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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917620/disappearing-everyday-materials-the-displacement-of-medical-resources-following-disaster-in-fukushima-japan
#1
Sudeepa Abeysinghe, Claire Leppold, Akihiko Ozaki, Mariko Morita, Masaharu Tsubokura
This study draws upon interviews of medical staff working in the city of Minamisoma, Japan, following the 2011 Triple Disaster. It investigates staff responses to the disruption of material resources as a consequence of the disaster and its management. The disruption of spaces, and the loss of oxygen supplies, food, and medications impacted upon staff experience and the ability of institutions to care for patients. This resulted in a restructuring of spaces and materials as workers made efforts to reconfigure and reestablish healthcare functions...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916898/a-strengths-based-case-management-intervention-to-reduce-hiv-viral-load-among-people-who-use-drugs
#2
Alex H Kral, Barrot H Lambdin, Megan Comfort, Christina Powers, Helen Cheng, Andrea M Lopez, Robert O Murdoch, Torsten B Neilands, Jennifer Lorvick
Engaging highly marginalized HIV positive people in sustained medical care is vital for optimized health and prevention efforts. Prior studies have found that strengths-based case management helps link people who use drugs to HIV care. We conducted a pilot to assess whether a strengths-based case management intervention may help people who use injection drugs (PWID) or smoke crack cocaine (PWSC) achieve undetectable HIV viral load. PWID and PWSC were recruited in Oakland, California using targeted sampling methods and referral from jails and were tested for HIV...
September 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915113/causative-factors-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-status-of-pregnant-adolescent-girls-in-urban-communities-of-lagos-nigeria
#3
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915095/ethical-considerations-for-social-workers-working-with-muslim-refugees
#4
Jennifer Simmelink McCleary, Serena Chaudhry
In 2016 almost 39,000 Muslim refugees entered the United States, representing a record of admissions during a time of elevated anti-Muslim political rhetoric and public sentiment. Anti-Muslim attitudes and policies can affect refugees' ability to successfully resettle and contribute to decreased health status. Given the current social and political moment there is an ethical imperative for social workers to engage in resistance to anti-Muslim sentiment and the encoding of Islamophobia in resettlement policy...
September 15, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914165/mobile-instant-messaging-for-rural-community-health-workers-a-case-from-malawi
#5
Christoph Pimmer, Susan Mhango, Alfred Mzumara, Francis Mbvundula
BACKGROUND: Mobile instant messaging (MIM) tools, such as WhatsApp, have transformed global communication practice. In the field of global health, MIM is an increasingly used, but little understood, phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear how MIM can be used by rural community health workers (CHWs) and their facilitators, and what are the associated benefits and constraints. To address this gap, WhatsApp groups were implemented and researched in a rural setting in Malawi...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914083/the-importance-of-context-in-early-autism-intervention-a-qualitative-south-african-study
#6
Jessy Guler, Petrus J de Vries, Noleen Seris, Nokuthula Shabalala, Lauren Franz
The majority of individuals with autism spectrum disorder live in low- and middle-income countries and receive little or no services from health or social care systems. The development and validation of autism spectrum disorder interventions has almost exclusively occurred in high-income countries, leaving many unanswered questions regarding what contextual factors would need to be considered to ensure the effectiveness of interventions in low- and middle-income countries. This study qualitatively explored contextual factors relevant to the adaptation of a caregiver-mediated early autism spectrum disorder intervention in a low-resource South African setting...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911327/negotiating-power-relations-gender-equality-and-collective-agency-are-village-health-committees-transformative-social-spaces-in-northern-india
#8
Kerry Scott, Asha S George, Steven A Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within communities and between communities and outside actors (i.e. government officials, policymakers). We examined how the participatory initiative of Village Health, Sanitation, and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs) can enable and hinder the renegotiation of power in rural north India...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910322/social-interactions-promote-adaptive-resource-defense-in-ants
#9
Christoph Johannes Kleineidam, Eva Linda Heeb, Stefanie Neupert
Social insects vigorously defend their nests against con- and heterospecific competitors. Collective defense is also seen at highly profitable food sources. Aggressive responses are elicited or promoted by several means of communication, e.g. alarm pheromones and other chemical markings. In this study, we demonstrate that the social environment and interactions among colony members (nestmates) modulates the propensity to engage in aggressive behavior and therefore plays an important role in allocating workers to a defense task...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910124/paid-sick-leave-and-psychological-distress-an-analysis-of-u-s-workers
#11
Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Cyleste C Collins, Linda M Quinn, Kimberly Fuller
Paid sick leave is increasingly identified as a social justice issue having important implications for health and wellness; however, little is known about its relationship to mental health. Data from the 2015 cross section of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; 2015) were used to examine the relationship between paid sick leave and psychological distress during the last 30 days among N = 17,897 working United States adults. The 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6), a valid and reliable instrument for assessing psychological distress in population based samples, was used to measure the outcome variable of interest...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906167/-it-s-totally-destroyed-our-life-exploring-the-pathways-and-mechanisms-between-precarious-employment-and-health-and-well-being-among-immigrant-men-and-women-in-toronto
#12
Stephanie Premji
