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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626906/behavioural-implications-of-traditional-treatment-and-closed-loop-automated-insulin-delivery-systems-in-type-1-diabetes-applying-a-cognitive-restraint-theory-framework
#1
REVIEW
A R Kahkoska, E J Mayer-Davis, K K Hood, D M Maahs, K S Burger
As the prevalence of obesity in Type 1 diabetes rises, the effects of emerging therapy options should be considered in the context of both weight and glycaemic control outcomes. Artificial pancreas device systems will 'close the loop' between blood glucose monitoring and automated insulin delivery and may transform day-to-day dietary management for people with Type 1 diabetes in multiple ways. In the present review, we draw directly from cognitive restraint theory to consider unintended impacts that closed-loop systems may have on ingestive behaviour and food intake...
June 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624266/-trochanteric-under-gluteus-lift-or-bodylift-technique-for-massive-trochanteric-lipodystrophy-about-11-cases
#2
L Ruffenach, C Bruant-Rodier, E Robert, F Bodin, C Dissaux
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing demand for weight loss sequelae. Some women have a particular morphology with a major trochanteric excess that warrants specific treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On the basis of the technique published in 1964 by Pitanguy, the authors suggest a lift of the external face of the thigh with the scar redrawing the lower part of the buttock, from the gluteal fold to the inguinal region by crossing the trochanteric region. Eleven cases of major trochanteric excess after slimming are presented...
June 14, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622755/cross-sensory-correspondences-heaviness-is-dark-and-low-pitched
#3
Peter Walker, Gabrielle Scallon, Brian Francis
Everyday language reveals how stimuli encoded in one sensory feature domain can possess qualities normally associated with a different domain (e.g., higher pitch sounds are bright, light in weight, sharp, and thin). Such cross-sensory associations appear to reflect crosstalk among aligned (corresponding) feature dimensions, including brightness, heaviness, and sharpness. Evidence for heaviness being one such dimension is very limited, with heaviness appearing primarily as a verbal associate of other feature contrasts (e...
July 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596267/adaptations-of-motoneuron-properties-after-weight-lifting-training-in-rats
#4
Piotr Krutki, Włodzimierz Mrówczyński, Marcin Bączyk, Dawid Łochyński, Jan Celichowski
Resistance training, with repeated short-term and high-intensity exercises, is responsible for an increase in muscle mass and force. The aim of this study was to determine whether such training induces adaptations in the electrophysiological properties of motoneurons innervating the trained muscles and to relate these adaptive changes to previous observations made on motor unit contractile properties. The study was performed on adult male Wistar rats. Animals from the training group were subjected to a five-week voluntary progressive weight-lifting program, while control rats were restricted to standard cage activity...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593763/high-performance-electroactive-polymer-actuators-based-on-ultrathick-ionic-polymer-metal-composites-with-nanodispersed-metal-electrodes
#5
Hyuck Sik Wang, Jaehyun Cho, Dae Seok Song, Jong Hyun Jang, Jae Young Jho, Jong Hyuk Park
Ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) have been proposed as biomimetic actuators that are operable at low applied voltages. However, the bending strain and generating force of the IPMC actuators have generally exhibited a trade-off relationship, whereas simultaneous enhancement of both the qualities is required for their practical applications. Herein, a significant improvement in both the strain and force of the IPMC actuators is achieved by a facile approach, exploiting thickness-controlled ion-exchange membranes and nanodispersed metal electrodes...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593064/physiological-striae-atrophicae-of-adolescence-with-involvement-of-the-axillae-and-proximal-arms
#6
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin
We report a 16-year-old adolescent male with multiple violaceous, atrophic, vertical linear striae isolated to the axillae and proximal arms of approximately one-year duration. In the past two years, he indulged in heavy weight-lifting. He experienced a growth spurt over the past few years. The patient was otherwise in good health and was not on any medications. Physiological striae atrophicae of adolescence where the striae were restricted to the axillae and proximal arms have very rarely been reported.
