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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774730/hyperprolactinemia-in-end-stage-renal-disease-and-effects-of-frequent-hemodialysis
#1
Joan C Lo, Gerald J Beck, George A Kaysen, Christopher T Chan, Alan S Kliger, Michael V Rocco, Glenn M Chertow
Introduction End-stage renal disease is associated with elevations in circulating prolactin concentrations, but the association of prolactin concentrations with intermediate health outcomes and the effects of hemodialysis frequency on changes in serum prolactin have not been examined. Methods The FHN Daily and Nocturnal Dialysis Trials compared the effects of conventional thrice weekly hemodialysis with in-center daily hemodialysis (6 days/week) and nocturnal home hemodialysis (6 nights/week) over 12 months and obtained measures of health-related quality of life, self-reported physical function, mental health and cognition...
October 23, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772644/intensive-hemodialysis-and-potential-risks-with-increasing%C3%A2-treatment
#2
Michael A Kraus, Sheru Kansal, Michael Copland, Paul Komenda, Eric D Weinhandl, George L Bakris, Christopher T Chan, Richard J Fluck, John M Burkart
Although intensive hemodialysis (HD) can address important clinical problems, increasing treatment also introduces risks. In this review, we assess risks pertaining to 6 domains: vascular access complications, infection, mortality, loss of residual kidney function, solute balance, and patient and care partner burden. In the Frequent Hemodialysis Network (FHN) trials, short daily and nocturnal schedules increased the incidence of access complications, although the incidence of access loss was not statistically higher...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772643/intensive-hemodialysis-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Peter A McCullough, Christopher T Chan, Eric D Weinhandl, John M Burkart, George L Bakris
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, including cardiac arrhythmia, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and valvular heart disease, is higher in hemodialysis (HD) patients than in the US resident population. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in HD patients and the principal discharge diagnosis accompanying 1 in 4 hospital admissions. Furthermore, the rate of hospital admissions for either heart failure or fluid overload is persistently high despite widespread use of β-blockers and renin-angiotensin system inhibitors and attempts to manage fluid overload with ultrafiltration...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772642/intensive-hemodialysis-and-treatment-complications-and%C3%A2-tolerability
#4
Jose A Morfin, Richard J Fluck, Eric D Weinhandl, Sheru Kansal, Peter A McCullough, Paul Komenda
Hemodialysis (HD) treatment can be difficult to tolerate. Common complications are intradialytic hypotension (IDH) and long time to recovery after an HD session. IDH, as defined by nadir systolic blood pressure < 90mmHg and intradialytic decline > 30mmHg, occurs in almost 8% of HD sessions. IDH may be caused by aggressive ultrafiltration in response to interdialytic weight gain, can lead to myocardial stunning and cardiac arrhythmias, and is associated with increased risk for death. Long recovery time after a treatment session is also common...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772641/intensive-hemodialysis-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#5
Michael A Kraus, Richard J Fluck, Eric D Weinhandl, Sheru Kansal, Michael Copland, Paul Komenda, Fredric O Finkelstein
Diminished health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is common in dialysis patients and associated with increased risks for morbidity and mortality. Patients may present limitations in both physical and mental HRQoL. Poor physical HRQoL may be defined by limited physical function, role limitations due to physical health, dissatisfaction with physical ability, and impaired mobility. Sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, restless legs, and fatigue are typical manifestations of poor physical HRQoL in dialysis patients...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772640/intensive-hemodialysis-mineral-and-bone-disorder-and-phosphate-binder-use
#6
Michael Copland, Paul Komenda, Eric D Weinhandl, Peter A McCullough, Jose A Morfin
Mineral and bone disorder is a common complication of end-stage renal disease. Notably, hyperphosphatemia likely promotes calcification of the myocardium, valves, and arteries. Hyperphosphatemia is associated with higher risk for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity along a gradient beginning at 5.0mg/dL. Among contemporary hemodialysis (HD) patients, mean serum phosphorus level is 5.2mg/dL, although 25% of patients have serum phosphorus levels of 5.5 to 6.9mg/dL; and 13%, >7.0mg/dL. Treatment of hyperphosphatemia is burdensome...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772639/intensive-hemodialysis-blood-pressure-and-antihypertensive-medication-use
#7
George L Bakris, John M Burkart, Eric D Weinhandl, Peter A McCullough, Michael A Kraus
