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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140958/should-hospitals-market-opioid-sparing-analgesia-to-patients
#1
Alexander B Stone, Christopher L Wu, Michael C Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140687/experimental-and-theoretical-approach-to-variable-chlorination-promoted-skeletal-transformations-in-fullerenes-the-case-of-c102
#2
Olga N Mazaleva, Ilya N Ioffe, Fei Jin, Shangfeng Yang, Erhard Kemnitz, Sergey I Troyanov
The first example of three alternative chlorination-promoted skeletal transformation pathways in the same fullerene cage is presented. Isolated-pentagon-rule (IPR) C102(19) undergoes both Stone-Wales rotations to give non-IPR (#283794)C102Cl20 and C2 losses to form nonclassical C98 and non-IPR C96. X-ray structural characterization of the transformation products and a theoretical study of their formation pathways are reported.
November 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140115/ultrasound-unenhanced-ct-fusion-for-detection-and-localization-of-ureteral-stones
#3
Eyal Bercovich, Maxim Leiderman, Nira Beck-Razi, Diana Gaitini, Marcia Javitt
OBJECTIVE: The standard of care for the diagnosis and follow-up of urolithiasis is unenhanced CT. The hypothesis of this study was that that by using image fusion of subsequent ultrasound (US) with the initial unenhanced CT, ureteral stones can be precisely localized. CONCLUSION: Of the 25 stones founds on unenhanced CT studies, 22 (88%) were confidently identified using US-unenhanced CT fusion within 72 hours after the initial CT scan was obtained. US-unenhanced CT fusion might obviate the need for repeated CT scans for monitoring urolithiasis...
November 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139242/-the-effiectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-treating-proxima-ureteral-stones
#4
M I Kogan, I I Belousov, A M Yassine
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has proven efficacy in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones. The research to date has not been able to establish real time to spontaneous stone clearance after ESWL and the appropriateness and effectiveness of -blockers in stimulating residual stone clearance after ESWL. AIM: To conduct a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of ESWL in treating proximal ureteral stones and determine the appropriateness of using -blockers to stimulate residual stone clearance...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138638/tissue-source-and-cell-expansion-condition-influence-phenotypic-changes-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#5
Lauren H Mangum, Shanmugasundaram Natesan, Randolph Stone, Nicole L Wrice, David A Larson, Kyle F Florell, Barbara A Christy, Maryanne C Herzig, Andrew P Cap, Robert J Christy
Stem cells derived from the subcutaneous adipose tissue of debrided burned skin represent an appealing source of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for regenerative medicine. Traditional tissue culture uses fetal bovine serum (FBS), which complicates utilization of ASCs in human medicine. Human platelet lysate (hPL) is one potential xeno-free, alternative supplement for use in ASC culture. In this study, adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation in media supplemented with 10% FBS or 10% hPL was compared in human ASCs derived from abdominoplasty (HAP) or from adipose associated with debrided burned skin (BH)...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138504/facilitation-of-information-processing-in-the-primary-somatosensory-area-in-the-ball-rotation-task
#6
Toshiaki Wasaka, Tetsuo Kida, Ryusuke Kakigi
Somatosensory input to the brain is known to be modulated during voluntary movement. It has been demonstrated that the response in the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) is generally gated during simple movement of the corresponding body part. This study investigated sensorimotor integration in the SI during manual movement using a motor task combining movement complexity and object manipulation. While the amplitude of M20 and M30 generated in the SI showed a significant reduction during manual movement, the subsequent component (M38) was significantly higher in the motor task than in the stationary condition...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138241/decorin-a-growth-hormone-regulated-protein-in-humans
#7
Neha Bahl, Glenn Stone, Mark McLean, Ken K Y Ho, Vita Birzniece
CONTEXT: Growth hormone (GH) stimulates connective tissue and muscle growth, an effect that is potentiated by testosterone. Decorin, a myokine and a connective tissue protein, stimulates connective tissue accretion and muscle hypertrophy. Whether GH and testosterone regulate decorin in humans is not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether decorin is stimulated by GH and testosterone. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137830/efficacy-and-safety-of-tamsulosin-in-medical-expulsive-therapy-for-distal-ureteral-stones-with-renal-colic-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Zhangqun Ye, Guohua Zeng, Huan Yang, Kun Tang, Xiaochun Zhang, Hong Li, Weibing Li, Zhong Wu, Lingwu Chen, Xingfa Chen, Xiankui Liu, Yaoliang Deng, Tiejun Pan, Jinchun Xing, Shusheng Wang, Yue Cheng, Xiaojian Gu, Wenxi Gao, Jianggen Yang, Yonghai Zhang, Qiwu Mi, Lin Qi, Jiongming Li, Weilie Hu, Peiyu Liang, Zhaolin Sun, Changbao Xu, Yongfu Long, Yongbin Liao, Siping Liu, Guoqing Liu, Xun Xu, Wei He, Zhiqiang Chen, Hua Xu
BACKGROUND: Recent large high-quality trials have questioned the clinical effectiveness of medical expulsive therapy using tamsulosin for ureteral stones. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tamsulosin for distal ureteral stones compared with placebo. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 3296 patients with distal ureteral stones, across 30 centers, to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tamsulosin...