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586247/holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-after-prostatic-urethral-lift-surgery-feasibility-and-technical-considerations-from-a-multi-institutional-case-series
#7
Sean B McAdams, Joel Funk, Andrew Navetta, Marawan El Tayeb, Mitchell R Humphreys
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Prostatic urethral lift (PUL) is gaining popularity for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We describe the feasibility and considerations of performing holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) as a salvage therapy after previous PUL. METHODS: Men who have undergone HoLEP after PUL were retrospectively identified from three institutions with surgeons experienced in HoLEP. Subjects were characterized by age, time from PUL procedure (months) to HoLEP surgery, indication for retreatment, and pre-operative prostate volume by ultrasound...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584310/effects-of-external-loading-on-lumbar-extension-moment-during-squat-lifting
#8
Iman Vahdat, Mostafa Rostami, Farhad Tabatabai Ghomsheh, Siamak Khorramymehr, Ali Tanbakoosaz
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study has been qualitative investigation of the effects of external loading on the lumbar extension moment during squat lifting. Findings of this study may allow to determine the factor with the most considerable effect on the lumbar extension moment and may help determine the lumbar spine risk factors at temporo-spatial coordination during squat lifting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve healthy men volunteered to perform slow and fast squat lifting of a box of varied mass (4 kg, 8 kg and 12 kg)...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582869/postnatal-development-of-spasticity-following-transgene-insertion-in-the-mouse-%C3%AE-iv-spectrin-gene-sptbn4
#9
Eva Kichkin, Archunan Visvanathan, Frank J Lovicu, Daisy Y Shu, Shannon J Das, Stephen W Reddel, Emily P McCann, Katharine Y Zhang, Kelly L Williams, Ian P Blair, William D Phillips
BACKGROUND: The L25 mouse line was generated by random genomic insertion of a lens-specific transgene. Inbreeding of L25 hemizygotes revealed an unanticipated spastic phenotype in the hind limbs. OBJECTIVE: The goals were to characterize the motor phenotype in the L25 mice and to map the transgene insert site within the mouse genome. METHODS: Six pairs of L25+/- mice were repeatedly mated. Beginning at weaning, all progeny were inspected for body weight and motor signs twice weekly until they displayed predefined ethical criteria for termination...
2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561168/-plastic-surgical-correction-of-buried-penis
#10
Dominik Krzysztof Boliglowa, Seung-Min Ryu, Tarek Ebrahim, Henrik Menke
A "buried penis" causes functional problems and embarrassment. In the past, this complex condition was only seen in extremely overweight patients or as a result of severe inflammations in this region. More recently, this problem has also been observed in patients with massive weight loss following bariatric surgery. In these patients there is an abundance of extremely flaccid skin in the suprapubic region, which covers the penis and causes it to "disappear". This leads to balanitis and, in turn, further retraction of the penis...
April 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558314/flexion-synergy-overshadows-flexor-spasticity-during-reaching-in-chronic-moderate-to-severe-hemiparetic-stroke
#11
Michael D Ellis, Ingrid Schut, Julius P A Dewald
OBJECTIVE: Pharmaceutical intervention targets arm flexor spasticity with an often-unsuccessful goal of improving function. Flexion synergy is a related motor impairment that may be inadvertently neglected. Here, flexor spasticity and flexion synergy are disentangled to determine their contributions to reaching dysfunction. METHODS: Twenty-six individuals participated. A robotic device systematically modulated shoulder abduction loading during ballistic reaching...
July 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557850/compensatory-muscle-activation-during-unstable-overhead-squat-using-a-water-filled-training-tube
#12
Stephen C Glass, Robert W Albert
The purpose of this study was to assess compensatory muscle activation of core and support muscle during an overhead squat using a water-filled training tube. Eleven experienced weight lifting (age= 20.10 ± 0.99, mass 89.17 ± 6.88kg) men completed three, 30s trials of an overhead squat using an 11.4 kg tube that was partially filled with water. A central valve allowed three conditions of water movement: 50% open, 100% open, and a stable(S), closed valve condition. Subjects completed 8-10 repetitions within each condition...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557663/dietary-supplement-intake-and-associated-factors-among-gym-users-in-a-university-community
#13
Amita Attlee, Amina Haider, Asma Hassan, Noura Alzamil, Mona Hashim, Reyad Shaker Obaid
Dietary supplement intake and associated factors among gym users in a university community in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE), were assessed using a structured, self-administered questionnaire in this cross-sectional study. Adults (N = 320) from five gyms in the University City of Sharjah participated in this cross-sectional study. The prevalence of dietary supplement intake was 43.8%. Statistically significant associations were found between the use of dietary supplements and sex (47.7% males, 28.1% females; p = ...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556386/simple-modification-of-arm-position-improves-b1-and-signal-homogeneity-in-the-thoracolumbar-spine-at-3t
#14
Kinya Ishizaka, Kohsuke Kudo, Kuniaki Harada, Toru Shirai, Taro Fujiwara, Suzuko Aoike, Sayaka Takamori, Hiroki Shirato
PURPOSE: To evaluate the homogeneity of the radiofrequency magnetic field (B1(+) ) and signal intensity using different arm positions during 3T thoracolumbar spinal imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty volunteers were scanned with a four-channel radiofrequency (RF) transmit coil at 3T, with arms on the bed (conventional), arms elevated by 100 mm (arm lift), or with the arms-up position (elevated arm). Axial B1(+) maps and sagittal T1 -weighted image (T1 WI)-performed RF shimming were obtained for each arm position...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554263/older-females-in-the-workforce-the-effects-of-age-on-psychophysical-estimates-of-maximum-acceptable-lifting-loads
#15
Jade A Chen, Clark R Dickerson, Richard P Wells, Andrew C Laing
The number of older workers in the workforce is increasing substantially, and advanced age is associated with factors that could influence musculoskeletal injury risk and work capacity. This study's goals were to test whether psychophysical estimates of maximum acceptable weight of lift (liftmax) differed between younger and older workers, and to examine potential explanatory factors. Twenty-four female workers (half 50 + years; half 20-32 years) self-adjusted a box's mass to their perceived liftmax during four lifting tasks...