Hypertension is a cardinal feature of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Hypertensive nephropathy is the primary cause of ESRD for nearly 30% of patients, and the prevalence of hypertension is >85% in new patients with ESRD. In contemporary hemodialysis (HD) patients, mean predialysis systolic blood pressure (SBP) is nearly 150mmHg, and about 70%, 50%, and 40% use β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, respectively. Predialysis SBP generally exhibits a U-shaped association with mortality risk...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753815/ssa-05-2-hypertension-and-kidney-complication-in-africa
#8
Solomon Kadiri
Hypertension prevalence rates in most urbanized areas of Africa range from 20-30%, with a recent systematic review reporting 16.2% for sub-Saharan Africa. These rates are lower than those in the West but the age standardized rates are higher than in other regions of the world. The attendant morbidity and mortality are disproportionately high. For example, failure of nocturnal dipping and microalbuminuria, predictive of vascular disease, occur relatively early in the course of hypertension and predispose to early vascular disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643378/ssa-05-2-hypertension-and-kidney-complication-in-africa
#9
Solomon Kadiri
Hypertension prevalence rates in most urbanized areas of Africa range from 20-30%, with a recent systematic review reporting 16.2% for sub-Saharan Africa. These rates are lower than those in the West but the age standardized rates are higher than in other regions of the world. The attendant morbidity and mortality are disproportionately high. For example, failure of nocturnal dipping and microalbuminuria, predictive of vascular disease, occur relatively early in the course of hypertension and predispose to early vascular disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609856/investigating-the-effects-of-6%C3%A2-months-extended-duration-in-centre-nocturnal-versus-conventional-haemodialysis-treatment-a-non-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#10
Darren R Churchward, Matthew P M Graham-Brown, Robert Preston, Warren Pickering, Gerry P McCann, James O Burton
INTRODUCTION: In-centre nocturnal haemodialysis (INHD) is an underutilised dialysis regimen that can potentially provide patients with better clinical outcomes due to extended treatment times. We have established an INHD programme within our clinical network, fulfilling a previously unmet patient need. This feasibility study aims to gather sufficient data on numerous outcome measures to inform the design of a multicentre randomised controlled trial that will establish the potential benefits of INHD and increase the availability of this service nationally and internationally...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599172/effect-of-nocturnal-intermittent-peritoneal-dialysis-on-intraocular-pressure-and-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-parameters
#11
Ka Lung Chong, Amir Samsudin, Tee Chau Keng, Tengku Ain Kamalden, Norlina Ramli
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of nocturnal intermittent peritoneal dialysis (NIPD) on intraocular pressure (IOP) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) parameters. Systemic changes associated with NIPD were also analyzed. METHODS: Observational study. Nonglaucomatous patients on NIPD underwent systemic and ocular assessment including mean arterial pressure (MAP), body weight, serum osmolarity, visual acuity, IOP measurement, and ASOCT within 2 hours both before and after NIPD...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536678/chronic-hemodialysis-therapy-in-the-west
#12
REVIEW
Michael V Rocco
BACKGROUND: Chronic hemodialysis (HD) in the 1960s encompassed a wide variety of prescriptions from twice weekly to five times per week HD. Over time, HD prescriptions in the West became standardized at three times per week, 2.5-4 h per session, with occasional additional treatments for volume overload. SUMMARY: When clinical trials of dialysis dose failed to show significant benefit of extending time compared with the traditional dialysis prescription, interest in more frequent HD was renewed...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364375/low-versus-high-dialysate-calcium-concentration-in-alternate-night-nocturnal-hemodialysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Rosemary Masterson, Susan Blair, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Kenneth K Lau, Michael Lian, Boyd J Strauss, John G Morgan, Peter Kerr, Nigel D Toussaint
Introduction Higher calcium dialysate is recommended for quotidian nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) (≥6 nights/week) to maintain bone health. It is unclear what the optimal calcium dialysate concentration should be for alternate night NHD. We aimed to determine the effect of low calcium (LC) versus high calcium (HC) dialysate on cardiovascular and bone parameters in this population. Methods A randomized controlled trial where participants were randomized to LC (1.3 mmol/L, n = 24) or HC dialysate (1.6 or 1...
