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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453910/central-nervous-system-disease-in-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#1
Donna L Johnston, Todd A Alonzo, Robert B Gerbing, Richard Aplenc, William G Woods, Soheil Meshinchi, Alan S Gamis
BACKGROUND: The prognostic impact of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has varied in past trials, and controversy exists over the degree of involvement requiring intensified CNS therapy. Two recent Children's Oncology Group protocols, AAML03P1 and AAML0531, directed additional intrathecal (IT) therapy to patients with CNS2 (≤5 white blood cell [WBC] with blasts) or CNS3 (>5 WBC with blasts or CNS symptoms) disease at diagnosis...
April 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449393/a-phase-1-study-of-the-c-met-inhibitor-tivantinib-arq197-in-children-with-relapsed-or-refractory-solid-tumors-a-children-s-oncology-group-study-phase-1-and-pilot-consortium-trial-advl1111
#2
James I Geller, John P Perentesis, Xiaowei Liu, Charles G Minard, Rachel A Kudgus, Joel M Reid, Elizabeth Fox, Susan M Blaney, Brenda J Weigel
BACKGROUND: The c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase is dysregulated in many pediatric cancers. Tivantinib is an oral small molecule that inhibits the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase. A phase 1 and pharmacokinetic (PK) trial evaluating tivantinib was conducted in children with relapsed/refractory solid tumors. METHODS: Oral tivantinib capsules were administered twice daily with food, continuously in 28-day cycles. Dose levels 170, 200, and 240 mg/m(2) /dose were evaluated using a rolling-six design (Part A)...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447322/successful-hepatectomy-for-hepatic-abscess-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-case-report
#3
Ryo Muranushi, Makoto Suzuki, Kenichiro Araki, Norio Kubo, Sayaka Otake, Yutaka Nishida, Takashi Ishige, Hirokazu Arakawa, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Ken Shirabe
BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a rare inherited disorder, is characterized by impaired ability of phagocytic cells to kill certain bacteria and fungi. Although liver abscess is a common manifestation of CGD, its optimal management in these patients is unknown. Here, we present a case of successful hepatectomy for hepatic abscess in a patient with CGD. CASE PRESENTATION: An adolescent patient with previously diagnosed CGD presented to the pediatrics department of our institution with fever...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447171/prevalence-and-clinicopathological-features-of-h3-3-g34-mutant-high-grade-gliomas-a-retrospective-study-of-411-consecutive-glioma-cases-in-a-single-institution
#4
Koji Yoshimoto, Ryusuke Hatae, Yuhei Sangatsuda, Satoshi O Suzuki, Nobuhiro Hata, Yojiro Akagi, Daisuke Kuga, Murata Hideki, Koji Yamashita, Osamu Togao, Akio Hiwatashi, Toru Iwaki, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Iihara
A recurrent glycine-to-arginine/valine alteration at codon 34 (G34R/V) within H3F3A, a gene that encodes the replication-independent histone variant H3.3, reportedly occurs exclusively in pediatric glioblastomas. However, the clinicopathological and biological significances of this mutation have not been completely elucidated; especially, no such data exist for tumor samples from Japanese patients. We analyzed 411 consecutive glioma cases representing patients of all ages. Our results demonstrated that 14 patients (3...
April 26, 2017: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445406/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#5
Lynn C Waelde, Amanda B Feinstein, Rashmi Bhandari, Anya Griffin, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Measures of pain intensity, functional disability, depression and parent worry about their child's pain were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results indicated no significant changes in pain or depression, however functional disability and frequency of pain functioning complaints improved with small effect sizes...
