prevents its use for modulation of the function of these transporters in the clinical setting. In this study, we investigated the effects of twenty-four synthetic curcumin analogs with increased bioavailability on the transport function of ABCG2...
September 13, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903568/circulating-plasma-cells-in-monoclonal-gammopathies
#16
R Bezdekova, M Penka, R Hájek, L Rihova
BACKGROUND: Monoclonal gammopathies are characterized by presence of clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow, although peripheral blood circulating plasma cells can be found in a significant proportion of patients. The number of circulating plasma cells is an independent prognostic marker associated with shorter survival, but it can also help to predict early relapse. The reason and mechanism of plasma cell expansion from the bone marrow to enter peripheral blood is still not entirely clear, but possible changes in the expression of adhesion molecules are probably involved...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903567/minimal-residual-disease-assessment-in-multiple-myeloma-by-multiparametric-flow-cytometry
#17
L Rihova, P Vsianska, R Bezdekova, R Kralova, M Penka, M Krejci, L Pour, R Hájek
BACKGROUND: Progress in treatment of multiple myeloma extensively increased patient remission rates, so minimal residual disease (MRD) detection becomes essential to assess the effectivity of treatment and depth of complete response. Nowadays, multiparametric flow cytometry (MFC) is the most used method for monitoring of MRD presence in the bone marrow of multiple myeloma patients; however, detection on molecular level can be used as well. It is evident that choice of protocol used for MFC-MRD assessment can significantly affect required results; nevertheless, standardized and highly sensitive approach of "next generation flow" is already available...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903377/pd-l1-pd-1-expression-and-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-conjunctival-melanoma
#18
Jinfeng Cao, Niels J Brouwer, Kate E Richards, Marina Marinkovic, Sjoerd van Duinen, Daan Hurkmans, Els M E Verdegaal, Ekaterina S Jordanova, Martine J Jager
Conjunctival melanoma (CM) is an infrequent but potentially lethal malignancy, with limited therapeutic options for metastases. Recent inhibitors of the interaction of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 are associated with good clinical responses in many malignancies. To investigate the therapeutic potential of targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 axis in CM, we analyzed the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 and the density of various types of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in primary CM (n = 27), using immunofluorescence staining...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901513/antitumor-activity-of-2%C3%A2-2e-%C3%A2-3-7%C3%A2-dimethyl%C3%A2-2-6%C3%A2-octadienyl-%C3%A2-6%C3%A2-methyl%C3%A2-2-5%C3%A2-cyclohexadiene%C3%A2-1-4%C3%A2-dione-isolated-from-the-aerial-part-of-atractylodes%C3%A2-macrocephala-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Lei Li, Rui Zhao, Ying Li, Wen-Hui Wang
2‑[(2E)‑3,7‑dimethyl‑2,6‑octadienyl]‑6‑methy l‑2,5‑cyclohexadiene‑1,4‑dione (DMD) is a compound isolated from Atractylodes macrocephala; however, its antitumor activity has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the antitumor activity of DMD in the H22 mouse hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, the antiproliferative effects of DMD against H22 cells were evaluated using the MTT assay in vitro. Furthermore, xenograft nude mice were established to evaluate the antitumor effects of DMD on H22 cells in vivo...
August 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901459/effect-of-hyperoside-on-the-apoptosis-of-a549-human-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-and-the-underlying-mechanism
#20
Yu Yang, Jicheng Tantai, Yifeng Sun, Chenxi Zhong, Zhigang Li
Hyperoside (HY) is a major pharmacologically active component from Prunella vulgaris L. and Hypericum perforatum. The present study aimed to determine the anticancer effect of HY and determine the underlying mechanisms involved. Human A549 cells were treated with HY (10, 50 and 100 µM), and cell viability was detected by an MTT assay. Cell apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential were determined by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to identify the expression of apoptosis‑associated proteins and phosphorylation of MAPK...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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