June 30, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283003/poor-sleep-quality-is-responsible-for-the-non-dipper-pattern-in-hypertensive-but-not-in-normotensive-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#14
Jun Zhang, Cheng Wang, Wenyu Gong, Zengchun Ye, Ying Tang, Wenbo Zhao, Hui Peng, Tanqi Lou
AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between sleep quality and hypertension and to determine if there was an association between nondipper blood pressure (BP) and sleep quality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. METHODS: A total of 775 pre-dialysis CKD patients (314 normal BP patients, 461 hypertension patients) defined as dippers or nondippers by ambulatory BP monitoring were recruited for this study. Demographics and clinical correlates were collected, including body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and other measures...
June 10, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265268/eight-year-experience-with-nocturnal-every-other-day-online-haemodiafiltration
#15
Francisco Maduell, Raquel Ojeda, Marta Arias-Guillen, Florencia Rossi, Néstor Fontseré, Manel Vera, Nayra Rico, Leonardo Nicolás Gonzalez, Gastón Piñeiro, Mario Jiménez-Hernández, Lida Rodas, José Luis Bedini
BACKGROUND: New haemodialysis therapeutic regimens are required to improve patient survival. Longer and more frequent dialysis sessions have produced excellent survival and clinical advantages, while online haemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) provides the most efficient form of dialysis treatment. METHODS: In this single-centre observational study, 57 patients on 4-5-hour thrice-weekly OL-HDF were switched to nocturnal every-other-day OL-HDF. Inclusion criteria consisted of stable patients with good prospects for improved occupational, psychological and social rehabilitation...
2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252880/conventional-hemodialysis-is-associated-with-greater-bone-loss-than-nocturnal-hemodialysis-a-retrospective-observational-study-of-a-convenience-cohort
#16
Bourne L Auguste, Darren Yuen, Christopher T Chan
BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population, end-stage renal disease patients are at increased risk for bone loss and fractures. Nocturnal hemodialysis offers superior calcium-phosphate control and improved uremic clearance compared with conventional hemodialysis. Rates of bone loss by type of hemodialysis are unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine whether there are differences in bone loss between frequent nocturnal hemodialysis and conventional hemodialysis...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190347/effect-of-a-sustained-difference-in-hemodialytic-clearance-on-the-plasma-levels-of-p-cresol-sulfate-and-indoxyl-sulfate
#17
Orlando Camacho, Maria Carmela Rosales, Tariq Shafi, Jonathan Fullman, Natalie S Plummer, Timothy W Meyer, Tammy L Sirich
BACKGROUND: The protein-bound solutes p-cresol sulfate (PCS) and indoxyl sulfate (IS) accumulate to high plasma levels in renal failure and have been associated with adverse events. The clearance of these bound solutes can be altered independently of the urea clearance by changing the dialysate flow and dialyzer size. This study tested whether a sustained difference in clearance would change the plasma levels of PCS and IS. METHODS: Fourteen patients on thrice-weekly nocturnal hemodialysis completed a crossover study of two periods designed to achieve widely different bound solute clearances...
August 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907185/menstrual-disturbances-in-premenopausal-women-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Chong-Ting Lin, Xi-Ning Liu, Hong-Lei Xu, Hui-Yan Sui
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate menstrual disturbances and sex hormonal status in premenopausal women with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 184 patients with ESRD treated with one of four treatment modalities (46/modality): conventional hemodialysis (CHD), continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) and renal transplantation (RT). Blood samples were collected to determine sex hormone levels. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected from medical records...
2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889382/objective-and-subjective-sleep-disorders-in-automated-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
Maria-Eleni Roumelioti, Christos Argyropoulos, Vernon Shane Pankratz, Manisha Jhamb, Filitsa H Bender, Daniel J Buysse, Patrick Strollo, Mark L Unruh
BACKGROUND: Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is one of the fastest growing dialysis modalities. It is unknown whether sleep and mood are disturbed while performing repeated overnight exchanges. OBJECTIVES: In this report, we aim to describe and compare the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), periodic limb movements (PLMS), poor sleep quality (SQ), and depression among APD patients compared with stages 3b-5 (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤44 ml/min/1...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26838994/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-2-pediatric-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Neha Sharma, Elizabeth Harvey, Reshma Amin
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and has the potential to worsen vascular and neuro-cognitive health and quality of life. We present 2 children with CKD who experience central sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoventilation and discuss the possible underlying mechanisms in relation to CKD and dialysis.
January 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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