April 26, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443999/first-reported-enterovirus-d68-infection-in-pediatric-patients-from-the-caribbean-region-evidence-of-spread-from-the-u-s-outbreak
#6
SueMin Nathaniel, Shalauddin Ahmed, Jennifer Wilson, Cristina Gutierrez, Dave D Chadee, Babatunde Olowokure, Pablo M de Salazar
The 2014 enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) outbreak in the United States raised concerns about the introduction of the virus in the Caribbean region. The objective of this study was to provide rapid evidence of the introduction of EV-D68 strains in the Caribbean region during the 2014 outbreak in the United States, using a relatively simple phylogenetic approach. From October 2014 to May 2015, four EV-D68 cases from two countries (Bermuda and Dominica) were detected at the regional referral laboratory at the Caribbean Public Health Agency (Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago) based on molecular testing of respiratory specimens...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443576/changes-in-bacterial-resistance-patterns-of-pediatric-urinary-tract-infections-in-%C3%A4-stanbul-and-rationale-for-empirical-antibiotic-therapy
#7
İbrahim Gökçe, Neslihan Çiçek, Serçin Güven, Ülger Altuntaş, Neşe Bıyıklı, Nurdan Yıldız, Harika Alpay
BACKGROUND: The causative agent spectrum and resistance patterns of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children are affected by many factors. AIMS: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the antibiotic resistance in UTI and changing ratio in antibiotic resistance by years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: We analyzed antibiotic resistance patterns of isolated gram (-) bacteria during years 2011-2014 (study period 2) in children with UTI...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442182/a-retrospective-study-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-post-streptococcal-reactive-arthritis-in-japan
#8
Satoshi Sato, Yoji Uejima, Eisuke Suganuma, Tadamasa Takano, Yutaka Kawano
BACKGROUND: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and post-streptococcal reactive arthritis (PSRA) are immune-mediated consequences of group A streptococcal pharyngitis. ARF has declined in developed nations. No prevalence survey of PSRA has been conducted. This study evaluated the incidence and characteristics of ARF and PSRA in Japanese children. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, ARF and PSRA were evaluated using clinical data retrospectively collected by chart review from 528 hospitals...
April 22, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441828/-clinical-analysis-of-seven-cases-of-pulmonary-malignant-tumors-in-children
#9
D Xu, Z M Chen, W Z Gu, Y S Wang, M X Huang, L F Tang, Y Y Zhang, Y Jiang
Objective: To understand the clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary malignant tumors in children. Method: We retrospectively collected information about seven cases of pulmonary malignant tumors in children in our hospital from Jan 2010 to Dec 2016. The information included clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics, pathologic results, and treatment. Result: (1) All the seven patients firstly visited pediatric internal medicine departments. Symptoms included cough (n=6), dyspnea (n=4), fever (n=2), anorexia (n=2), chest tightness (n=1), chest pain (n=1), lameness (n=1), abdominal distension and constipation (n=1)...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441240/emergency-department-management-of-bronchiolitis-in-the-united-states
#10
Constance Gong, Terri Byczkowski, Constance McAneney, Monika K Goyal, Todd A Florin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences between general and pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) in adherence to the American Academy of Pediatrics bronchiolitis management guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative study of ED visits by infants younger than 24 months with bronchiolitis from 2002 to 2011 using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. Diagnostic testing (complete blood counts, radiographs) and medication use (albuterol, corticosteroids, antibiotics and intravenous fluids) in general emergency departments (GEDs) were compared with those in PEDs before and after 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics guideline publication...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441071/efficacy-and-safety-of-23-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-silicone-oil-tamponade-combination-for-treatment-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-endophthalmitis
#11
Wei Jin, Yaopeng Xu, Wenjun Wang, Yiqiao Xing, Anhuai Yang
PURPOSE: To determine (i) the etiology, epidemiology, mechanism of injury, and risk factors associated with open globe injuries (OGIs) in children and (ii) visual outcomes of pediatric patients with post-traumatic endophthalmitis following 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with silicone oil tamponade (SOT). METHODS: A total of 107 consecutive patients, <15 years of age, who had been diagnosed with post-traumatic endophthalmitis between September 2009 and October 2015, were included in this 6-year retrospective study...
April 25, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437787/a-comparison-of-three-different-volumes-of-levobupivacaine-for-caudal-block-in-children-undergoing-orchidopexy-and-inguinal-hernia-repair
#12
Vesna Marjanovic, Ivana Budic, Marija Stevic, Dusica Simic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three different volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine caudally administered on the effect of intra- and post-operative analgesia in children undergoing orchidopexy and inguinal hernia repair. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty children, aged 1 to 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, were randomized into 3 different groups according to the applied volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine: group 1 (n=13): 0...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435651/a-pediatric-case-of-meckel-diverticulum-with-uncommon-presentation-showing-no-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Sanaz Mehrabani, Soheil Osia
Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. Painless intestinal hemorrhage is a frequently occurring complication that relates to MD in children. Bowel obstruction is a rare complication of MD in children. We report on the case of a four-year old male child who presented with abdominal pain and hematemesis. Finally, bowel obstruction due to MD was confirmed at surgery.
