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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730063/community-stakeholders-perspectives-on-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-primary-healthcare-implications-for-practice
#1
Deshini Naidoo, Jacqueline Van Wyk, Robin Joubert
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare (PHC) is central to increased access and transformation in South African healthcare. There is limited literature about services required by occupational therapists in PHC. Despite policy being in place, the implementation of services at grassroots level does not always occur adequately. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at gaining an understanding of the challenges of being disabled and the services required by occupational therapists (OTs) in rural communities in order to better inform the occupational therapy (OT) training curriculum...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728529/islamic-influence-on-hiv-risk-and-protection-among-central-asian-male-migrant-workers-in-kazakhstan
#2
Stacey A Shaw, Tara McCrimmon, Gaukhar Mergenova, Alma Sultangaliyeva, Nabila El-Bassel
HIV incidence is increasing in Central Asia, where migrant workers experience risks for acquiring sexually transmitted HIV. As a social and structural factor that may influence perceptions and behavior, we examine how Islam shapes HIV risk and protection. Phenomenological qualitative interviews examine religion and contexts of HIV risk among 48 male Central Asian migrant workers residing in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Men described nonvaginal sex, alcohol use, premarital sex, and extramarital sex as forbidden or frowned upon...
August 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728280/-the-problems-and-challenges-in-the-current-eye-health-management-in-china
#3
H D Zou
The core goal of "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Eye Health (2016 to 2020)" is to obtain eye health. At present, there are still several problems hampering Chinese eye health management system development, including the lack of top policy design, system protection and financial investment, weak support from primary health care institutions, other medical disciplines and social forces, and insufficient digital information. To achieve effective eye health management, it is necessary to address the sustainability of eye health management, the integrity of eye health digital information data and the feasibility of eye health payment...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727213/farming-and-incidence-of-motor-neuron-disease-french-nationwide-study
#4
S Kab, F Moisan, A Elbaz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The association of farming with motor neuron disease (MND) is unclear, with conflicting studies. We performed a French nationwide study of the association of farming with MND incidence, and compared findings with those for Parkinson's disease (PD), which has been shown to be more frequent in farmers. METHODS: We used the French national health insurance and hospital discharge databases to identify MND/PD incident cases. The Mutualité Sociale Agricole (MSA) guarantees health insurance for farmers and agricultural workers...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726342/social-workers-perceptions-of-barriers-to-interpersonal-therapy-implementation-for-treating-postpartum-depression-in-a-primary-care-setting-in-israel
#5
Rena Bina, Adi Barak, Barbara Posmontier, Saralee Glasser, Tali Cinamon
Research on evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation in social work often neglects to include evaluation of application barriers. This qualitative study examined social workers' perspectives of provider- and organisational-related barriers to implementing a brief eight-session interpersonal therapy (IPT) intervention, a time-limited EBP that addresses reducing depressive symptoms and improving interpersonal functioning. Implementation took place in a primary care setting in Israel and was aimed at treating women who have postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms...
July 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#6
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724531/the-tobacco-free-village-program-helping-rural-areas-implement-and-achieve-goals-of-tobacco-control-policies-in-india
#7
Nilesh Chatterjee, Deepak Patil, Rajashree Kadam, Genevie Fernandes
India has 274 million tobacco users and a tobacco use prevalence of 38% in rural areas. Tobacco consumption causes 1 million deaths and costs the health system nearly US$23 billion annually. Tobacco control policies exist but lack proper implementation. In this article, we review the Tobacco-free Village (TfV) program conducted in Maharashtra state in India and describe its process to help villages in rural India achieve "tobacco-free" status (i.e., the sale and use of tobacco are prohibited by law). We reviewed program documents and conducted 22 qualitative interviews with program staff and village-level stakeholders...
