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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944621/factors-associated-with-ohio-nurse-practitioners-childhood-obesity-preventive-practice-patterns
#1
Rika Tanda, Elizabeth A Beverly, Kimberly Hughes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: More nurse practitioners (NPs) infiltrate into primary care settings, and play a pivotal role in prevention of childhood obesity. However, minimal research has been published about their practice patterns. The current study uses a sample of Ohio NPs and describes NPs' childhood obesity prevention practice patterns, knowledge of the guidelines, their personal physical activity in relation to childhood obesity prevention practices, and identification of perceived barriers for practice...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944453/personalised-digital-interventions-for-reducing-hazardous-and-harmful-alcohol-consumption-in-community-dwelling-populations
#2
REVIEW
Eileen Fs Kaner, Fiona R Beyer, Claire Garnett, David Crane, Jamie Brown, Colin Muirhead, James Redmore, Amy O'Donnell, James J Newham, Frank de Vocht, Matthew Hickman, Heather Brown, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to interact directly via computer, mobile device or smartphone with digital interventions designed to address problem alcohol consumption...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943987/hospital-discharge-what-are-the-problems-information-needs-and-objectives-of-community-pharmacists-a-mixed-method-approach
#3
Lea D Brühwiler, Kurt E Hersberger, Monika Lutters
BACKGROUND: After hospital discharge, community pharmacists are often the first health care professionals the discharged patient encounters. They reconcile and dispense prescribed medicines and provide pharmaceutical care. Compared to the roles of general practitioners, the pharmacists' needs to perform these tasks are not well known. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to a) Identify community pharmacists' current problems and roles at hospital discharge, b) Assess their information needs, specifically the availability and usefulness of information, and c) Gain insight into pharmacists' objectives and ideas for discharge optimisation...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943984/factors-affecting-pharmacy-engagement-and-pharmacy-customer-devotion-in-community-pharmacy-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#4
Sujin Nitadpakorn, Karen B Farris, Tanattha Kittisopee
BACKGROUND: The concept of customer engagement and devotion has been applied in various service businesses to keep the customers with business However, a limited number of studies were performed to examine the context of customer engagement and devotion in pharmacy business which focus on the impact of customer perceptions about pharmacists, perceived quality of pharmacy structure, medication price strategy on pharmacy engagement and pharmacy customer devotion in a pharmacy providing pharmaceutical care to the customers...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943979/a-qualitative-study-on-pharmacists-perception-on-integrating-pharmacists-into-private-general-practitioner-s-clinics-in-malaysia
#5
Pui S Saw, Lisa Nissen, Christopher Freeman, Pei S Wong, Vivienne Mak
BACKGROUND: Private general practitioners in Malaysia largely operates as solo practices - prescribing and supplying medications to patients directly from their clinics, thus posing risk of medication-related problems to consumers. A pharmacy practice reform that integrates pharmacists into primary healthcare clinics can be a potential initiative to promote quality use of medication. This model of care is a novel approach in Malaysia and research in the local context is required, especially from the perspectives of pharmacists...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943479/clinical-characteristics-and-patterns-of-health-deficits-of-centenarians-receiving-home-care-and-long-term-care-services
#6
Shannon Freeman, Joshua J Armstrong, Suzanne L Tyas, Eva Neufeld
Centenarians (persons aged 100years and older) are one of the fastest growing cohorts in countries across the world. With the increasing prevalence of centenarians and growing amount of clinical information in large administrative health databases, it is now possible to more fully characterize the health of this unique and heterogeneous population. This study described patterns of health deficits in the centenarian population receiving care from community-based home care services and long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in Ontario, Canada...
September 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943316/it-s-more-than-just-luck-a-qualitative-exploration-of-breastfeeding-in-rural-australia
#7
Lois McKellar, Julie Fleet, Shona Dove
It's more than just luck: A qualitative exploration of breastfeeding in rural Australia PROBLEM: Despite significant public health benefits, breastfeeding for six months continues to be challenging for women. BACKGROUND: In the Mid North of South Australia, healthcare professionals were concerned that breastfeeding rates were lower than the national average and that a collaborative approach was needed to promote breastfeeding. AIM: To explore the experiences of women and health professional in the Mid North, to inform interventions to improve breastfeeding longevity...
