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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103459/-cultural-competence-in-intervention-with-immigrants-a-comparative-analysis-between-health-professionals-social-workers-and-police-officers
#1
Mariana Gonçalves, Marlene Matos
INTRODUCTION: Cultural diversity places increased demands on services to multicultural populations, so the development of cultural competence by help professionals is currently a concern in institutional practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study evaluated the perception of cultural competence of help professional of three distinct areas: health services, social services and criminal police. Through an online questionnaire, we questioned the perception of cultural competence, at four dimensions: cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, technical skills, and organizational support...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103451/-comment-to-the-paper-cultural-competence-in-intervention-with-immigrants-a-comparative-analysis-between-health-professionals-social-workers-and-police-officers
#2
EDITORIAL
Fernando Luís Machado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#3
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101728/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-biobehavioral-treatment-for-cancer-patients
#4
Marlena M Ryba, Brittany M Brothers, Barbara L Andersen
One aim of dissemination and implementation (DI) research is to study the translation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) from the research environments of their development and testing to broader communities where they are needed. There are few behavioral medicine DI studies and none in cancer survivorship. A determinant model (Setting, Therapist, Education, imPlementation, and Sustainability (STEPS)) was used to conceptualize DI of mental health treatment and frame a longitudinal study of implementation of a behavioral medicine EBT-a biobehavioral intervention (BBI) for cancer patients...
January 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#5
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099496/plasticity-of-daily-behavioral-rhythms-in-foragers-and-nurses-of-the-ant-camponotus-rufipes-influence-of-social-context-and-feeding-times
#6
Stephanie Mildner, Flavio Roces
Daily activities within an ant colony need precise temporal organization, and an endogenous clock appears to be essential for such timing processes. A clock drives locomotor rhythms in isolated workers in a number of ant species, but its involvement in activities displayed in the social context is unknown. We compared locomotor rhythms in isolated individuals and behavioral rhythms in the social context of workers of the ant Camponotus rufipes. Both forager and nurse workers exhibited circadian rhythms in locomotor activity under constant conditions, indicating the involvement of an endogenous clock...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099475/development-of-a-patient-centred-psychosocial-support-intervention-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-care-in-nepal
#7
Sudeepa Khanal, Helen Elsey, Rebecca King, Sushil C Baral, Bharat Raj Bhatta, James N Newell
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. The current long (20 month) and arduous treatment regime uses powerful drugs with side-effects that include mental ill-health. It has a high loss-to-follow-up (25%) and higher case fatality and lower cure-rates than those with drug sensitive tuberculosis (TB). While some national TB programmes provide small financial allowances to patients, other aspects of psychosocial ill-health, including iatrogenic ones, are not routinely assessed or addressed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098505/facilitating-and-hindering-factors-for-coping-with-the-experience-of-having-a-child-with-cancer-a-lebanese-perspective
#8
Myrna A A Doumit, May Naifeh Khoury
BACKGROUND: Families with a child with cancer face significant emotional and psychosocial stressors. The frequency of childhood cancer is increasing in Lebanon with more than 282 children diagnosed each year. This condition is reported to evoke a range of challenging emotions for parents, yet no studies have been conducted on the facilitating and hindering factors that affect Lebanese parents coping with a child with cancer. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to gain an in-depth understanding of factors facilitating and hindering coping methods of Lebanese parents with a child with cancer...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#9
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097471/experiences-and-perceptions-regarding-clinical-breast-exam-screening-by-trained-laywomen-in-malawi
#10
Racquel E Kohler, Anna R Miller, Lily Gutnik, Clara N Lee, Satish Gopal
PURPOSE: Despite the increasing burden, breast cancer control in sub-Saharan Africa is insufficient. Late diagnosis and lack of early detection and screening services contribute to high mortality. Clinical breast exam (CBE) screening can be valuable in low-income countries, including use of community health workers and non-health professionals to conduct exams. We assessed experiences of women who underwent CBE screening by trained laywomen in Lilongwe, Malawi, as part of a pilot program...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095838/communication-with-families-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-after-death-in-intensive-care-comfort-protocol-for-an-intervention-study
#11
Julie E Potter, Robert G Herkes, Lin Perry, Rosalind M Elliott, Anders Aneman, Jorge L Brieva, Elena Cavazzoni, Andrew T H Cheng, Michael J O'Leary, Ian M Seppelt, Val Gebski
BACKGROUND: Discussing deceased organ donation can be difficult not only for families but for health professionals who initiate and manage the conversations. It is well recognised that the methods of communication and communication skills of health professionals are key influences on decisions made by families regarding organ donation. METHODS: This multicentre study is being performed in nine intensive care units with follow-up conducted by the Organ and Tissue Donation Service in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095824/community-based-health-care-is-an-essential-component-of-a-resilient-health-system-evidence-from-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#12
Kendra Siekmans, Salim Sohani, Tamba Boima, Florence Koffa, Luay Basil, Saïd Laaziz