Precarious employment is rapidly growing, but qualitative data on pathways to and mechanisms for health and well-being is lacking. This article describes the cumulative and intersecting micro-level pathways and mechanisms between precarious employment and health among immigrant men and women in Toronto. It draws on semi-structured interviews conducted in 2014 with 15 women and 12 men from 11 countries of origin. The article describes how precarious employment, conceptualized by workers as encompassing powerlessness, economic insecurity, work for multiple employers, nonstandard and unpredictable schedules, hazardous working conditions, and lack of benefits and protections, negatively impacts workers' physical and mental health as well as that of their spouses or partners and children...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905047/use-of-community-health-workers-and-patient-navigators-to-improve-cancer-outcomes-among-patients-served-by-federally-qualified-health-centers-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Katherine B Roland, Erin L Milliken, Elizabeth A Rohan, Amy DeGroff, Susan White, Stephanie Melillo, William E Rorie, Carmita-Anita C Signes, Paul A Young
Introduction: In the United States, disparities in cancer screening, morbidity, and mortality are well documented, and often are related to race/ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators including income, education, and healthcare access. Public health approaches that address social determinants of health have the greatest potential public health benefit, and can positively impact health disparities. As public health interventions, community health workers (CHWs), and patient navigators (PNs) work to address disparities and improve cancer outcomes through education, connecting patients to and navigating them through the healthcare system, supporting patient adherence to screening and diagnostic services, and providing social support and linkages to financial and community resources...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904728/evaluation-of-the-acute-flaccid-paralysis-afp-surveillance-system-gokwe-north-district-zimbabwe-2015-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#14
Annamercy Makoni, Milton Chemhuru, Notion Gombe, Gerald Shambira, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: AFP surveillance was adopted globally as a key strategy for monitoring the progress of the polio eradication initiative. Gokwe North district with an estimated 119 655 children <15 years detected 2 cases, 4 cases and 1 case of AFP in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively against a target of 5 cases per year. We therefore set out to evaluate the system and find out why it was failing to detect at least 5 cases per year. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904248/the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-republic-of-indonesia-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#15
Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Nuri Purwito Adi, Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, Masamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To consider the appropriate occupational health system for Japanese enterprises in Indonesia with information on the regulations and development of the specialists. METHODS: In this study, we used the information-gathering checklist developed by Kajiki et al. Along with literature and internet surveys, we surveyed local corporations owned and operated by Indonesians, central government agencies in charge of medical and health issues, a Japanese independent administrative agency supporting subsidiaries of overseas Japanese enterprises, and an educational institution formulating specialized occupational physician training curricula...
September 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902438/colony-level-behavioral-variation-correlates-with-differences-in-expression-of-the-foraging-gene-in-red-imported-fire-ants
#16
Alison A Bockoven, Craig J Coates, Micky D Eubanks
Among social insects, colony-level variation is likely to be widespread and have significant ecological consequences. Very few studies, however, have documented how genetic factors relate to behavior at the colony level. Differences in expression of the foraging gene have been associated with differences in foraging and activity of a wide variety of organisms. We quantified expression of the red imported fire ant foraging gene (sifor) in workers from 21 colonies collected across the natural range of Texas fire ant populations, but maintained under standardized, environmentally controlled conditions...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901840/reentry-program-and-social-work-education-training-the-next-generation-of-criminal-justice-social-workers
#17
Nancy D Franke, Dan Treglia, Ram A Cnaan
PURPOSE: Social work plays a marginal role in opposing the trend of mass incarceration and high rates of recidivism, and social work education offers limited opportunities for students to specialize in working with people who are currently or were previously incarcerated. How to train students of social work to work against mass-incarceration is still challenging. METHODS: The authors devised and implemented an in-school social service agency devoted to working with people pre and post release from a prison system...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901825/beyond-homonegativity-understanding-hong-kong-people-s-attitudes-about-social-acceptance-of-gay-lesbian-people-sexual-orientation-discrimination-protection-and-same-sex-marriage
#18
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
This study examined attitudes about social acceptance, discrimination protection, and marriage equality for gay/lesbian people with a representative sample of 1,008 Hong Kong Chinese adults via a telephone survey. Despite majority endorsement of homosexuality (52.29% positive vs 34.12% negative) and discrimination protection (50.77% favorable vs 14.62% opposed), attitudes toward same-sex marriage diverged (32.72% favorable vs 39.45% opposed). There was a sharp distinction in accepting gay/lesbian people as co-workers (83...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901163/distribution-of-autistic-traits-and-their-association-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-japanese-workers
#19
Tomoko Suzuki, Koichi Miyaki, Hisashi Eguchi, Akizumi Tsutsumi
This study aimed to confirm whether autistic traits are normally distributed across a population and to describe their association with the sociodemographic characteristics of Japanese workers. The participants were 2075 workers aged 23-65 years from various parts of Japan. Autistic traits were measured using an abridged Japanese version of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ-Short). The AQ-Short comprises five subcomponents assessing a fascination for numbers and patterns (numbers/patterns), difficulties with imagination, a preference for routine, difficulties with social skills, and difficulties with switching attention...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#20
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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