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435218/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-olopatadine-hydrochloride-0-77-in-healthy-subjects-with-asymptomatic-eyes-data-from-2-independent-clinical-studies
#14
Edward Meier, Abhijit Narvekar, Ganesh R Iyer, Harvey B DuBiner, Apinya Vutikullird, David Wirta, Kenneth Sall
PURPOSE: To assess the pharmacokinetics and safety of hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.77% olopatadine from 2 independent (Phase I and Phase III, respectively) clinical studies in healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Phase I, multicenter, randomized (2:1), vehicle-controlled study was conducted in subjects ≥18 years old (N=36) to assess the systemic pharmacokinetics of olopatadine 0.77% following single- and multiple-dose exposures. The Phase III, multicenter, randomized (2:1), vehicle-controlled study was conducted in subjects ≥2 years old (N=499) to evaluate long-term ocular safety of olopatadine 0...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432724/fluorescent-aerolysin-flaer-based-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-pnh-screening-a-single-center-experience-from-india
#15
K Rahman, R Gupta, G Yadav, N Husein, M K Singh, S Nityanand
BACKGROUND: Fluorescent aerolysin (FLAER) has been recommended as an important part of antibody panel used for flow cytometric detection of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clone. This study was aimed to observe the frequency of PNH-positive clones and their sizes in patients screened for various indications. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 624 patients screened over a period of 30 months. Frequency and size of clone sizes noted, and laboratory parameters were compared among different groups of patient being screened...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432584/clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-spinal-meningiomas
#16
Liang Wu, Chenlong Yang, Tie Liu, Jingyi Fang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Pediatric spinal meningiomas are very rare. Most studies on pediatric spinal meningiomas are case reports with literature reviews. This study presented a surgical series of 14 pediatric patients with histologically proven sporadic spinal meningiomas, including 5 WHO grade II tumors. In this series, there were 9 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of 11.1 years. Seven tumors were located in the cervical spine, 5 in the thoracic spine, and 2 in the lumbar spine. Gross total resection (GTR) of the tumor with a well-demarcated dissection plane was achieved in 11 cases, subtotal resection was achieved in 2 cases, and partial resection was performed in 1 case...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432402/predictors-of-missed-appointments-in-patients-referred-for-congenital-or-pediatric-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#17
Jimmy C Lu, Ray Lowery, Sunkyung Yu, Maryam Ghadimi Mahani, Prachi P Agarwal, Adam L Dorfman
BACKGROUND: Congenital cardiac magnetic resonance is a limited resource because of scanner and physician availability. Missed appointments decrease scheduling efficiency, have financial implications and represent missed care opportunities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the rate of missed appointments and identify modifiable predictors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all patients with outpatient congenital or pediatric cardiac MR appointments from Jan...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429381/the-structural-connectome-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Marsh Königs, L W Ernest van Heurn, Roel Bakx, R Jeroen Vermeulen, J Carel Goslings, Bwee Tien Poll-The, Marleen van der Wees, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Jaap Oosterlaan, Petra J W Pouwels
This study aimed to investigate the impact of mild to severe pediatric TBI on the structural connectome. Children aged 8-14 years with trauma control (TC) injury (n = 27) were compared to children with mild TBI and risk factors for complicated TBI (mild(RF+) , n = 20) or moderate/severe TBI (n = 16) at 2.8 years post-injury. Probabilistic tractography on diffusion tensor imaging data was used in combination with graph theory to study structural connectivity. Functional outcome was measured using neurocognitive tests and parent and teacher questionnaires for behavioral functioning...
April 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427414/observational-study-of-interleukin-21-il-21-does-not-distinguish-kawasaki-disease-from-other-causes-of-fever-in-children
#19
Rachel Engelberg, Meghan Martin, Brian H Wrotniak, Mark Daniel Hicar
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a febrile childhood vasculitis of unknown etiology. The diagnosis is highly concerning as over a quarter of children who fail to receive timely treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) will develop coronary aneurysms. Diagnosis relies on proper symptomatology and is supported by non-specific markers of inflammation. Previous studies have identified elevated plasma levels of interleukin-21 (IL-21) as a sensitive and specific biomarker in KD...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427137/-bibliometric-analysis-of-scientific-articles-on-epidemiological-study-of-burns-in-china
#20
W F Cheng, Z A Shen, D X Zhao, D W Li, Y R Shang
Objective: To analyze the current status of epidemiological study of burns in China, and to explore the related strategies. Methods: Retrospective or cross-sectional scientific articles in Chinese or English on epidemiological study of burns in China published from January 2005 to December 2015 were systemically retrieved from 4 databases. The databases include PubMed, Embase, China Biology Medicine disc, and Chinese Journals Full-text Database. From the results retrieved, data with regard to publication year, journal distribution, number of institutions participated in the study, affiliation of the first author and its location, and admission time span and age of patients in all the scientific articles were collected...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
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