June 9, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552121/research-and-improvement-of-ecg-compression-algorithm-based-on-ezw
#16
Ziran Peng, Guojun Wang, Huabin Jiang, Shuangwu Meng
Embedded zerotree wavelet (EZW) is an efficient compression method that has advantages in coding, but its multilayer structure information coding reduces signal compression ratio. This paper studies the optimization of the EZW compression algorithm and aims to improve it. First, we used lifting wavelet transformation to process electrocardiograph (ECG) signals, focusing on the lifting algorithm. Second, we utilized the EZW compression coding algorithm, through the ECG information decomposition to determine the feature detection value...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551394/facial-emotion-processing-in-pediatric-social-anxiety-disorder-relevance-of-situational-context
#17
Daniela Schwab, Anne Schienle
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) typically begins in childhood. Previous research has demonstrated that adult patients respond with elevated late positivity (LP) to negative facial expressions. In the present study on pediatric SAD, we investigated responses to negative facial expressions and the role of social context information. Fifteen children with SAD and 15 non-anxious controls were first presented with images of negative facial expressions with masked backgrounds. Following this, the complete images which included context information, were shown...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541160/an-ergonomic-assessment-of-hospital-linen-bag-handling
#18
Erin Teeple, Jack T Dennerlein, Dean Hashimoto, Luis A Soto, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz
The Joint Commission provides accreditation standards for staging hospital waste, but there are no federal lifting safety standards for linen bags. We evaluated hospital laundry bag lifting using the Revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Lifting Equation. We hypothesized that the permitted 32-gallon linen container capacity might allow filling to weights above our calculated Recommended Weight Limit (RWL) for some lifting positions and contents. We found that 30- and 40-gallon bags filled with loose dry linen had predicted weights within estimated RWLs only for lifts close to the body...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538761/effects-of-continuous-and-accumulated-exercise-on-endothelial-function-in-rat-aorta
#19
Juliana Edwiges Martinez, Elane de Fátima Taipeiro, Agnaldo Bruno Chies
Background: The practice of exercise in short bouts repeated throughout the day may be an alternative strategy to lift people out of physical inactivity. Objective: to evaluate if accumulated exercise, as occurs in continuous exercise training, improve endothelial function in rat aorta. Methods: Wistar male rats were divided into three groups: continuous exercise (CEx, 1 hour on the treadmill) or accumulated exercise (AEx, 4 bouts of 15 minutes / day) for 5 days/week for 8 weeks, or sedentary (SED)...
April 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538612/scleral-contact-lenses-in-an-academic-oculoplastics-clinic-epidemiology-and-emerging-considerations
#20
Harinder S Chahal, Marcela Estrada, Christine W Sindt, Jacob A Boehme, Mark A Greiner, Jeffrey A Nerad, Keith D Carter, Richard C Allen, Erin M Shriver
PURPOSE: To describe the role and efficacy of scleral contact lenses (SCLs) in the treatment of progressive keratopathy in patients who have undergone periocular surgical procedures, to investigate the financial impact of these surgical interventions, and to demonstrate the role of oculoplastic surgery in improving scleral contact lens fit. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed to identify patients who both received SCLs and were examined by the oculoplastics service at the University of Iowa between January 1990 and December 2015...
May 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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