July 19, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724246/health-consequences-of-electric-lighting-practices-in-the-modern-world-a-report-on-the-national-toxicology-program-s-workshop-on-shift-work-at-night-artificial-light-at-night-and-circadian-disruption
#8
REVIEW
Ruth M Lunn, David E Blask, Andrew N Coogan, Mariana G Figueiro, Michael R Gorman, Janet E Hall, Johnni Hansen, Randy J Nelson, Satchidananda Panda, Michael H Smolensky, Richard G Stevens, Fred W Turek, Roel Vermeulen, Tania Carreón, Claire C Caruso, Christina C Lawson, Kristina A Thayer, Michael J Twery, Andrew D Ewens, Sanford C Garner, Pamela J Schwingl, Windy A Boyd
The invention of electric light has facilitated a society in which people work, sleep, eat, and play at all hours of the 24-hour day. Although electric light clearly has benefited humankind, exposures to electric light, especially light at night (LAN), may disrupt sleep and biological processes controlled by endogenous circadian clocks, potentially resulting in adverse health outcomes. Many of the studies evaluating adverse health effects have been conducted among night- and rotating-shift workers, because this scenario gives rise to significant exposure to LAN...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723309/moral-distress-as-experienced-by-hospital-social-workers-in-south-korea-and-australia
#9
Patricia Fronek, Lynne Briggs, Myung Hun Kim, Hye Bin Han, Quinn Val, Sungmin Kim, Donna McAuliffe
This exploratory, qualitative research explored the ethical problems faced by hospital social workers in South Korea and Australia, and what and who influenced their decision making using a focus group design. Although dilemmas of boundaries, confidentiality, self-determination, and other complex scenarios found in practice were identified, moral distress, a consequence of the unresolvable conflicts, dominated participants' narratives. This was particularly the case for the Korean social workers in this sample...
July 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720237/work-engagement-social-support-and-job-satisfaction-in-portuguese-nursing-staff-a-winning-combination
#10
Alejandro Orgambídez-Ramos, Helena de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Job Demands-Resources model assumes the mediator role of work engagement between social support (job resource) and job satisfaction (organizational result). However, recent studies suggest that social support can be considered as a moderator variable in the relationship between engagement and job satisfaction in nursing staff. AIM: The aim of this study is to analyze the moderator role of social support, from supervisor and from co-workers, in the relationship between work engagement and job satisfaction in a Portuguese nursing sample...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720035/home-visiting-and-the-health-of-preterm-infants
#11
Patrick H Casey, Carmen Irby, Sandra Withers, Susan Dorsey, Jingyun Li, Malik Rettiganti
The results of home visiting programs which target medically fragile low-birth-weight preterm infants (LBWPT) have been inconsistent. We provided nurse/social worker home visits to families of LBWPT infants on a regular schedule. Teams were trained in approaches to improve the health and development of the infants. The completion of immunization series was sigmificantly higher and the infant mortality rates of the home visits childen were significanly lower compared to national and state rates. We used state Medicaid data and examined frequency of hospitalization, emergency department visits, routine and nonscheduled visits to primary care physician, and pharmacy use of the home-visited subjects compared with a propensity-matched group...
August 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719460/the-association-between-perceived-stress-and-low-back-pain-among-eldercare-workers-in-japan
#12
Yamato Tsuboi, Yuya Ueda, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between perceived stress and low back pain (LBP) among Japanese eldercare workers. METHODS: Self-reported questionnaires were completed regarding perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14), presence of memorable LBP in the preceding month, and other relevant factors (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, job demands, job control, and social support) among 954 eldercare workers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719050/thai-people-living-with-tuberculosis-and-how-they-adhere-to-treatment-a-grounded-theory-study
#13
Jiraporn Choowong, Per Tillgren, Maja Söderbäck
To develop a conceptual framework of adherence to treatment among Thai people living with tuberculosis, a grounded theory approach was used. A purposive sample of 20 Thai people living with tuberculosis, aged from 23 to 85 years, was interviewed. From the participants' perspective, a core category of social belonging was highlighted, with three categories of conditions connected: personal barriers, personal resilience, and social facilitation. Personal barriers encompassed fear of stigma, concealing the illness, and lack of knowledge and motivation to complete the treatment regime...
