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Lactate, sepsis, pediatrics

Noelle Gorgis, Jeannette M Asselin, Cynthia Fontana, R Scott Heidersbach, Heidi R Flori, Shan L Ward
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the association of initial lactate (L0) with mortality in children with severe sepsis. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 74 patients younger than 18 years with severe sepsis admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary, academic children's hospital with lactate measured within 3 hours of meeting severe sepsis or septic shock. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. The secondary outcomes included PICU and hospital length of stay...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Halden F Scott, Lina Brou, Sara J Deakyne, Allison Kempe, Diane L Fairclough, Lalit Bajaj
Importance: Improving emergency care of pediatric sepsis is a public health priority, but optimal early diagnostic approaches are unclear. Measurement of lactate levels is associated with improved outcomes in adult septic shock, but pediatric guidelines do not endorse its use, in part because the association between early lactate levels and mortality is unknown in pediatric sepsis. Objective: To determine whether the initial serum lactate level is associated with 30-day mortality in children with suspected sepsis...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Scott L Weiss, Luke Keele, Fran Balamuth, Neika Vendetti, Rachael Ross, Julie C Fitzgerald, Jeffrey S Gerber
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that resuscitation with balanced fluids (lactated Ringer [LR]) is associated with improved outcomes compared with normal saline (NS) in pediatric sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: We performed matched analyses using data from 12 529 patients <18 years of age with severe sepsis/septic shock at 382 US hospitals between 2000 and 2013 to compare outcomes with vs without LR as part of initial resuscitation. Patients receiving LR were matched 1:1 to patients receiving only NS (NS group), including separate matches for any (LR-any group) or exclusive (LR-only group) LR use...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Marianne E Nellis, Steven Pon, Ashley E Giambrone, Nana E Coleman, Jonathan Reiss, Elizabeth Mauer, Bruce M Greenwald
BACKGROUND: Bacterial sepsis is frequently encountered in children admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and requires early recognition and treatment. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a serum biomarker with a high sensitivity to predict bacteremia in critically-ill adults. This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of PCT for bacteremia in febrile children in the PICU. METHODS: This retrospective observational study used data from children admitted to the PICU from October 2010 to October 2012...
November 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Halden Scott, Lina Brou, Sara Deakyne, Lalit Bajaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Jaime Fernández Sarmiento, Paula Araque, María Yepes, Hernando Mulett, Ximena Tovar, Fabio Rodriguez
Introduction. Lactate is an important indicator of tissue perfusion. The objective of this study is to evaluate if there are significant differences between the arterial and central venous measurement of lactate in pediatric patients with sepsis and/or septic shock. Methods. Longitudinal retrospective observational study. Forty-two patients were included between the age of 1 month and 17 years, with a diagnosis of sepsis and septic shock, who were admitted to the intensive care unit of a university referral hospital...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence rate of elevated serum amylase and lipase in critically ill children, to explore the relationship between elevated pancreatic enzymes and pancreatic injury, and the effect of elevated pancreatic enzymes on state of illness and the prognosis. METHOD: The data of cases treated in pediatric intensive care unit(ICU) of 17 children's hospitals were collected prospectively from January 2012 to March 2014 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Jean-Louis Vincent, Amanda Quintairos E Silva, Lúcio Couto, Fabio S Taccone
BACKGROUND: The time course of blood lactate levels could be helpful to assess a patient's response to therapy. Although the focus of published studies has been largely on septic patients, many other studies have reported serial blood lactate levels in different groups of acutely ill patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Science Direct, and Embase until the end of February 2016 plus reference lists of relevant publications. We selected all observational and interventional studies that evaluated the capacity of serial blood lactate concentrations to predict outcome...
August 13, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Bereketeab Haileselassie, Erik Su, Iraklis Pozios, Teresa Fiskum, Reid Thompson, Theodore Abraham
OBJECTIVES: In the progression of severe sepsis, sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction contributes to severity of illness and ultimate mortality. Identification of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction causing depressed cardiac function during critical illness has implications for ongoing patient management. However, assessing pediatric cardiac function traditionally relies on echocardiographic qualitative assessment and measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction or fractional shortening...