September 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943281/predictors-of-prolonged-hospitalizations-in-pediatric-complicated-pneumonia
#8
Oded Breuer, Elie Picard, Naama Benabu, Ira Erlichman, Joel Reiter, Reuven Tsabari, David Shoseyov, Eitan Kerem, Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh
BACKGROUND: Pediatric community acquired complicated pneumonia (PCACP) is characterized by a prolonged clinical course but this may be highly variable. METHODS: A multicenter observational study was conducted in order to develop and validate a clinical prediction tool for prolonged hospitalizations in PCACP. The derivation and validation cohorts consisted of 144 and 169 patients with PCACP, respectively, hospitalized between the years 1997-2017 in three tertiary care hospitals...
September 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943267/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-130%C3%A2-000-people-from-17-high-income-middle-income-and-low-income-countries-the-pure-study
#9
Scott A Lear, Weihong Hu, Sumathy Rangarajan, Danijela Gasevic, Darryl Leong, Romaina Iqbal, Amparo Casanova, Sumathi Swaminathan, R M Anjana, Rajesh Kumar, Annika Rosengren, Li Wei, Wang Yang, Wang Chuangshi, Liu Huaxing, Sanjeev Nair, Rafael Diaz, Hany Swidon, Rajeev Gupta, Noushin Mohammadifard, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Aytekin Oguz, Katarzyna Zatonska, Pamela Seron, Alvaro Avezum, Paul Poirier, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has a protective effect against cardiovascular disease (CVD) in high-income countries, where physical activity is mainly recreational, but it is not known if this is also observed in lower-income countries, where physical activity is mainly non-recreational. We examined whether different amounts and types of physical activity are associated with lower mortality and CVD in countries at different economic levels. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we recruited participants from 17 countries (Canada, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Poland, Turkey, Malaysia, South Africa, China, Colombia, Iran, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Zimbabwe)...
September 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943160/home-health-agency-characteristics-and-quality-outcomes-for-medicare-beneficiaries-with-rehabilitation-sensitive-conditions
#10
Tracy M Mroz, Ann Meadow, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Bruce Leff, Jennifer L Wolff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between organizational characteristics of home health agencies (e.g., profit status, rehabilitation therapy staffing model, size, and rurality) and quality outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries with rehabilitation-sensitive conditions, conditions for which occupational, physical, and/or speech therapy have the potential to improve functioning, prevent or slow substantial decline in functioning, or increase ability to remain at home safely. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of Medicare administrative data for 1,006,562 fee-for-service beneficiaries admitted to 9,250 Medicare-certified home health agencies in 2009...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943115/international-children-s-advisory-network-a-multifaceted-approach-to-patient-engagement-in-pediatric-clinical-research
#11
Meghan Gwara, Sharon Smith, Christine Woods, Elizabeth Sheeren, Hampton Woods
Pediatric youth advisory groups were created to provide insight and guidance to the clinical research community. Such efforts have become a priority and parallel the demand for patient-centered health care. While steps are being made to integrate the patient voice into research, there remains a lack of pediatric-specific engagement in the development of pharmaceuticals and in clinical research. For example, a significant number of children are still treated with medications that are not approved for use in this age group, due to a lack of clinical trials involving younger children and neonates...
September 21, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943041/overall-survival-after-resection-of-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-at-academic-cancer-centers-versus-community-cancer-centers-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#12
Nicholas G Berger, Jack P Silva, Harveshp Mogal, Callisia N Clarke, Manpreet Bedi, John Charlson, Kathleen K Christians, Susan Tsai, T Clark Gamblin
BACKGROUND: Operative resection remains the definitive curative therapy for retroperitoneal sarcoma. Data published recently show a correlation between improved outcomes for complex oncologic operations and treatment at academic centers. For large retroperitoneal sarcomas, operative resection can be complex and require multidisciplinary care. We hypothesized that survival rates vary between type of treating center for patients undergoing resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma. METHODS: Patients with stage I to III nonmetastatic retroperitoneal sarcomas who underwent operative resection were identified from the National Cancer Database during the years 2004-2013...