BACKGROUND: Trained community health workers (CHW) enhance access to essential primary health care services in contexts where the health system lacks capacity to adequately deliver them. In Liberia, the Ebola outbreak further disrupted health system function. The objective of this study is to examine the value of a community-based health system in ensuring continued treatment of child illnesses during the outbreak and the role that CHWs had in Ebola prevention activities. METHODS: A descriptive observational study design used mixed methods to collect data from CHWs (structured survey, n = 60; focus group discussions, n = 16), government health facility workers and project staff...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095475/the-influence-of-community-health-resources-on-effectiveness-and-sustainability-of-community-and-lay-health-worker-programs-in-lower-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
Daniel H de Vries, Robert Pool
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of practical knowledge and effective interventions required to reduce priority health problems in low-income countries, poor and vulnerable populations are often not reached. One possible solution to this problem is the use of Community or Lay Health Workers (CLHWs). So far, however, the development of sustainability in CLHW programs has failed and high attrition rates continue to pose a challenge. We propose that the roles and interests which support community health work should emerge directly from the way in which health is organized at community level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092210/the-insights-of-health-and-welfare-professionals-on-hurdles-that-impede-economic-evaluations-of-welfare-interventions
#14
J Schepers, J Plaete, I De Bourdeaudhuij, L Annemans, S Simoens
OBJECTIVES: Four hurdles associated with economic evaluations in welfare interventions were identified and discussed in a previous published literature review. These hurdles include (i) 'Ignoring the impact of condition-specific outcomes', (ii) 'Ignoring the impact of QoL externalities', (iii) 'Calculation of costs from a too narrow perspective' and (iv) 'The lack of well-described & standardized interventions'. This study aims to determine how healthcare providers and social workers experience and deal with these hurdles in practice and what solutions or new insights they would suggest...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089520/the-association-between-family-caregivers-involvement-in-managing-older-adults-medications-and-caregivers-information-seeking-behavior
#15
Marwa Noureldin, Matthew M Murawski, Holly L Mason, Gerald C Hyner, Kimberly S Plake
OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the association between family caregivers' involvement in managing care recipients' medications and their information-seeking behavior related to caregiving; and 2) to examine the sources used by caregivers when seeking information. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from 2 national studies, the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and its supplement, the National Study of Caregiving (NSOC), was conducted...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089368/the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-for-youth-with-epilepsy-basic-biological-sociological-and-psychological-issues
#16
REVIEW
Peter Camfield, Carol Camfield, Kanetee Busiah, David Cohen, Alison Pack, Rima Nabbout
Transition from pediatric to adult health care for adolescents with epilepsy is challenging for the patient, family, and health care workers. This paper is the first of three that summarize the main findings from the 2nd Symposium on Transition in Epilepsies, held in Paris from June 14-25, 2016. In this paper we describe five basic themes that have an important effect on transition. First, there are important brain changes in adolescence that leave an imbalance between risk taking and pleasure seeking behaviors and frontal executive function compared with adults...
January 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#17
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088047/sliding-doors-did-drama-based-inter-professional-education-improve-the-tensions-round-person-centred-nursing-and-social-care-delivery-for-people-with-dementia-a-mixed-method-exploratory-study
#18
Lindsay Dingwall, Jane Fenton, Timothy B Kelly, John Lee
This educational intervention takes place when the population of older people with dementia is increasing. Health and Social care professionals must work jointly in increasingly complex contexts. Negative attitudes towards older people are cited as a contributor to poor care delivery, including the use of dismissive and/or patronising language, failing to meet fundamental needs and afford choice. 'Sliding Doors to Personal Futures' is a joint, drama-based, educational initiative between NHS Education Scotland and the Scottish Social Services Council, delivered using interprofessional education (IPE) towards encouraging person-centred health and social care...
December 21, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086967/translation-cross-cultural-adaption-and-measurement-properties-of-the-evidence-based-practice-profile
#19
Kristine Berg Titlestad, Anne Kristin Snibsoer, Hilde Stromme, Monica Wammen Nortvedt, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug
BACKGROUND: The evidence-based practice profile (EBP(2)) questionnaire assesses students' self-reported knowledge, behaviour and attitudes related to evidence-based practice. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt EBP(2) into Norwegian and to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Norwegian version. METHODS: EBP(2) was translated and cross-culturally adapted using recommended methodology. Face validity and feasibility were evaluated in a pilot on bachelor students and health and social workers (n = 18)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081231/physical-activity-energy-expenditure-nutritional-habits-quality-of-sleep-and-stress-levels-in-shift-working-health-care-personnel
#20
Frederick Charles Roskoden, Janine Krüger, Lena Johanna Vogt, Simone Gärtner, Hans Joachim Hannich, Antje Steveling, Markus M Lerch, Ali A Aghdassi
BACKGROUND: Among health care personnel working regular hours or rotating shifts can affect parameters of general health and nutrition. We have investigated physical activity, sleep quality, metabolic activity and stress levels in health care workers from both groups. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 46 volunteer participants from the workforce of a University Medical Department of which 23 worked in rotating shifts (all nursing) and 21 non-shift regular hours (10 nursing, 13 clerical staff)...
2017: PloS One
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