May 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Halden F Scott, Lina Brou, Sara J Deakyne, Diane L Fairclough, Allison Kempe, Lalit Bajaj
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether lactate clearance and normalization during emergency care of pediatric sepsis is associated with lower rates of persistent organ dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study of 77 children <18 years of age in the emergency department with infection and acute organ dysfunction per consensus definitions. In consented patients, lactate was measured 2 and/or 4 hours after an initial lactate; persistent organ dysfunction was assessed through laboratory and physician evaluation at 48 hours...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Michaela Döring, Karin Melanie Cabanillas Stanchi, Judith Feucht, Manon Queudeville, Heiko-Manuel Teltschik, Peter Lang, Tobias Feuchtinger, Rupert Handgretinger, Ingo Müller
Diagnosis of adverse events following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is mainly assigned to clinical symptoms or biopsies and thus rather unspecific and/or invasive. Studies indicate a distinct role of serum ferritin in HSCT and its correlation with adverse events such as graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), veno-occlusive disease (VOD), or infections. However, published data on the relevance of ferritin as a prognostic marker for post-transplant adverse events is rare, especially in pediatric patients...
January 2016: Annals of Hematology
Noelle Gorgis, Cynthia Fontana, Jeanette Asselin, Robert Heidersbach, Heidi Flori, Shan Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Raúl Bustos B, Oslando Padilla P
INTRODUCTION: The use of biomarkers could be a tool for diagnosis, prognosis and stratifying children with sepsis. Our main goal was to analyze the value of procalcitonin (PCT), C reactive protein (CRP) and lactate in predicting mortality, septic shock and the stratification in children with suspected sepsis PATIENTS AND METHOD: Prospective study in 81 patients. Plasma levels of PCT, CRP and lactate were measured at admission in the pediatric intensive care unit...
September 2015: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Juan Qian, Ying Wang, Yucai Zhang, Xiaodong Zhu, Qunfang Rong, Hongxia Wei
BACKGROUND: Application of the sepsis resuscitation bundle is limited by clinician knowledge, skills, and experience. We used the adjusted first-hour basic care tasks in pediatric patients in three tertiary hospitals in Shanghai, China. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to survey the compliance of the adjusted tasks and to evaluate in situ simulation team training on improving the compliance. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed with the survey checklists from May 2011 to January 2012 in three pediatric intensive care units...
February 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Graham C Thompson, Charles G Macias
BACKGROUND: Pediatric sepsis remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Understanding current practice patterns and challenges is essential to inform future research and education strategies. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the practice patterns of pediatric emergency physicians (PEPs) in the recognition and management of sepsis in children and to identify perceived priorities for future research and education. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, internet-based survey of members of the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Emergency Medicine and Pediatric Emergency Research Canada...
October 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Prerna Batra, Ajeet Kumar Dwivedi, Neha Thakur
Point of care testing, is the term commonly applied to the bedside tests performed in sick patients. Common clinical conditions encountered in pediatric emergency rooms are respiratory, gastro-intestinal, infections and cardiac. Emergencies at most of the places, especially developing countries are overburdened. Availability of tests like arterial blood gas, lactate, electrolytes and procalcitonin, bedside tests or point of care tests can help identify sick patients quickly. Abnormalities like acid-base disturbances and dyselectrolytemias can be dealt with instantly, thus improving the overall prognosis...
July 2014: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Jeremie Rousseaux, Bruno Grandbastien, Aimée Dorkenoo, Marie Emilie Lampin, Stéphane Leteurtre, Francis Leclerc
OBJECTIVES: Septic shock is frequent in children and is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. Early recognition of severe sepsis improve outcome. Shock index (SI), ratio of heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP), may be a good noninvasive measure of hemodynamic instability that has been poorly studied in children. The aim of the study was to explore the usefulness of SI as an early index of prognosis for septic shock in children. METHODS: The study was retrospective and performed in 1 pediatric intensive care unit at a university hospital...
October 2013: Pediatric Emergency Care
Du-Fei Zhang, Xiao-Wei Feng, Tao Lin, Kai-Fang Wu
OBJECTIVE: To study risk factors for the occurrence of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) in children with sepsis. METHODS: A nest case-control study was employed. According to intra-abdominal pressures (IAP) measured by cystometry, 119 children with sepsis were classified into normal IAP (control, n = 80) and IAH groups (n = 39). Risk factors for the occurrence of IAH were investigated by monovariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Monovariable analysis showed that there were significant differences in pediatric critical illness score (PCIS), procalcitonin (PCT) level, PaCO(2), blood lactate level, rates of intestinal or intra-abdominal infection, ascites, gastrointestinal dysfunction, mechanical ventilation, shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) between the IAH and control groups (P < 0...
July 2013: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Loren Reed, Jennifer Carroll, Antonio Cummings, Stephen Markwell, Jarrod Wall, Myto Duong
OBJECTIVES: No single reliable sepsis biomarker exists for risk stratification and prognostication in pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). Serum lactate (LA) predicts mortality in septic adults. We sought to determine if serum LA correlated with the diagnosis of sepsis, admission rates, and outcomes in pediatric patients presenting to the ED with suspected infection. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed in an ED with a sepsis protocol that included serum LA with every blood culture...
July 2013: Pediatric Emergency Care
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