November 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137249/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-versus-laparoscopic-exploration-for-common-bile-duct-stones-in-post-cholecystectomy-patients-a-retrospective-study
#9
Xiaohong Wang, Chenguang Dai, Zhonghua Jiang, Lili Zhao, Min Wang, Limei Ma, Xueming Tan, Li Liu, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan
Background and Objective: Common bile duct (CBD) stones are common in patients even after cholecystectomy. Besides endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP), laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is also applied. This study aims to compare clinical indications, therapeutic benefits and complications for these two managements. Methods: From October 2012 to February 2015, 1072 consecutive patients were diagnosed as choledocholithiasis in our single hospital...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137105/urgent-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy-for-proximal-ureter-stones-accompanied-with-obstructive-pyelonephritis-is-it-safe-and-effective-without-preoperative-drainage
#10
Huan Yang, Xiao Yu, Ejun Peng, Cong Li, Lei Cui, Xing Zeng, Shen Wang, Chao Wei, Zhihua Wang, Xiaolin Guo, Zhiqiang Chen, Zhangqun Ye, Shaogang Wang, Chenming Zhao
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones accompanied with obstructive pyelonephritis without preoperative drainage.We retrospectively reviewed 21 cases of proximal ureteral stones with infected kidney undergoing RLU between July 2013 and September 2016. Stone-induced obstructive infected hydronephrosis was diagnosed using blood and urine tests and imaging modalities. Empirical effective broad spectrum antibiotic therapy was initiated immediately, and then urgent RLU was performed without preoperative drainage...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#11
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137002/cost-effective-decisions-in-managing-silent-common-bile-duct-stones-should-include-all-the-management-options-to-help-decision-makers
#12
Akshay Date, Ravindra S Date
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136842/application-of-micro-x-ray-fluorescence-and-micro-computed-tomography-to-the-study-of-laser-cleaning-efficiency-on-limestone-monuments-covered-by-black-crusts
#13
Giorgio S Senesi, Ignazio Allegretta, Carlo Porfido, Olga De Pascale, Roberto Terzano
Laser cleaning is widely used to remove black crusts from weathered limestone monuments. The cleaning efficiency is commonly tested using conventional analytical techniques, which do not allow to analyze the same sample before and after the treatment. In this paper, micro computed tomography (μ-CT) and micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (μ-XRF) techniques were used for the first time to evaluate the laser cleaning efficiency on two different encrusted quoins collected from a limestone monument. Analyses were carried out non-destructively on the same portion of the two lithotypes before and after the treatment...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136679/current-trends-and-pitfalls-in-endoscopic-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#14
REVIEW
Takaaki Inoue, Shinsuke Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Takashi Yoshida, Tadashi Matsuda
Current development of endoscopic technology, lithotripters, and stone-retrieval devices has expanded the indications for retrograde and antegrade endoscopic therapy in the management of urolithiasis. This technology has also resulted in minimally invasive therapy. As surgeons' experience of endourological procedures with the newer instruments has become integrated, the surgical technique and indications for urolithiasis have also changed in the past few years. The present review provides an overview of endourological procedures for upper urinary tract stones and the key points related to surgical techniques...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135930/regulation-of-chemokine-receptor-interactions-and-functions
#15
EDITORIAL
Martin J Stone
Inflammation is the body's response to injury or infection. As early as 2000 years ago, the Roman encyclopaedist Aulus Cornelius Celsus recognised four cardinal signs of this response-redness, heat, swelling and pain; a fifth sign is loss of function.[...].
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135418/dusting-utilizing-suction-technique-dust-for-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-use-of-a-dedicated-laser-handpiece-to-treat-a-staghorn-stone
#16
Khurshid R Ghani, Ali H Aldoukhi, William W Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135323/impact-assessment-of-the-rational-selection-of-training-and-test-sets-on-the-predictive-ability-of-qsar-models
#17
M F Andrada, E G Vega-Hissi, M R Estrada, J C Garro Martinez
This study performed an analysis of the influence of the training and test set rational selection on the quality and predictively of the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model. The study was carried out on three different datasets of Influenza Neuraminidase (H1N1) inhibitors. The three datasets were divided into training and test sets using three rational selection methods: based on k-means, Kennard-Stone algorithm and Activity and the results were compared with Random selection. Then, a total of 31,490 mathematical models were developed and those models that presented a determination coefficient higher than: r(2)train > 0...
November 14, 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135160/-the-role-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-development-of-recurrent-nephrolithiasis
#18
K R Khamidullin, A M Pushkarev, A I Tarasenko, V N Pavlov
This is a literature review on the role of microbial flora in the development of recurrent urolithiasis. The authors outline pathogenetic aspects of recurrent stone formation associated bacterial flora. A number of studies reported that standard urine culture has limited sensitivity in detecting urinary tract infection.
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135159/-the-role-of-the-randalls-plaques-in-the-pathogenesis-of-recurrent-urolitasis
#19
A A Kamalov, D A Okhobotov, A N Nizov
The aim of the work was to present current concept of the pathogenesis of urolithiasis. Treatment and prevention of this disease a challenging issue. The article presents basic information about Randalls plaques that are described as calcium salt deposits on the surface of the transitional cell epithelium. The cause of Randalls plaques was the subject of many studies and is still not completely clear. To date, we can state that the deposit formation starts in the pelvicalyceal system and is directly linked to recurrent urolithiasis...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135147/-biomarkers-of-renal-injury-in-contact-ureteral-lithotripsy
#20
A I Tarasenko, A M Pushkarev, I G Rakipov, A V Alekseev, Ya V Kondratenko, V N Pavlov
AIM: To optimize the transurethral endoscopic management of patients with ureterolithiasis by measuring biomarkers of renal parenchymal damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-one patients with solitary ureteral stones were tested for levels of cystatin C, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, 2-microglobulin and interleukin 18. RESULTS: An increase in the levels of markers of renal injury was observed both in the preoperative period and after CULT...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
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