September 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943033/interprofessional-management-of-cancer-survivorship-new-models-of-care
#13
REVIEW
Margaret Quinn Rosenzweig, Kathik Kota, G van Londen
OBJECTIVE: To examine interprofessional models of care and care delivery for cancer survivorship, focusing on nursing as key providers of care. DATA SOURCES: National summary statements and literature review. CONCLUSION: The need for cancer survivorship care is established. Treatment summaries and survivorship care plans are mandated documents expected to guide the delivery of survivorship care. However, the optimal delivery method, infrastructure, provider, and (cost-) effectiveness for the delivery of cancer survivorship care is unknown...
September 21, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942751/modifiable-risk-factors-for-external-cause-mortality-after-release-from-prison-a-nested-case-control-study
#14
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942581/minimally-disruptive-medicine-for-patients-with-diabetes
#15
REVIEW
Valentina Serrano, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Kasey R Boehmer, Victor M Montori
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with diabetes must deal with the burden of symptoms and complications (burden of illness). Simultaneously, diabetes care demands practical and emotional work from patients and their families, work to access and use healthcare and to enact self-care (burden of treatment). Patient work must compete with the demands of family, job, and community life. Overwhelmed patients may not have the capacity to access care or enact self-care and will thus experience suboptimal diabetes outcomes...
September 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942565/relationship-of-adverse-family-experiences-to-resilience-and-school-engagement-among-vermont-youth
#16
Laurin Kasehagen, Laurel Omland, Melissa Bailey, Charlie Biss, Breena Holmes, Patsy Tassler Kelso
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a range of health outcomes and risk behaviors. In 2011-2012, the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) included questions about adverse family experiences (AFEs). AFE survey questions are similar to ACE questions, except there are no questions about emotional/physical/sexual trauma, and questions are asked of parents rather than children. Although the relationship between ACEs and work/school absenteeism has been studied, the relationships between AFEs of school-aged children, school performance, and buffering behaviors have not been explored in depth...
September 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942263/child-protection-and-the-development-of-child-abuse-pediatrics-in-new-york-city
#17
Vincent J Palusci
The history of child abuse pediatrics reflects the development of medicine as a profession influenced by social movements reacting to poverty, economic exploitation, and child maltreatment. As physicians began to specialize in caring for children, egregious cases led them to recognize children were affected by special medical problems and diseases which were compounded by poor conditions and abuse and neglect. They developed the fields of pediatrics and child abuse pediatrics to advocate for their needs in courts and communities...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942091/classification-trees-for-identifying-non-use-of-community-based-long-term-care-services-among-older-adults
#18
Michael James Penkunas, Kirsten Yuna Eom, Angelique Wei-Ming Chan
Home- and center-based long-term care (LTC) services allow older adults to remain in the community while simultaneously helping caregivers cope with the stresses associated with providing care. Despite these benefits, the uptake of community-based LTC services among older adults remains low. We analyzed data from a longitudinal study in Singapore to identify the characteristics of individuals with referrals to home-based LTC services or day rehabilitation services at the time of hospital discharge. Classification and regression tree analysis was employed to identify combinations of clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients and their caregivers for individuals who did not take up their referred services...
May 23, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941983/child-strengths-and-placement-stability-among-racial-ethnic-minority-youth-in-the-child-welfare-system
#19
Faith Summersett-Ringgold, Neil Jordan, Cassandra Kisiel, Rachel M Sax, Gary McClelland
While all children deserve a stable living environment, national data illustrate that many states struggle to achieve placement stability for youth in the child welfare system as a significant number of children in foster care continue to experience multiple placements while in state custody. Prior research has not considered the impact of youth protective factors or strengths on the frequency of placement changes that youth experience while in the child welfare system. This study examined the association between strengths measured at multiple levels (i...
September 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941942/fear-of-falling-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-scoping-review-to-identify-effective-evidence-based-interventions
#20
Mary O Whipple, Aimee V Hamel, Kristine M C Talley
Fear of falling presents a significant problem for many older adults by reducing physical function and increasing the risk of future falls. Several different types of interventions have improved fear of falling and a summary of efficacious interventions will help clinicians recommend treatment options. Using the Arksey and O'Malley Framework for scoping reviews, the purpose of this review was to identify efficacious interventions for treating fear of falling among community-dwelling older adults in order to provide a list of potential treatment options for care providers...
September 20, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
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