July 18, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718880/-i-just-don-t-want-to-connect-my-life-with-this-occupation-working-class-young-men-manual-labour-and-social-mobility-in-contemporary-russia
#14
Charlie Walker
A key strand in the Western literature on working-class masculinities focuses on whether young men are capable of the feminized performances apparently required of them in new service economies. However, the wider literature on processes of neoliberalization - emphasizing the 'hollowing out' of labour markets, the cultural devaluation of lower-skilled forms of employment, and the pathologization of working-class lives - would suggest that it is as much a classed as a gendered transformation that is demanded of young men leaving school with few qualifications...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718706/public-policy-and-the-next-generation-of-farmers-ranchers-producers-and-agribusiness-leaders
#15
Frank A Gasperini
The emerging, next generation of people engaged as managers in agriculture differs from the "baby boomer" farm generation that relishes certain traditions and an agrarian lifestyle. These futuristic producers and managers have been raised in a society that promulgates safety environment rules. They have witnessed lives saved by automobile seatbelts and lives improved from clean air and water. They know the basic cost of effective safety compliance is relatively fixed, regardless of the number of employees, and they are willing to invest resources that ensure a culture of safety, because it is economically beneficial, socially responsible, and probably required by the companies to whom they need to market their products...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717383/what-influences-feeding-decisions-for-hiv-exposed-infants-in-rural-kenya
#16
Helen M Nabwera, Joyline Jepkosgei, Kelly W Muraya, Amin S Hassan, Catherine S Molyneux, Rehema Ali, Andrew M Prentice, James A Berkley, Martha K Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses unique challenges to mothers and healthcare workers in balancing the perceived risks of HIV transmission and nutritional requirements. We aimed to describe the decision-making processes around infant feeding at a rural HIV clinic in Kenya. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design. Between March and August 2011, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 10) with purposively selected hospital and community respondents at Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#17
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716135/assessing-the-link-between-implementation-fidelity-and-health-outcomes-for-a-trial-of-intensive-case-management-by-community-health-workers-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#18
Barbara Schmidt, Kerrianne Watt, Robyn McDermott, Jane Mills
BACKGROUND: Better systems of care are required to address chronic disease in Indigenous people to ensure they can access all their care needs. Health research has produced evidence about effective models of care and chronic disease strategies to address Indigenous health, however the transfer of research findings into routine clinical practice has proven challenging. Complex interventions, such as those related to chronic disease, have many components that are often poorly implemented and hence rarely achieve implementation fidelity...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715795/recycling-and-social-technologies-for-sustainability-the-brazilian-experience-of%C3%A2-wastepickers-inclusion-in-selective-collection-programs
#19
Francisco de Paula Antunes Lima, Fabiana Goulart de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Alternatives are being developed for waste treatment all over the world. Solidary selective collection is a recognized social technology for taking millions of people out of absolute poverty. However, this technology raises crucial questions regarding its nature and development perspective. What can be said of the legitimacy of a social technology that is born from misery and maintains wastepickers in precarious work conditions? OBJECTIVE: This article approaches issues based on the analysis of the wastepickers' work process, highlighting the difficulties and interpersonal conflicts, the strong social bonds and creativity that reveal the potential of efficiency and solidarity of this social technology...
July 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715624/-chickenpox-seroprevalence-among-healthcare-and-social-assistance-workers-in-catalonia-spain
#20
Joan Inglés Torruella, Rosa Gil Soto
AIMS: Chickenpox is a frequent and contagious disease in healthcare and social assistance settings, and there are limited data on seroprevalence among workers in this sector. We estimated susceptibility to chickenpox among workers, by demographic and occupational variables, and measured the rate of seroprotection after vaccination. METHODS: A retrospective seroprevalence study of chickenpox (varicella) and serological vaccine response. The earliest recorded varicella serology, analyzed by the ELISA method, was identified for each worker from a health surveillance database of a group of medical and healthcare companies in Catalonia, recorded between 2004 and 2013...
July 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
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